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Deccan Traps, Indiai
Regional Level Types
Deccan TrapsLarge Igneous Province
IndiaCountry

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Key
07580160014946990188062.jpg
One of the Wagholi quarry in Febuary 2013.

Wagholi Quarries, Wagholi, Pune District, Maharashtra, India
00707070014950601711437.jpg
Working on a Cavansite Rich Zone in one of the Wagholi Quarries

Wagholi Quarries, Wagholi, Pune District, Maharashtra, India
07580160014946990188062.jpg
One of the Wagholi quarry in Febuary 2013.

Wagholi Quarries, Wagholi, Pune District, Maharashtra, India
00707070014950601711437.jpg
Working on a Cavansite Rich Zone in one of the Wagholi Quarries

Wagholi Quarries, Wagholi, Pune District, Maharashtra, India
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Pune2,935,744 (2015)
Sūrat2,894,504 (2017)
Navi Mumbai2,600,000 (2018)
Indore1,837,041 (2014)
Bhopal1,599,914 (2015)
Nashik1,289,497 (2014)


The Deccan Traps are a large igneous province located on the Deccan Plateau of west-central India (17–24°N, 73–74°E). They are one of the largest volcanic features on Earth. They consist of multiple layers of solidified flood basalt that together are more than 2,000 m (6,600 ft) thick, cover an area of c. 500,000 km² (200,000 sq mi), and have a volume of c. 1,000,000 km³ (200,000 cu mi). Originally, the Deccan Traps may have covered c. 1,500,000 km² (600,000 sq mi), with a correspondingly larger original volume. [Wikipedia]

The Deccan Volcanic Province (DVP) is one of the largest continental flood basalt provinces(CFBs), which are represented by voluminous basalt flows such as the Columbia River Basalt Group, the Paraná traps, and the North Atlantic Igneous Province. Most of the lavas erupted between 67.5 and 60.5 Ma and were fed by three main dyke swarms, namely (1) those trending N–S to NNW–SSE between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats; (2) those occurring along the Narmada-Satpura-Tapi region with an ENE–WSW strike; and (3) those located in a zone in the; Western Ghats northeast of Mumbai, which have no preferred orientation. Three stages of volcanic eruptions can be distinguished at around 67, 65 and 64 to 60 Ma, interrupted by two periods of quiescence lasting 2 MY and 500,000 years, respectively. Recent calculations by Sprain et al. in the Western Ghats indicate that the main effusions took place with over 90% of the total volume between 65.4 and 66.4 Ma. It is believed that the Deccan volcanism is linked to widespread animal extinction at the K–Pg boundary (formerly K–T boundary) due to degassing of large amounts of CO2 and SO2.
The DVP originally covered an area between 2,600,000 km2 and 750,000 km2. Nowadays the DVP basalts are distributed over an area of 500,000 km2 and can be subdivided into four divisions: Main Deccan Province, Malwa Plateau, Mandla Lobe, and Kutch. The paleo-thickness of the DVP is unknown, but it is assumed to have reached a maximum of around 3500 m in the Nashik area. Large masses are eroded and the current maximum thickness near Nashik is about 2200 m. The stratigraphy of the DVP is divided into three major subgroups: Kalsubai (2000 m thick), Lonavala (525 m thick), and Wai (1100 m thick), ordered from older to younger, as well as twelve formations. Each formation is characterized by accumulations of large composite sub-horizontal tholeiitic lava flows with varying thicknesses and chemical or mineralogical compositions. Based on these characteristics, simple and compound lava flows are generally distinguished. Compound flows are abundant in the northwestern and central parts of the MDP within the estimated distribution of the Kalsubai subgroup. The time between the eruptions of the two consecutive flows can vary widely, from hours, months, or years to thousands of years. Since age dating of such short time periods is not possible, the degree of alteration of the surface zone plays an important indicator role. Surface weathering with a dependence on time and climatic conditions has resulted in more or less marked red or green alteration zones. These horizons are not very pronounced in the investigated area of the MDP and indicate short interruptions of up to several years between the lava flows. Fossils or microfossils were not detected in the ancient surface zones of the MDP basalts.The MDP consists of basalts without intercalated or overlaying sediment layers. [Götze, J. et al (2020)]

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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

174 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite
Formula: (Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Reference: Equeenuddin, Sk.Md. (2015): Occurrence of alpersite at Malanjkhand copper mine, India. Environmental Earth Sciences: 73(7): 3849-3853
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Amber'
Reference: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11618809
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Hari, K. R., Kumar, M. S., Santosh, M., & Rai, S. K. (1998). Petrology, geochemistry and stable isotope studies of carbonate-rich dyke-like bodies, Chhaktalao area, Madhya Pradesh. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 52(5), 591-595. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Andalusite var. Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
