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Mount's Bay Mining District, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Mount's Bay Mining DistrictMining District
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Penzance19,872 (2017)
Helston12,184 (2017)
Porthleven3,059 (2017)
Marazion1,294 (2017)
Mousehole697 (2017)
Breage471 (2017)


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

182 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 7 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: A review of British occurrences by Braithwaite et al (2009) shows that most of the material that has been reported as adamite is in fact zincolivenite, included the studied adamite from Penberthy Croft Mine.
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Braithwaite, R.S.W., Green, D.I., Tindle, A.G. (2009) The distribution and composition of adamite and zincolivenite in Britain and Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 3–9.
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
'Alunite Group'
Description: Most Alunite group minerals from Penberthy Croft Mine requires more analytical work to further confirm the species better.
Reference: S. Rust Collection.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Sir Arthur Russell (1949) The Wherry Mine, Penzance, Its History and its Mineral Productions. Mineralogical Magazine 28:517-533.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Le Neve Foster, C. (1879): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 10, xxxiii
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group' ?
Description: Originally recorded from the A.W.G. Kingsbury Collection, however given the discreditation of other Kingsbury specimens, apatite is considered unconfirmed.
Reference: No reference listed
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arseniosiderite ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31 (237) 499-500. Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Arsenogorceixite ?
Formula: BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Description: Not confirmed by analysis
Reference: G.Curtis collection
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Habit: Octahedral
Colour: Colourless-white
Description: Only one specimen recorded from the mine. S. Rust collection.
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Atacamite ?
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1956) Atacamite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 349-350. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 29.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
'Axinite Group'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Bayldonite (TL)
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: There is some dispute about Penberthy Croft being the type Locality for Bayldonite, specimens may have come from Wheal Carpenter used for Church's analysis. Specimens were once in Richard Talling (mineral dealer) possession with just the location Cornwall before being passed to Church.
Reference: Sumin De Portilla, V., Portilla Quevedo, M., and Stepanov, V.I. (1981) The structure of bayldonite: chemical analysis, differential thermal analysis, and IR spectroscopy. American Mineralogist, 66, 148-153.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Camm, G.S. and Merry, M. (1991) Bayldonite & its associates from Penberthy Croft, Cornwall. U.K. Journal of Mines and Minerals, 9, 6-15. ; Golley, P. and Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Beaverite-(Cu) ?
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury reference, hence must be regarded as doubtful.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. , Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432 (referring to Kingsbury 1954). Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Bechererite
Formula: Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Reference: Bechererite from Leadhills, South Lanarkshire and the Charlotte United Mines, Perranuthnoe, Cornwall. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals pp7-8, No28, 2007.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bettertonite (TL)
Formula: [Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
Type Locality:
Description: It occurs as tufts of white, ultrathin (sub-micrometre) rectangular laths, with lateral dimensions generally <20 μm. The laths are flattened on {010} and exhibit the forms {010}, {100} and {001}. The mineral is associated closely with arsenopyrite, chamosite, liskeardite, pharmacoalumite, pharmacosiderite and quartz. Bettertonite is translucent with a white streak and a vitreous to pearly, somewhat silky lustre.[[1]]
Reference: Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R., MacRae, C.M. (2015) Bettertonite, IMA 2014-074. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 55. Williams, P.A., Hatert, F., Pasero, M., Mills, S.J. (2015) New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2014 and 2015. Mineralogical Magazine, 79:1, 51-58. [[1]] Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R., Macrae, C.M. (2015) Bettertonite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·11H₂O, a new mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK, with a structure based on polyoxometalate clusters. Mineralogical Magazine, 79:7, 1849-1858.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Description: According to Betterton (1989) "Birnessite has been identified by X-ray diffraction methods at the British Museum (Natural History),(X-ray number 6713F) on specimens submitted in 1987 from the Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall [SW 558 324]. The mineral occurs here in weathered blocks of partially-cemented slate-rich veinstone below the surface of an old dump. It forms black glossy coatings up to 2 mm thick on massive quartz, botryoidal woodwardite (6712F), earthy goethite, and dolomite with brochantite crystals (6711F), connellite (7407F), wroewolfeite (6710F), and chalcopyrite."
