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Northwest Africa Meteoritesi
Regional Level Types
Northwest Africa MeteoritesGroup of Meteorite Fall Locations

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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Casablanca3,144,909 (2016)
Algiers1,977,663 (2017)
Rabat1,655,753 (2016)
Fès964,891 (2016)
Sale903,485 (2016)
Marrakesh839,296 (2016)
Museums in region:


A broad region, mostly desert, of northwestern Africa associated with meteorite finds. Meteorites are frequently found in the desert and sold at markets in Morocco, etc, without it being clear exactly where within the region they came from, so these finds generally should only be allocated to this region rather than a specific country unless the exact fall location is known with some confidence.

Note: some meteorites have been incorrectly entered with the location of purchase rather than the fall location. These should be moved here.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

172 valid minerals. 10 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Meteorite/Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Acapulcoite meteorite

'Actinolite schist'

Amphibolite

Angrite meteorite

'Anomalous EH7 chondrite meteorite'

Anorthosite

Anorthositic Lunar meteorite

Aubrite meteorite

Banded iron formation

Basalt

Breccia

CH3 chondrite meteorite

'CO3-melt breccia chondrite meteorite'

CR2 chondrite meteorite

CR6 chondrite meteorite

'CR7 chondrite meteorite'

CV3 chondrite meteorite

Caliche

Carbonaceous chondrite meteorite

Chassignite meteorite

'Chlorite schist'

Clay

Conglomerate

'Cumulate'

Dolostone

'Dunitic diogenite meteorite'

'EL-melt rock chondrite meteorite'

'EL7 chondrite meteorite'

Eucrite meteorite

'Eucrite polymict breccia meteorite'

Feldspathic breccia

Feldspathic breccia Lunar meteorite

Grainstone

Greenschist

'H3-5 chondrite meteorite'

'H3.9 chondrite meteorite'

H4 chondrite meteorite

H5 chondrite meteorite

'H5-melt breccia chondrite meteorite'

H6 chondrite meteorite

IAB complex iron meteorite

IAB-sHL iron meteorite

IIAB iron meteorite

Ironstone

K4 chondrite meteorite

'L/LL3.10 chondrite meteorite'

L3 chondrite meteorite

'L3-6 chondrite meteorite'

'L3.1 chondrite meteorite'

L4 chondrite meteorite

L5 chondrite meteorite

L6 chondrite meteorite

LL3 chondrite meteorite

'LL3.2 chondrite meteorite'

LL5 chondrite meteorite

'LL5/6 chondrite meteorite'

LL6 chondrite meteorite

Limestone

Lodranite meteorite

Lunar achondrite meteorite

Lunar regolith

'Marl'

'Martian (basaltic breccia) meteorite'

Mesosiderite meteorite

Mesosiderite-B1 meteorite

Metabasalt

Metavolcanic rock

Nakhlite meteorite

Norite

Noritic Lunar meteorite

'Quartz schist'

Quartzite

'R3-6 chondrite meteorite'

'R3.8-5 chondrite meteorite'

Regolith breccia

Sandstone

Schist

Shale

Shergottite meteorite

Siltstone

Syenite

Troctolite

'Unbrecciated eucrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped Achondrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped C1/2 chondrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped C2 chondrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped iron meteorite'

