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Mountain 1004, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Krai, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Mountain 1004- not defined -
Tolbachik volcanoGroup of Volcanoes
Kamchatka KraiKrai
RussiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
55° 40' 21'' North , 160° 14' 11'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kozyrëvsk1,241 (2017)47.6km
Name(s) in local language(s):
, вулкан Толбачик


A scoria cone located 2 km south of the Second scoria cone of the Tolbachik volcano. This cone (and its fumarole fields) was formed as a result of an ancient eruption of Tolbachik about 2000 years ago.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

25 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
'Glass'
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
Indialite
Formula: Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
Molybdomenite
Formula: PbSeO3
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Pliniusite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(VO4)3F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Krzątała, A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Vapnik, Y. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Pliniusite, IMA 2018-031. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx–xxx
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Molybdomenite4.JF.05PbSeO3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Indialite9.CJ.05Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Pliniusite (TL)-Ca5(VO4)3F

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Molybdomenite34.1.1.1PbSeO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Indialite61.1.1.3Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Glass'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Pliniusite (TL)-Ca5(VO4)3F

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
OOxygen
O PliniusiteCa5(VO4)3F
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O HematiteFe2O3
O TenoriteCuO
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O MolybdomenitePbSeO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
FFluorine
F PliniusiteCa5(VO4)3F
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F SellaiteMgF2
MgMagnesium
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg SellaiteMgF2
AlAluminium
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca PliniusiteCa5(VO4)3F
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
VVanadium
V PliniusiteCa5(VO4)3F
FeIron
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
SeSelenium
Se MolybdomenitePbSeO3
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MolybdomenitePbSeO3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Serafimova, E.K., Semenova, T.F., Sulimova, N.V. (1994): Copper and lead minerals in old fumarolic fields of Mt. 1004, Kamchatka. Volcanology and Seismology 16, 259-274.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Krzątała, A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Vapnik, Y., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Pliniusite, IMA 2018-031. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82, xxx–xxx.
Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V.S., Mavrogenes, J.A., Gurenko, A.A., and Danyushevsky, L.V. (2018) Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

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