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Pimorent mine, Porté-Puymorens, Cerdagne, Pyrénées-Orientales, Occitanie, Francei
Regional Level Types
Pimorent mineMine
Porté-Puymorens- not defined -
Cerdagne- not defined -
Pyrénées-OrientalesDepartment
OccitanieRegion
FranceCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Mine de Pimorent
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 33' 5'' North , 1° 46' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.55139,1.76944
GeoHash:G#: sp96060rz
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Pas de la Casa2,363 (2008)3.1km
Porté-Puymorens161 (2016)5.1km
Porta106 (2016)5.4km
Soldeu602 (2017)8.8km
El Tarter1,052 (2012)10.0km


The mine has been in operation since the Middle Age and was exploited from the 17th to the 20th century even despite the characteristics of its location: the altitude (between 2080 and 2200 m) and the mountain slope.
Although located in the commune of Porté in Cerdagne (the Carol valley) its exploitation has been a source of conflict between Catalans and Ariègeois who both claimed these lands located in the high Ariège valley.
A concession was granted to the inhabitants of Pal (Ordino municipality in Andorra) as early as 1623. It was then granted to Pere Costa de Puigcerda who undertook works on outcrops in shallow depth as early as 1624 (September 3th).
Mining interest was then enhanced with the rise of the Catalan forges. The ore from the Pimorent mines was transformed into the forges of Cerdagne, Baga, Andorra and Campdebano (Ripollès).
For more than two centuries the concessionaires were the Catalan families Barutell (concession confirmed May 5th 1673) then Sans with some rights ambiguity during and after the French revolution. The concession was confirmed to the Marquis de Sans by royal ordonnance on 22th September 1842.
The appearance of blast furnaces leading to the classical forge obsolescence, the Sanz family rented the mine to the Société Métallurgique de l'Ariège (SMA) which had a blast furnace in Tarascon-sur-Ariège. The society created installations that brought the ore down to L'Hospitalet village by a convoy of trolleys and then by cable.
In January 1918 the Marquise de Sans sold the concession to the SMA after years of legal battle (between the Sans, the SMA and Carol valley communes) during which work was on an on-off period. During years of operation open-pit ore mining was still preferred to mining by galleries.
In 1930, the SMA was absorbed by the CFD (Société de Commentry-Fourchambault and Decazeville) and took over the concession for the mine in 1931.
In 1941 the CFD was in turn absorbed by the Société Minière et Métallurgique de Fumel a subsidiary of the Forges et Aciéries de Pont-à-Mousson.
During the Second World War the activity of the mine experiencied an upturn.
From 1962 the activity of the mine began to slow down. The exploitation of Pimorent definitively ceased on May 1, 1966. Between these two dates, the Porté-Puymorens population declined from 185 to 108. On December 27, 1966, the Porté municipal council decided to close the mine lease from May 1, 1967.
Batère iron mines then became the last "living" in the Pyrenees.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


3 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 95.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Olivier Mével specimen
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 95.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 95.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3154023
calc-alkaline syn orogenic plutonism

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3189976
Paleozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Pyrenees

Lithology: Orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 95.
Balent A. (2005): La Mine de fer de Puymorens (Cerdagne): Conflits de propriété et d'usage (XVIIe-XXe siècles), Congrès International RESOPYR, p. 423-451.

External Links



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