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Afton Canyon, Afton, Cady Mountains, San Bernardino Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Afton CanyonCanyon
Afton- not defined -
Cady MountainsMountain Range
San Bernardino Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 2' 37'' North , 116° 17' 6'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Baker735 (2011)31.2km
Fort Irwin8,845 (2011)43.7km


Afton Canyon is a popular hiking spot. The primitive four-wheel drive Mojave Road follows the Mojave River that rarely flows on its surface gravel, except during and immediately after rains. Because of the danger of flash flooding, the Canyon should be avoided when it is raining.
secs. 12, 13, 14, 20, 21, 22, T. 11 N., R. 6

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

9 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Van King
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Van King
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: http://minerals.gps.caltech.edu/FILES/DENDRITE/Index.htm
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Colour: White to pink
Description: Fine-grained material 30 to 75 feet thick.
Reference: Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 49(1-2): No. 467 tabulated list of mines; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 204.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Van King
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
'Opalite'
Reference: Chapman, E. W. 1937 Barstow desert localities described: The Mineralogist, v. 5, no. 1, p. 9-10, 111-114. Barstow Syncline, Rosamond Section in Antelope Valley and Red Rock Canyon, Upper Mio-L.Plio. Coral chalcedony, Afton Canyon, Myrickite, Opal Mt E of Hinkley, CA, Pb Pipe Spr, Black Canyon
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Robert C. Beste, PG (2005) A Location Guide for Rock Hounds in the United States. 3rd ed. Hobbit Press, St. Louis. 149p.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Chapman, E. W. 1937 Barstow desert localities described: The Mineralogist, v. 5, no. 1, p. 9-10, 111-114. Barstow Syncline, Rosamond Section in Antelope Valley and Red Rock Canyon, Upper Mio-L.Plio. Coral chalcedony, Afton Canyon, Myrickite, Opal Mt E of Hinkley, CA, Pb Pipe Spr, Black Canyon
Quartz var: Agate-Jasper
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chapman, E. W. 1937 Barstow desert localities described: The Mineralogist, v. 5, no. 1, p. 9-10, 111-114. Barstow Syncline, Rosamond Section in Antelope Valley and Red Rock Canyon, Upper Mio-L.Plio. Coral chalcedony, Afton Canyon, Myrickite, Opal Mt E of Hinkley, CA, Pb Pipe Spr, Black Canyon
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chapman, E. W. 1937 Barstow desert localities described: The Mineralogist, v. 5, no. 1, p. 9-10, 111-114. Barstow Syncline, Rosamond Section in Antelope Valley and Red Rock Canyon, Upper Mio-L.Plio. Coral chalcedony, Afton Canyon, Myrickite, Opal Mt E of Hinkley, CA, Pb Pipe Spr, Black Canyon
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Chapman, E. W. 1937 Barstow desert localities described: The Mineralogist, v. 5, no. 1, p. 9-10, 111-114. Barstow Syncline, Rosamond Section in Antelope Valley and Red Rock Canyon, Upper Mio-L.Plio. Coral chalcedony, Afton Canyon, Myrickite, Opal Mt E of Hinkley, CA, Pb Pipe Spr, Black Canyon
Quartz var: Plume Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chapman, E. W. 1937 Barstow desert localities described: The Mineralogist, v. 5, no. 1, p. 9-10, 111-114. Barstow Syncline, Rosamond Section in Antelope Valley and Red Rock Canyon, Upper Mio-L.Plio. Coral chalcedony, Afton Canyon, Myrickite, Opal Mt E of Hinkley, CA, Pb Pipe Spr, Black Canyon

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate-Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Plume Agate4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Opalite'-
'Petrified Wood'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Opalite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Agate-Jasper-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Plume Agate-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Agate-Jasper)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Plume Agate)SiO2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Agate-Jasper)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Plume Agate)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MnManganese
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Chapman, E. W. (1937), Barstow desert localities described: Barstow Syncline, Rosamond Section in Antelope Valley and Red Rock Canyon, Upper Mio-L.Plio. Coral chalcedony, Afton Canyon, Myrickite, Opal Mt E of Hinkley, California, Pb Pipe Spr, Black Canyon, The Mineralogist: 5(1): 9-10, 111-114.
Beste, Robert C. (2005), A Location Guide for Rock Hounds in the United States. 3rd ed. Hobbit Press, St. Louis. 149 pp.

External Links


Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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