Ureilite meteorite

Winonaite meteorite

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Addibischoffite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Al6Al6O20
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Krot, A.N. (2015) Addibischoffite, IMA 2015-001. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 532; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535;Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Ahrensite (TL)
Formula: SiFe2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Liu, Y. and Sinogeikin, S. (2013) Ahrensite, IMA 2013-028. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709. ; Miyahara, M., Ohtani, E., El Goresy, A., Ozawa, S., & Gillet, P. (2016). Phase transition processes of olivine in the shocked Martian meteorite Tissint: Clues to origin of ringwoodite-, bridgmanite-and magnesiowüstite-bearing assemblages. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 259, 18-28.
Akimotoite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Irving, A.J., Wittke, J.H., Kuehner, S.M. (2008) Zincian Brezinaite and Other Rare Minerals in Two Cumulate-textured Aubrites from Northwest Africa. 71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, July 28-August 1, 2008, Matsue, Japan. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement: 43: paper id. 5309.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Dr. Vivian Gornitz (2013) A "wet" Mars meteorite from the desert. Bulletin of the New York Mineralogical Club, 127, #4, 3.
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: McCoy, T. J., Keil, K., Bogard, D., Casanova, I. & Lindstrom, M. M. (1992) ILAFEGH 009: A New Sample of the Diverse Suite of Enstatite Impact Melt Rocks (Abstract). LPSC XXIII: page 869. (March 1992)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: In clinopyroxene-containing CAIs
Reference: Fintor, K., Walter, H. & Nagy, Sz. (2013) Petrographic and Micro-Raman Analysis of Chondrules and (Ca, Al)-Rich Inclusions of NWA 2086 CV3 Type Carbonaceous Chondrite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV. LPI Contribution No. 1719, p.1152. (March 2013); Fintor, K., Park, C., Nagy, S., Pál-Molnár, E. & Krot, A. N (2014) Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 Chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 812-823 (May 2014)
Andreyivanovite
Formula: FeCrP
Description: Andreyivanovite is found in a single 10 µm x3 µm grain adjacent to magnetite
Reference: Greshake, A. (2014) A strongly hydrated microclast in the Rumuruti chondrite NWA 6828: Implications for the distribution of hydrous material in the solar system. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 824-841. (May 2014)
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Grossman, J. N. & Garvie, L. (2014) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 100: Meteoritical & Planetary science 49: E1-E101. (Aug 2014) [Online supplement]; Mikouchi, T. & Bizzarro, M. (2012) Mineralogy and Petrology of NWA 7203: A New Quenched Angrite Similar to NWA 1296 and NWA 1670. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5120. (Sept 2012)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2013/01/02/science.1228858.full.pdf
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database; Markwitz, V., Hein, K. A., & Miller, J. (2016). Compilation of West African mineral deposits: Spatial distribution and mineral endowment. Precambrian Research, 274, 61-81.; Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Augite var. Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Description: Fassaite - Common at triple junctions.
Reference: http:www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=60869; Agee, C. B., Miley, H. M., Ziegler, K. & Spilde, M. N. (2015) Northwest Africa 8535: Unique Dunitic Angrite. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVI, LPI Contribution No. 1832, pdf.2681. (Mar 2015).
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Moggi-Cecchi, V., Pratesi, G., Salvadori, A., Franchi, I.A., and Greenwood, R.C. (2007) Textural and minerochemical features of NWA 1807 and 2180, two new CV3 chondrites from Northwest Africa. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII pdf #2338.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Jambon, A., Barrat, J. A., Sautter, V., Gillet, P., Göpel, C., Javoy, M., ... & Lesourd, M. (2002). The basaltic shergottite Northwest Africa 856: Petrology and chemistry. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(9), 1147-1164.; Leroux, H., & Cordier, P. (2006). Magmatic cristobalite and quartz in the NWA 856 Martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 41(6), 913-923.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Brezinaite
Formula: Cr3S4
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Irving, A.J., Wittke, J.H., Kuehner, S.M. (2008) Zincian Brezinaite and Other Rare Minerals in Two Cumulate-textured Aubrites from Northwest Africa. 71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, July 28-August 1, 2008, Matsue, Japan. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement: 43: paper id. 5309.
Bridgmanite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Miyahara, M., Ohtani, E., El Goresy, A., Ozawa, S., & Gillet, P. (2016). Phase transition processes of olivine in the shocked Martian meteorite Tissint: Clues to origin of ringwoodite-, bridgmanite-and magnesiowüstite-bearing assemblages. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 259, 18-28.
'Calcic plagioclase'
Reference: https://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=55627
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Caswellsilverite
Formula: NaCrS2
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Irving, A.J., Wittke, J.H., Kuehner, S.M. (2008) Zincian Brezinaite and Other Rare Minerals in Two Cumulate-textured Aubrites from Northwest Africa. 71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, July 28-August 1, 2008, Matsue, Japan. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement: 43: paper id. 5309.
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Riches, A.J.V. et. al. (2012) Rhenium–osmium isotope and highly-siderophile-element abundance systematics of angrite meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 353-354: 208-218, Angrite Appendix.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Chenmingite (TL)
Formula: FeCr2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Tschauner, O. (2017) Chenmingite, IMA 2017-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1037; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038.
'Chevkinite-(Nd)'
Formula: (Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Reference: Liu, Y., Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Chen, Y., Guan, Y. (2016): Rare-earth-element minerals in martian breccia meteorites NWA 7034 and 7533: Implications for fluid–rock interaction in the Martian crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 451: 251-262; ; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12964 (2016)
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Chlormayenite
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, H.C. Jr., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, A.A., Schrader, D.L. (2011) Krotite: a new refractory mineral from the NWA 1934 meteorite. American Mineralogist, 96, 709-715; Ma, C., Connolly, Jr., H.C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Kampf, A.R., Zega, T.J., Tschauner, O., Sweeney Smith, S.A. and Schrader, D.L. (2010) Brearleyite, IMA 2010-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 31; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31. [as brearleyite, later discredited]
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.cometshopnew.com/meso.html
Chromite var. Titaniferous Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: The Meteoritical Bulletin, n.94 - http://www.meteoriticalsociety.org/simple_template.cfm?code=pub_bulletin
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Rubin, A.E., Breen, J.P., Isa, J. & Tutorow, S. (2016) New Kind of Chondrite: A Clast with Carbonaceous, Ordinary, and Unique Characteristics in the Northwest Africa 10214 LL3 Breccia: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVII. LPI Contribution No. 1903, pdf.1048. (March 2016).; Rubin, A.E., Breen, J.P., Isa, J. & Tutorow, S. (2017) NWA 10214 - An LL3 chondrite breccia with an assortment of metamorphosed, shocked, and unique chondrite clasts: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52(2): 372-390. (Feb 2017).
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup var. Subcalcic augite'
