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Szeroka quarry (Breitenberg quarry), Strzegom, Gmina Strzegom, Świdnica Co., Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Polandi
Regional Level Types
Szeroka quarry (Breitenberg quarry)Quarry (Inactive)
StrzegomTown
Gmina StrzegomGmina
Świdnica Co.County
Lower Silesian VoivodeshipVoivodeship
PolandCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 58' 18'' North , 16° 19' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Quarry (Inactive) - last checked 2019
Age:
19,84 ± 0,93 Ma
Geologic Time:
Dating method:
K / Ar
Reference for age:
Birkenmajer et al., (2004) - Radiometric dating of the Tertiary volcanics in Lower Silesia, Poland. IV Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, 74: 1–19
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Strzegom17,004 (2010)1.6km
Zółkiewka392 (2010)1.9km
Stanowice1,200 (2010)5.4km
Konary505 (2010)8.8km
Mściwojów489 (2010)8.9km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Breitenberg - Georgenberg 354m - Kreuzberg 358m / Góra Szeroka - Góra św. Jerzego - Góra Krzyżowa
Name(s) in local language(s):
kamieniołom bazaltu Strzegom - Żółkiewka / Krzyżowa Góra


Closed alkali basalt quarry (volcanic rock defined as a alkali basalt with some bazanite parameters). Originally there were three similarly sized hills formed by the same Miocene vulcano. One hill was almost fully quarried away. Currently the old quarry area is flooded with water and together with two volcanic hills is the last refuge of wildlife in the Strzegom area.

The quarry was founded on the slopes of Góra Szeroka (in German "Breitenberg") in the 19th century, however three centuries earlier, the greatest treasure of the land of Strzegom of those times was mined here - Terra sigillata, highly prized 'medicinal earth' against poisoning or for general cure for any kind of body intoxication. The product from local clay was processed into small tablets and stamped with the coat of arms of the city Striga (later Strigovia, Striegau). Sold in a large area of central Europe, it became the most important export product of the city. Modern studies of preserved tablets have shown that they are made of a mixture of montmorillonite with illite and also the other clay minerals.

One of the few places in Lower Silesia with the possibility to observe a contact between Paleozoic granitoid rocks and Cenozoic lavas from the Central European Volcanic Province. The contact zone was visible until recently in the southern part of the quarry. The colour of granite was turning to reddish, also in a lava flow xenoliths of quartz with tridymite bands occurred and up to 3 cm metasomatic K-feldspar crystals were found. In the northern part of the quarry, a volcanic breccia occurs with quite common chabazite in vugs.

In 1829 German mineralogist Ernst Friedrich Glocker (who is credited with coining many mineral terms, like pyrargyrite - 1831, halite - 1847, sphalerite - 1847, arsenopyrite - 1847), director of the Mineral Cabinet of the University of Breslau (today Mineralogical Museum, University of Wrocław) published research results about Hyalite that he found on the lichens of the genus Lecidea parachena, Parnelia parietina and Lecanuova aurantica, covering the basalt rocks of Góra Krzyżowa. This found was the proof of the present formation time of this mineral.

Note: There is a nearby basalt volcano, approx. 2.5 km west of this quarry - Żelazowska Góra (in German "Brechselberg"), altitude 301 m, between the villages Żołkiewka (Pilgrimshain) and Żelazno (Eisdorf), with olivine and pyroxene phenocrysts as a rock-forming minerals.

K.Andrzejewski

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Silesia, Czech Republic/Germany/PolandRegion (Historical)
Sudetes Mountains (Sudeten; Sudety), Czech Republic/Germany/PolandMountain Range
Mid Sudetes Mountains, Czech Republic/PolandMountain Range
Strzegom-Sobótka Massif, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, PolandMassif

