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Tuléar Province (Toliara), Madagascari
Regional Level Types
Tuléar Province (Toliara)Province
MadagascarCountry

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Key
07276500015423128458619.jpg
View of the Ambatomena mica mining area, ca. 1920.

Ambatomena Toby, Bekorobo, Betroka, Anosy, Madagascar
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Toliara115,319 (2018)
Ambovombe66,818 (2018)
Tôlanaro45,141 (2018)
Morondava36,803 (2018)
Amboasary36,082 (2018)
Betioky31,102 (2018)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Faritanin'i Toliary, Madagasikara


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

148 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Description: Described as "priorite"
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: white
Description: Compact masses of several kg.
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
'Bastnäsite'
Berdesinskiite ?
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Marchand, P.(1995): Situation géologique des émeraudes de Ianapera, province de Tuléar (Madagascar. Revue de Gemmologie AFG. 124:13–16; Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.p 22
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 23
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Chevkinite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysoberyl var: Cymophane
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Geologique A. 1871
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (Photo ID: 966934, old sample)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Nicollet, Christian (1985) Thèse d'Etat. Clermont Fd, 350pp.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) In Granulites and Crustal Differentiation (Vielzeuf, D. and Vidal, P., eds.), Kluwer Academic publishers, in press.; Nicollet, Christian (1990) Occurrences of grandidierite, serendibite and tourmaline near Ihosy, southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, pp. 131-133.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: As the core of small cuprite nodules which is covered by chrysocolla and malachite
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.31
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
'Davidite'
Description: J.Behier (1963) uses the variety name "mazuvite".
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Rakotondrazafy, M., Ohnenstetter, D., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Rakotosamizanany, S., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., Mercier, A., Ratrimo, V., and Ralison, B. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 251-270.
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'
Reference: Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Razakamanana, T., Ackermand, D. and Windley, B. F. (2006 ): Metamorphic evolution of sapphirine-bearing rocks from Vohidava area, Southern Madagascar: Structural and tectonic implication. Proceedings of the German-Malagasy Research Cooperation in Life and Earth Sciences edited by C Schwitzer, S Brandt et al. p 41-60
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1200
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Reference: Rakotonandrasana, N. O. T., Arima, M., Miyawaki, R. & Rambeloson, R.A. (2010): Widespread Occurrences of Högbomite-2N2S in UHT Metapelites from the Betroka Belt, Southern Madagascar: Implications on Melt or Fluid Activity during Regional Metamorphism. Journal of Petrology: 51 (4):869–895
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Fluoro-cannilloite ?
Formula: {Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Description: Found in a metamorphic U-rich thorianite bearing pyroxenite near Tranomaro. (Lapis 21 (11): 45. Set as questionable due to lack of analytic evidence.
Reference: Lapis 21 (11): p 45. (abstract)
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., & Grice, J. D. (1996). A new hyper-calcific amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist, 81, 995-1002.
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/msa/special/pig/PIG_articles/Madagascar_txt.pdf
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Boulvais, P., Fourcade,S., Moineb,B., Gruaua,G. and Cuney, M. (2000): Rare-earth elements distribution in granulite-facies marbles: a witness of fluid–rock interaction. Lithos. 53, 117–126
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: As inclusion in quartz crystals
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1216
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Tsavorite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hibonite (TL)
Formula: CaAl12O19
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Description: per correspondence with Knut Edvard: The TL produced just a few specimens in the year of discovery (also an eluvial locality ). When lacking exact locality data the Madagascar hibonite specimens are often erroneously labeled and sold as coming from Esiva, often being the only locality referred to in textbooks.
Reference: Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
'Hornblende'
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit 13 August 2005
'Humite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Laurentthomasite (TL)
Formula: Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Type Locality:
Reference: Ferraris, C., Pignatelli, I., Cámara, F., Ponti, S., Schreyer, M., Parodi, G.C. and Wei, F. (2019) Laurentthomasite, IMA 2018-157. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Liddicoatite' ?
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: bluish, black
Description: Bluish portion close to the antilogious pole is by quantitative WDS-microprobe chemical analyses (Pezzotta & Jobin 2003, Pezzotta (2004) showed to be "liddicoatite" s.l. with a high content of Ca. Also the blackish termination of an opaque crystal was "liddicoatite", s.l.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Andrianjakavah, P.R., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Rakotondrazafy, M. and Giuliani, G. (2009) Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44: 817-835.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Isatelle, F. (2009): Behara Mining Area (Gogogogo village), 20th of October. Tsavorites and Vanadium Garnets. Field Trip Madagascar Report(Oct/Nov 2009)
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Vapnik, Y.E., Sabot, B., and Moroz, I. (2003): Fluid Inclusions in Ianapera Emerald, Southern Madagascar. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 2, Szeged, 2003.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Oxyvanite
Formula: V3+2V4+O5
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Description: Found as constituent of an bentonitic-like clay. XRD (By J. Millot et J. Lucas) showed the caly to concist of 40% attapulgite (= palygorskite) and the rest illite (Behier 1960)
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 24,951
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 165 localities in this region.
