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Kurinelli Meteorites, Kurundi Goldfield, Wauchope, Barkly Region, Northern Territory, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Kurinelli MeteoritesMeteorites
Kurundi GoldfieldOre Field
Wauchope- not defined -
Barkly RegionRegion
Northern TerritoryTerritory
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
20° 36' 48'' South , 135° 2' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


The Kurinelli area has been the haunt of many a gold prospector over time including recently, with bulldozing, then metal detected, with oral evidence indicating a number of nuggets found. However, the area also contains another item of interest, with many small meteorite fragments located with metal detectors. The bad news (at least for people searching for meteorites) is the law banns the keeping and/or export of meteorites found in the Northern Territory after 1988, and they must be handed into the Northern Territory Museum department.

A number of prospectors were finding 'hot rocks' in the area, which they would smash open hoping for gold inside. Initially there was much frustration, until one prospector, Nick Byrne recognised nickel in 1996. Believing the rocks represented a major bedrock nickel deposit, he approached Peter Simpson (and other companies) from Giants Reef Mining. A pegging rush ensued, however further investigations by geologists determined the material to be meteorites.

Various local prospectors, including Ray Hall, Colin Wessel, John McDonald, and Tony Campbell, donated material to the Northern Territory Museum for study.

All the meteorites have been found in soil rather than the surface to a depth of one metre. No impact structure has been found, and it is thought the meteorites are 'ancient' in age. While most material has been located in the Kurinelli area, Peter Saint, owner of the Kurundi pastoral station has stated, similar meteorites have been found as far away as Annitowa, 200 kilometres further afield. Most of the material is small, with the largest known being half a brick in size.

The meteorite surface is brown to reddish-brown, internally lustrous dark grey to grey-black, veined with brown and reddish-brown.

The meteorites are an almost completely oxidised octahedrite. Species include goethite which may have been derived from troilite, although no relict troilite was found. Well crystalline magnetite. Common maghemite, interbedded with other species, and bluish colour in polished sections. Native iron being unusual for a meteorite, as small grains and grain patches. Very minor quartz having intruded from weathering. Ragged remnants of a Fe-Ni alloy. Microscopically, kaolinite, montmorillonite and titanomagnetite is mentioned.

Mindat map shows the Kurinelli water tank/cattle yards, although material has been found in a wide area surrounding this. See also 'Kurinelli Gold Mines (Kurinelli Alluvial Gold Area)' Mindat locality.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
North Australian Element, AustraliaCraton
Kalkarindji Igneous Province, Northern Territory, AustraliaGeologic Province
Warramunga Province, Northern Territory, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998; Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998; Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998; Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998; Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Lepidocrocite ?
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998; Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998; Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Magirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite' Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998; Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite ?4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe IronFe
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Megirian, D. (1998), Report on the 'Kurinelli Meteorite'. Northern Territory. With Reference to the Meteorites Act 1988, Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, MAGNT Research Report No. 2, September 1998
Dunster, J.N., Haines, P.W., Munsen, T.J. (2014), Meteorites and Impact Structures in the Northern Territory Geological Survey, Northern Territory Geological Survey, Northern Territory Department of Mines and Energy, Record 2014/007, 2014

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