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Monteith Bay quarry, Vancouver Island, Alberni Mining Division, British Columbia, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 7' 52'' North , 127° 17' 52'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.13111,-127.29778

The Monteith Bay geyserite deposit consists mainly of replacement silica in a concentration greater than 96 per cent SiO2. It is a paleo-hotsprings deposit of massive thickness, originally of gently dipping bedding, now somewhat faulted, bent and dipping to the south about 40 to 50 degrees.

The volcanic hostrocks in the Monteith Bay area consist of hornblende-plagioclase porphyritic andesite, amygdaloidal flows and flow breccias of the Lower Jurasssic Bonanza Group. Late intrusive rocks occur as fine grained porphyritic andesite dikes and sills.

The rocks are altered to various degrees, with silicic and advanced argillic zones present. The lack of structural control, of associated large intrusions and overall distribution of the alteration assemblages suggest that the silicification took place contemporaneously with volcanism before significant structural dislocation. The sericite-rich alteration in Monteith Bay appears to correlate directly with the emplacement and shearing of the later andesite dikes. The presence of chalcedonic silica, alunite and pyrophyllite indicate a probable near surface origin for the main phase of alteration.

Mineral List

8 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma
Bonanza Group

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Bonanza Group

Description: Massive amygdaloidal and pillowed basalt to andesite flows, dacite to rhyolite massive or laminated lava, green and maroon tuff, feldspar crystal tuff, breccia, tuffaceous sandstone, argillite, pebble conglomerate and minor limestone (Sinemurian t

Comments: N.W.D. Massey, P.J. Desjardins, and E.C. Grunsky, 1994, Geological Compilation of Vancouver Island, OF 1994-6, BCGS

Lithology: Calc-alkaline volcanic rocks

Reference: B.C. Geological Survey. British Columbia Digital Geology. [3]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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