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Pagano, R., Pagano, A. (2010): Fluoro-potassic-pargasite, KCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2 from the Tranomaro area, Madagascar: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 961-967
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope var: Umbalite
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Isatelle, F. (2009): Field Trip to Madagascar (Oct/Nov 2009) – Beseva Malaya Garnets Mining Area www.gems-geology.com
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Mark Rheinberger photo and specimen
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Michel Arliguie collection & photo (photo id 899066), old collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rhodizite
Formula: (K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Reference: Behier, J.(1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Ann.Geol. Mad. XXIX, p 56/ http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Richterite ?
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Probably erronously identified. Pargasites are well-known in the skarns in this area
Reference: Rob Lavinsky photo, photo id 197779
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Ddistinct crystals formingg smal rosette-like aggregates, crust concisting og spherelike aggregates
Colour: Pale blue, pale bluishgreen
Reference: Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.58
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
Rossmanite ?
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour: Pinkis
Description: Analyzed pinkish portions of a low alkali-deficient tourmaline, with Fe og Mg close to zero in concentration, could according to Pezzotta (2004) be regarded as a rossmanite, but he also points to compositional problems with the tourmaline.
Reference: http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
'Scapolite var: Wernerite'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Andrianjakavah, P.R., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Rakotondrazafy, M. and Giuliani, G. (2009) Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44: 817-835.
Schreyerite
Formula: V3+2Ti3O9
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Silvialite
Formula: (Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Reference: Razakamanana, T., Windley, B.F. & Ackermand, D. (2010): Petrology, chemistry and phase relations of borosilicate phases in phlogopite diopsidites and granitic pegmatites from the Tranomaro belt, SE Madagascar; boron-fluid evolution. IN Kusky, T. M., Zhai, M.-G. & Xiao, W. (eds) The Evolving Continents: Understanding Processes of Continental Growth. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 338, 139–161.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine var: Spandite
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: -Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive. 34, p. 311.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Thorianite var: Uranothorianite
Formula: (Th,U)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Andrianjakavah et al.;(2009): Proximal and distal styles of pegmatite-related metasomatic emerald mineralization at Ianapera, southern Madagascar. Mineralium Deposita, 44 : 817-835
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1959. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive: 237-250; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'
Formula: Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
Reference: Di Cecco, V. E., Tait, K. T., Spooner, E. T. C and Scherba, C. (2018) The Vanadium-bearing Oxide Minerals of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, Southwest Madagascar. The Canadian Mineralogist: 56:247-257
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Lautel, R. (1953): Etude géologique de la feuille Bekitro. Travaux du Bureau Géologique (Tananarive): 40: 1-34 + planches
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Berdesinskiite ?4.CB.30V3+2TiO5
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S4.00.[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hibonite (TL)4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Oxyvanite4.CB.30V3+2V4+O5
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schreyerite4.CB.35V3+2Ti3O9
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
var: Uranothorianite4.DL.05(Th,U)O2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Rhodizite6.GC.05(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var: Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluoro-cannilloite ?9.DE.10{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Goldmanite9.AD.25Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Tsavorite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Liddicoatite' ?9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Osumilite9.CM.05(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Umbalite9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite ?9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rossmanite ?9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serendibite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Silvialite9.FB.15(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Spandite9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Davidite'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
Laurentthomasite (TL)-Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'-Ti2V4+2V3+2O11

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite (TL)7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB2X5
Berdesinskiite ?7.7.2.1V3+2TiO5
Oxyvanite7.7.2.2V3+2V4+O5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
A2B3O9
Schreyerite8.4.1.1V3+2Ti3O9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Rhodizite25.8.2.1(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Goldmanite51.4.3b.4Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite' ?61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Osumilite63.2.1a.6(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite ?66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Serendibite69.2.1a.6Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Chrysoberyl
var: Cymophane
-BeAl2O4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Davidite'-
'Elbaite-Liddicoatite Series'-
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S-[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Fluoro-cannilloite ?-{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Tsavorite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laurentthomasite (TL)-Mg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Gilbertite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Potassic-fluoro-pargasite (TL)-{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Pyrope
var: Umbalite
-Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyrope-Spessartine Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rossmanite ?-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Scapolite'-
'var: Wernerite'-
Scheelite
var: Molybdoscheelite
-Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silvialite-(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Spessartine
var: Spandite
-Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Thorianite
var: Uranothorianite
-(Th,U)O2
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tschermakite-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)'-Ti2V4+2V3+2O11
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
BBoron
B Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
B SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
B Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
O Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
O ThorianiteThO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O QuartzSiO2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O CorundumAl2O3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O RutileTiO2
O SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
O OxyvaniteV23+V4+O5
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
O Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
O SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
O Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CupriteCu2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SideriteFeCO3
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O BaryteBaSO4
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O CelestineSrSO4
O Spessartine (var: Spandite)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
O Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
FFluorine
F Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na NahcoliteNaHCO3
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Mg Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Mg Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Mg SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Mg Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al HiboniteCaAl12O19
Al LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Al Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Al SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Al Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Spessartine (var: Spandite)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Al LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