Andradite var. Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Mason B., Jarosewich, E. & Nelen, J. A. (1979) The pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites. Smithson. Contrib. Earth Sci. 22: 27-45.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Habit: Divergent sprays
Colour: Green
Reference: Muhammed F. Makki & Sami Makki, "Green apophyllite from Bidkin, Aurangabad, India", Mineralogical Record Vol. 39, No. 4 (July - August) 2008 pp 267-273
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
'Ardennite'
Reference: Nayak, V. K. (1966): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ores of Kajlidongri mine, district Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, India. Economic Geology 61, 1280-1282.
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Nayak, V. K. (1967): Ardennite from Kajlidongri, India. New locality. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 1967, 295-304.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
Augite var. Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Description: In awaruite-pentlandite-troilite assemblages
Reference: Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M. & Hewins, R. H. (1995) Condensate Sulfide and Its Metamorphic Transformations in Primitive Chondrites: Meteoritics 30 (5): 605 (Sept 1995)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.
'Barkevikite'
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
'β-Vredenburgite'
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
'Biotite var. Manganophyllite'
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.; Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Cavansite
Formula: Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Min Rec 2007 38:185-189
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Antonio Borrelli.
'Cerite'
Reference: Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.; Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2018-2027; Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Reference: Banerjee, D. M., Basu, P. C., and Srivastava, N., 1980, Petrology, Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Precambrian Aravallian Phosphorite Deposits of Udaipur and Jhabua, India, Economic Geology 75: 1181-1199.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Chlorophaeite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, Nr 9/10, 1473–1492 (2005)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Fredriksson, K. (1982) The Manegaon diogenite: Meteoritics 17(3): 141-144. (Sept. 1982); Bowman, L. E., Spilde, M. N. & Papike, P. P. (1997) Automated dispersive spectrometer modal analysis applied to diogenites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 32 (6): 869-875. (Nov 1997); Bowman, L. E., Papike, J. J. & Spilde, M. N. (1999) Diogenites as asteroidal cumulates: Insights from spinel chemistry: American Mineralogist: 84 (7-8): 1020–1026. (July-August 1999)
'Clays'
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite G&CA 58 (23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994)
'Clinoptilolite'
Formula: (Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Description: In Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages; Keller (1998) presents evidence that carburization alteration preceded aqueous alteration
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981); Keller, L. P. (1998) A TEM study of iron-nickel carbides in the matrix of the Semarkona unequilibrated ordinary chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33(4): 913-919. (July 1998)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Tim Jokela and Steve Hardinger specimens
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Description: Including Presolar grains
Reference: Choi, B.-G., Huss, G. R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1998) Presolar Corundum and Spinel from the Bishunpur and Semarkona Ordinary Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIX, abstract no. 1898.; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.; Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981)
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Fisenko, A.V. and L.F. Semenova (1997) On the Selection of Chondrites for Studying Interstellar Diamond. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.; Huss, G.R. & Lewis, R.S. (1995) Presolar diamond, SiC, and graphite in primitive chondrites: Abundances as a function of meteorite class and petrologic type. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1):115-160 (Jan 1995).
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2018-2027; Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: B. Ottens/Steffen Michalski specimens
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Colour: Deep-blue
Description: Nayak and Leake refers to an analysis by Lahiri(1971) corresponding to eckermannite: (Na0.38K0.16)0.54(Na1.58Ca0.42)2.00(Mg3.08Mn2+0.47Fe2+0.02Fe3+0.62Al0.80Ti0.03)5.53(Si7.49Al0.51)8.00O22(OH)2. Normally, the amphiboles from Kajlidongri have Fesup>3+>>Al.In addition they are zoned and hincluded by other minerals such as albite. The occurrence of eckermannite is therefore considered questionable until confirmed by modern analytical techniques ( microprobe).