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Markwitz, V., Hein, K. A., & Miller, J. (2016). Compilation of West African mineral deposits: Spatial distribution and mineral endowment. Precambrian Research, 274, 61-81.; Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Shohei Kaneko, Eiji Ohtani, Masaaki Miyahara, Takeshi Sakai, Masahiro Kayama, Hirotsugu Nishido, Yasuo Oishi, Naohisa Hirao (2011) Dynamic event recorded in a lunar meteorite NWA 4734. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.; Wang, Y., & Hsu, W. (2016). Shock-Induced Metamorphism in the Lunar Meteorite Northwest Africa 4734. LPI Contributions, 1921.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Gao, X., Amari, S., Messenger, S., Nittler, L. R., Swan, P. D. & Walker, R. M. (1996). Survey of circumstellar grains in the unique circumstellar carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(S4), p. A48. (July 1996).; Greshake, A., Bischoff, A. & Putnis, A. (1996). Pure CaO, MgO (Periclase), TiO2 (Rutile), and Al2O3 (Corundum) in Ca,Al-rich Inclusions from Carbonaceous Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science, vol. 27, p. 463. (March 1996).; Anorthite, Augite, Corundum, Diopside, Forsterite, Grossite, Hibonite, Melilite, Olivine, Perovskite, Pigeonite, Plagioclase, Pyroxene, Spinel ; Krot, A. N., Fagan, T. J., Keil, K., McKeegan, K. D., Sahijpal, S., Hutcheon, I. D., Petaev, M. I. & Yurimoto, H. (2004). Ca,Al-rich inclusions, amoeboid olivine aggregates, and Al-rich chondrules from the unique carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094: I. mineralogy and petrology. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 68 (9), 2167-2184. (May 2004).
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Leroux, H., & Cordier, P. (2006). Magmatic cristobalite and quartz in the NWA 856 Martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 41(6), 913-923.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Markwitz, V., Hein, K. A., & Miller, J. (2016). Compilation of West African mineral deposits: Spatial distribution and mineral endowment. Precambrian Research, 274, 61-81.; Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Farley, K.R., Ruzicka, A.M., and Armstrong, K. (2015) NWA 8614: The least heated Winonaite? 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, PDF 1821.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Russell, S. S., Arden, J.W. & Pillinger, C.T. (1992) Adrar 003: an Unequilibrated Ordinary Chondrite Rich in Pristine Interstellar Grains. (Mar 1992).; Russell, S.S., Arden, J.W. & Pillinger, C.T. (1996) A carbon and nitrogen isotope study of diamond from primitive chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31(3):343-355. (May 1996).
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: https://doczz.net/doc/6809765/april-2015---cascadia-meteorite-laboratory
Dmisteinbergite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Fintor, K., Park, C., Nagy, S., Pál-Molnár, E. & Krot, A. N (2014) Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 Chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 812-823 (May 2014)
Dmitryivanovite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. 94,746-750(2009)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Donwilhelmsite (TL)
Formula: CaAl4Si2O11
Type Locality:
Reference: Fritz, J., Greshake, A., Klementova, M., Wirth, R., Palatinus, L., Assis Fernandes, V., Böttger, U. and Ferrière, L. (2019) Donwilhelmsite, IMA 2018-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 201; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.cometshopnew.com/meso.html
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Description: Erlichmanite(Osmium sulfide) & Laurite (Ruthenium sulfide)form solid solutions and intimate intergrowths
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Reference: https://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=55627
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Leroux, H., & Cordier, P. (2006). Magmatic cristobalite and quartz in the NWA 856 Martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 41(6), 913-923.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.; Peslier, A.H. (2012) Water in pyroxene and olivine from Martian meteorites. In The mantle of Mars: Insights from Theory, Geophysics, High-Pressure Studies, and Meteorites.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Greshake, A. (1997). The primitive matrix components of the unique carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094: A TEM study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61 (2): 437–452. (Jan 1997). ; Wasson, J. T. & Rubin, A. E. (2010). Matrix and whole-rock fractionations in the Acfer 094 type 3.0 ungrouped carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45 (1): 73-90. (Jan 2010).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Description: Small quantities of pure and/or nearly pure forsterite are reported.
Reference: Metzler, K., Bischoff A., Greenwood, R.C., Palme, H., Gellissen, M., Hopp, J., Franchi, I.A. & Trieloff M. (2011) The L3–6 chondritic regolith breccia Northwest Africa (NWA) 869: (I) Petrology, chemistry, oxygen isotopes, and Ar-Ar age determinations. Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 46, 652-680. (May 2011).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Description: As 'large' (>100 µm) crystals w. small grains of spinel and perovskite
Reference: Fintor, K., Walter, H. & Nagy, Sz. (2013) Petrographic and Micro-Raman Analysis of Chondrules and (Ca, Al)-Rich Inclusions of NWA 2086 CV3 Type Carbonaceous Chondrite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV. LPI Contribution No. 1719, p.1152. (March 2013)
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin Database
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Description: Both Na-rich and K-rich glasses are present.
Reference: http:www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=61276; Hewins, R. H., Zanda, B., Pont, S., Humayun, M., Assayag, N. & Cartigny, P. (2015) NWA 8694, a Ferroan Chassignite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVI, LPI Contribution #1832, pdf.224. (March 2015).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Markwitz, V., Hein, K. A., & Miller, J. (2016). Compilation of West African mineral deposits: Spatial distribution and mineral endowment. Precambrian Research, 274, 61-81.; Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Grossite (TL)
Formula: CaAl4O7
Reference: Weber D, Bischoff A (1994) Grossite (CaAl4O7) - a rare phase in terrestrial rocks and meteorites, European Journal of Mineralogy 6, 591-594
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Fintor, K., Park, C., Nagy, S., Pál-Molnár, E. & Krot, A. N (2014) Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 Chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 812-823 (May 2014)
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Secondary terrestrial phase
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Description: Secondary terrestrial phase
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 632-634. University of California Press.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Description: Al-Ti-rich clinopyroxene are extensively zoned up to mg# <0.01.
Reference: Mikouchi, T. & Bizzarro, M. (2012) Mineralogy and Petrology of NWA 7203: A New Quenched Angrite Similar to NWA 1296 and NWA 1670. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5120. (Sept 2012)
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Hematite var. Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ahmedou, O. A. (2011). Contribution à l'étude géologique et géologique des minéralisations ferrifères de type banded iron formations (bif) des formations protérozoïques de la Kediat d'Idjil, cas du gisement de F'derick, dorsale regimbât occidentale (Mauritanie septentrionale) (Doctoral dissertation).
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Description: Specifically recored in NWA 3164 (Al-rich Hercynite).
Reference: Baghdadi, B., Godard, G. & Jambon, A. (2012) Metamorphic Reactional Coronas in the Peridotitic Angrite NWA 3164, Interpretations and Implications: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, XLIII: LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2188. (Mar 2012).
Hexamolybdenum
Formula: (Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, H.C. Jr., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, A.A., Schrader, D.L. (2011) Krotite: a new refractory mineral from the NWA 1934 meteorite. American Mineralogist, 96, 709-715.
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Lee, M.R., Russell, S.S., Arden, J.W., & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites. Meteoritics 30 (4): 387-397. (July 1995).
'Hornblende'
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Ahmedou, O. A. (2011). Contribution à l'étude géologique et géologique des minéralisations ferrifères de type banded iron formations (bif) des formations protérozoïques de la Kediat d'Idjil, cas du gisement de F'derick, dorsale regimbât occidentale (Mauritanie septentrionale) (Doctoral dissertation).