Si Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Si SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Si Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si Spessartine (var: Spandite)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AlabanditeMnS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
S CelestineSrSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
KPotassium
K LaurentthomasiteMg2K(Be2Al)Si12O30
K Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
K Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca HiboniteCaAl12O19
Ca Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Ca Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)
Ca Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
Ti Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
Ti Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
VVanadium
V SchreyeriteV23+Ti3O9
V OxyvaniteV23+V4+O5
V KarelianiteV23+O3
V Unnamed (Ti-V oxide)Ti2V24+V23+O11
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
V BerdesinskiiteV23+TiO5
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Spessartine (var: Spandite)Mn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
CoCobalt
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu CopperCu
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
YYttrium
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
CsCaesium
Cs Rhodizite(K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
WTungsten
W Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
ThThorium
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Thorianite (var: Uranothorianite)(Th,U)O2
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Mesoarchean to Ordovician : 3020 ± 50 Ma to 453 ± 6 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Ordovician
   Late Ordovician
ⓘ Biotitite453 ± 6 MaManangotry (Manangotra), Isaka-Ivondro, Taolañaro (Fort Dauphin), Anosy, Madagascar
    
    
   Early Ordovician
ⓘ Thorianite (youngest age)480 ± 20 MaSoafia thorianite deposit, Maromby, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
  Cambrian
   Furongian
ⓘ Biotite (youngest age)487 ± 4 MaAmbatomena ruby deposit, Isoanala, Betroka, Anosy, Madagascar
ⓘ Thorianite (oldest age)490 ± 20 MaBetroka, Anosy, Madagascar
ⓘ Zircon490 ± 20 MaItrongay (Itrongahy), Mahasoa Est, Betroka, Anosy, Madagascar
   Miaolingian
ⓘ Biotite (oldest age)500 ± 12 MaAmbindandrakemba, Tranomaro, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
   Cambrian Series 2
ⓘ Monazite (youngest age)515 MaOsumilite occurrence, Tranomaro, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
ⓘ Phlogopite (youngest age)515 MaMiary phlogopite mine, Bekitro, Bekily, Androy, Madagascar
    
 
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Ediacaran
ⓘ Monazite (oldest age)591 MaOsumilite occurrence, Tranomaro, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
ⓘ Phlogopite (oldest age)613 ± 45 MaIsoky phlogopite mine, Beraketa, Bekily, Androy, Madagascar
    
   
  Mesoproterozoic
   Ectasian
ⓘ Gneiss1330 ± 40 MaAmbindandrakemba, Tranomaro, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar
    
  
 Archean
  Mesoarchean
ⓘ Granite3020 ± 50 MaBehara, Amboasary Sud, Anosy, Madagascar

Fossils

There are 95 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences1245
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed299 Ma (Permian)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 10 stratigraphic units.
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Adelocoenia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Adelocoenia167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Collignonastraea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Latomeandridae : Collignonastraea168.3 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Cryptocoenia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Cryptocoenia167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Pseudisastraea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Pseudisastraea167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Stylina
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylina168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Gastropoda
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda93.5 - 89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cyclonema
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Platyceratidae : Cyclonema167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Bathrotomaria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pleurotomariida : Pleurotomariidae : Bathrotomaria163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Leptomaria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pleurotomariida : Pleurotomariidae : Leptomaria163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Neridomus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Neridomidae : Neridomus164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Neritopsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Neritopsidae : Neritopsis167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Nummocalcar
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Euomphalidae : Nummocalcar167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Pleurotomaria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Microdomatidae : Pleurotomaria163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Bourguetia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Pseudomelaniidae : Bourguetia164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Cerithinella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Cerithinella167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Microschiza (Cloughtonia)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Purpurinidae : Microschiza : Microschiza (Cloughtonia)164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Dicroloma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Aporrhaidae : Dicroloma167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Globularia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architaenioglossa : Ampullinidae : Globularia164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Jurassiphorus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Jurassiphorus164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Pseudomelania
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pseudomelaniidae : Pseudomelania164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Nerinella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Nerinellidae : Nerinella167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Promathildia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Allogastropoda : Gordenellidae : Promathildia167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Calliphylloceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Phylloceratidae : Calliphylloceras164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Holcophylloceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Phylloceratidae : Holcophylloceras164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Partschiceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Phylloceratidae : Partschiceras164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Phylloceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Phylloceratidae : Phylloceras167.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Phyllopachyceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Phylloceratidae : Phyllopachyceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Ptychophylloceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Phylloceratidae : Ptychophylloceras164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Sowerbyceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Phylloceratidae : Sowerbyceras163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Acanthoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Acanthoceratidae : Acanthoceras99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Acanthohoplites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Deshayesitidae : Acanthohoplites122.46 - 112.03 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Alligaticeras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Perisphinctidae : Alligaticeras164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Anagaudryceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Gaudryceratidae : Anagaudryceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Perisphinctes (Arisphinctes)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Perisphinctidae : Perisphinctes : Perisphinctes (Arisphinctes)163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Aspidoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Aspidoceratidae : Aspidoceras163.5 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Binatisphinctes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Perisphinctidae : Binatisphinctes163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Cadomites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Stephanoceratidae : Cadomites167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Calycoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Acanthoceratidae : Calycoceras99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Choffatia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Perisphinctidae : Choffatia164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Mortoniceras (Deiradoceras)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Brancoceratidae : Mortoniceras : Mortoniceras (Deiradoceras)113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Desmoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Desmoceratidae : Desmoceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Dhosaites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Sphaeroceratidae : Dhosaites163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Perisphinctes (Dichotomoceras)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Perisphinctidae : Perisphinctes : Perisphinctes (Dichotomoceras)163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Perisphinctes (Dichotomosphinctes)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Perisphinctidae : Perisphinctes : Perisphinctes (Dichotomosphinctes)163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Diplasioceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Diplasioceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Dipoloceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Brancoceratidae : Dipoloceras113 - 99.6 Ma
Cretaceous
Perisphinctes (Discosphinctes)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Perisphinctidae : Perisphinctes : Perisphinctes (Discosphinctes)163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Douvilleiceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Douvilleiceratidae : Douvilleiceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Epimayaites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Sphaeroceratidae : Epimayaites163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Euaspidoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Aspidoceratidae : Euaspidoceras163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Eucycloceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Macrocephalitidae : Eucycloceras164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Gaudryceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Gaudryceratidae : Gaudryceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Gregoryceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Aspidoceratidae : Gregoryceras163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Hecticoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Oppeliidae : Hecticoceras164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Hypoturrilites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Turrilitidae : Hypoturrilites99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Indocephalites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Macrocephalitidae : Indocephalites167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Indosphinctes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Indosphinctes164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Kamptokephalites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Macrocephalitidae : Kamptokephalites167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Kepplerites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Kosmoceratidae : Kepplerites164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Bullatimorphites (Kheraiceras)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Tulitidae : Bullatimorphites : Bullatimorphites (Kheraiceras)167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Kinkeliniceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Perisphinctidae : Kinkeliniceras164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Klematosphinctes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Klematosphinctes163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Perisphinctes (Kranaosphinctes)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Perisphinctidae : Perisphinctes : Perisphinctes (Kranaosphinctes)163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Labeceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Labeceratidae : Labeceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Liosphinctes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Liosphinctes163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Lissoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Haploceratidae : Lissoceras163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Lithacoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ataxioceratidae : Lithacoceras163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Lytoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Lytoceratidae : Lytoceras163.5 - 100.5 Ma
Mesozoic
Macrocephalites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Macrocephalitidae : Macrocephalites167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Mariella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Turrilitidae : Mariella113 - 93.5 Ma
Cretaceous
Mayaites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Sphaeroceratidae : Mayaites163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Metahamites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Metahamites113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Metapeltoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Aspidoceratidae : Metapeltoceras163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Mortoniceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Brancoceratidae : Mortoniceras113 - 99.6 Ma
Cretaceous
Neophlycticeras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Lyelliceratidae : Neophlycticeras113 - 99.6 Ma
Cretaceous
Neosilesites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Silesitidae : Neosilesites113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Nothocephalites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Macrocephalitidae : Nothocephalites164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Obtusicostites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Perisphinctidae : Obtusicostites164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Oppelia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Oppeliidae : Oppelia164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Orthosphinctes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Ataxioceratidae : Orthosphinctes163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Ostlingoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Turrilitidae : Ostlingoceras113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Paraspidoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Aspidoceratidae : Paraspidoceras163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Peltoceratoides (Parawedekindia)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Aspidoceratidae : Peltoceratoides : Peltoceratoides (Parawedekindia)163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Paryphoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Sphaeroceratidae : Paryphoceras163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Peltoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Aspidoceratidae : Peltoceras164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Peltoceratoides
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Aspidoceratidae : Peltoceratoides164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Perisphinctes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Perisphinctidae : Perisphinctes163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Pleurocephalites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Macrocephalitidae : Pleurocephalites167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Properisphinctes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Properisphinctes163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Perisphinctes (Prososphinctes)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Perisphinctidae : Perisphinctes : Perisphinctes (Prososphinctes)163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Putealiceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Oppeliidae : Putealiceras164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Puzosia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Desmoceratidae : Puzosia113 - 89.3 Ma
Cretaceous
