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Munali nickel project, Munali Intrusive Complex, Mazabuka District, Southern Province, Zambiai
Regional Level Types
Munali nickel project- not defined -
Munali Intrusive ComplexComplex
Mazabuka District- not defined -
Southern ProvinceProvince
ZambiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
15° 53' 13'' South , 28° 6' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Age:
Up to Ma
Geologic Time:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kafue47,554 (2012)15.7km
Nakambala10,425 (2018)34.8km
Mazabuka64,006 (2012)37.8km


Magmatic sulfide deposit. Consists of the orebodies: Voyager, Intrepid, Enterprise, Defiant.

Similar textures are seen at Babbit deposit of the Duluth Complex, Minnesota and the Itsindro Gabbro Complex, Madagascar.

621000 easting, 824000 northing.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Habit: Crystals to 30cm.
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.; Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., Mitchell, C. L., Howe, G. A., Evans, D. M., Ward, L. A., & Friedman, R. (2017). The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Brotherton, R. L. (1979). The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. PhD Thesis University of London

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Brotherton, R.L. (1979) The geochemistry and mineralogy of gossans overlying nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation. Ph.D. Thesis, University of London, xx pages.
Holwell, D.A., Mitchell, C.L., Howe, G.A., Evans, D.M., Ward, L.A., Friedman, R. (2017) The Munali Ni sulfide deposit, southern Zambia: A multi-stage, mafic-ultramafic, magmatic sulfide-magnetite-apatite-carbonate megabreccia. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 553-575.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

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