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Description: Along with sperrylite, most abundant of noble metal containing phases
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.cometshopnew.com/meso.html
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.cometshopnew.com/meso.html
Iron var. Martensite
Formula: Fe
Reference: Gattacceca, J. et al. (2017) Young asteroid mixing revealed in ordinary chondrites: The case of NWA 5764, a polymict LL breccia with L clasts: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52 (11): 2289-2304. (Nov 2017).
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Kaersutite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Reference: Monkawa, A., Mikouchi, T., Miyamoto, M., & Koizumi, E. (2002). Formation of Titanium-rich Kaersutites in Shergottitic Martian Meteorites. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 37, A103.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: Agee, C. B., Miley, H. M., Ziegler, K. & Spilde, M. N. (2015) Northwest Africa 8535: Unique Dunitic Angrite. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVI, LPI Contribution No. 1832, pdf.2681. (Mar 2015).
Krotite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, Jr, H.C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, S.A. and Schrader, D.L. (2010) Krotite, IMA 2010-038. CNMNC Newsletter, October 2010, page 901; Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 899-902.
Kuratite
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Reference: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.P41A0219K (as rhönite); http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2014/pdf/1818.pdf
Kushiroite
Formula: CaAl[AlSiO6]
Reference: Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Kushiroite var. Ti-kushiroite
Reference: Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Lakargiite
Formula: Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Reference: Ma, C. (2011) Discovery of Meteoritic Lakargiite (CaZrO3), a New Ultra-Refractory Mineral from the Acfer 094 Carbonaceous Chondrite (Abstract-Id.#5169). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Supplement s1, p. A144. (Sept 2011).
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Description: Erlichmanite (Osmium sulfide) & Laurite (Ruthenium sulfide)form solid solutions and intimate intergrowths.
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Liebermannite
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2015): Liebermannite: A new potassic hollandite (KAlSi3O8) from the Zagami basaltic shergottite. 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1401.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: "Fe oxy-hydroxides"
Reference: Dr. Vivian Gornitz (2013) A "wet" Mars meteorite from the desert. Bulletin of the New York Mineralogical Club, 127, #4, 3.
Lingunite
Formula: (Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg
'Low-calcium pyroxene'
Reference: https://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Tass%C3%A9det+004&sfor=names&ants=&nwas=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&strewn=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=70035
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Dr. Vivian Gornitz (2013) A "wet" Mars meteorite from the desert. Bulletin of the New York Mineralogical Club, 127, #4, 3.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: http://www.cometshopnew.com/meso.html
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Endress, M., Keil, K., Bischoff, A., Spettel, B., Clayton, R. N. & Mayeda, T. K. (1994) Origin of dark clasts in the ACFER 059/El Djouf 001 CR2 chondrite: Meteoritics 29 (1): 26-40. (Jan 1994).
Magnesite var. Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: Endress, M., Keil, K., Bischoff, A., Spettel, B., Clayton, R. N. & Mayeda, T. K. (1994) Origin of dark clasts in the ACFER 059/El Djouf 001 CR2 chondrite: Meteoritics 29 (1): 26-40. (Jan 1994).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Reference: Fudge, C., Sharp, T. G., Hu, J., Ma, C., Tschauner, O., & Wittmann, A. (2018). Characterization of a new high-pressure assemblage after anorthitic plagioclase in polymict eucrite Northwest Africa 10658. In 49th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Abstract 2083).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Marićite
Formula: NaFe2+(PO4)
Reference: Barth, M.I.F. et al. (2018) Sulfide-oxide assemblages in Acfer 094—Clues to nebular metal-gas interactions. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 187-203. (Feb 2018).
'Maskelynite'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Jambon, A., Barrat, J. A., Sautter, V., Gillet, P., Göpel, C., Javoy, M., ... & Lesourd, M. (2002). The basaltic shergottite Northwest Africa 856: Petrology and chemistry. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(9), 1147-1164.; Leroux, H., & Cordier, P. (2006). Magmatic cristobalite and quartz in the NWA 856 Martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 41(6), 913-923.; Ma, C., Tschauner, O., & Beckett, J. R. (2019). A Closer Look at Martian Meteorites: Discovery of the New Mineral Zagamiite, CaAl2Si3. 5O11, a Shock-Metamorphic, High-Pressure, Calcium Aluminosilicate. LPICo, 2089, 6138.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Moggi-Cecchi, V., Pratesi, G., Salvadori, A., Franchi, I.A., and Greenwood, R.C. (2007) Textural and minerochemical features of NWA 1807 and 2180, two new CV3 chondrites from Northwest Africa. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII pdf #2338.
Melliniite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Fe)4P
Reference: V. Moggi-Cecchi et al., 2005
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.cometshopnew.com/meso.html
'Meteoritic Iron'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Srinivasan, P., Dunlap, D. R., Agee, C. B., Wadhwa, M., Coleff, D., Ziegler, K., ... & McCubbin, F. M. (2018). Silica-rich volcanism in the early solar system dated at 4.565 Ga. Nature communications, 9(1), 3036.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Ahmedou, O. A. (2011). Contribution à l'étude géologique et géologique des minéralisations ferrifères de type banded iron formations (bif) des formations protérozoïques de la Kediat d'Idjil, cas du gisement de F'derick, dorsale regimbât occidentale (Mauritanie septentrionale) (Doctoral dissertation).
Microcline var. Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
'Monazite'
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Liu, Y., Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Chen, Y., Guan, Y. (2016): Rare-earth-element minerals in martian breccia meteorites NWA 7034 and 7533: Implications for fluid–rock interaction in the Martian crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 451: 251-262; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12964 (2016)
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Reference: Liu, Y., Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Chen, Y., Guan, Y. (2016): Rare-earth-element minerals in martian breccia meteorites NWA 7034 and 7533: Implications for fluid–rock interaction in the Martian crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 451: 251-262; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12964 (2016)
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Description: A single grain was analyzed (Schulze,1998).
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Moncheite var. Chengbolite
Description: A single grain was analyzed (Schulze,1998).
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Description: One of the more important secondary minerals and phases found in the hydrated clast
Reference: Fintor, K., Park, C., Nagy, S., Pál-Molnár, E. & Krot, A. N (2014) Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 Chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 812-823 (May 2014)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
'Nickel-iron'
Reference: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php
Nickelphosphide
Formula: (Ni,Fe)3P
Reference: V. Moggi-Cecchi et al., 2005
Nierite
Formula: Si3N4
Reference: Lee, M.R., Russell, S.S., Arden, J.W., & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites. Meteoritics 30 (4): 387-397. (July 1995).
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Irving, A.J., Wittke, J.H., Kuehner, S.M. (2008) Zincian Brezinaite and Other Rare Minerals in Two Cumulate-textured Aubrites from Northwest Africa. 71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, July 28-August 1, 2008, Matsue, Japan. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement: 43: paper id. 5309.
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Irving, A.J., Wittke, J.H., Kuehner, S.M. (2008) Zincian Brezinaite and Other Rare Minerals in Two Cumulate-textured Aubrites from Northwest Africa. 71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, July 28-August 1, 2008, Matsue, Japan. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement: 43: paper id. 5309.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Description: 3 small grains