Reference: Betterton, J. (1989) Birnessite from Penberthy Croft Mine, Cornwall - a Second English Occurrence. Journal of the Russell Society, 2:2, 48. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Habit: Massive, pseudomorphs
Colour: Creamy
Reference: [UKJMM 17 (1996) p.17]
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: g.curtis collection
Bulachite
Formula: Al2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/object.php?irn=37102; Grey, I.E., Betterton, J., Kampf, A.R., Macrae, C.M., Shanks, F.L., Price, J.R. (2016) Penberthycroftite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·8H₂O, a second new hydrated aluminium arsenate mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK. Mineralogical Magazine, 80:7, 1149-1160.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
Cassiterite var: Wood Tin
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cattiite ?
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent
Reference: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:8rDhWIquacQJ:rruff.info/doclib/hom/cattiite.pdf+penberthy+croft+mine&cd=48&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Description: Identified by X-Ray diffraction at the Natural History Museum, London. (http://users.breathe.com/minerals/minloc/pencroft/pencroft2.htm)
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite var: Blister Copper
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Smyth, W.M., Reeks, T., and Rudler, F.W. (1864): A Catalogue of the Mineral Collections in the Museum of Practical Geology. HMSO Publications (London), 190pp.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var: Daphnite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: http://www.dakotamatrix.com/products/800/erythrite
Chenite ?
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Not confirmed by analysis
Reference: g.curtis collection
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Rudler, F.W. (1905): A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands, Mostly Selected from the Ludlam Collection. HMSO Publications (London), 241 pp.; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Colour: Brown
Reference: Manchester University Museum; Steve Rust photo & collection photo ID: 198168
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995, 18 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: XRD and SEM
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Can be associated with Native Sulphur.
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Tile ore
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Reid, C., Flett, J.S., Wilkinson, B.S.N., Dixon, E.E.L., Pollard, W., and MacAlister, D.A. (1907): The Geology of the Land's End District. HMSO Publications (London), pp. 106-107.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: BMS Database
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Sir Arthur Russell (1949) The Wherry Mine, Penzance, Its History and its Mineral Productions. Mineralogical Magazine 28:517-533.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Feldspar Group'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Liam Schofield photo
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: G.S. Camm: Gold in the Counties of Devon and Cornwall, Cornish Hillside Publications (St Austell), 1995
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Requires further verification.
Reference: No reference listed
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
'Hornblende'
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Habit: Powdery to botryoidal crusts
Colour: off-white to light tan
Description: Associated with decomposing sphalerite
Reference: P Haas (collected 2008)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: No reference listed
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Jeanbandyite
Formula: Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Description: According to Moore and Howie (1984), kesterite is the most abundant tin-bearing sulfide at this locality. Most of the "stannite" previously reported is in fact misidentified kesterite, while true stannite is very rare and was detected in only two of more than 100 samples studied.
Reference: Moore, F., and Howie, R.A. (1984): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Liskeardite
Formula: [(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
Description: Note: It has been (erroneously) reported (Michael Merry, pers. comm., 2015) that "all liskeardite at Penberthy Croft is apparently bettertonite". Liskeardite has been found to occasionally be associated with bettertonite/penberthycroftite.
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R., Macrae, C.M. (2015) Bettertonite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·11H₂O, a new mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK, with a structure based on polyoxometalate clusters. Mineralogical Magazine, 79:7, 1849-1858.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Richard De Nul Collection
Matlockite ?
Formula: PbFCl
Description: So far only visually confirmed in association with Phosgenite and Anglesite. Crystal clusters of Matlockite display 'typical' thin platy crystals.