Reineckeia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Reineckeiidae : Reineckeia164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Sivajiceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Perisphinctidae : Sivajiceras164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Streblites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Oppeliidae : Streblites157.3 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Subkossmatia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Macrocephalitidae : Subkossmatia164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Hecticoceras (Sublunuloceras)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Oppeliidae : Hecticoceras : Hecticoceras (Sublunuloceras)164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Taramelliceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Oppeliidae : Taramelliceras163.5 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Tetragonites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Tetragonitidae : Tetragonites113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Torquatisphinctes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Perisphinctidae : Torquatisphinctes157.3 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Trimarginites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Oppeliidae : Trimarginites163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Turrilites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Turrilitidae : Turrilites113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Yezoites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Scaphitidae : Yezoites89.3 - 85.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Belemnites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Belemnitida : Belemnites163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Belemnopsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Belemnitida : Belemnopseidae : Belemnopsis164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Hibolites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Belemnitida : Belemnopseidae : Hibolites163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Bivalvia
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia93.5 - 89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Palaeonucula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Nuculida : Nuculidae : Palaeonucula164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Arca
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Arcidae : Arca157.3 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Grammatodon (Cosmetodon)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Parallelodontidae : Grammatodon : Grammatodon (Cosmetodon)164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Grammatodon (Indogrammatodon)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Parallelodontidae : Grammatodon : Grammatodon (Indogrammatodon)164.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Megacucullaea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Arcida : Cucullaeidae : Megacucullaea161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Arcomytilus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Mytilida : Mytilidae : Arcomytilus164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Mytilus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Mytilida : Mytilidae : Mytilus157.3 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Pinna
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Pinnidae : Pinna164.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Actinostreon
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Ostreidae : Actinostreon164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Bakevellia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Bakevelliidae : Bakevellia170.3 - 168.3 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Chlamys
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Pectinidae : Chlamys163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Cremnoceramus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myalinida : Inoceramidae : Cremnoceramus89.3 - 85.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ctenostreon
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Ctenostreon164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Eligmus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Malleidae : Eligmus164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Gervillella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Bakevelliidae : Gervillella164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Gervillia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Bakevelliidae : Gervillia265.1 - 259.9 Ma
Permian
Gryphaea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Gryphaeidae : Gryphaea164.7 - 100.5 Ma
Mesozoic
Inoceramus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myalinida : Inoceramidae : Inoceramus113 - 85.8 Ma
Cretaceous
Isognomon
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Pteriidae : Isognomon163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Lima
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Lima164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Liostrea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Gryphaeidae : Liostrea164.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Lopha
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Ostreidae : Lopha163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Ostrea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Ostreida : Ostreidae : Ostrea23.03 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Plagiostoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Plagiostoma164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Plicatula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Plicatulidae : Plicatula164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Pseudolimea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Limida : Limidae : Pseudolimea164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Weyla
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Neitheidae : Weyla164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Modiolopsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Unionida : Iridinidae : Modiolopsis265.1 - 259.9 Ma
Permian
Trigonia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Trigoniida : Trigoniidae : Trigonia164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Vaugonia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Trigoniida : Myophorellidae : Vaugonia164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Anisocardia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Arcticidae : Anisocardia163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Astarte
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Astarte164.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Ceratomyopsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Megalodontida : Ceratomyopsidae : Ceratomyopsis164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Coelastarte
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Coelastarte164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Fimbria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lucinida : Lucinidae : Fimbria164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Lucina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lucinida : Lucinidae : Lucina163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Mactromya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lucinida : Mactromyidae : Mactromya164.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Neocrassina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Neocrassina161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Nicaniella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Nicaniella164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Pronoella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Venerida : Trapezidae : Pronoella170.3 - 168.3 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Seebachia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Carditida : Astartidae : Seebachia161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Sphaera
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Lucinida : Lucinidae : Sphaera164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Tancredia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Tancrediidae : Tancredia170.3 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Arcomya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadomyidae : Arcomya161.2 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Pholadomya (Bucardiomya)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadomyida : Pholadomyidae : Pholadomya : Pholadomya (Bucardiomya)164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Ceratomya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Ceratomyidae : Ceratomya170.3 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Goniomya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadomyidae : Goniomya164.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Homomya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadomyidae : Homomya164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Pholadomya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pholadomyidae : Pholadomya164.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Pleuromya
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Pleuromyidae : Pleuromya164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Acanthocythere
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Progonocytheridae : Acanthocythere170.3 - 168.3 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Acrocythere
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Cytheruridae : Acrocythere164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Bairdia
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Bairdiidae : Bairdia164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Kinkelinella (Ektyphocythere)
