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Mojave-Rosamond Mining District (Mojave Mining District), Kern Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Mojave-Rosamond Mining District (Mojave Mining District)Mining District
Kern Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude:
35° North , 118° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~142km
Locality type:


A Au-Ag-Cu-Sb-Pb mining district located 5 to 10 miles S to SE of Mojave, in the SE portion of the county.

Location: The Mojave-Rosamond district is in southeastern Kern County. The gold deposits are associated with the five prominent buttes south of the town of Mojave and west and north of the town of Rosamond.

History: Gold was discovered in the Yellow Rover vein on Standard Hill by George Bowers in 1894, and soon afterward other discoveries were made. Activity continued until about 1910 but waned over the next 20 years. The Cactus Queen mine was discovered in 1934, and from 1931 until 1941 mining was done in the district on a major scale. The mines were shut down during World War II, but there has been some activity since. The Tropico mine is now an historical museum and a popular tourist attraction. The district is estimated to have had a total gold and silver output valued at $23 million (period values).

Geology and Ore Deposits: The principal rocks are Tertiary rhyolite, rhyolite porphyry and quartz latite, which are underlain by Mesozoic quartz monzonite. All the ore deposits are associated with the five prominences (fig. 29), the most important of which, both in productivity and in the number of deposits, is Soledad Mountain. The ore occurs in epithermal fissure veins that occupy brecciated and sheared zones in the rhyolitic rocks. The ore contains finely divided gold, with appreciable amounts of silver minerals, including cerargyrite, argentite, and smaller amounts of proustite, pyrargyrite, and electrum. Pyrite, arsenopyrite, galena, and chalcopyrite also are present. The ore shoots range from a few feet to 40 feet in thickness, and are up to 200 feet long. The veins have been developed to depths of 1000 feet. Milling ore usually averaged about ⅓ ounce of gold per ton, but some rich ore shoots were worked in the earlier mining operations.

Mines: Burton-Brite-Blank, Cactus, Cactus Queen ($5 million +), Double Eagle, Crescent, Elephant ($200,000 to $400,000), Excelsior, Golden Queen (includes Echo and Gray Edge, Queen Ester and Silver Queen) ($10 million +), Middle Butte ($150,000 +), Milwaukee, Pride of Mojave, Quien Sabe, Standard group (Desert Queen, Exposed Treasure and Yellow Rover) ($3.5 million), Tropico (114,000 ounces), Wegman group (Eureka, Karma and Monarch) ($100,000 +), Western, Whitmore, Winkler, Yellow Dog (5,800 + ounces).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

