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Krafla Volcano, Myvatn, Skútustaðahreppur, Northeastern Region, Icelandi
Regional Level Types
Krafla VolcanoVolcano
MyvatnLake
SkútustaðahreppurMunicipality
Northeastern RegionRegion
IcelandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
65° 42' 59'' North , 16° 45' 6'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Reykjahlíð153 (2017)11.1km
Other Languages:
Icelandic:
Krafla, Myvatn, Skútustaðahreppur, Norðurland eystra, Ísland


An active volcano adjacent to the Myvatn lake and the only active vulcano, which is directly used by a geothermal power plant. Last erupted in 1984.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


44 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: 2009 Portland GSA Annual Meeting (18-21 October 2009) Paper No. 26-24; Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.; Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Meniaylovite
Formula: Ca4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.; Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.; Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Rostite
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.; Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.; Tamjidi, A. Borehole geology and hydrotermal alteration of well KJ-29 in the Krafla high-temperature area, NE-Iceland. United Nations University.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Meniaylovite3.CG.10Ca4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferricopiapite7.DB.35Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Rostite7.DB.10Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Rosickýite1.3.5.2S
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Rostite31.9.11.2Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Ferricopiapite31.10.5.4Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Meniaylovite-Ca4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O AnataseTiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CristobaliteSiO2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
FFluorine
F MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Al MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
SiSilicon
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
PPhosphorus
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S RosickýiteS
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
S BaryteBaSO4
S RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca MeniayloviteCa4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Economic Geology (1984): 79: 671-695.
Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

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