subgenus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Protocytheridae : Kinkelinella : Kinkelinella (Ektyphocythere)170.3 - 168.3 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Fabanella
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Cytherideidae : Fabanella168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Lophocythere
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Progonocytheridae : Lophocythere164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Majungaella
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Progonocytheridae : Majungaella164.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Mandawacythere
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Trachyleberididae : Mandawacythere161.2 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Oligocythereis
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Trachyleberididae : Oligocythereis168.3 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Paracypris
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Candonidae : Paracypris164.7 - 155.7 Ma
Jurassic
Patellacythere
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Bythocytheridae : Patellacythere168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Pleurocythere
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Protocytheridae : Pleurocythere164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Procytheridea
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Protocytheridae : Procytheridea164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Schuleridea
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Schulerideidae : Schuleridea164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Cytherella
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Platycopina : Cytherellidae : Cytherella164.7 - 152.1 Ma
Jurassic
Cytherelloidea
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Platycopina : Cytherellidae : Cytherelloidea170.3 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Rhynchonella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Rhynchonellidae : Rhynchonella164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Terebratula
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Terebratulida : Terebratulidae : Terebratula113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Plegiocidaris
genus
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Cidaroida : Cidaridae : Plegiocidaris164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Pedina
genus
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Pedinoida : Pedinidae : Pedina164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Asterocidaris
genus
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Hemicidaridae : Asterocidaris164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Holectypus
genus
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Holectypoida : Holectypidae : Holectypus164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Pygurus
genus
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Pygurids : Pygurus164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Holaster
genus
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Holasteroida : Holasteridae : Holaster113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Hemiaster
genus
Animalia : Echinodermata : Echinoidea : Spatangoida : Hemiasteridae : Hemiaster113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Asteracanthus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Chondrichthyes : Hybodontiformes : Acrodontidae : Asteracanthus228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Osteichthyes
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Australosomus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Pholidopleuriformes : Pholidopleuridae : Australosomus252.17 - 251.3 Ma
Phanerozoic
Thomasinotus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Parasemionotiformes : Parasemionotidae : Thomasinotus252.17 - 251.3 Ma
Phanerozoic
Reptilia
class
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia242 - 228 Ma
Triassic
Ichthyosauria
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Ichthyosauria152.1 - 145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Larus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Charadriiformes : Laridae : Larus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Ptychadena
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Anura : Ranidae : Ptychadena0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Procolophonidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Procolophonidae242 - 228 Ma
Triassic
Paroedura
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Gekkonidae : Paroedura0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Archosauromorpha
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Eosuchia : Archosauromorpha228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Rhynchosauria
order
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Rhynchosauria242 - 228 Ma
Triassic
Archosauria
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Eosuchia : Archosauria228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Crocodylus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Crocodylia : Crocodylidae : Crocodylus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Theropoda
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Saurischia : Theropoda228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Sauropoda
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Saurischia : Sauropoda228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Synapsida
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Cotylosauria : Synapsida228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Dicynodontia
unranked clade
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Cotylosauria : Dicynodontia259.9 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Traversodontidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Cotylosauria : Traversodontidae242 - 228 Ma
Triassic
Aepyornis
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Struthioniformes : Aepyornithidae : Aepyornis0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Apus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Apodiformes : Apodidae : Apus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Puffinus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Procellariiformes : Procellariidae : Puffinus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Suncus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Soricomorpha : Soricidae : Suncus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Hipposideros
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Hipposideridae : Hipposideros0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Miniopterus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Miniopteridae : Miniopterus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Rattus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Rattus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Dinosauria
order
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Dinosauria100.5 - 93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Phlebopteris
genus
Plantae : Phlebopteris163.5 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Elasmobranchii
subclass
Animalia : Chordata : Chondrichthyes : Elasmobranchii252.17 - 251.3 Ma
Phanerozoic
Elatocladus
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Pinopsida : Pinales : Podocarpaceae : Elatocladus163.5 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Coniopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Cyatheales : Dicksoniaceae : Coniopteris163.5 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Cladophlebis
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Osmundales : Osmundaceae : Cladophlebis265.1 - 145 Ma
Phanerozoic
Sphenopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Lyginopteridaceae : Sphenopteris295.5 - 145 Ma
Phanerozoic
Taeniopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Cycadopsida : Cycadales : Crossozamiaceae : Taeniopteris295.5 - 254.17 Ma
Permian
Brachyphyllum
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Pinopsida : Pinales : Araucariaceae : Brachyphyllum265.1 - 145 Ma
Phanerozoic
Isastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Isastrea167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Theriodontia
order
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Theriodontia259.9 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Protocardia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Cardiida : Cardiidae : Protocardia170.3 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Semionotidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Semionotiformes : Semionotidae228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Colobodontidae
family
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Perleidiformes : Colobodontidae228 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic
Saurichthys
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Saurichthyiformes : Saurichthyidae : Saurichthys252.17 - 251.3 Ma
Phanerozoic
Anas
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Anseriformes : Anatidae : Anas0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Triaenops