Reference: McCoy, T. J. et al. (1995) Origin and history of impact-melt rocks of enstatite chondrite parentage: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1): 161-175. (Feb 1995)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Greshake, A., Bischoff, A. & Putnis, A. (1996). Pure CaO, MgO (Periclase), TiO2 (Rutile), and Al2O3 (Corundum) in Ca,Al-rich Inclusions from Carbonaceous Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science, vol. 27, p. 463. (March 1996).
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Moggi-Cecchi, V., Pratesi, G., Salvadori, A., Franchi, I.A., and Greenwood, R.C. (2007) Textural and minerochemical features of NWA 1807 and 2180, two new CV3 chondrites from Northwest Africa. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII pdf #2338.
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Liu, Y., Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Chen, Y., Guan, Y. (2016): Rare-earth-element minerals in martian breccia meteorites NWA 7034 and 7533: Implications for fluid–rock interaction in the Martian crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 451: 251-262; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12964 (2016)
'Perrierite-(Nd)'
Formula: Nd4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Reference: Liu, Y., Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Chen, Y., Guan, Y. (2016): Rare-earth-element minerals in martian breccia meteorites NWA 7034 and 7533: Implications for fluid–rock interaction in the Martian crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 451: 251-262; ; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12964 (2016)
Perryite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Irving, A.J., Wittke, J.H., Kuehner, S.M. (2008) Zincian Brezinaite and Other Rare Minerals in Two Cumulate-textured Aubrites from Northwest Africa. 71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, July 28-August 1, 2008, Matsue, Japan. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement: 43: paper id. 5309.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.; Peslier, A.H. (2012) Water in pyroxene and olivine from Martian meteorites. In The mantle of Mars: Insights from Theory, Geophysics, High-Pressure Studies, and Meteorites.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Rhönite
Formula: Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Reference: Mikouchi, T., McKay G., Koizumi E., Monkawa, A. & Miyamoto, M. (2003) Northwest Africa 1670: A new quenched angrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38(7,Suppl.): A115.
'Ribose'
Formula: C5H10O5
Reference: https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2019/11/12/1907169116
Ringwoodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Liu, Y., Beckett, J. R., Rossman, G. R., Zuravlev, K., ... & Taylor, L. A. (2014, March). Discovery of Ahrensite gamma-Fe2SiO4 and Tissintite (Ca, Na, □) AlSi2O6: Two New High Pressure Minerals from the Tissint Martian Meteorite. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 45, p. 1222).; Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.; Miyahara, M., Ohtani, E., El Goresy, A., Ozawa, S., & Gillet, P. (2016). Phase transition processes of olivine in the shocked Martian meteorite Tissint: Clues to origin of ringwoodite-, bridgmanite-and magnesiowüstite-bearing assemblages. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 259, 18-28.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2013/01/02/science.1228858.full.pdf
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Fintor, K., Park, C., Nagy, S., Pál-Molnár, E. & Krot, A. N (2014) Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 Chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 812-823 (May 2014)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Schöllhornite
Formula: Na0.3CrS2 · H2O
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Irving, A.J., Wittke, J.H., Kuehner, S.M. (2008) Zincian Brezinaite and Other Rare Minerals in Two Cumulate-textured Aubrites from Northwest Africa. 71st Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, July 28-August 1, 2008, Matsue, Japan. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement: 43: paper id. 5309.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.cometshopnew.com/meso.html
Seifertite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Shohei Kaneko, Eiji Ohtani, Masaaki Miyahara, Takeshi Sakai, Masahiro Kayama, Hirotsugu Nishido, Yasuo Oishi, Naohisa Hirao (2011) Dynamic event recorded in a lunar meteorite NWA 4734. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.; Wang, Y., & Hsu, W. (2016). Shock-Induced Metamorphism in the Lunar Meteorite Northwest Africa 4734. LPI Contributions, 1921.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Irving, A.J., Kuehner, S.M., Rumble, D., III., Carlson, R.W., Hupé, A.C., and Hupé, G.M. (2002) Petrology and isotopic composition of orthopyroxene-bearing nakhlite NWA 998.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Siderite var. Pistomesite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
Reference: Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
'Silica'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: Silica & Ilmenite found in a bytownite (An85) clast and elsewhere.
Reference: Hyde, B. C., Tait, K. T., Rumble, D., Izawa, M. R. M., Thompson, M. S., Nicklin, I. & Gregory, D. A. (2015) Achondritic Impactor Clasts in Northwest Africa 869: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVI. LPI Contribution No. 1832, p.1983. (March 2015).
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.
Silver var. Arquerite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Reference: Fintor, K., Park, C., Nagy, S., Pál-Molnár, E. & Krot, A. N (2014) Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 Chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 812-823 (May 2014)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Description: Along with irarsite - most abundant of noble metal containing phases
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Description: Aluminous spinel or, spinel, sensu strictu.
Reference: http:www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=60869; Agee, C. B., Miley, H. M., Ziegler, K. & Spilde, M. N. (2015) Northwest Africa 8535: Unique Dunitic Angrite. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVI, LPI Contribution No. 1832, pdf.2681. (Mar 2015).
Spinel var. Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Description: Pleonaste and Cr-Pleonaste appear as two distinct varieties or phases in this meteorite
Reference: Weisberg et al., (2008) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 94: Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43 (9): 1551-1588. (Sept 2008) ; Anorthite, Diopside, Olivine; Merrillite, Pleonaste, Spinel, Troilite
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jambon, A., Barrat, J. A., Sautter, V., Gillet, P., Göpel, C., Javoy, M., ... & Lesourd, M. (2002). The basaltic shergottite Northwest Africa 856: Petrology and chemistry. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(9), 1147-1164.; Leroux, H., & Cordier, P. (2006). Magmatic cristobalite and quartz in the NWA 856 Martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 41(6), 913-923.; Ma, C., Tschauner, O., & Beckett, J. R. (2019). A Closer Look at Martian Meteorites: Discovery of the New Mineral Zagamiite, CaAl2Si3. 5O11, a Shock-Metamorphic, High-Pressure, Calcium Aluminosilicate. LPICo, 2089, 6138.
Stöfflerite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Tschauner, O., Ma, C. (2017): Stöfflerite, IMA 2017-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1285; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.phpf=5&t=14029&sid=1bd8fea6f10174ac7bdd04a79c06bffd (2017
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.; Sakellaris, Grigorios Aarne & Meyer, Franz & Kolb, Jochen & Voudouris, Panagiotis. (2009). Implications for exsolution of Bi-Au-Ag-Te minerals from sulf-arsenides during retrograde metamorphism. A case study: Guelb Moghrein, Mauritania. RMS Annual Session 2009, Ontogeny of minerals applied to scientific and industrial uses, At St Petersburg; Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Metzler, K., Bischoff A., Greenwood, R.C., Palme, H., Gellissen, M., Hopp, J., Franchi, I.A. & Trieloff M. (2011) The L3–6 chondritic regolith breccia Northwest Africa (NWA) 869: (I) Petrology, chemistry, oxygen isotopes, and Ar-Ar age determinations. Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 46, 652-680. (May 2011).
Tazheranite
Formula: (Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Reference: Ma, C. (2011) Discovery of Meteoritic Lakargiite (CaZrO3), a New Ultra-Refractory Mineral from the Acfer 094 Carbonaceous Chondrite (Abstract-Id.#5169). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Supplement s1, p. A144. (Sept 2011).
