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Momotombo volcano, León Department, Nicaraguai
Regional Level Types
Momotombo volcanoVolcano
León DepartmentDepartment
NicaraguaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
12° 25' 26'' North , 86° 32' 28'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
La Paz Centro23,481 (2016)17.3km
Nagarote26,270 (2018)17.8km
Larreynaga7,703 (2012)28.3km
Valle San Francisco2,219 (2006)29.8km
Telica8,776 (2018)36.2km


Unnamed (NH4-As-O-I phase) (likely not a true mineral) crystallized from sublimate gas in a silica tube (Bernard, 1985). Other species from silica-tube experiments (by Quisefit et al. 1989): halite, magnetite, molybdenite, pyrite, silicon?, sulfur, sylvite, sulfosalts of As, Pb and Se.

Regions containing this locality

Caribbean PlateTectonic Plate
Central AmericaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

20 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Sassolite ?
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Quisefit, J.P., Toutain, J.P., Bergametti, G., Javoy, M., Cheynet, B., Person, A. (1989): Evolution versus cooling of gaseous volcanic emissions from Momotombo Volcano, Nicaragua: Thermochemical model and observations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta: 53: 2591-2608
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
'Thallium'
Formula: Tl
Reference: Quisefit, J.P., Toutain, J.P., Bergametti, G., Javoy, M., Cheynet, B., Person, A. (1989): Evolution versus cooling of gaseous volcanic emissions from Momotombo Volcano, Nicaragua: Thermochemical model and observations. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta: 53: 2591-2608; vide in: Zelensky, M., Bortnikova, S. (2005): Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy: 17: 107-118
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 6 - Borates
Sassolite ?6.AA.05H3BO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alpersite7.CB.35(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Thallium'-Tl

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite ?24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Mendozite29.5.4.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Alpersite-(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Thallium'-Tl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SassoliteH3BO3
BBoron
B SassoliteH3BO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TridymiteSiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SassoliteH3BO3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
TlThallium
Tl ThalliumTl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hynek, B.M., McCollom, T.M., Marcucci, E.C., Brugman, K., and Rogers, K.L. (2013) Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Quisefit, J.P., Toutain, J.P., Bergametti, G., Javoy, M., Cheynet, B., and Person, A. (1989) Evolution versus cooling of gaseous volcanic emissions from Momotombo Volcano, Nicaragua: Thermochemical model and observations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53, 2591-2608.
Bernard, A. (1985) Les mécanismes de condensation des gaz volcaniques (chimie, minéralogie et équilibres des phases condensées majeures et mineures). PhD thesis, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 412 p.; vide in: Zelensky, M. and Bortnikova, S. (2005) Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 107-118.

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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