Reference: Nayak, V. K. and Leake, B. E. (1975). On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India, Mineralogical Magazine, 40,395-399.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Ottens, B., Götze, J., Schuster, R., Krenn, K., Hauzenberger, C., Zsolt, B., & Vennemann, T. (2019). Exceptional Multi Stage Mineralization of Secondary Minerals in Cavities of Flood Basalts from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals, 9(6), 351.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Equeenuddin, Sk.Md. (2015): Occurrence of alpersite at Malanjkhand copper mine, India. Environmental Earth Sciences: 73(7): 3849-3853
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Hari, K. R., Kumar, M. S., Santosh, M., & Rai, S. K. (1998). Petrology, geochemistry and stable isotope studies of carbonate-rich dyke-like bodies, Chhaktalao area, Madhya Pradesh. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 52(5), 591-595. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
Ferri-ghoseite
Formula: ☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(9):48 (2004); Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Ferrihollandite (TL)
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Capalbo, C., Pasero, M. (2013): Nomenclature tunings in the hollandite supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 85-90.
Ferri-leakeite (TL)
Formula: [Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1992) 77, 1112-1115
Ferri-winchite
Formula: ☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Colour: colorless, violet
Description: The material published as winchite by Fermor(1904,1909) and Leake et al (1986) corresponds to a ferri-winchite composition with the following composition: (Na0.21K0.10)0.31(Na0.73Ca1.27)2.00(Mg4.26Mn2+0.08Fe3+0.55Al0.09)5.00(Si7.78Al0.22)8.00O22(OH)2
Reference: Lewis Leigh Fermor (1904). A new form of blue amphibole from Central India. Records of the Geological Survey of lndia, 31, 235-236. Leake B. E., Farrow C. M., Chao F., Nayak V. K. (1986). Winchite re-discovered from the type locality in India, Mineralogical Magazine, 50, 173-175. Lewis Leigh Fermor. (1909). The manganese ore deposits of India. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, 37, 1294 pp ; http://www.mindat.org/article.php/1656/Amphiboles+from+the+Methamorphic+Manganese+Ores+of+Central+India
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Domanik, K. J., Sideras, L. C. & Drake, M. J. (2005) Olivine and Ca-Phosphate in the Diogenites Manegaon and Roda: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI, abstract no.2128.
Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Banerjee, D. M., Basu, P. C., and Srivastava, N., 1980, Petrology, Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Precambrian Aravallian Phosphorite Deposits of Udaipur and Jhabua, India, Economic Geology 75: 1181-1199.
'Fluorapophyllite'
Reference: Collection of Rock Currier
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Richard Dale collection
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1994) Petrology of FeO-poor, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in the Semarkona chondrite G&CA 58 (23), 5325-5340 (Dec 1994); E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.
Geerite
Formula: Cu8S5
Reference: Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Glass'
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: White (2008)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Goosecreekite
Formula: Ca[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Ottens, B., Götze, J., Schuster, R., Krenn, K., Hauzenberger, C., Zsolt, B., & Vennemann, T. (2019). Exceptional Multi Stage Mineralization of Secondary Minerals in Cavities of Flood Basalts from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals, 9(6), 351.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Equeenuddin, Sk.Md. (2015): Occurrence of alpersite at Malanjkhand copper mine, India. Environmental Earth Sciences: 73(7): 3849-3853
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Ottens (2003)
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Description: In Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981)
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Lahiri, D. (1972). Helvine in the gondite of Kajlidongri, Madhya Pradesh, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 38(300), 974-975.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
'Heulandite'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Equeenuddin, Sk.Md. (2015): Occurrence of alpersite at Malanjkhand copper mine, India. Environmental Earth Sciences: 73(7): 3849-3853
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.; Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J. & Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: 209-210.
Hollandite (TL)
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: Neotype (Biagioni et al., 2013).