Reference: S. Rust Collection
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: White
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Habit: Prismatic acicular
Colour: Brassy
Reference: [UKJMM 16:15]
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Habit: Platy pseudohexagonal
Colour: Pale brown
Reference: UKJMM No17
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Habit: Tabular
Colour: Black
Reference: Betterton, J. (1996) Monazite-(La) and Anatase from Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 16, 13.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html Proved to be Vanadian enriched Duftite.
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natanite
Formula: Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
'Natromontebrasite'
Reference: No reference listed
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite var: Leucochalcite
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
Opal var: Opal-Jasper
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Habit: The crystals are long narrow thin plates without for the most part any terminal faces and when measured gave angles consistent with the supposition that they are crystals of paralaurionite elongated along the symmetry-axis and twinned about a(100) with the faces of a large and those of c(001)small. [...] There is an excellent cleavage parallel to c(001). Indications of other faces in the zone a c were observed, and it is probable that h(201) is present on some crystals as a very narrow face. The important face m(ll0) mentioned by Herbert Smith was not observed, but a face making an angle of 24°24' with a was found instead. Simple indices cannot be assigned to this face ((510) would correspond to an angle from a of 25°38') and it is probable that it is an accidental face produced where one crystal has come in contact with another.[...]
Reference: Russell, A and Hutchinson, A. (1927) On laurionite and associated minerals from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 116, 221-228.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65.
Paratacamite ?
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Penberthycroftite (TL)
Formula: [Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
Type Locality:
Colour: White
Description: Penberthcroftite occurs as tufts of white, ultrathin (sub-micrometre) rectangular laths, with lateral dimensions generally < 20 μm. The laths are flattened on {010} and elongated on [100] [Grey et.al. 2016].
Reference: Grey, I.E., Betterton, J., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R. and MacRae, C.M. (2015) Penberthycroftite, IMA 2015-025. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 943. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947. Grey, I.E., Betterton, J., Kampf, A.R., Macrae, C.M., Shanks, F.L., Price, J.R. (2016) Penberthycroftite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·8H₂O, a second new hydrated aluminium arsenate mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK. Mineralogical Magazine, 80:7, 1149-1160.
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R., Macrae, C.M. (2015) Bettertonite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·11H₂O, a new mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK, with a structure based on polyoxometalate clusters. Mineralogical Magazine, 79:7, 1849-1858.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
'Pinite'
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 161; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
'Plumbic Ochre'
Reference: Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Plumbojarosite ?
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. , Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432 (referring to Kingsbury 1954). Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Description: Bright green to typical blue-green
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Braithwaite, R.S.W., Ryback, G. (1994) Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 449-454.
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995, 49 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: G.Curtis collection.; G.Curtis collection 2009
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 194
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual", 51]
Quartz var: Ferruginous Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Russell, A. and Hutchinson, A. (1927) On laurionite and associated minerals from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 116, 221-228.
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P Haas collection
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Collins, J. H. (1876). A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon. W. Collins, Sons, & Company.
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37. Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Kampf, A.R., Green, D.I. (2005) Redgillite, Cu₆(OH)₁₀(SO₄ )•H₂O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69:6, 973-980.
Rosasite ?
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of rosasite in Britain. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 501-502. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: No reference listed
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Habit: Botryoidal
Colour: Light turquoise- greenish blue
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Description: Needs analytical confirmation, the specimen could be botryoidal Scorodite.
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Description: According to Moore and Howie (1984), stannoidite occurs abundantly at this locality. Their results suggest that most of the "yellow stannite" previously reported is in fact stannoidite.