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: Gattacceca, J. et al. (2017) Young asteroid mixing revealed in ordinary chondrites: The case of NWA 5764, a polymict LL breccia with L clasts: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52 (11): 2289-2304. (Nov 2017).
Tissintite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Reference: Ma, C., Liu, Y. and Tschauner, O. (2013) Tissintite, IMA 2013-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709; Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Beckett, J.R., Liu, Y., Rossman, G.R., Zhuravlev, K., Prakapenka, V., Dera, P., Taylor, L.A. (2015): Tissintite, (Ca, Na, □)AlSi2O6, a highly-defective, shock-induced, high-pressure clinopyroxene in the Tissint martian meteorite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 422, 194-205
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Tranquillityite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Reference: Leroux, H., & Cordier, P. (2006). Magmatic cristobalite and quartz in the NWA 856 Martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 41(6), 913-923.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.cometshopnew.com/meso.html
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Reference: Kolb, Jochen & Petrov, Nikolay. (2015). The Guelb Moghrein Cu–Au deposit: Neoarchaean hydrothermal sulfide mineralization in carbonate-facies iron formation. Ore Geology Reviews. 78. 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2015.09.003.
Tsangpoite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
Reference: Hwang, S. L., Shen, P., Chu, H. T., Yui, T. F., Varela, M. E., & Iizuka, Y. (2016, March). Tsangpoite: The Unknown Calcium Silico Phosphate Phase in the Angrite D'Orbigny. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 47, p. 1466).
Tuite
Formula: Ca3(PO4)2
Reference: Suporn Boonsuea & John Spraya (2012) Shock-Induced Phase Transformations in Melt Pockets within Martian Meteorite NWA 4468. Spectroscopy Letters: An International Journal for Rapid Communication 45:127-134.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Jambon, A., Barrat, J. A., Sautter, V., Gillet, P., Göpel, C., Javoy, M., ... & Lesourd, M. (2002). The basaltic shergottite Northwest Africa 856: Petrology and chemistry. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(9), 1147-1164.
'UM2004-47-SiO:AlCaNa' ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)(Si,Al)6O11
Reference: Beck, P., Gillet, P., Gautron, L., Daniel, I., El Goresy, A. (2004): A new natural high-pressure (Na,Ca)-hexaluminosilicate [(CaxNa1–x)Al3+xSi3–xO11] in shocked Martian meteorites. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.: 219: 1–12; in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., (2004): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 89: 1833
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Kolb, J., Sakellaris, G. A., & Meyer, F. M. (2006). Controls on hydrothermal Fe oxide–Cu–Au–Co mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein deposit, Akjoujt area, Mauritania. Mineralium Deposita, 41(1), 68-81.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Reference: Greshake, A. (2014) A strongly hydrated microclast in the Rumuruti chondrite NWA 6828: Implications for the distribution of hydrous material in the solar system. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 824-841. (May 2014)
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 632-634. University of California Press.
Wüstite var. Magnesiowüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Miyahara, M., Ohtani, E., El Goresy, A., Ozawa, S., & Gillet, P. (2016). Phase transition processes of olivine in the shocked Martian meteorite Tissint: Clues to origin of ringwoodite-, bridgmanite-and magnesiowüstite-bearing assemblages. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 259, 18-28.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Liu, Y., Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Chen, Y., Guan, Y. (2016): Rare-earth-element minerals in martian breccia meteorites NWA 7034 and 7533: Implications for fluid–rock interaction in the Martian crust. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 451: 251-262; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12964 (2016)
'Xylose'
Formula: C5H10O5
Reference: https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2019/11/12/1907169116
Zagamiite
Formula: CaAl2Si3.5O11
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., & Beckett, J. R. (2019). A Closer Look at Martian Meteorites: Discovery of the New Mineral Zagamiite, CaAl2Si3. 5O11, a Shock-Metamorphic, High-Pressure, Calcium Aluminosilicate. LPICo, 2089, 6138.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Hyde, B. C., Tait, K. T., Rumble, D., Izawa, M. R. M., Thompson, M. S., Nicklin, I. & Gregory, D. A. (2015) Achondritic Impactor Clasts in Northwest Africa 869: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLVI. LPI Contribution No. 1832, p.1983. (March 2015).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Andreyivanovite1.BD.15FeCrP
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Eugenite1.AD.15cAg11Hg2
Gold1.AA.05Au
var. Electrum1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var. Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var. Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Melliniite (TL)1.BD.20(Ni,Fe)4P
Nickelphosphide1.BD.05(Ni,Fe)3P
Nierite1.DB.05Si3N4
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Perryite1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var. Arquerite1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Brezinaite2.DA.15Cr3S4
Caswellsilverite2.FB.05NaCrS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
var. Chengbolite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Schöllhornite2.FB.05Na0.3CrS2 · H2O
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Addibischoffite (TL)4.BC.Ca2Al6Al6O20
Akimotoite4.CB.05(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Chenmingite (TL)4.BB.FeCr2O4
Chlormayenite4.CC.20Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var. Titaniferous Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Dmitryivanovite (TL)4.BC.10CaAl2O4
Eskolaite4.CB.05Cr2O3
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossite (TL)4.CC.15CaAl4O7
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var. Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lakargiite4.CC.30Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Seifertite4.DA.50SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var. Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Tazheranite4.DL.10(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
var. Magnesiowüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var. Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var. Pistomesite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Marićite8.AC.20NaFe2+(PO4)
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Tuite8.AC.45Ca3(PO4)2
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ahrensite (TL)9.AC.SiFe2O4
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Bridgmanite9.A0.(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dmisteinbergite9.EG.15Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kaersutite9.DE.15NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Kushiroite9.DA.15CaAl[AlSiO6]
var. Ti-kushiroite9.DA.15CaAl[AlSiO6]
Lingunite9.FA.70(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Majorite9.AD.25Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Microcline
var. Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Ringwoodite9.AC.15(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tranquillityite9.AG.90(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Calcic plagioclase'-
'Chevkinite-(Nd)'-(Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var. Subcalcic augite'-
Donwilhelmsite (TL)-CaAl4Si2O11
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
Hexamolybdenum-(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Krotite (TL)-CaAl2O4
Kuratite-Ca2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Liebermannite-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Low-calcium pyroxene'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Nickel-iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Perrierite-(Nd)'-Nd4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
'Plessite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Ribose'-C5H10O5
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Stöfflerite (TL)-CaAl2Si2O8
Tissintite (TL)-(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Tsangpoite-Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
'UM2004-47-SiO:AlCaNa' ?-(Na,Ca)(Si,Al)6O11
'Xylose'-C5H10O5
Zagamiite-CaAl2Si3.5O11

