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Mount Rainier National Park, Pierce Co., Washington, USAi
Regional Level Types
Mount Rainier National ParkNational Park
Pierce Co.County
WashingtonState
USACountry

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Locality type:


Mt. Rainier is a stratovolcano that is unique in the United States due to the fact that it is currently covered by an elaborate glacial system. About 75,000 years ago the cone reached its estimated greatest height of about 16,000 ft. (4,900m) built up from hundreds of thin lava flows, breccia deposits, and debris and mud flows. Due to weathering and the erosive effects of the Wisconsin glacial stage (about 15,000 years ago), the height of the cone is now 14,410 ft. (4,392m) high. The 25 named glacial lobes that now radiate from the peak are the remnants of the Wisconsin ice.

A typical eruption of Mt. Rainier would be very similar to that seen at Mt. St. Helens in May of 1980. It would be very explosive with a high plume of smoke, ash, and gasses. Lava flows, pyroclastic flows, and lahars resulting from melting glacial ice would also be prevalent. A review of Mt. Rainier’s eruption history indicates that the most recent significant eruptions occurred during the Summerland Eruptive Period (2,700 to 2,000 years ago). From that time to the present there were minor events including some unconfirmed eyewitness accounts by early pioneers.

NOTE: The geographic coordinates presented for this park were taken from the Mount Rainier West topo map. The USGS GNIS database presents 20 sets of coordinates for the park.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

32 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Habit: hair like crystals
Colour: dark Green
Reference: Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
'Amphibole Supergroup var: '
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Habit: hair like crystals
Colour: dark Green
Reference: Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Habit: crystals to 1/2"
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.48
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.59
'Chabazite'
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.70
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.48
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
'Florencite'
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
'K Feldspar var: '
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.48
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.59
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.48
Silhydrite
Formula: 3SiO2 · H2O
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.70
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.59
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.
Wairakite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Rye, R. O., Breit, G. N., & Zimbelman, D. R. (2003). Preliminary mineralogic and stable isotope studies of altered summit and flank rocks and Osceola Mudflow deposits on Mount Rainier, Washington. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Silhydrite4.FM.303SiO2 · H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Ammoniojarosite7.BC.10(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Wairakite9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Florencite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Scapolite'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammoniojarosite30.2.5.4(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Silhydrite75.2.4.13SiO2 · H2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Wairakite77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Florencite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Silhydrite3SiO2 · H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
NNitrogen
N Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
OOxygen
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O QuartzSiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Silhydrite3SiO2 · H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O TridymiteSiO2
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BaryteBaSO4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
FFluorine
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
NaSodium
Na Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na HaliteNaCl
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Silhydrite3SiO2 · H2O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Tschernich, Rudy W. (1992) Zeolites of the World.
U.S. National Park Service (2005) Mount Rainier National Park, Geologic Resource Evaluation Report.
USGS (2014) Holocene, or Post-Glacial, Eruptions of Mount Rainier.

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