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Hintze C. (1891) - Über einige neue Mineralien von Striegau; Jahresbericht der Schles. Gesellschaft für vaterl. Cultur B.6 Breslau
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Fiedler H. (1863) - Die mineralien Schlesiens mit Berücksichtigung der angrenzenden Länder. Breslau Trippke P. ( 1878) - Beiträge zur Kenntnis der schlesischen Basalte und ihrer Mineralien. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft Bd.30 Traube H. (1888) - Die Mineralien Schlesiens. 1-285. Breslau.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: - Trippke P. ( 1878) - Beiträge zur Kenntnis der schlesischen Basalte und ihrer Mineralien. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft Bd.30
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Janeczek J., Kozłowski K., Żaba J. (1991) - Zbieramy minerały i skały. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Janeczek J., Kozłowski K., Żaba J. (1991) - Zbieramy minerały i skały. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Trippke P. ( 1878) - Beiträge zur Kenntnis der schlesischen Basalte und ihrer Mineralien. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft Bd.30
'Kerolite'
Formula: (Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Reference: - Fiedler H. (1863) - Die mineralien Schlesiens mit Berücksichtigung der angrenzenden Länder. Breslau - Trippke P. ( 1878) - Beiträge zur Kenntnis der schlesischen Basalte und ihrer Mineralien. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft Bd.30
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Lehmann J. (1886) - Über pyrogene Quarze aus dem Basalt des Breitenberges bei Striegau. Jahresberichte der Schles. Gesellschaft für Vaterl. Kultur B.63 Breslau
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Janeczek J., Kozłowski K., Żaba J. (1991) - Zbieramy minerały i skały. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Janeczek J., Kozłowski K., Żaba J. (1991) - Zbieramy minerały i skały. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Kowalski W., Wiewióra A. (1973) - Terra Sigillata. Prace Muzeum.Ziemi 21, 2, 3–57 Janeczek J., Kozłowski K., Żaba J. (1991) - Zbieramy minerały i skały. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Janeczek J., Kozłowski K., Żaba J. (1991) - Zbieramy minerały i skały. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa.; Traube H. (1888) - Die Mineralien Schlesiens. 1-285. Breslau.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: - Glocker E.F. (1829) - Über den schlesischen Hyalith, besonders über einige neu entdeckte Formen desselben, sowie über dessen Vorkommen und Entstehung Nova Acta Physico-Medica Bd.14 - Lasaulx A. v. (1876) - Über ein Hyalith-Vorkommen am Breitenberg bei Striegau. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: - Glocker E.F. (1829) - Über den schlesischen Hyalith, besonders über einige neu entdeckte Formen desselben, sowie über dessen Vorkommen und Entstehung Nova Acta Physico-Medica Bd.14 - Lasaulx A. v. (1876) - Über ein Hyalith-Vorkommen am Breitenberg bei Striegau. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Traube H. (1888) - Die Mineralien Schlesiens. 1-285. Breslau.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Traube H. (1888) - Die Mineralien Schlesiens. 1-285. Breslau.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Traube H. (1888) - Die Mineralien Schlesiens. 1-285. Breslau.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Trippke P. ( 1878) - Beiträge zur Kenntnis der schlesischen Basalte und ihrer Mineralien. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft Bd.30

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Kerolite'-(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
'Phillipsite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chabazite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Kerolite'-(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Opal
var: Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Phillipsite'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
O Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AragoniteCaCO3
NaSodium
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
SiSilicon
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Si Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
NiNickel
Ni Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3185279
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3153683
Miocene undifferentiated

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Janeczek J., Kozłowski K., Żaba J. (1991) - Zbieramy minerały i skały. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa.
Traube H. (1888) - Die Mineralien Schlesiens. 1-285, Breslau.
Lehmann J. (1886) - Über pyrogene Quarze aus dem Basalt des Breitenberges bei Striegau. Jahresberichte der Schles. Gesellschaft für Vaterl. Kultur B. 63, Breslau.
Hintze C. (1891) - Über einige neue Mineralien von Striegau; Jahresbericht der Schles. Gesellschaft für vaterl. Cultur B. 6, Breslau.
Hintze C. (1897) - Handbuch der Mineralogie. Zweiter Band. Silicate und Tranate. Leipzig.
Hintze C. (1915) - Handbuch der Mineralogie. Erster Band. Zweite Abtheilung. Oxide und Haloide. Leipzig.
Glocker E.F. (1829) - Über den schlesischen Hyalith, besonders über einige neu entdeckte Formen desselben, sowie über dessen Vorkommen und Entstehung. Nova Acta Physico-Medica Bd. 14.
Lasaulx A. v. (1876) - Über ein Hyalith-Vorkommen am Breitenberg bei Striegau. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie.
Trippke P. ( 1878) - Beiträge zur Kenntnis der schlesischen Basalte und ihrer Mineralien. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft Bd. 30.
Kowalski W., Wiewióra A. (1973) - Terra Sigillata. Prace Muzeum.Ziemi 21, 2, 3–57.
Fiedler H. (1863) - Die Mineralien Schlesiens mit Berücksichtigung der angrenzenden Länder. Breslau.
Birkenmajer, K., Pécskay, Z., Grabowski, J., Lorenc, M. W., Zagożdżon, P. P. (2004) - Radiometric dating of the Tertiary volcanics in Lower Silesia, Poland. IV. Further K-Ar and palaeomagnetic data from Late Oligocene to Early Miocene basaltic rocks of the Fore-Sudetic Block. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, 74: 1–19.

External Links

http://www.bazalt.org.pl/images/do_artykulow/artykuly_o_nas/sudeckie%20zeolity_sudety%208_2011a.pdf [Photos of Analcime, Chabazite and Natrolite from Góra Szeroka (Breitenberg) from 1900-1902 in Collection of the Mineralogical Museum, University of Wrocław]


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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