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114; Biagioni, C., Capalbo, C., Pasero, M. (2013): Nomenclature tunings in the hollandite supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 85-90.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Viladkar, S. G. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of fenitized nephelinites of the Amba Dongar complex, Gujarat. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(1), 87-97.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Rock Currier
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Personal experience-Rock Currier; Ottens, B., Götze, J., Schuster, R., Krenn, K., Hauzenberger, C., Zsolt, B., & Vennemann, T. (2019). Exceptional Multi Stage Mineralization of Secondary Minerals in Cavities of Flood Basalts from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals, 9(6), 351.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Description: Iron (3%Ni)
Reference: Fredriksson, K. (1982) The Manegaon diogenite: Meteoritics 17(3): 141-144. (Sept. 1982)
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, Nr 9/10, 1473–1492 (2005)
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: Isocubanite may be primary, but confirmation would be helpful.
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
'Juddite'
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
'Julgoldite'
Reference: Ottens, B., Götze, J., Schuster, R., Krenn, K., Hauzenberger, C., Zsolt, B., & Vennemann, T. (2019). Exceptional Multi Stage Mineralization of Secondary Minerals in Cavities of Flood Basalts from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals, 9(6), 351.
Julgoldite-(Fe2+)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Reference: Wise and Moller (1990) Occurrence of Ca-Fe silicate minerals with zeolites in basalt cavities at Bombay, India. European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 2, pp. 875-883.
Kaersutite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Hari, K. R., Kumar, M. S., Santosh, M., & Rai, S. K. (1998). Petrology, geochemistry and stable isotope studies of carbonate-rich dyke-like bodies, Chhaktalao area, Madhya Pradesh. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 52(5), 591-595. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Banerjee, D. M., Basu, P. C., and Srivastava, N., 1980, Petrology, Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Precambrian Aravallian Phosphorite Deposits of Udaipur and Jhabua, India, Economic Geology 75: 1181-1199.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
'Leucoxene'
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Lévyne-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Description: Secondary alteration product (preterrestrial)
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: The purple and lilac amphiboles from Kajlidongri Mine are zoned and may contain multiple amphibole species, but they are mostly magnesio-arfvedsonite. An analysis from Leake et al. (1981) is typical and corresponds to (Na0.47K0.21)0.68(Na1.58Ca0.42)2.00(Mg3.95Mn2+0.07Fe3+0.88Al0.08)4.98(Si7.98Al0.02)8.00O22(OH)2
Reference: Bernard E. Leake, Colin M Ferrow, V.K.Nayak: (1981). “Further studies on winchite from the type locality”, American Mineralogist, Volume 66, pages 625-631; Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Zanetti, A. (2008) The crystal chemistry of alkali amphiboles from the Kajlidongri Manganese Mine, India. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 455-466.
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Zanetti, A. (2008) The crystal chemistry of alkali amphiboles from the Kajlidongri Manganese Mine, India. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 455-466.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, Nr 9/10, 1473–1492 (2005)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Mangani-dellaventuraite (TL)
Formula: NaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Tait et al (2005), American Mineralogist: 90: 304-309.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.; Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J. & Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: 209-210.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Hsu, W. & Crozaz, G. (1996) Mineral Chemistry and the petrogenesis of eucrites: I. Noncumulate eucrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60 (22): 4571-4591. (Nov 1996)
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Ottens, B., Götze, J., Schuster, R., Krenn, K., Hauzenberger, C., Zsolt, B., & Vennemann, T. (2019). Exceptional Multi Stage Mineralization of Secondary Minerals in Cavities of Flood Basalts from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals, 9(6), 351.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
'Monazite'
Reference: Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Mozartite
Formula: CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Ottens, B. (2011): Indien: Mineralien, Fundorte, Lagerstätten. Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, Germany, 384 pp. (in German);