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Andreyivanovite1.1.32.3FeCrP
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Eugenite1.1.8.5Ag11Hg2
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var. Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Perryite1.1.22.1(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Nierite1.3.10.1Si3N4
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Caswellsilverite2.9.17.1NaCrS2
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Schöllhornite2.9.17.2Na0.3CrS2 · H2O
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Brezinaite2.10.2.2Cr3S4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Clinosafflorite2.12.4.6CoAs2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Eskolaite4.3.1.3Cr2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Tazheranite4.4.13.1(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Dmitryivanovite (TL)7.2.16.CaAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)10X14
Grossite (TL)7.3.2.1CaAl4O7
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
Miscellaneous
Chlormayenite7.11.3.1Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Marićite38.1.2.1NaFe2+(PO4)
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Tuite38.3.4.6Ca3(PO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Ringwoodite51.3.3.1(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Majorite51.4.3a.5Mg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Kushiroite65.1.3.8CaAl[AlSiO6]
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Seifertite75.1.6.SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Dmisteinbergite76.1.7.1Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Microcline
var. Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Tranquillityite78.7.16.1(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Addibischoffite (TL)-Ca2Al6Al6O20
Ahrensite (TL)-SiFe2O4
Akimotoite-(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Albite
var. Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Augite
var. Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bridgmanite-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Calcic plagioclase'-
Chenmingite (TL)-FeCr2O4
'Chevkinite-(Nd)'-(Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
'Chlorite Group'-
Chromite
var. Titaniferous Chromite
-Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var. Subcalcic augite'-
Donwilhelmsite (TL)-CaAl4Si2O11
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
Gold
var. Electrum
-(Au,Ag)
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var. Martite
-Fe2O3
Hexamolybdenum-(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
var. Martensite-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Krotite (TL)-CaAl2O4
Kuratite-Ca2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Kushiroite
var. Ti-kushiroite
-CaAl[AlSiO6]
Lakargiite-Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Liebermannite-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lingunite-(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
'Low-calcium pyroxene'-
Magnesite
var. Breunnerite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
var. Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Maskelynite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Melliniite (TL)-(Ni,Fe)4P
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Moncheite
var. Chengbolite
-(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nickel-iron'-
Nickelphosphide-(Ni,Fe)3P
Niningerite-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Perrierite-(Nd)'-Nd4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
'Plessite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Ribose'-C5H10O5
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
var. Pistomesite
-(Fe,Mg)CO3
'Silica'-
Silver
var. Arquerite
-(Ag,Hg)
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Spinel
var. Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stöfflerite (TL)-CaAl2Si2O8
Tissintite (TL)-(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Tsangpoite-Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
'UM2004-47-SiO:AlCaNa' ?-(Na,Ca)(Si,Al)6O11
Wüstite
var. Magnesiowüstite
-FeO
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Xylose'-C5H10O5
Zagamiite-CaAl2Si3.5O11

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H XyloseC5H10O5
H RiboseC5H10O5
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
H SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
C Siderite var. Pistomesite(Fe,Mg)CO3
C XyloseC5H10O5
C RiboseC5H10O5
C DiamondC
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
C Magnesite var. Breunnerite(Mg,Fe)CO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
NNitrogen
N NieriteSi3N4
N OsborniteTiN
OOxygen
O StöffleriteCaAl2Si2O8
O DonwilhelmsiteCaAl4Si2O11
O AddibischoffiteCa2Al6Al6O20
O GrossiteCaAl4O7
O Tissintite(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
O AhrensiteSiFe2O4
O ChenmingiteFeCr2O4
O KrotiteCaAl2O4
O DmitryivanoviteCaAl2O4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O CerussitePbCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Hematite var. MartiteFe2O3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O UraniniteUO2
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Siderite var. Pistomesite(Fe,Mg)CO3
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O TridymiteSiO2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O StishoviteSiO2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
O ZagamiiteCaAl2Si3.5O11
O Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
O XyloseC5H10O5
O RiboseC5H10O5
O EskolaiteCr2O3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Chevkinite-(Nd)(Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
O Perrierite-(Nd)Nd4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
O SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
O LiebermanniteKAlSi3O8
O CoesiteSiO2
O SeifertiteSiO2
O TuiteCa3(PO4)2
O Chromite var. Titaniferous ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O TsangpoiteCa5(PO4)2(SiO4)
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
O MajoriteMg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]
O WüstiteFeO
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Spinel var. Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O KuratiteCa2(Fe52+Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
O PericlaseMgO
O CorundumAl2O3
O LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
O Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
O Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
O Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
O Bridgmanite(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Wüstite var. MagnesiowüstiteFeO
O ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
O Magnesite var. Breunnerite(Mg,Fe)CO3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Microcline var. Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O UM2004-47-SiO:AlCaNa(Na,Ca)(Si,Al)6O11
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Tissintite(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Na Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2
Na SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Na UM2004-47-SiO:AlCaNa(Na,Ca)(Si,Al)6O11
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Siderite var. Pistomesite(Fe,Mg)CO3
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Mg Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Chevkinite-(Nd)(Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Mg Perrierite-(Nd)Nd4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Mg MajoriteMg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg Spinel var. Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Mg Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Mg Bridgmanite(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Magnesite var. Breunnerite(Mg,Fe)CO3
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
AlAluminium
Al StöffleriteCaAl2Si2O8
Al DonwilhelmsiteCaAl4Si2O11
Al AddibischoffiteCa2Al6Al6O20
Al GrossiteCaAl4O7
Al Tissintite(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Al KrotiteCaAl2O4
Al DmitryivanoviteCaAl2O4
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Al ZagamiiteCaAl2Si3.5O11
Al Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al LiebermanniteKAlSi3O8
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Al HiboniteCaAl12O19
Al KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]
Al Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Spinel var. Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al KuratiteCa2(Fe52+Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Al ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Al Microcline var. Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al UM2004-47-SiO:AlCaNa(Na,Ca)(Si,Al)6O11
SiSilicon
Si StöffleriteCaAl2Si2O8
Si DonwilhelmsiteCaAl4Si2O11
Si Tissintite(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Si AhrensiteSiFe2O4
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Si ZagamiiteCaAl2Si3.5O11
Si Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Chevkinite-(Nd)(Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Si Perrierite-(Nd)Nd4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si LiebermanniteKAlSi3O8
Si Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si SeifertiteSiO2
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si TsangpoiteCa5(PO4)2(SiO4)
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Si MajoriteMg3(MgSi)(SiO4)3
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si NieriteSi3N4
Si KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]
Si Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si KuratiteCa2(Fe52+Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Si Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Si Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Si Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Si Bridgmanite(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Microcline var. Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si UM2004-47-SiO:AlCaNa(Na,Ca)(Si,Al)6O11
PPhosphorus
P Melliniite(Ni,Fe)4P
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
P AndreyivanoviteFeCrP
P Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
P TuiteCa3(PO4)2
P TsangpoiteCa5(PO4)2(SiO4)
P Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
P MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S PyriteFeS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S TroiliteFeS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S BrezinaiteCr3S4
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S AlabanditeMnS
S Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
S CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2
S SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S LauriteRuS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K LiebermanniteKAlSi3O8
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K SylviteKCl
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Microcline var. Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
CaCalcium
Ca StöffleriteCaAl2Si2O8
Ca DonwilhelmsiteCaAl4Si2O11
Ca AddibischoffiteCa2Al6Al6O20
Ca GrossiteCaAl4O7
Ca Tissintite(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Ca KrotiteCaAl2O4
Ca DmitryivanoviteCaAl2O4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Ca KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Ca ZagamiiteCaAl2Si3.5O11
Ca Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Ca TuiteCa3(PO4)2
Ca TsangpoiteCa5(PO4)2(SiO4)
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Ca HiboniteCaAl12O19
Ca KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]
Ca Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca KuratiteCa2(Fe52+Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Ca LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Ca Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Ca ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Ca UM2004-47-SiO:AlCaNa(Na,Ca)(Si,Al)6O11
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Ti Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Ti KaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Ti Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Chevkinite-(Nd)(Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Ti Perrierite-(Nd)Nd4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti OsborniteTiN
Ti KuratiteCa2(Fe52+Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Ti LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Ti Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
CrChromium
Cr ChenmingiteFeCr2O4
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Cr EskolaiteCr2O3
Cr AndreyivanoviteFeCrP
Cr BrezinaiteCr3S4
Cr CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2
Cr SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
Cr Chromite var. Titaniferous ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe Melliniite(Ni,Fe)4P
Fe AhrensiteSiFe2O4
Fe ChenmingiteFeCr2O4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Hematite var. MartiteFe2O3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Siderite var. Pistomesite(Fe,Mg)CO3
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Iron var. Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IronFe
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Fe Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Chevkinite-(Nd)(Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Fe Perrierite-(Nd)Nd4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Fe AndreyivanoviteFeCrP
Fe Iron var. MartensiteFe
Fe TetrataeniteFeNi
Fe Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Fe Chromite var. Titaniferous ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Fe Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
Fe WüstiteFeO
Fe Spinel var. Pleonaste(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe KuratiteCa2(Fe52+Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Fe Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Fe Bridgmanite(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Wüstite var. MagnesiowüstiteFeO
Fe Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
Fe Magnesite var. Breunnerite(Mg,Fe)CO3
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ClinosaffloriteCoAs2
NiNickel
Ni Melliniite(Ni,Fe)4P
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Iron var. Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni TetrataeniteFeNi
Ni Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
Ni Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ClinosaffloriteCoAs2
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As SperrylitePtAs2
YYttrium
Y Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Zr LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Zr Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ru LauriteRuS2
Ru Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
AgSilver
Ag Silver var. Arquerite(Ag,Hg)
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag EugeniteAg11Hg2
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag SilverAg
Ag Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
SnTin
Sn LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
TeTellurium
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te PilseniteBi4Te3
Te StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba Microcline var. Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
NdNeodymium
Nd Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
Nd Chevkinite-(Nd)(Nd,REE)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
Nd Perrierite-(Nd)Nd4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 ?
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
OsOsmium
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
Os Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ir Hexamolybdenum(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
PtPlatinum
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
AuGold
Au Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg Silver var. Arquerite(Ag,Hg)
Hg EugeniteAg11Hg2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
BiBismuth
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
Bi BismuthBi
Bi PilseniteBi4Te3
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

African PlateTectonic Plate
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Morocco
Morocco
North Africa

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