46 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities:
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Locally abundant in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 103-104; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 85.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities:
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Simpson, Edward Cannon (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Elizabeth lake quadrangle, California: California Division Mines Report 30: 409; Julihn, C.E. & F.W. Horton (1937), Mineral industries survey of the United States: California, Kern County, Mojave District: The Golden Queen and other mines of the Mojave District, California: US Bureau Mines Information Circular 6931, 42 pp.: 26; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 111.; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 94.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Schroter, G.A. (1935), A geologist visits the Mohave mining district: Engineering & Mining Journal: 136: 185-188; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 232.
Bromargyrite ?
Formula: AgBr
Description: Ostensibly abundant here but unconfirmed.
Reference: Bateson, Charles E.W. (1905), The Mojave mining district of California: A.I.M.E. Bulletin 7: 65-82; [A.I.M.E. Transactions (1907): 37: 173]; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 114.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Description: Evidenced by California Division of Mines and Geology specimen #21632.
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 120; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 326.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Julihn, C.E. & F.W. Horton (1937), Mineral industries survey of the United States: California, Kern County, Mojave District: The Golden Queen and other mines of the Mojave District, California: US Bureau Mines Information Circular 6931, 42 pp.: 26; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 231.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310650.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
'Clays'
'Clinoptilolite'
Description: Occurs in the Gem Hill Formation.
Reference: Sheppard, R.A. and Gude, A.J. (1964) Reconnaissance of zeolite deposits in tuffaceous rocks of the western Mojave Desert and vicinity, California. USGS Professional Paper 501-C: 116; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 375.
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1034
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 104; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 99; Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
'Feldspar Group'
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: An olivine with Fa24.
Reference: Grady, Monica M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites, 5th. edition, The Natural History Museum, London: 431.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Gummite' ?
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10261101.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Colour: Platinum-colored
Description: Occurs as tufts to 30 cm long as an alteration product of pyrite in a rhyolite breccia zone.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 264.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.:60:240.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Whitney, W.T. (1941), A recently discovered aerolite from Rosamond Dry Lake, California: Popular Astronomy: 49: 291; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 59.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Whitney, W.T. (1941), A recently discovered aerolite from Rosamond Dry Lake, California: Popular Astronomy: 49: 291; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 59.
Jamesonite ?
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Description: Occurs on bournonite; may be bournonite.
Reference: Schroter, G.A. (1935), A geologist visits the Mohave mining district: Engineering & Mining Journal: 136: 185-188; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 232.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Abundant in some oxidized veins.
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 103-104; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 233; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 276.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities:
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10098347.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Description: Fibers less than 15 mm long.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 272.
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310650.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Lewis, W. Scott (1933), Occurrences of opal in California: Rocks & Minerals: 8: 36-37; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
Opal var: Milk Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Lewis, W. Scott (1933), Occurrences of opal in California: Rocks & Minerals: 8: 36-37; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
Opal var: Resin Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Lewis, W. Scott (1933), Occurrences of opal in California: Rocks & Minerals: 8: 36-37; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 282.
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Lewis, W. Scott (1942), Gem collecting in California: Hobbies: 47: 116-117; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 317.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Occurs in oxidized zones of veins.
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 103-104; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 292; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 302.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Description: Occurs as pseudomorphs after calcite.
Reference: Rogers, Austin Flint (1910a), Notes on some pseudomorphs, petrifactions and alterations: American Philosophical Society Proceedings: 49: 18; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 297.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Description: Occurs in small amounts in the district.
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 44; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 300.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities:
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Iris Agate
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chenard, G., and Chenard, D. (1962) Kern County Agate: Lapidary Journal, v. 16, no. 1, p. 106-107.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 91-92; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 345.
Quartz var: Myrickite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 91-92; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 346.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: A little occurs in ores.
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 49; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 339; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 46.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 99; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 84; Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 44, 109; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 108; Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Blaske, A. R., 1990, Alteration, Mineralization, and Geochemistry of the Shumake Deposit: a Volcanic Dome-Hosted Epithermal Precious Metal Deposit, Kern County, California, Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Michigan Technological University
'Turgite'
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Troxel, Bennie Wyatt, Stinson, M.C., and Chesterman, C.W. (1957) Uranium. California Division of Mines Bulletin 176: 677; Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 335-336, 344; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 327, 516.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Description: Comprises up to 50% of a clay sample.
Reference: Kiss, K. and Page, H.T. (1969) Electron microscope identification of single crystals of wairakite, a rare component. Calys and Clay Minerals: 17: 31-35; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 371; Tschernich, Rudy (1992) Zeolites of the World.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Corderoite2.FC.15aHg2+3S2Cl2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite ?2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite ?3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Milk Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Resin Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Iris Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Myrickite4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentojarosite7.BC.10AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Gummite' ?-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Turgite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite ?3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite ?9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Corderoite10.3.3.1Hg2+3S2Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentojarosite30.2.5.5AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Gummite' ?-
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Manganese Oxides'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Milk Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Resin Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
'Petrified Wood'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Iris Agate-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Myrickite-SiO2
'Turgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Opal (var: Milk Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Resin Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Quartz (var: Iris Agate)SiO2
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Opal (var: Milk Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Resin Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Quartz (var: Myrickite)SiO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
AlAluminium
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Iris Agate)SiO2
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Milk Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Resin Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Quartz (var: Myrickite)SiO2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
SSulfur
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S GalenaPbS
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S CovelliteCuS
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S StibniteSb2S3
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
FeIron
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe IronFe
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
BrBromine
Br BromargyriteAgBr
AgSilver
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Ag SilverAg
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
SbAntimony
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
HgMercury
Hg CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bateson, Charles E.W. (1905), The Mojave mining district of California: A.I.M.E. Bulletin 7: 65-82; A.I.M.E. Transactions (1907): 37: 160-177.
Brown, G. Chester (1916a), Kern County: California Mining Bureau. (Report 14): 14: 483.
Tucker, W. Burling (1923), Kern County, Mojave Mining District: California State Mining Bureau 19th Report of the State Mineralogist (Report 19): 156-164.
Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1933), Gold resources of Kern County: Mojave Mining District, California Mining Bureau. Report 29: 283-284.
Simpson, Edward Cannon (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of the Elizabeth lake quadrangle, California: California Division Mines (Report 30): 30: 371-415.
Tucker, W. Burling (1935), Mining activity at Soledad Mountain and Middle Buttes, Mohave mining district, Kern County: California Journal of Mines and Geology; California Division Mines (Report 31): 31: 465-485.
Tucker, W. Burling, Reid J. Sampson, & Gordon Blaisdell Oakeshott (1949), Mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology; California Division of Mines (Report 45): 45(2): 220-223.
Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 43-45, 101, 104, 109, 122, 126, 127, 131, 179.
Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1963), Geology of the Willow Springs and Rosamond quadrangles, California: USGS Bulletin 1089-C: 141-253.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 124, 300, 354, 363.
Clark, Wm. B. (1970a) Gold districts of California: California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 193: 159.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 23 (map 2-11), 134, 194.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 545.

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