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Muscovite var. Alurgite
Formula: K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Banerjee, D. M., Basu, P. C., and Srivastava, N., 1980, Petrology, Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Precambrian Aravallian Phosphorite Deposits of Udaipur and Jhabua, India, Economic Geology 75: 1181-1199.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
'Nickel-iron'
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990)
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Jewel Tunnel specimens (not x-rayed; ID by visual appearance and physical properties)
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: White (2008)
Opal var. Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Pyroxene (En76)[Fredriksson (1982)]; orthopyroxene (Wo2.9En76.6Fs20.5)[Fowler et al. (1994)]; [Mg-rich [En80] [Bowman (1997)]
Reference: Brian Mason (1963). The Hypersthene achondrites. American Museum Novitates, #2155, 13 pages.; Bowman, L. E., Spilde, M. N. & Papike, P. P. (1997) Automated dispersive spectrometer modal analysis applied to diogenites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 32 (6): 869-875. (Nov 1997); Fowler, G. W., Papike, J. J., Spilde, M. N. & Shearer, C. K. (1994). Diogenites as asteroidal cumulates: Insights from orthopyroxene major and minor element chemistry. Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta 58 (18): 3921-3929. (Sept 1994)
'Parisite'
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
Pentagonite
Formula: Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2009): Cavansit und Pentagonit aus Indien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (6), 16-25.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: In awaruite-pentlandite-troilite assemblages
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981); Grossman, J. N. (1985) Semarkona: The Least Metamorphosed Ordinary Chondrite. Meteoritics 20 (4): 656-657 (Dec 1985); Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M. & Hewins, R. H. (1995) Condensate Sulfide and Its Metamorphic Transformations in Primitive Chondrites: Meteoritics 30 (5): 605 (Sept 1995); E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.; Russell, S.S., Huss, G.R., MacPherson, G.J. & Wasserburg, G.J. (1997) Early and late chondrule formation - New constraints for solar nebula chronology from Al-26/Al-27 in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: 209-210.
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: Viladkar, S. G. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of fenitized nephelinites of the Amba Dongar complex, Gujarat. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(1), 87-97.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Mason, B. (1967) The Bununu meteorite, and a discussion of the pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(1): 107-115. ; Hsu, W. & Crozaz, G. (1996) Mineral Chemistry and the petrogenesis of eucrites: I. Noncumulate eucrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60 (22): 4571-4591. (Nov 1996)
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Potassic-mangani-leakeite
Formula: [(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Am Min 90:2-3 pp304-309
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Richard Dale collection
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Pseudoleucite'
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Nayak, V. K. (1966): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ores of Kajlidongri mine, district Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, India. Economic Geology 61, 1280-1282.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Ottens, B., Götze, J., Schuster, R., Krenn, K., Hauzenberger, C., Zsolt, B., & Vennemann, T. (2019). Exceptional Multi Stage Mineralization of Secondary Minerals in Cavities of Flood Basalts from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals, 9(6), 351.
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Reference: Wise and Moller (1990) Occurrence of Ca-Fe silicate minerals with zeolites in basalt cavities at Bombay, India. European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 2, pp. 875-883.
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl, 2004, Minerals and their Localities,pg # 487
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Pyrolusite var. Polianite
Formula: morphological variety
Reference: Nayak, V. K. (1966): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ores of Kajlidongri mine, district Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, India. Economic Geology 61, 1280-1282.
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Viladkar, S. G. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of fenitized nephelinites of the Amba Dongar complex, Gujarat. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(1), 87-97.; Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998) ; E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Georges Claeys (2009) Mineralogische reis naar Deccan Traps, India, 2008. Geonieuws, 34, #3, 63-77.
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Quartz var. Moss Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P Haas collection
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Richard M. Pearl: "Minerals of India", Mineral Digest, vol. 2.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Zanetti, A. (2008) The crystal chemistry of alkali amphiboles from the Kajlidongri Manganese Mine, India. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 455-466.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: AmMin 88:1983–1988, (2003)
Saponite var. Iron-bearing Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: AmMin 88:1983–1988, (2003)
'Saussurite'
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Bourot-Denise, M., Perron, C. & Zanda, B (1993) Compositional Heterogeneity in Metal Grains of Primitive Chondrites: Onset of Metamorphism. Meteoritics 28(3): 327. (July 1993)
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Specimens in the collection of Rock Currier [2010]
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Hari, K. R., Kumar, M. S., Santosh, M., & Rai, S. K. (1998). Petrology, geochemistry and stable isotope studies of carbonate-rich dyke-like bodies, Chhaktalao area, Madhya Pradesh. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 52(5), 591-595. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
'Silica'
Reference: Bourot-Denise, M., Perron, C. & Zanda, B (1993) Compositional Heterogeneity in Metal Grains of Primitive Chondrites: Onset of Metamorphism. Meteoritics 28(3): 327. (July 1993)
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Reference: AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
'Sodic amphibole'
Reference: Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Description: Including Presolar grains
Reference: Choi, B.-G., Huss, G. R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1998) Presolar Corundum and Spinel from the Bishunpur and Semarkona Ordinary Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIX, abstract no. 1898.; E.R.D. Scott et al. (1988) Primitive material surviving in chondrites: Matrix. IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System. Kerridge, J. & Matthews, M.S. -Eds., pp. 718--745: University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.; Beckett et al. (2006) Chemical processes in Calcium-Aluminum-rich Inclusions: A Mostly CMAS View of Melting and Crystallization: In: Meteorites and The Early Solar System (Editors: Lauretta, D.S. & McSween Jr, H.Y.) University of Arizona Press. Tucson. pp. 399-429.; Srinivasan, G., Russell, S.S., MacPherson, G.J., Huss, G.R. & Wasserburg, G. J. (1996) New Evidence for 26Al in CAI and Chondrules from Type 3 Ordinary Chondrites: Lunar and Planetary Science 27: 1257-1258.
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Martins da pedra collection
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Richard Dale collection
Stilbite-Na ?
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Reference: -various added photos - The reference of Muhammed F. Makki & Sami Makki, "Green apophyllite from Bidkin, Aurangabad, India", Mineralogical Record Vol. 39, No. 4 (July - August) 2008 pp 267-273 does not provide clarification as to the variety of Stilbite from here. I don't believe that there is a confirmed analysis of Stlbite-Na from here (Keith Compton).
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Description: Occurs in cavities in trap rock (Deccan Traps).
Reference: Rocks & Min.:64(5):413.
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Taylor, G. J., Okada, A., Scott, E. R. D., Rubin, A. E., Huss, G. R. & Keil, K. (1981) The Occurrence and Implications of Carbide-Magnetite Assemblages in Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrites (abstract). Lunar and PLanetary Science XII: 1076-1078. ( March 1981)
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 829.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Analysis by Dr. George Rossman of the California Institute of Technology
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Cabella, R., Basso, R., Lucchetti, G., Marescotti, P., Martinelli, A., and Nayak, V.K. (2003): European Journal of Mineralogy 15(2), 427-433.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Fredriksson, K. (1982) The Manegaon diogenite: Meteoritics 17(3): 141-144. (Sept. 1982); Bowman, L. E., Spilde, M. N. & Papike, P. P. (1997) Automated dispersive spectrometer modal analysis applied to diogenites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 32 (6): 869-875. (Nov 1997); Domanik, K. J., Sideras, L. C. & Drake, M. J. (2005) Olivine and Ca-Phosphate in the Diogenites Manegaon and Roda: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI, abstract no.2128.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Wad'
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2018-2027; Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.
Winchite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: up to 1 in. fine needles and blandes
Colour: blue-lilac-violet
Description: Roy and Purkait (1968) publish the blue-violet amphibole as winchite, but the analysis tehy publish corresponds to a tremolite composition.
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
'Winchite (of Leake)'
Reference: http://www.mindat.org/article.php/1656/Amphiboles+from+the+Methamorphic+Manganese+Ores+of+Central+India
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Viladkar, S. G. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of fenitized nephelinites of the Amba Dongar complex, Gujarat. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(1), 87-97.
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Yugawaralite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Reference: Collection Elmar Lackner (and many others).
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var. Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geerite2.BA.05Cu8S5
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Mooihoekite2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Ferrihollandite (TL)4.DK.Ba(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Hollandite (TL)4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
var. Polianite4.DB.05morphological variety
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var. Moss Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alpersite7.CB.35(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Tilasite8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var. Blanfordite9.DA.20(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var. Chiastolite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var. Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ardennite-(As)9.BJ.40Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cavansite9.EA.50Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Eckermannite ?9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferri-ghoseite9.DE.20☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferri-leakeite (TL)9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferri-winchite9.DE.20☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Goosecreekite9.GB.25Ca[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe2+)9.BG.20Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Kaersutite9.DE.15NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne-Ca9.GD.15(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mangani-dellaventuraite (TL)9.DE.25NaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Mozartite ?9.AG.60CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Alurgite9.EC.15K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pentagonite9.EA.55Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Potassic-mangani-leakeite9.DE.25[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)9.BG.20Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)9.BG.20Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var. Iron-bearing Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na ?9.GE.10(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Winchite ?9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Yugawaralite9.GB.15CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Amber'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Ardennite'-
'Barkevikite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'var. Manganophyllite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Cerite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Chlorophaeite-(Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Fluorapophyllite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydromuscovite'-
'Juddite'-
'Julgoldite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Nickel-iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Pseudoleucite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodic amphibole'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Winchite (of Leake)'-
'β-Vredenburgite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var. Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Mooihoekite2.9.8.3Cu9Fe9S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite (TL)7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Nantokite9.1.7.1CuCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Tilasite41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var. Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
AX2O6
Tripuhyite44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mozartite ?52.4.2.1CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe2+)58.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)58.2.2.5Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)58.2.2.8Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Ardennite-(As)58.3.1.1Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Eckermannite ?66.1.3c.6NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Ferri-ghoseite66.1.1.4☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferri-leakeite (TL)66.1.3c.12[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Potassic-mangani-leakeite66.1.3c.13[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Winchite ?66.1.3b.1☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Cavansite74.3.7.1Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Pentagonite74.3.7.2Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Goosecreekite77.1.7.3Ca[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Yugawaralite77.1.7.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aegirine-augite
var. Blanfordite
-(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
Alpersite-(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
'Amber'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andalusite
var. Chiastolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
var. Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Ardennite'-
Augite
var. Titanian Augite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
'Barkevikite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'var. Manganophyllite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Cerite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Chlorophaeite-(Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
Ferri-winchite-☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferrihollandite (TL)-Ba(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16
'Fluorapophyllite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Geerite-Cu8S5
'Glass'-
Hastingsite-NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydromuscovite'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Iron-Fe
'Juddite'-
'Julgoldite'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lévyne-Ca-(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var. Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Mangani-dellaventuraite (TL)-NaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
Mogánite-SiO2
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var. Alurgite
-K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
var. Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nickel-iron'-
Opal
var. Opal-CT
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Pseudoleucite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pumpellyite'-
Pyrolusite
var. Polianite
-morphological variety
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Agate
-SiO2
var. Amethyst-SiO2
var. Chalcedony-SiO2
var. Moss Agate-SiO2
var. Rock Crystal-SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Saponite
var. Iron-bearing Saponite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodic amphibole'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na ?-(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Winchite (of Leake)'-
'Zeolite Group'-
'β-Vredenburgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PentagoniteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
H GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Opal var. Opal-CTSiO2 · nH2O
H Chlorophaeite(Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe23+[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
H Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
H Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Muscovite var. AlurgiteK2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
H Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
H Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
H MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
H Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Li Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn23+Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
Li Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DiamondC
C CoheniteFe3C
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
C Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
O Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn23+Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
O FerrihollanditeBa(Mn64+Fe23+)O16
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O MogániteSiO2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O HematiteFe2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Andalusite var. ChiastoliteAl2(SiO4)O
O CalciteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PentagoniteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Andradite var. MelaniteCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
O Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
O SideriteFeCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O PericlaseMgO
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
O WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
O GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Opal var. Opal-CTSiO2 · nH2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O StishoviteSiO2
O Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Chlorophaeite(Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe23+[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
O Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O CorundumAl2O3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
O Muscovite var. AlurgiteK2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
O Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
O TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O TenoriteCuO
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Quartz var. Moss AgateSiO2
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
O Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
O MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
O Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
NaSodium
Na Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn23+Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Na Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Na Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Na SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Na WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Na Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Na Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Na Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Na Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn23+Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
Mg Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg Chlorophaeite(Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Mg Muscovite var. AlurgiteK2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Mg Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mg TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Andalusite var. ChiastoliteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Al Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Al Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Al GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Al Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Al GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al HiboniteCaAl12O19
Al Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Al Muscovite var. AlurgiteK2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Al Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Al Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Al Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn23+Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si MogániteSiO2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Andalusite var. ChiastoliteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PentagoniteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Andradite var. MelaniteCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Si Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Si Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Si GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Si Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Si WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Si GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Si BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
Si Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Opal var. Opal-CTSiO2 · nH2O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si Chlorophaeite(Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe23+[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Si Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Si Muscovite var. AlurgiteK2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si Quartz var. Moss AgateSiO2
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Si Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Si MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Si Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
SSulfur
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TroiliteFeS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AniliteCu7S4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GeeriteCu8S5
S SpionkopiteCu39S28
S YarrowiteCu9S8
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl NantokiteCuCl
KPotassium
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Muscovite var. AlurgiteK2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
K Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PentagoniteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Andradite var. MelaniteCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Ca Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ca GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Ca WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Ca GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Ca OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Ca BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Chlorophaeite(Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe23+[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Ca Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca HiboniteCaAl12O19
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Ca Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Fluorapatite var. Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
Ca Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Clinoptilolite(Na/Ca)3-6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Ca MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn23+Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
VVanadium
V CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
V PentagoniteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn23+Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2
Mn FerrihollanditeBa(Mn64+Fe23+)O16
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Mn Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mn Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe FerrihollanditeBa(Mn64+Fe23+)O16
Fe Saponite var. Iron-bearing SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Andradite var. MelaniteCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Fe Augite var. Titanian Augite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe IronFe
Fe Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Chlorophaeite(Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
Fe Iron var. Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe Julgoldite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Fe23+[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Fe Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
Fe CoheniteFe3C
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Aegirine-augite var. Blanfordite(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Iron var. Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu NantokiteCuCl
Cu Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2O
Cu GeeriteCu8S5
Cu SpionkopiteCu39S28
Cu YarrowiteCu9S8
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As Ardennite-(As)Mn42+Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
As TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
MoMolybdenum
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
BaBarium
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba FerrihollanditeBa(Mn64+Fe23+)O16
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: to Paleogene : 2491 ± 8 Ma to 33.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Eocene
ⓘ BasaltEocene
(33.9 - 56.0 Ma)
Amba Dongar complex, Chhota Udaipur District, Gujarat, India
   Paleocene
ⓘ Alkali Feldspar (youngest age)61 ± 2 MaAmba Dongar complex, Chhota Udaipur District, Gujarat, India
ⓘ Carbonatite65 MaAmba Dongar complex, Chhota Udaipur District, Gujarat, India
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
ⓘ SandstoneCretaceous
(66.0 - 145.0 Ma)
Amba Dongar complex, Chhota Udaipur District, Gujarat, India
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Alkali Feldspar (oldest age)76 ± 2 MaAmba Dongar complex, Chhota Udaipur District, Gujarat, India
    
 
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Paleoproterozoic
   Siderian
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)2446 ± 8 MaMalanjkhand Mine, Malanjkand, Baihar Tehsil, Balaghat District, Jabalpur division, Madhya Pradesh, India
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)2491 ± 8 MaMalanjkhand Mine, Malanjkand, Baihar Tehsil, Balaghat District, Jabalpur division, Madhya Pradesh, India

Fossils

There are 39 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences265
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed145 Ma (Late Jurassic)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 13 stratigraphic units.
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Turritella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Turritellidae : Turritella48.6 - 37.2 Ma
Eocene
Aturia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Nautilida : Aturiidae : Aturia38 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Eutrephoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Nautilida : Nautilidae : Eutrephoceras89.8 - 86.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Corbula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Corbulidae : Corbula48.6 - 37.2 Ma
Eocene
Arachnida
class
Animalia : Arthropoda : Arachnida56 - 47.8 Ma
Eocene
Actinocythereis
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Trachyleberididae : Actinocythereis20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Aurila
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Hemicytheridae : Aurila20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Bairdia
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Bairdiidae : Bairdia20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Bradleya
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Thaerocytheridae : Bradleya20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene