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Grasberg Mine, Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District), Papua Province, Indonesiai
Regional Level Types
Grasberg MineMine
Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)District
Papua ProvinceProvince
IndonesiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
4° 3' 21'' South , 137° 6' 47'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Age:
3.41 ± 0.03 to 2.59 ± 0.15 Ma
Geologic Time:
Dating method:
Ar-Ar
Reference for age:
Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Grasberg Pit


Gigantic porphyry copper-gold deposit.

Reserves of 1.7 billion tonnes of ores grading at 1.1% Cu and 1.2 g/t Au.

The largest gold mine and the third largest copper mine in the world.

The workings comprise an open-pit mine, an underground mine, and four concentrators. The open-pit mine forms a mile-wide crater.

From approximately 2016 the mine became fully underground.

The geology includes nine ore bodies – the Deep Ore Zone, which is located immediately below the now depleted Intermediate Ore Zone, the underground Grasberg, Kucing Liar, Mill Level Zone, Deep Mill Level Zone, Ertsberg Stockwork Zone, and Big Gossan.

It is owned and operated by Freeport Indonesia (PTFI), a subsidiary of US-based Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX). Rio Tinto has a joint venture with FCX for a 40 percent share of production above specific levels until 2021, and 40 percent of all production after 2021.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


27 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Benjamin Webb; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Penniston-Dorland, S. C. (2001). Illumination of vein quartz textures in a porphyry copper ore deposit using scanned cathodoluminescence: Grasberg Igneous Complex, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. American Mineralogist, 86(5-6), 652-666.; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Benjamin Webb; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Largest gold mine so there must be gold; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Nukundamite
Formula: Cu3.33Fe0.66S4
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nukundamite2.CA.10Cu3.33Fe0.66S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Nukundamite2.9.15.1Cu3.33Fe0.66S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NukundamiteCu3.33Fe0.66S4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S DigeniteCu9S5
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe NukundamiteCu3.33Fe0.66S4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu NukundamiteCu3.33Fe0.66S4
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Van Nort, S.D., Atwood, G.W., Collinson, T.B., Flint, D.C., and Potter, D.R. (1991) Geology and mineralization of the Grasberg porphyry copper-gold deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Mining Engineering, 43(3), 300-303.
Mealey, G.A. (1996) Grasberg. 384 pages. Freeport- McMoRan Copper & Gold Co. ISBN 0 9652890 0 1.
Mathur, R., Ruiz, J., Titley, S., Gibbins, S., and Margotomo, W. (2000) Different crustal sources for Au-rich and Au-poor ores of the Grasberg Cu–Au porphyry deposit. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 183(1), 7-14.
Pollard, P.J. and Taylor, R.G. (2002) Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Pollard, P.J., Taylor, R.G., and Peters, L. (2005) Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Miller, S.D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., and Richards, D. (2006) Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10-year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grasberg_mine

External Links

http://dsm.gsd.spc.int/public/files/meetings/01_Terrestrial_Mining_and_Mineral_Resources_Potential_of_the_Pacific_Islands_Region_Akuila_Tawake.pdf [Akuila Tawake (2012) Mineral Resources Potential and Mining in the Pacific Islands Region - Lessons Learned. Pacific-ACP States Regional Training Workshop on Geological, Technological, Biological and Environmental Aspects of Deep Sea Minerals. Tanoa International Hotel, Nadi Fiji. 13th–17th August 2012]

http://www.riotinto.com/copper-and-diamonds-82.aspx#indonesia

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/grasberg-mine

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Australia
Indonesia
Maoke PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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