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Kutam Cu-Zn Deposit, Mintaqah 'Asir, Saudi Arabiai
Regional Level Types
Kutam Cu-Zn DepositDeposit
Mintaqah 'Asir- not defined -
Saudi ArabiaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
17° 35' 55'' North , 43° 34' 10'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


VMS type deposit in the Tathlith-Najran belt, 60 km west of Najran.
Ancient copper mines

Regions containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Arabian Plate (Arabia Plate; Arab Plate)Tectonic Plate
Arabian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Open file report 85-240
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Almandine ?
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211; USGS Open file report 85-240
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211; USGS Open file report 85-240
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211; USGS Open file report 85-240
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211; USGS Open file report 85-240
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211; USGS Open file report 85-240
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211; USGS Open file report 85-240
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine ?9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine ?51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Ripidolite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3309337

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3192622
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Charles W. Smith, R. Ernest Anderson, and M. R. Dehlavi (1976) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Kutam Mine, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia. U. S. Geological Survey Saudi Arabian Project Report 211, 78-519


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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