Reference: Moore, F., and Howie, R.A. (1984): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 389-396; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37. Betterton, J. (1997) Stilpnomelane from Penberthy Croft Mine, a Second Cornish Occurrence. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 18, 15.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Habit: bipyramidal
Colour: colourless, pale buff, pale to dark brown
Description: The largest stolzite crystal on the specimen is an isolated double-terminated dark brown tetragonal bipyramid, which is 1.1 mm in length. The pale brown to buff crystal aggregates lining the polyhedral cavity are made up of smaller crystals, not usually exceeding 0.5 mm long. They cover areas up to 4 mm across and are commonly aggregated into masses that exhibit parallel growth. Most of the crystals are bounded by eight well-developed faces belonging to the common steeply pyramidal form n {11O}; this is sometimes truncated by the pinacoid c {001}, which is most often present on the larger crystals, and occasionally modified by A {111}. Less steeply pyramidal forms are present on a few crystals, but they are too small to measure reliably. Moulding, D., Hooper, J., Green, D.I. (2008) Stolzite from Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 88-90.
Reference: Moulding, D., Hooper, J., Green, D.I. (2008) Stolzite from Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 88-90.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: No reference listed
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: M. C. George, M. Stone, E. E. Fejer and R. F. Symes (1981). Triplite from the Megiliggar Rocks, Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine 44:236-238
Tristramite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Atkin, D., Basham, I.R., and Bowles, J.F.W. (1983): Mineralogical Magazine 47, 393-396
'Tungstic Ochre'
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995, 63 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Description: Yellow earthy masses in veinstone maybe Varlamoffite, or perhaps Bindheimite. Needs analytical confirmation.
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: M. C. George, M. Stone, E. E. Fejer and R. F. Symes (1981). Triplite from the Megiliggar Rocks, Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine 44:236-238
'Wad'
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
'Wad var: Cobaltian Wad'
Reference: Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (1989) Birnessite from Penberthy Croft Mine, Cornwall - a Second English Occurrence. Journal of the Russell Society, 2:2, 48. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Betterton, J. (1989) Birnessite from Penberthy Croft Mine, Cornwall - a Second English Occurrence. Journal of the Russell Society, 2:2, 48.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: Bipyramiddle
Colour: Yellowish
Description: Tiny >0.1mm bipyramidal crystals which may well be Stolzite
Reference: S Rust, Mindat.org
Wurtzite ?
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Maybe Sphalerite after Wurtzite needs confirmation.
'Xenotime'
Reference: LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zincolivenite
Formula: CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Description: A review of British occurrences by Braithwaite et al (2009) shows that most of the material that has been reported as adamite is in fact zincolivenite, including the studied adamite from Penberthy Croft Mine. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 10-14 (2009).
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W., Green, D.I., Tindle, A.G. (2009) The distribution and composition of adamite and zincolivenite in Britain and Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 3–9.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Zippeite
Formula: K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
Zwieselite
Formula: Fe2+2(PO4)F
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
var: Blister Copper2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Wurtzite ?2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite ?3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite ?3.DC.25PbFCl
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite ?3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
var: Wood Tin4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Tile ore4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Jeanbandyite4.FC.15Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Natanite4.FC.10Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-Jasper4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite ?5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Beaverite-(Cu) ?7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bechererite7.DD.55Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Bieberite ?7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chenite ?7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Plumbojarosite ?7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Zippeite7.EC.05K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite ?8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Agardite-(Ce)8.DL.15CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(La)8.DL.15LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arseniosiderite ?8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenogorceixite ?8.BL.10BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Bayldonite (TL)8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beraunite ?8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Bulachite8.DE.15Al2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cattiite ?8.CE.50Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Ceruleite ?8.DE.25Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Liskeardite8.DF.10[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
Mansfieldite8.CD.10AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Mottramite ?8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Leucochalcite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pharmacoalumite8.DK.12KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsburgite8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Tristramite (TL)8.CJ.45(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
Tyrolite ?8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Vanadinite ?8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Zincolivenite8.BB.30CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zwieselite8.BB.10Fe2+2(PO4)F
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var: Chiastolite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
var: Daphnite9.EC.55(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cronstedtite9.ED.15Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mattheddleite9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pumpellyite-(Mg)9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alunite Group'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group' ?-
'Axinite Group'-
Bettertonite (TL)-[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Natromontebrasite'-
Penberthycroftite (TL)-[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
'Pinite'-
'Plumbic Ochre'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tungstic Ochre'-
'Wad'-
'var: Cobaltian Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite ?2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Jeanbandyite6.3.7.3Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
Natanite6.3.6.3Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Matlockite ?9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite ?10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite ?10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Boleite10.6.6.1KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite ?16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite ?29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite ?30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu) ?30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite ?30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Zippeite31.10.4.1K3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Mansfieldite40.4.1.4AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Tristramite (TL)40.4.7.6(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Bayldonite (TL)41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite ?41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
