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Star of Fremantle Gold Mine, Northlander Group, Kintore-Kunanalling Goldfield, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 42' 57'' South , 121° 6' 43'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -30.71590,121.11216
GeoHash:G#: qdw17br4v
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate

The Star of Fremantle Gold Mine is about 5 kilometres north of the Rayjax/Melva Maie mines, and about 1 kilometre east of the Coolgardie North Road. A remnant area of battery sands marks the site, and 500 metres of shafts/trenches along a line to the north-west.

William Pearce developed the mine from around 1900, and continued mining here until 1933. A 5 head battery was installed in 1903, and increased to 10 heads the following year. At this time the mine employed 30 men. A cyanide plant had been installed, and the shaft was down to 300 feet. A total of 13 shafts are noted on the lease in 1902, although some were probably shallow prospecting shafts.

From 1901 to 1932, the mine had produced 6000 tonnes of ore at 24.2 g/t for 4676 ounces of gold.

In 1933, the Melbourne based Kunanalling Gold Corporation NL took over the mine, with the intention of processing ore from it and Melva Maie, at the old battery at Star of Fremantle. The company abandoned mining at the two locations in 1935. Some of the plant was transferred to a nearby lease called Blackett's.

In 1941, most of the battery sands were carted away to be cyanided.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

6 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

2500 - 4000 Ma

ID: 751732
ultramafic and minor mafic rocks 74475

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: Tremolite-chlorite-talc amphibolite, metapyroxenite, pyroxenite, peridotite, serpentinite, ultramafic schists, komatiite, high-Mg basalt; also chalcedony, silica, jasper, silcrete, silica cap rock on ultramafic rocks

Comments: igneous ultramafic intrusive; meta-igneous ultramafic volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous ultramafic intrusive; meta-igneous ultramafic volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma

ID: 3190331
Archean sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Yilgarn Craton

Lithology: Felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Western Argus newspaper (Kalgoorlie) (1933), Star of Fremantle and Melva Maie, 25/04/1933
Western Argus newspaper (Kalgoorlie) (1932), Star of Fremantle, 29/11/1932
The Daily News newspaper (Perth) (1904), Kunanalling Mining, 24/02/1904
The Evening Star (Boulder) (1902), In the Star of Fremantle, 17/06/1902
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1941), Kunanalling District, 25/01/1941
Western Mail newspaper (Perth) (1903), The Kunanalling District, 12/12/1903
Western Mail newspaper (Perth) (1904), Operations at Kunanalling. An Inspector's Report, 27/02/1904
Western Argus newspaper (Kalgoorlie) (1935), Kunanalling Gold NL, 19/02/1935
Phoenix Gold Ltd (2010), Prospectus, 20/10/2010 (Wilson, G., Independent Geologist's Report, Zuleika-Kunanalling Project Kalgoorlie Western Australia, 09/09/2010)

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