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Tuléar Province (Toliara), Madagascari
Regional Level Types
Tuléar Province (Toliara)Province
MadagascarCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Toliara115,319 (2018)
Ambovombe66,818 (2018)
Tôlanaro45,141 (2018)
Morondava36,803 (2018)
Amboasary36,082 (2018)
Betioky31,102 (2018)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Faritanin'i Toliary, Madagasikara


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Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

150 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Description: Described as "priorite"
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Di Cecco, V. (2013): The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-Graphite Deposit, S.W. Madagascar. Thesis (Masters dissertation), Department of Geology. University of Toronto.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Ashwal, L.D. , Hamilton, M.A., Morel, V. P. I, and Rambeloson, R. A. (1998 ) Geology, petrology and isotope geochemistry of massif-type anorthosites from southwest Madagascar. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 133 (4): 389-401
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample # 11339
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: white
Description: Compact masses of several kg.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte Mineralogique de Madagascar, Service Géologique, Antananarivo, Archive 1871
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 331
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Majmundar, H.H.(1970): Wernerite and feldspar from Madagascar, Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 740-743
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Majmundar, H.H.(1970): Wernerite and feldspar from Madagascar, Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 740-743
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 331
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Majmundar, H.H.(1970): Fassaite from Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 899-903
Augite var. Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Majmundar, H.H.(1970): Fassaite from Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 899-903
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
Berdesinskiite ?
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Reference: Di Cecco, V. (2013): The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-Graphite Deposit, S.W. Madagascar. Thesis (Masters dissertation), Department of Geology. University of Toronto.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Beryl var. Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Marchand, P.(1995): Situation géologique des émeraudes de Ianapera, province de Tuléar (Madagascar. Revue de Gemmologie AFG. 124:13–16; Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 16
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: In Collection martin Slama, obtained from Matthias Rheinlaender who was very active in this region
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.p 22
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 331
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 23
'Chabazite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871 /Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 24
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 24
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Sammer, G. (2020) Die Tucson Show 2020. Lapis, 45 (3): 29-42 [p.30 -31]; Ferraris, C., Pignatelli, I., Cámara, F., Parodi, G., Pont, S., Schreyer, M., & Wei, F. (2020). Laurentthomasite, Mg 2 K (Be 2 Al) Si 12 O 30: a new milarite-group-type member from the Ihorombe region, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(3), 355-365.
'Chevkinite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: A piece weiging several kg, was found NE of the old prison, Isoanala ( Lacroix 1922)
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.588)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Ackermand, D., Windley, B. F. & Razafiniparany, A. .H. (1991): Kornerupine breakdown reactions in paragneisses from southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine 55: 71-80
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 27
Chrysoberyl var. Cymophane
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (Photo ID: 966934, old sample)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Rakotondrazafy, M.A.F., Moine, B. and Cuney, M. (1996) Mode of formation of hibonite (CaAl12O19) within the U-Th skarns from the granulites of S-E Madagascar. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 123: 190-201
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Nicollet, Christian (1985) Thèse d'Etat. Clermont Fd, 350pp.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) In Granulites and Crustal Differentiation (Vielzeuf, D. and Vidal, P., eds.), Kluwer Academic publishers, in press.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) Occurrences of grandidierite, serendibite and tourmaline near Ihosy, southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, pp. 131-133.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: As the core of small cuprite nodules which is covered by chrysocolla and malachite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.31
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Habit: oval-shaped monomineralic aggregates
Colour: slightly bluish
Description: a very Mg-rich variety with ca. 7 mol. % of the iron component
Reference: von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Schwab, P-N. (1997): Informations Minéralogiques, Géologiques et Paléontologiques. Munich 1997-21-22-23 novembre 1997. La Mecque annuelle de la minéralogie européene. La Règne Minéral 19, 49-54
Corundum var. Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
Corundum var. Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Gem corundum deposits of Madagascar: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
'Davidite'
Description: J.Behier (1963) uses the variety name "mazuvite".