'Natromontebrasite'41.5.8.3
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite ?41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
Zincolivenite41.6.5.6CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zwieselite41.6.1.1Fe2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite ?41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Liskeardite42.1.1.1[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Philipsburgite42.2.4.2(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite ?42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zálesíite42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Bulachite42.6.7.2Al2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite ?42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacoalumite42.8.1b.1KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite ?42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Ceruleite ?42.13.6.1Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Arsenogorceixite ?43.4.1.9BaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Parnauite43.5.13.1Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Mg)58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Cronstedtite71.1.4.7Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Agardite-(Ce)-CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(La)-LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Alunite Group'-
Andalusite
var: Chiastolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group' ?-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
Bechererite-Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Bettertonite (TL)-[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
Cassiterite
var: Wood Tin
-SnO2
Cattiite ?-Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Chalcopyrite
var: Blister Copper
-CuFeS2
Chamosite
var: Daphnite
-(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
var: Tile ore-Cu2O
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluorapatite
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
-(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Gilbertite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Olivenite
var: Leucochalcite
-Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Opal
var: Opal-Jasper
-SiO2 · nH2O
Penberthycroftite (TL)-[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
'Pinite'-
'Plumbic Ochre'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
Redgillite-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tungstic Ochre'-
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wad'-
'var: Cobaltian Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H Bettertonite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
H Penberthycroftite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
H Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
H MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
H ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
H Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
H PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-Jasper)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
OOxygen
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O Bettertonite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
O Penberthycroftite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
O Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CupriteCu2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
O MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
O ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
O Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
O PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O Cassiterite (var: Wood Tin)SnO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TenoriteCuO
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
O BrookiteTiO2
O RutileTiO2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O Quartz (var: Ferruginous Quartz)SiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O ZwieseliteFe22+(PO4)F
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Cuprite (var: Tile ore)Cu2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
O Opal (var: Opal-Jasper)SiO2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O BismocliteBiOCl
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F ZwieseliteFe22+(PO4)F
F MatlockitePbFCl
NaSodium
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mg Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
AlAluminium
Al Bettertonite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
Al Penberthycroftite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
Al MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
Al PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Ferruginous Quartz)SiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-Jasper)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
P ZwieseliteFe22+(PO4)F
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
S AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
S BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
S AcanthiteAg2S
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
S ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
S MilleriteNiS
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Cl BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
K Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
K ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Ca ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Fluorapatite (var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite)(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Mn TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
FeIron
Fe Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
Fe AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
Fe NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe ZwieseliteFe22+(PO4)F
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
Fe Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
CoCobalt
Co AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Cu Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Cu ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Cu BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Cuprite (var: Tile ore)Cu2O
Cu Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As Bettertonite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
As Penberthycroftite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
As AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
As MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
As ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
As Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
As PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Ag BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Sn JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
Sn NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Sn Cassiterite (var: Wood Tin)SnO2
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
TeTellurium
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
BaBarium
Ba ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
LaLanthanum
La Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
La Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
TaTantalum
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W FerberiteFeWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
UUranium
U Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Cisuralian : 284 ± 4 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisen284 ± 4 MaSt Michael's Mount, Cornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dines, H. G. (1956). The metalliferous mining region of south-west England (Vol. 1). HM Stationery Office.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
UK

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