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Monte Cucco Cave ("La Grotta" Cave), Monte Cucco, Sigillo, Perugia Province, Umbria, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Monte Cucco Cave ("La Grotta" Cave)Cave
Monte CuccoMountain
Sigillo- not defined -
Perugia ProvinceProvince
UmbriaRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 22' 17'' North , 12° 44' 54'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Costacciaro533 (2014)3.2km
Villa Col dei Canali259 (2014)4.5km
Sigillo2,192 (2014)4.5km
Bastia112 (2014)5.6km
Costa San Savino139 (2014)5.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Grotta di Monte Cucco ("La Grotta"), Monte Cucco, Sigillo, Provincia di Perugia, Umbria, Italia


Located in the NE side of Monte Cucco, the cave consists of more than 25 km of large fossil rooms and tunnels developed in Jurassic carbonate rocks.

The main speleothems are formed of carbonate flowstone, microcrystalline gypsum, clay, jarosite, and fluoroapatite. Interesting solid solutions of goyazite-alunite-jarosite, hydroxylapatite-goyazite, and nanocrystals of leucophosphite are common in the fossil middle branches of the cave. Significant baryte deposits are known in this cave. Baryte occurs in association with fluorite; baryte is enriched in Sr, indicating a solid solution between baryte and celestine. In addition, baryte and fluorite deposits exhibit an altered appearance with rusty colours. Fluorite sometimes occurs as perfect cubes with weathered surfaces covered by fluorapatite-hydroxylapatite, gibbsite and/or goethite. Of significant interest for this cave is also the presence of magnetite and the assemblage of titanite-rutile crystals (D'Angeli et al., 2018).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: D’Angeli, M.I., De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Parise, M., Madonia, G., and Vattano, M. (2017) Secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. In: Moore, K., White, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Speleology, Sidney, NSW, Australia, July 22-28, 2017. Australian Speleological Federation Inc., Sideney, Vol.1, 237-241; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: D’Angeli, M.I., De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Parise, M., Madonia, G., and Vattano, M. (2017) Secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. In: Moore, K., White, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Speleology, Sidney, NSW, Australia, July 22-28, 2017. Australian Speleological Federation Inc., Sideney, Vol.1, 237-241; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Galdenzi, S., and Menichetti, M. (1995) Occurrence of hypogenic caves in a karst region: Examples from central Italy. Environmental Geology, 26, 39-47; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
'Clays'
Reference: Galdenzi, S., and Menichetti, M. (1995) Occurrence of hypogenic caves in a karst region: Examples from central Italy. Environmental Geology, 26, 39-47.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Galdenzi, S., and Menichetti, M. (1995) Occurrence of hypogenic caves in a karst region: Examples from central Italy. Environmental Geology, 26, 39-47; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Galdenzi, S., and Menichetti, M. (1995) Occurrence of hypogenic caves in a karst region: Examples from central Italy. Environmental Geology, 26, 39-47; D’Angeli, M.I., De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Parise, M., Madonia, G., and Vattano, M. (2017) Secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. In: Moore, K., White, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Speleology, Sidney, NSW, Australia, July 22-28, 2017. Australian Speleological Federation Inc., Sideney, Vol.1, 237-241; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Galdenzi, S., and Menichetti, M. (1995) Occurrence of hypogenic caves in a karst region: Examples from central Italy. Environmental Geology, 26, 39-47; D’Angeli, M.I., De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Parise, M., Madonia, G., and Vattano, M. (2017) Secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. In: Moore, K., White, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Speleology, Sidney, NSW, Australia, July 22-28, 2017. Australian Speleological Federation Inc., Sideney, Vol.1, 237-241; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clays'-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Clays'-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O RutileTiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O CelestineSrSO4
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
S CelestineSrSO4
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Galdenzi, S., and Menichetti, M. (1995) Occurrence of hypogenic caves in a karst region: Examples from central Italy. Environmental Geology, 26, 39-47.
D’Angeli, M.I., De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Parise, M., Madonia, G., and Vattano, M. (2017) Secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. In: Moore, K., White, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Speleology, Sidney, NSW, Australia, July 22-28, 2017. Australian Speleological Federation Inc., Sideney, Vol.1, 237-241.
D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.


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