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Hipposideridae : Triaenops0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Calliotropis (Riselloidea)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Eucyclidae : Calliotropis : Calliotropis (Riselloidea)164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Longstaffia uniformis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Lophospiridae : Longstaffia : Longstaffia uniformis163.5 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Modiolus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Mytilida : Mytilidae : Modiolus170.3 - 168.3 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Ardea cinerea
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Pelecaniformes : Ardeidae : Ardea : Ardea cinerea0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Hippopotamus lemerlei
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Hippopotamidae : Hippopotamus : Hippopotamus lemerlei0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Dendrocygna
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Anseriformes : Anatidae : Dendrocygna0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Pseudolimea duplicata
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Pectinida : Limidae : Pseudolimea : Pseudolimea duplicata164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Mormopterus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Molossidae : Mormopterus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Mops
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Molossidae : Mops0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Darwinula
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Darwinulidae : Darwinula170.3 - 168.3 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Tyto alba
species
Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Strigiformes : Tytonidae : Tyto : Tyto alba0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Forbesiceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Forbesiceratidae : Forbesiceras99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Kuphus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Bivalvia : Myida : Teredinidae : Kuphus23.03 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Bobasatrania mahavavica
species
Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Palaeonisciformes : Bobasatraniidae : Bobasatrania : Bobasatrania mahavavica252.17 - 251.3 Ma
Phanerozoic
Pteropus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Pteropodidae : Pteropus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Lemur catta
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Primates : Lemuridae : Lemur : Lemur catta0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Canis familiaris
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Canidae : Canis : Canis familiaris0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Mus musculus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Mus : Mus musculus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Bos indicus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Bovidae : Bos : Bos indicus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Nesomys
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Nesomyidae : Nesomys0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Hypogeomys
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Nesomyidae : Hypogeomys0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Eliurus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Nesomyidae : Eliurus0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Amicytheridea
genus
Animalia : Arthropoda : Ostracoda : Podocopida : Schulerideidae : Amicytheridea164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Lochmaeosmilia trapeziformis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Amphiastreidae : Lochmaeosmilia : Lochmaeosmilia trapeziformis168.3 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Montlivaltia caryophyllata
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia caryophyllata167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Xestosina subsella
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Terebratulida : Postepithyrididae : Xestosina : Xestosina subsella166.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Actinastrea subdecaphylla
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Actinastreidae : Actinastrea : Actinastrea subdecaphylla83.5 - 66 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Orbignygyra tenella
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Rhipidogyridae : Orbignygyra : Orbignygyra tenella59.2 - 56 Ma
Paleocene
Angulithes
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Nautilida : Hercoglossidae : Angulithes99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Globularia morrisi
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architaenioglossa : Ampullinidae : Globularia : Globularia morrisi164.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Scaphites (Scaphites)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Scaphitidae : Scaphites : Scaphites (Scaphites)93.5 - 89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mortoniceras (Subschloenbachia) rostratum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Brancoceratidae : Mortoniceras : Mortoniceras (Subschloenbachia) rostratum113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Neophlycticeras (Neophlycticeras) brottianum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Lyelliceratidae : Neophlycticeras : Neophlycticeras (Neophlycticeras) brottianum113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Protetragonites crebrisulcatus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Lytoceratidae : Protetragonites : Protetragonites crebrisulcatus113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Turrilites scheuchzerianus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Turrilitidae : Turrilites : Turrilites scheuchzerianus99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Marshallites cumshewaensis
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Kossmaticeratidae : Marshallites : Marshallites cumshewaensis89.3 - 85.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Kossmaticeras (Kossmaticeras) sparsicostatum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Kossmaticeratidae : Kossmaticeras : Kossmaticeras (Kossmaticeras) sparsicostatum93.5 - 89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Phylloceras (Hypophylloceras) seresitense
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Phylloceratida : Phylloceratidae : Phylloceras : Phylloceras (Hypophylloceras) seresitense113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Tetragonites timotheanus
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Tetragonitidae : Tetragonites : Tetragonites timotheanus113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Anagaudryceras sacya
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Gaudryceratidae : Anagaudryceras : Anagaudryceras sacya113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Desmoceras (Desmoceras) latidorsatum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Desmoceratidae : Desmoceras : Desmoceras (Desmoceras) latidorsatum113 - 93.5 Ma
Cretaceous
Forbesiceras largilliertianum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Forbesiceratidae : Forbesiceras : Forbesiceras largilliertianum99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mantelliceras mantelli
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Acanthoceratidae : Mantelliceras : Mantelliceras mantelli99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mantelliceras cantianum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Acanthoceratidae : Mantelliceras : Mantelliceras cantianum99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mantelliceras saxbii
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Acanthoceratidae : Mantelliceras : Mantelliceras saxbii99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cunningtoniceras cunningtoni
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Acanthoceratidae : Cunningtoniceras : Cunningtoniceras cunningtoni99.6 - 93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pseudoxybeloceras (Pseudoxybeloceras)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Diplomoceratidae : Pseudoxybeloceras : Pseudoxybeloceras (Pseudoxybeloceras)93.5 - 89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ptychophylloceras feddeni
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Phylloceratida : Phylloceratidae : Ptychophylloceras : Ptychophylloceras feddeni167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Isastrea parvistella
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Isastraea : Isastrea parvistella167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Melikerona parva
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Dendrogyriidae : Melikerona : Melikerona parva167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Montlivaltia cornutiformis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia cornutiformis167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Stylina dubia
