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Knappenwand, Knappenwand area, Neukirchen am Großvenediger, Zell am See District, Salzburg, Austriai
Regional Level Types
KnappenwandCleft (Active)
Knappenwand areaMountain Area
Neukirchen am GroßvenedigerMunicipality
Zell am See DistrictDistrict
SalzburgState
AustriaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 13' 20'' North , 12° 16' 41'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Cleft (Active) - last checked 2020
Deposit first discovered:
1865
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sulzau358 (2018)1.5km
Neukirchen am Großvenediger1,400 (2018)3.1km
Rosenthal683 (2018)3.7km
Wald im Pinzgau373 (2018)4.6km
Weyer136 (2018)5.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Knappenwand (Epidotstollen), Knappenwandgebiet, Untersulzbachtal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Österreich


Clefts in epidote-amphibolites of the so-called Knappenwandmulde series. The well known mineralization with outstanding epidote crystals is restricted to places where these clefts intersect with an aplite vein. The locality owes its discovery in 1865 to prospection works in search of copper ores, which occur at several places both at the Knappenwand and in its vicinity. Rarely, fine bornite crystals occur in association with epidote. The deposit was intermittently worked for epidote until 1956. Later, specimens were recovered during a scientific project guided by staff from the National History Museum of Vienna.
Presently (2007), the site is leased by the Zukunftkollegium Neukirchen and mined for specimens.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Van King
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: Prismatic crystals.
Colour: Dark green, dichroic.
Description: World's best locality for epidote.
Reference: Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; Strasser, A. (1989) Die Minerale Salzburgs.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989; Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
'Manganogel'
Formula: ~MnO2 · nH2O
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
'Siderogel'
Formula: ~FeO(OH) · nH2O
Reference: Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Colour: Light to deep green.
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Manganogel'-~MnO2 · nH2O
'Siderogel'-~FeO(OH) · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Manganogel'-~MnO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
'Siderogel'-~FeO(OH) · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Siderogel~FeO(OH) · nH2O
H Manganogel~MnO2 · nH2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
BeBeryllium
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Siderogel~FeO(OH) · nH2O
O Manganogel~MnO2 · nH2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn Manganogel~MnO2 · nH2O
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Siderogel~FeO(OH) · nH2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Seemann, R. (1986): Famous mineral localities: Knappenwand, Untersulzbachtal (Austria). Mineralogical Record 17(3), 167-181.
Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp.
A. Strasser (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs.
R. Exel (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs.
Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
Koller, F. (2007): Weltfundstelle Knappenwand. Österreichs berühmtestes Mineralvorkommen. Pinzgau, ExtraLapis 32. Christian Weisse Verlag, 62-69
Burgsteiner, E (2002): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand im Untersulzbachtal. Kristallschätze, Mineraliensammler im Oberpinzgau. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 44-53.
Kandutsch, G., Wachtler, M. (2000): Die Epidote der Knappenwand. Die Kristallsucher, Band 2. Christian Weisse Verlag, 120-123.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Austria
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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矿物 and/or 产地  
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