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Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District), Carstensz Mts, New Guinea, Papua Province, Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya), Indonesiai
Regional Level Types
Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)District
Carstensz MtsMountain Range
New Guinea- not defined -
Papua ProvinceProvince
Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)- not defined -
IndonesiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
4° 4' 36'' South , 137° 7' 26'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


Copper-gold skarn and porphry deposits.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

80 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Richard W. Henley; Frank J. Brink; Penelope L. King; Clyde Leys; Jibamitra Ganguly; Terrance Mernagh; Jill Middleton; Christian J. Renggli; Melanie Sieber; Ulrike Troitzsch; Michael Turner (2017): High temperature gas–solid reactions in calc–silicate Cu–Au skarn formation; Ertsberg, Papua Province, Indonesia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 172, 106.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Prendergast, K., Clarke, G. W., Pearson, N. J., & Harris, K. (2005). Genesis of Pyrite-Au-As-Zn-Bi-Te Zones Associated with Cu-Au Skarns: Evidence from the Big Gossan and Wanagon Gold Deposits, Ertsberg District, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1021-1050.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Setiawan, B., de Jong, G., Soeldjana, A., Aloysius, C., Webb, B., Issel, A., & Lasito, S. Mineralogy and Chemical Characteristics of the Waripi–hosted Cu-Au Skarn System at the Big Gossan Underground Mine, Papua, Indonesia–Determining the host rocks using XRD and XRF Analysis.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: New, B. T. (2006). Controls of copper and gold distribution in the Kucing Liar deposit, Ertsberg mining district, West Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Mertig, H. J., Rubin, J. N., & Kyle, J. R. (1994). Skarn Cu Au orebodies of the Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg) district, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 50(1), 179-202.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Setiawan, B., de Jong, G., Soeldjana, A., Aloysius, C., Webb, B., Issel, A., & Lasito, S. Mineralogy and Chemical Characteristics of the Waripi–hosted Cu-Au Skarn System at the Big Gossan Underground Mine, Papua, Indonesia–Determining the host rocks using XRD and XRF Analysis.
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Prendergast, K., Clarke, G. W., Pearson, N. J., & Harris, K. (2005). Genesis of Pyrite-Au-As-Zn-Bi-Te Zones Associated with Cu-Au Skarns: Evidence from the Big Gossan and Wanagon Gold Deposits, Ertsberg District, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1021-1050.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:509-534
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dozyite (TL)
Formula: Mg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Type Locality:
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 65-77; MinRec 27:301]
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Setiawan, B., de Jong, G., Soeldjana, A., Aloysius, C., Webb, B., Issel, A., & Lasito, S. Mineralogy and Chemical Characteristics of the Waripi–hosted Cu-Au Skarn System at the Big Gossan Underground Mine, Papua, Indonesia–Determining the host rocks using XRD and XRF Analysis.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: New, B. T. (2006). Controls of copper and gold distribution in the Kucing Liar deposit, Ertsberg mining district, West Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Mertig, H. J., Rubin, J. N., & Kyle, J. R. (1994). Skarn Cu Au orebodies of the Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg) district, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 50(1), 179-202.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:509-534
Nukundamite
Formula: Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrargyrite ?
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:509-534; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:509-534; Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).; Setiawan, B., de Jong, G., Soeldjana, A., Aloysius, C., Webb, B., Issel, A., & Lasito, S. Mineralogy and Chemical Characteristics of the Waripi–hosted Cu-Au Skarn System at the Big Gossan Underground Mine, Papua, Indonesia–Determining the host rocks using XRD and XRF Analysis.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: New, B. T. (2006). Controls of copper and gold distribution in the Kucing Liar deposit, Ertsberg mining district, West Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Localities:
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nukundamite2.CA.10Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrargyrite ?2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dozyite (TL)9.EC.60Mg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Nukundamite2.9.15.1Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite ?3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dozyite (TL)71.4.2.1Mg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CelestineSrSO4
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AcanthiteAg2S
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S SulphurS8
S NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S CelestineSrSO4
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb AltaitePbTe
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mertig, H. J., Rubin, J. N., & Kyle, J. R. (1994). Skarn Cu-Au orebodies of the Gunung Bijih (Ertsberg) district, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 50(1), 179-202.
Rubin, J. N., & Kyle, J. R. (1997). Precious metal mineralogy in porphyry-, skarn-, and replacement-type ore deposits of the Ertsberg (Gunung Bijih) District, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 92(5), 535-550.
Prendergast, K. (2003). Porphyry-related hydrothermal systems in the Estberg District, Papua, Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, James Cook University).
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

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