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Mount Erebus, Ross Island, Ross Archipelago, Victoria Land, Eastern Antarctica, Antarcticai
Regional Level Types
Mount ErebusMountain
Ross IslandIsland
Ross ArchipelagoArchipelago
Victoria LandRegion
Eastern AntarcticaRegion
AntarcticaContinent

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
77° 31' 47'' South , 167° 9' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
McMurdo Station1,258 (2012)36.9km


Mount Erebus ( /ˈɛrɪbəs/) is the second-highest volcano in Antarctica (after Mount Sidley) and the southernmost active volcano on Earth. It is the sixth-highest ultra mountain on the continent. With a summit elevation of 3,794 metres (12,448 ft), it is located in the Ross Dependency on Ross Island, which is also home to three inactive volcanoes: Mount Terror, Mount Bird, and Mount Terra Nova.

The volcano has been active since about 1.3 million years ago and is the site of the Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory run by the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.

The volcano was the site of the Air New Zealand Flight 901 accident, which occurred in November 1979. [Wikipedia]

This type of volcanism, of phonolitic composition, is indeed unique for Erebus and the East African Rift Zone (Kilimanjaro).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


36 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Alunogen ?
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Description: When an explosion occurs, the crystals are caught in frothy phonolite bombs, which are tossed out along the crater rim. The bombs' glassy matrix quickly weathers away to leave deep piles of crystals.
Reference: http://tea.rice.edu/jroberts/12.13.1999.html; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291; Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 18
Autunite ?
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
Elpasolite ?
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.; Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 18
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 18
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
Gibbsite ?
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Hieratite ?
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860.; Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'Hydromolysite' ?
Formula: FeCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Philip Raymond Kyle (1976) (doctoral thesis, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand)
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
Katoite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Kenyaite ?
Formula: Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Reference: Museum Victoria (Victoria Australia) Registration Number: M 51899
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Philip Raymond Kyle (1976) (doctoral thesis, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand)
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
Malladrite ?
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Meta-autunite ?
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Montmorillonite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Muscovite ?
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Muscovite var: Illite ?
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Natroalunite ?
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Natrojarosite ?
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Philip Raymond Kyle (1976) (doctoral thesis, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand)
Óskarssonite ?
Formula: AlF3
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 18
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Rosenbergite
Formula: AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Reference: 1. Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, volcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 73, 855-860; 2. Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., Pasero, M. (2004): Italian Type Minerals. Felici, Ed., Pisa, CD-ROM.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 18
Sulphohalite ?
Formula: Na6(SO4)2FCl
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Tamarugite ?
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'
Formula: Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'
Formula: NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Antarcticite3.BB.30CaCl2 · 6H2O
Elpasolite ?3.CB.15K2NaAlF6
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hieratite ?3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Malladrite ?3.CH.05Na2[SiF6]
Rosenbergite3.CD.05AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gibbsite ?4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen ?7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite ?7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Khademite7.DB.10Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Natroalunite ?7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite ?7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Sulphohalite ?7.BD.05Na6(SO4)2FCl
Tamarugite ?7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite ?8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Meta-autunite ?8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Katoite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Kenyaite ?9.HA.10Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Montmorillonite ?9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite ?9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite ?9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hydromolysite' ?-FeCl3 · 6H2O
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'-
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'-Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'-NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Óskarssonite ?-AlF3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)3
Gibbsite ?6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Antarcticite9.2.6.1CaCl2 · 6H2O
AX3
'Hydromolysite' ?9.3.2.1FeCl3 · 6H2O
Rosenbergite9.3.6.1AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX6
Hieratite ?11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Malladrite ?11.5.2.1Na2[SiF6]
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Elpasolite ?11.6.2.1K2NaAlF6
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite ?29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen ?29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Sulphohalite ?30.1.7.1Na6(SO4)2FCl
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Khademite31.9.11.1Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite ?40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-autunite ?40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Katoite51.4.3d.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite ?71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite ?71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite ?71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Kenyaite ?78.7.7.1Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Natroalunite ?-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite ?-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'-
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'-Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'-NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Óskarssonite ?-AlF3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
H Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
H KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HydromolysiteFeCl3 · 6H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
O BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
O Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
O Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
O KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O HydromolysiteFeCl3 · 6H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
F KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F ÓskarssoniteAlF3
F ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
F HieratiteK2[SiF6]
F MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
F SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
NaSodium
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
Na Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Na HaliteNaCl
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Na ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
Na MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
Al Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Al KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al ÓskarssoniteAlF3
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Si HieratiteK2[SiF6]
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
SSulfur
S BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
ClChlorine
Cl AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
Cl Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl HydromolysiteFeCl3 · 6H2O
Cl SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
KPotassium
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K SylviteKCl
K ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6
K HieratiteK2[SiF6]
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe HydromolysiteFeCl3 · 6H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rosenberg, P.E. (1988) Aluminum fluoride hydrates, volcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 73(7-8), 855-860.
Poirot, Ceisha (2002) Volcanic Hazard Assessment of Mount Erebus, Ross Island, Antarctica. Postgraduate Certificate thesis, University of Canterbury.
Kammerer, M.M. (2011) Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Doctoral dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Erebus
Wikidata ID:Q188982

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Antarctic MeteoritesGroup of Meteorite Fall Locations
Antarctic PlateTectonic Plate

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