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylina : Stylina dubia168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Myloceras (Ellipsoceras) expansum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Labeceratidae : Myloceras : Myloceras (Ellipsoceras) expansum113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pervinquieria bassleri
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonoidea : Brancoceratidae : Mortoniceras : Pervinquieria bassleri113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Mortoniceras (Mortoniceras) arietiforme
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Brancoceratidae : Mortoniceras : Mortoniceras (Mortoniceras) arietiforme113 - 100.5 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Aldabrachelys
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Testudines : Testudinidae : Aldabrachelys0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Mortoniceras (Mortoniceras) inflatum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ammonitida : Brancoceratidae : Mortoniceras : Mortoniceras (Mortoniceras) inflatum113 - 99.6 Ma
Cretaceous
Phylloceras (Hypophylloceras) seresitense vohipalense
subspecies
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Phylloceratida : Phylloceratidae : Phylloceras : Phylloceras (Hypophylloceras) seresitense vohipalense122.46 - 112.03 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Holcophylloceras mediterraneum
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Phylloceratida : Phylloceratidae : Holcophylloceras : Holcophylloceras mediterraneum167.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Calliphylloceras disputabile
species
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Phylloceratida : Phylloceratidae : Calliphylloceras : Calliphylloceras disputabile167.7 - 157.3 Ma
Jurassic
Equisetites
genus
Plantae : Equisetophyta : Equisetopsida : Equisetales : Equisetaceae : Equisetites163.5 - 145 Ma
Jurassic
Allocoeniopsis luciensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Actinastreidae : Allocoeniopsis : Allocoeniopsis luciensis167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Plesiocoenia menabensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Smilotrochiidae : Plesiocoenia : Plesiocoenia menabensis167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Stibastrea structa
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Calamophylliidae : Stibastrea : Stibastrea structa167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Coelurosauravus elivensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Weigeltisauridae : Coelurosauravus : Coelurosauravus elivensis259.9 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Microphyllia thurmanni
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Calamophylliidae : Microphyllia : Microphyllia thurmanni167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Microphyllia davidsoni
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Latomeandridae : Microphyllia : Microphyllia davidsoni167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Trigerastraea collignoni
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Andemantastraeidae : Trigerastraea : Trigerastraea collignoni168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Thadeosaurus colcanapi
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Tangasauridae : Thadeosaurus : Thadeosaurus colcanapi259.9 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Claudiosaurus germaini
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Claudiosauridae : Claudiosaurus : Claudiosaurus germaini259.9 - 252.17 Ma
Permian
Montlivaltia cottreaui
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia cottreaui167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Montlivaltia culullus
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia culullus167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Montlivaltia gregoryi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia gregoryi167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Montlivaltia hourcqi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia hourcqi167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Montlivaltia kachensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia kachensis167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Montlivaltia frustriformis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montlivaltiidae : Montlivaltia : Montlivaltia frustriformis167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Trigerastraea irregularis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Andemantastraeidae : Trigerastraea : Trigerastraea irregularis167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Ampakabastraea ampakabensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Ampakabastraea : Ampakabastraea ampakabensis168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Trigerastraea ampakabensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Andemantastraeidae : Trigerastraea : Trigerastraea ampakabensis168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Microphyllia madagascariensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Calamophylliidae : Microphyllia : Microphyllia madagascariensis168.3 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Isastrea collignoni
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Isastraea : Isastrea collignoni168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Microsolena interjecta
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Microsolenidae : Microsolena : Microsolena interjecta168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Stylina ceriomorpha
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylina : Stylina ceriomorpha168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Parisastraea collignoni
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Isastraea : Parisastraea collignoni168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Vallimeandra brachyserioides
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Latomeandridae : Vallimeandra : Vallimeandra brachyserioides168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Stylina madagascariensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Stylina : Stylina madagascariensis168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Vallimeandra mikaikarivensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Latomeandridae : Vallimeandra : Vallimeandra mikaikarivensis168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Placophyllia mikaikarivensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Caryophylliidae : Placophyllia : Placophyllia mikaikarivensis168.3 - 166.1 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Ampakabastraea besavoensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Ampakabastraea : Ampakabastraea besavoensis166.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Lochmaeosmilia besavoensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Amphiastreidae : Lochmaeosmilia : Lochmaeosmilia besavoensis166.1 - 163.5 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Stephanaxocoenia magna
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Stephanaxocoenia : Stephanaxocoenia magna167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Thamnasteria kobyi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Thamnasteriidae : Thamnasteria : Thamnasteria kobyi167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Vallimeandra discontinua
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Latomeandridae : Vallimeandra : Vallimeandra discontinua167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Isastrea incerta
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Isastraea : Isastrea incerta167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Placophora basseae
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Placophora : Placophora basseae167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Sakalavastraea collignoni
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Sakalavastraea : Sakalavastraea collignoni167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Coenastraea madagascariensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Actinastraeidae : Coenastraea : Coenastraea madagascariensis167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Diplocoenia ambigua
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Acroporidae : Diplocoenia : Diplocoenia ambigua167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Lochmaeosmilia nodosa
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Amphiastreidae : Lochmaeosmilia : Lochmaeosmilia nodosa167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Adelocoenia madagascariensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Stylinidae : Adelocoenia : Adelocoenia madagascariensis167.7 - 161.2 Ma
Jurassic
Andemantastraea tongoboryensis
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Andemantastraeidae : Andemantastraea : Andemantastraea tongoboryensis167.7 - 164.7 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Trigerastraea nuda
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Andemantastraeidae : T