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Reference: Collection and photo: Arliguie Michel, photo-1064738 (Old collection 1965)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Vapnik,Ye. et al. (2006) Formation of emeralds at pegmatite-ultramafic contacts based on fluid inclusions in Kianjavato emerald, Mananjary deposits, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine, 70 (2): 141-158
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: In Collection martin Slama, obtained from Matthias Rheinlaender who was very active in this region
Edenite
Formula: NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Reference: Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Description: an enstatite with XMg values from 0.94 to 0.98, Al2O3 varies between 1.80 to 5.57 wt% and MnO is up to 0.14 wt% (Razakamanana et al. (2006)
Reference: Razakamanana, T., Ackermand, D. and Windley, B. F. (2006 ): Metamorphic evolution of sapphirine-bearing rocks from Vohidava area, Southern Madagascar: Structural and tectonic implication. Proceedings of the German-Malagasy Research Cooperation in Life and Earth Sciences edited by C Schwitzer, S Brandt et al. p 41-60
Enstatite var. Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Razakamanana, T., Ackermand, D. and Windley, B. F. (2006 ): Metamorphic evolution of sapphirine-bearing rocks from Vohidava area, Southern Madagascar: Structural and tectonic implication. Proceedings of the German-Malagasy Research Cooperation in Life and Earth Sciences edited by C Schwitzer, S Brandt et al. p 41-60
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: 3,5 cm long twinned xl.
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection (# M-223)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1200
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 16
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Colour: Pink to reddish
Description: Perthitic K-Feldspar. Sometimes Graphic Granite intergrowths with white/smoky Quartz
Reference: [Madagascar - extraLapis English Vol 1 p.30]
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Reference: Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample 11306
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Colour: violet
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 331
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/msa/special/pig/PIG_articles/Madagascar_txt.pdf
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Boulvais, P., Fourcade,S., Moineb,B., Gruaua,G. and Cuney, M. (2000): Rare-earth elements distribution in granulite-facies marbles: a witness of fluid–rock interaction. Lithos. 53, 117–126
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: As inclusion in quartz crystals
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1216
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Description: Grandidierite is found as a bluegreen mineral in a phlopgopiterich rock
Reference: Behier, J. (1957): Travaux mineralogiques. Rapport Annuel du service géologique pour 1957. Republique Malgache. p. 293
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-96
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
Grossular var. Tsavorite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte Mineralogique de Madagascar. Service Géologique, Antananarivo, Archive 1871
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ackermand, D., Windley, B. F. & Razafiniparany, A. .H. (1991): Kornerupine breakdown reactions in paragneisses from southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine 55: 71-80
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p. 323
'Heulandite'
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (photo id 899367), old collection
Hibonite (TL)
Formula: CaAl12O19
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Description: per correspondence with Knut Edvard: The TL produced just a few specimens in the year of discovery (also an eluvial locality ). When lacking exact locality data the Madagascar hibonite specimens are often erroneously labeled and sold as coming from Esiva, often being the only locality referred to in textbooks.
Reference: Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
'Hornblende'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 30
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit 13 August 2005
'Humite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1567
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Montel, J.-M., Razafimahatratra, D., de Parseval, P., Poitrasson, F., Moine, B., Seydoux-Guillaumede, A.-M., Pik, R., Arnaud, N and Giberth, F. (2018) The giant monazite crystals from Manangotry (Madagascar). Chemical Geology. 484: 36-50
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Description: in contact with vanadium-bearing pyrrhotite
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Habit: prismatic crystals up to 3-4cm long and 1cm thick. The prisms show the faces {100}, {010} and {110}. End faces are extremely rare and poorly developed. Only {111} could be identified.
Reference: von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (photo id 899771), old collection
Laurentthomasite (TL)
Formula: Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Ferraris, C., Pignatelli, I., Cámara, F., Ponti, S., Schreyer, M., Parodi, G.C. and Wei, F. (2019) Laurentthomasite, IMA 2018-157. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328. ; Ferraris, C., Pignatelli, I., Cámara, F., Parodi, G., Pont, S., Schreyer, M., & Wei, F. (2020). Laurentthomasite, Mg 2 K (Be 2 Al) Si 12 O 30: a new milarite-group-type member from the Ihorombe region, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(3), 355-365.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Liddicoatite' ?
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: bluish, black
Description: Bluish portion close to the antilogious pole is by quantitative WDS-microprobe chemical analyses (Pezzotta & Jobin 2003, Pezzotta (2004) showed to be "liddicoatite" s.l. with a high content of Ca. Also the blackish termination of an opaque crystal was "liddicoatite", s.l.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Andrianjakavah, P.R., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Rakotondrazafy, M. and Giuliani, G. (2009) Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44: 817-835.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data of 2015
'Mica Group'
Reference: Michel Arliguie photo & specimen, Photo-id 90060
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Microcline var. Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Isatelle, F. (2009): Behara Mining Area (Gogogogo village), 20th of October. Tsavorites and Vanadium Garnets. Field Trip Madagascar Report(Oct/Nov 2009)
Muscovite var. Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Vapnik, Y.E., Sabot, B., and Moroz, I. (2003): Fluid Inclusions in Ianapera Emerald, Southern Madagascar. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 2, Szeged, 2003.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Colour: Green
Reference: Eliana Intruglio's mineral collection
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Habit: euhedral to subhedral crystals characterized by the pyramidal faces {211}. Faces {101} not visible.
Colour: brownish
Description: The mineral represents a bronzite with (Fe, Mn): Mg = 15:85 and with Al largely substituting for Si.
Reference: von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84.
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
Oxyvanite
Formula: V3+2V4+O5
Description: Grains adjacent to pyrrhotite
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Description: Found as constituent of an bentonitic-like clay. XRD (By J. Millot et J. Lucas) showed the caly to concist of 40% attapulgite (= palygorskite) and the rest illite (Behier 1960)
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Pargasite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Majmundar, H.H. (1969): Pargasites from Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 97-100
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 24,951
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 162 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 73
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)
Formula: KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Pagano, R., Pagano, A. (2010): Fluoro-potassic-pargasite, KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2 from the Tranomaro area, Madagascar: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 961-967
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Behier, J. (1960) Contribution à la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, 29, Tananarive, 78 pp. (p.53); Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: J.Behier(1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Serv. Geol.Mad. A 1871
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Habit: Small octahedrons up to 2 mm across
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: K. & Bernhardt, H.-J. (2000): Farbwechselnde Granate aus Madagascar. LAPIS 26 (6): 46-48
Pyrope var. Umbalite
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Isatelle, F. (2009): Field Trip to Madagascar (Oct/Nov 2009) – Beseva Malaya Garnets Mining Area www.gems-geology.com
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'
Colour: Brownish-purple-red
Description: Brownish-purple-red in daylight or fluorescent light, purplish red in incandescent light
Reference: Schmetzer, K. Hainscwang, T. Bernhardt, H-J. & Kiefert, L. (2002): New chromium- and vanadium-bearing garnets from Tranoroa, Madagascar. Gems & Gemology. 38 (2), 148-155
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen colletion (M-546)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 16
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Mark Rheinberger photo and specimen
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit August 2005.
Quartz var. Carnelian
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (photo id 899066), old collection
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1941): Les gisements de phlogopite de Madagascar et les pyroxenites qui les renferment. Texte (Extrait du fasicule XI des Annuales Géologiques du Service des Mines). Tananarive. p.95
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 16
Rhodizite
Formula: (K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Reference: Behier, J.(1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Ann.Geol. Mad. XXIX, p 56/ http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Richterite ?
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Probably erronously identified. Pargasites are well-known in the skarns in this area
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo, photo id 197779
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Ddistinct crystals formingg smal rosette-like aggregates, crust concisting og spherelike aggregates
Colour: Pale blue, pale bluishgreen
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.58
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
Rossmanite ?
Formula: ◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: Pinkis
Description: Analyzed pinkish portions of a low alkali-deficient tourmaline, with Fe og Mg close to zero in concentration, could according to Pezzotta (2004) be regarded as a rossmanite, but he also points to compositional problems with the tourmaline.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: V-bearing
Reference: Di Cecco, V. (2013): The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-Graphite Deposit, S.W. Madagascar. Thesis (Masters dissertation), Department of Geology. University of Toronto.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: Yellow
Description: All the gemmy yellow "Orthoclase" is Sanidine
Reference: Ackermann, S., Kunz, M., Armruster, T., Schefer, J. & Hanni, H. (2005): Cation distribution in a Fe-bearing K-feldspar from Itrongay, Madagascar. A combined neutron- and x -ray single crystal diffraction study. Lawrence Berkeley National Labroatory- http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/20f968sx http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-219075.html
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Colour: slightly greenish blue
Reference: von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84.
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Colour: Pale yellow
Reference: [Madagascar - extraLapis English Vol 1 p.30];Pezzotta, F.(1999): Madagaskar- Das Paradies des Mineralien und Edelsteine. ExtraLapis no.17,30-31[german version]
'Scapolite var. Wernerite'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: H Bessairie: gites mineraux de Madagascar
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Fluorescence: intense golden yellow
Description: This was first described by A.Lacroix (1941) as a new species, "seyrigite"
Reference: Lacroix (1940) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 210: 273; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1078.
Scheelite var. Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Fluorescence: intense golden yellow
Description: This was first described by A.Lacroix (1941) as a new species, "seyrigite"
Reference: Lacroix (1940) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 210: 273; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1078.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Andrianjakavah, P.R., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Rakotondrazafy, M. and Giuliani, G. (2009) Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44: 817-835.
Schreyerite
Formula: V3+2Ti3O9
Description: As intergrowths within rutile
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1941): Les gisements de phlogopite de Madagascar et les pyroxenites qui les renferment. Texte (Extrait du fasicule XI des Annuales Géologiques du Service des Mines). Tananarive. p.95
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Colour: Prussian blue
Description: in a calc-silicate rock associated with clintonite clinopyroxenites
Reference: www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/Serendibite.PDF; Nicollet, Christian (1985) Thèse d'Etat. Clermont Fd, 350pp.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) In Granulites and Crustal Differentiation (Vielzeuf, D. and Vidal, P., eds.), Kluwer Academic publishers, in press.; Nicollet, C. (1990) Occurrences of grandidierite, serendibite and tourmaline near Ihosy, southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, 131-133.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. p. 323
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Silvialite
Formula: (Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Reference: Razakamanana, T., Windley, B.F. & Ackermand, D. (2010): Petrology, chemistry and phase relations of borosilicate phases in phlogopite diopsidites and granitic pegmatites from the Tranomaro belt, SE Madagascar; boron-fluid evolution. IN Kusky, T. M., Zhai, M.-G. & Xiao, W. (eds) The Evolving Continents: Understanding Processes of Continental Growth. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 338, 139–161.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Karel Bal photo & specimen, photo nr. 611424 (Visual identification)
Spessartine var. Spandite
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 399.
Spinel var. Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: $m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte Mineralogique de Madagascar. Service Géologique, Antananarivo, Archive 1871
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive. 34, p. 311.
Talc var. Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive. 34, p. 311.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: In Collection martin Slama, obtained from Matthias Rheinlaender who was very active in this region
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Habit: cubes
Description: Unusually large crystals (Up to several centimeters!).
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 399.
Thorianite var. Uranothorianite
Formula: (Th,U)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: Large masses (size up to a man's fist) + 1-3 mm large cubes in calcite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p. 72
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 17568
Thorite var. Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 17568
Thorite var. Thorogummite
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Reference: Ferraris, C., Pignatelli, I., Cámara, F., Parodi, G., Pont, S., Schreyer, M., & Wei, F. (2020). Laurentthomasite, Mg 2 K (Be 2 Al) Si 12 O 30: a new milarite-group-type member from the Ihorombe region, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(3), 355-365.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 331
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Lacroix, A. : Minéralogie de la France et de ses anciens territoires d’outremer. Tome IV. (1962 Redition of A.Lacroix (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies), p. 786
Tschermakite
Formula: ◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
Turquoise
Formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1959. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive: 237-250; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'
Formula: Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Lacroix, A. (1941): Les gisements de phlogopite de Madagascar et les pyroxenites qui les renferment. Texte (Extrait du fasicule XI des Annuales Gélogiques du Service des Mines). Tananarive. p.95
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Behier, J. (1963) Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Lautel, R. (1953): Etude géologique de la feuille Bekitro. Travaux du Bureau Géologique (Tananarive): 40: 1-34 + planches
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # M-392
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Berdesinskiite ?4.CB.30V3+2TiO5
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var. Cymophane4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var. Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var. Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S4.00.[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hibonite (TL)4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Oxyvanite4.CB.30V3+2V4+O5
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var. Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schreyerite4.CB.35V3+2Ti3O9
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var. Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
var. Uranothorianite4.DL.05(Th,U)O2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Rhodizite6.GC.05(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var. Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Edenite9.DE.15NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
var. Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Goldmanite9.AD.25Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var. Tsavorite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Liddicoatite' ?9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var. Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Osumilite9.CM.05(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)9.DE.15KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var. Umbalite9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Richterite ?9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rossmanite ?9.CK.05◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serendibite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Silvialite9.FB.15(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
var. Spandite9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var. Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var. Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var. Thorogummite9.AD.30(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Davidite'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
Laurentthomasite (TL)-Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'var. Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'-Ti2V4+2V3+2O11

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite (TL)7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB2X5
Berdesinskiite ?7.7.2.1V3+2TiO5
Oxyvanite7.7.2.2V3+2V4+O5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
A2B3O9
Schreyerite8.4.1.1V3+2Ti3O9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Rhodizite25.8.2.1(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Goldmanite51.4.3b.4Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
var. Thorogummite51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite' ?61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Osumilite63.2.1a.6(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12NaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Richterite ?66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Serendibite69.2.1a.6Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Cleavelandite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Augite
var. Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var. Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Chrysoberyl
var. Cymophane
-BeAl2O4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Corundum
var. Ruby
-Al2O3
var. Sapphire-Al2O3
'Davidite'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
Enstatite
var. Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S-[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'-
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var. Tsavorite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laurentthomasite (TL)-Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var. Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var. Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Gilbertite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)-KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Pyrope
var. Umbalite
-Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Agate
-SiO2
var. Amethyst-SiO2
var. Carnelian-SiO2
var. Chalcedony-SiO2
var. Jasper-SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rossmanite ?-◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Scapolite'-
'var. Wernerite'-
Scheelite
var. Molybdoscheelite
-Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silvialite-(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Spessartine
var. Spandite
-Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spinel
var. Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'-$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Talc
var. Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorianite
var. Uranothorianite
-(Th,U)O2
Thorite
var. Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tschermakite-◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'-Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
H Talc var. SteatiteMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H Thorite var. Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Muscovite var. GilbertiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Rossmanite◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Rossmanite◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Chrysoberyl var. CymophaneBeAl2O4
BBoron
B Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Rossmanite◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SideriteFeCO3
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
O Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
O ThorianiteThO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
O Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
O Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Spinel var. Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Scheelite var. MolybdoscheeliteCa(WO4)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CorundumAl2O3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O RutileTiO2
O SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
O OxyvaniteV23+V4+O5
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
O Grossular var. TsavoriteCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Corundum var. RubyAl2O3
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Talc var. SteatiteMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Thorite var. OrangiteTh(SiO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
O Thorianite var. Uranothorianite(Th,U)O2
O Thorite var. Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
O Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
O Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CupriteCu2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SideriteFeCO3
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
O BaryteBaSO4
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
O Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Corundum var. SapphireAl2O3
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Enstatite var. Bronzite(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O CelestineSrSO4
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O Spessartine var. SpanditeMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Pyrope var. UmbaliteMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
O Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
O Chrysoberyl var. CymophaneBeAl2O4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Muscovite var. GilbertiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Rossmanite◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
FFluorine
F Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Na Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na NahcoliteNaHCO3
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Na Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Na Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Mg Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Mg Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Mg Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Spinel var. Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Mg Talc var. SteatiteMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Mg Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Enstatite var. Bronzite(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Mg Pyrope var. UmbaliteMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al HiboniteCaAl12O19
Al LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Al Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Al Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Al Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al Spinel var. Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Grossular var. TsavoriteCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Corundum var. RubyAl2O3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Al Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Al Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Al Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Corundum var. SapphireAl2O3
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Spessartine var. SpanditeMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Al Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Pyrope var. UmbaliteMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Al Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Chrysoberyl var. CymophaneBeAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Muscovite var. GilbertiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Rossmanite◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Si Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Si Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Si Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Grossular var. TsavoriteCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Talc var. SteatiteMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Thorite var. OrangiteTh(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Si Thorite var. Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Stilbite subgroup$m6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Si Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Enstatite var. Bronzite(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Spessartine var. SpanditeMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Pyrope var. UmbaliteMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Si Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Muscovite var. GilbertiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Rossmanite◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AlabanditeMnS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
S CelestineSrSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
K Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
K Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
K Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
K Muscovite var. GilbertiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca HiboniteCaAl12O19
Ca Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
Ca Anorthite var. Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Scheelite var. MolybdoscheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Grossular var. TsavoriteCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Ca Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Ca Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
Ca EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Ca Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
ScScandium
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
Ti Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
Ti Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
VVanadium
V SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
V OxyvaniteV23+V4+O5
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
V BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Spessartine var. SpanditeMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Fe Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Spinel var. Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Enstatite var. Bronzite(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
CoCobalt
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu CopperCu
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CsCaesium
Cs Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
WTungsten
W Scheelite var. MolybdoscheeliteCa(WO4)
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
ThThorium
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Thorite var. OrangiteTh(SiO4)
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorianite var. Uranothorianite(Th,U)O2
Th Thorite var. Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Thorianite var. Uranothorianite(Th,U)O2
U Thorite var. Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
U Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Mesoproterozoic to Ordovician : 1330 ± 40 Ma to 453 ± 6 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities