SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Roşia Montană (Verespatak; Vöröspatak; Goldbach), Roşia Montanã Commune, Alba, Romaniai
Regional Level Types
Roşia Montană (Verespatak; Vöröspatak; Goldbach)- not defined -
Roşia Montanã CommuneCommune
AlbaCounty
RomaniaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 18' 21'' North , 23° 7' 54'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Roșia Montană1,556 (2013)0.2km
Blideşti3,776 (2016)0.7km
Țarina172 (2013)0.9km
Corna358 (2013)2.0km
Vârtop198 (2013)3.6km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Roşia Montană


Ancient and modern gold mines. A project by open-pit mining (by the Canadian investor Gabriel Resources) was abandoned in around 2007.
Breccia pipe/brecciated dyke, discordant veins in clusters.
Host rock: Dacite.

Alteration: adularization, sericitization, chloritization, argillization, silicification and pyritization.

The ore deposition at the Rosia Montana deposit evolved from an early Au-(Ag) low-sulfidation character to a late Ag-Te-(Ge-Au) intermediate-sulfidation character, and may be correlated with late magmatic pulses (Tamas et al., 2006).

Ancient gold mines on Mt. Kirnik, with well-preserved Roman galleries. The mining has started here about 2000 years ago.

Located about 4 km SW of Rosia Poieni.

No mines actually exist in Roşia Montanã (Verespatak. The Roşia Montană Area has been mined for Gold since the Copper Age (5300 to 1700 BC). During this age mining was entirely alluvial. This form of mining continued into the Bronze Age (3500 to 1200 BC) and then into the Early Iron Age (1200 to 550 BC). Roşia Montană Quartz vein lode Gold mining is speculated, in literature, to have begun in the late Bronze Age using trench/pit techniques. In the Dacian Age (1st Century AD) lode Gold mining began in earnest in Romania. Roşia Montană is the oldest permanent Roman mining settlement in Romania (about 1880 years old) then called “Alburmus Maior.” More accurately, according to Roman Wax Tablets found in the Cătălina Monuleşt gallery in the Coş Mine, the exact founding date was February 6, 131! Numerous major Mines have existed over the ages in the Roşia Montană area. Cârnic, Cetate, Cârnicel, Carpeni, Găuri, Zeus, Coş, Orlea, Ţarina, Piatra Corbului, Igre, Lety, Jig-Văidoaia, and Roşia Poieni (discovered in 1978) are all major Mines within an area less than 5 Km of the village of Roşia Montanã. It is rare to see anything but Roşia Montanã (Verespatak) on any older label. That is the reason why everyone assumes that Roşia Montanã (Verespatak) is a Mine and all specimens labeled Roşia Montanã (Verespatak) come from that Mine. Major corrections are needed for Alba and Hunedoara Counties.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

51 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
Alburnite (TL)
Formula: Ag8GeTe2S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Tămaş, C. G., Grobety, B., Bailly, L., Bernhardt, H. J., & Minuţ, A. (2014). Alburnite, Ag8GeTe2S4, a new mineral species from the Roşia Montana Au-Ag epithermal deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. American Mineralogist, 99(1), 57-64.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: C.Auer (2014)
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Bailly, Laurent; Tamas, Calin-Gabriel; Minut, Adrian (2005): Te-rich argyrodite occurrence in Rosia Montana ore deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 337, 755-762; Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383; Călin G. TĂMAŞ, Béatrice CAUUET, Marguerite MUNOZ (2016): Argyrodite occurrence in Roșia Montană epithermal Au-Ag deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania - EPMA data. Rom. J. Mineral Deposits, 89, 7-12.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Komotauer, S.K. (1983) Mineralarten im Bild: Calcit, Kalkspat, CaCO3. Mineralien-Magazin, 9/1983, 392-400.; al României, I.G. (2003) The 5th Symposium of the Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania, 4-5.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Antonela NEACȘU (2011): Preliminary data on two tin-sulfosalts (canfieldite and pirquitasite) from Roşia Montană. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences, 85, 35-41.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Bailly, Laurent; Tamas, Calin-Gabriel; Minut, Adrian (2005): Te-rich argyrodite occurrence in Rosia Montana ore deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 337, 755-762.
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 923.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.; al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5; Marcoux, E., Grancea, L., Lupulescu, M., & Milési, J. (2002). Lead isotope signatures of epithermal and porphyry-type ore deposits from the Romanian Carpathian Mountains. Mineralium Deposita, 37(2), 173-184.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Jôkokuite
Formula: MnSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
'K Feldspar'
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Habit: Biege common Opal, chalky to botryoidal
Colour: brown to biege
Description: Opal never occurred at Rosia Montana but did occur in Hunedoara County. (Frank Dzubeck Private Communication)
Reference: Woodside Collection
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Pirquitasite
Formula: Ag2ZnSnS4
Reference: Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Antonela NEACȘU (2011): Preliminary data on two tin-sulfosalts (canfieldite and pirquitasite) from Roşia Montană. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences, 85, 35-41.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.; al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.; al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html; Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.; al României, I. G. (2003). The 5 th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp4-5
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Apuseni.html

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Alburnite (TL)2.BA.Ag8GeTe2S4
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Canfieldite2.BA.70Ag8SnS6
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pirquitasite2.CB.15aAg2ZnSnS4
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal ?4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Apjohnite7.CB.85Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Dietrichite7.CB.85(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jôkokuite7.CB.20MnSO4 · 5H2O
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Evansite8.DF.10Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Argyrodite2.5.6.1Ag8GeS6
Canfieldite2.5.6.2Ag8SnS6
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Pirquitasite2.9.2.7Ag2ZnSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Jôkokuite29.6.7.4MnSO4 · 5H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Apjohnite29.7.3.3Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Dietrichite29.7.3.4(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Evansite42.1.2.1Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal ?75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Alburnite (TL)-Ag8GeTe2S4
Cervelleite-Ag4TeS
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
H Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SideriteFeCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
O Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnataseTiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S AlburniteAg8GeTe2S4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S AlabanditeMnS
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CervelleiteAg4TeS
S ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
S Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S CanfielditeAg8SnS6
S PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mn JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
Mn Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Zn PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4
GeGermanium
Ge AlburniteAg8GeTe2S4
Ge ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
AgSilver
Ag AlburniteAg8GeTe2S4
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ag CervelleiteAg4TeS
Ag ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
Ag CanfielditeAg8SnS6
Ag PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4
SnTin
Sn CanfielditeAg8SnS6
Sn PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
TeTellurium
Te AlburniteAg8GeTe2S4
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te CervelleiteAg4TeS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AltaitePbTe

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Miocene : 12.78 ± 0.09 Ma to 12.71 ± 0.13 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Neogene
   Miocene
ⓘ Adularia (youngest age)12.71 ± 0.13 Ma
ⓘ Adularia (oldest age)12.78 ± 0.09 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 923.
Mârza, I., Tămaş, C. G., Ghergari, L. (1997): Low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit from Roşia Montană, Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. St. Cerc. Geol., 42, 3-12.
Tămaş, C. G. (1998): Descriptive breccia types in the Roşia Montană low sulfidation epithermal ore deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Studia Univ. Babeş-Bolyai, Geologia, XLIII(1), 75-88.
Tămaş, C. G., Bailly, L. (1999): Roşia Montană epithermal ore deposit - evidence from fluid inclusion study. Studia Univ. Babeş-Bolyai, Geologia, XLIV(1), 49-56.
Benea, M., Bailly, L., Tămaş, C. G. (2000): New data concerning Mn bearing minerals from Roşia Montană, Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Studia Univ. Babeş-Bolyai, Geologia, XLV(1), 67-77.
Onac, B. P. et al. (2003): STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABEŞ-BOLYAI, GEOLOGIA, XLVIII, 1, 29-44. [http://bioge.ubbcluj.ro/studia/pdf/2003/Onac.pdf]
Kouzmanov, Kalin; von Quadt, Albrecht; Peytcheva, Irena; Harris, Caroline; Heinrich, Christoph A.; Rosu, Emilian; O'Connor, Gary. (2005): Rosia Poieni porphyry Cu-Au and Rosia Montana epithermal Au-Ag deposits, Apuseni Mts., Romania: timing of magmatism and related mineralisation. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 43, 113-117.
Bailly, Laurent; Tamas, Calin-Gabriel; Minut, Adrian (2005): Te-rich argyrodite occurrence in Rosia Montana ore deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 337, 755-762.
Wallier, Stefan; Rey, Roger; Kouzmanov, Kalin; Pettke, Thomas; Heinrich, Christoph A.; Leary, Stephen; O'Connor, Gary; Tamas, Calin G.; Vennemann, Torsten; Ullrich, Thomas (2006): Magmatic fluids in the breccia-hosted epithermal Au-Ag deposit of Rosia Montana, Romania. Economic Geology 101, 923-954.
Tamas, C. G.; Bailly, L.; Ghergari, L.; O'Connor, G.; Minut, A. (2006): New occurrences of tellurides and argyrodite in Rosia Montana, Apuseni mountains, Romania, and their metallogenic significance. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 367-383.
Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Antonela NEACȘU (2011): Preliminary data on two tin-sulfosalts (canfieldite and pirquitasite) from Roşia Montană. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences, 85, 35-41. [http://rjes.igr.ro/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/Popescu-Neacsu-Sn-minerals.pdf]
Călin G. TĂMAŞ, Béatrice CAUUET, Marguerite MUNOZ (2016): Argyrodite occurrence in Roșia Montană epithermal Au-Ag deposit, Apuseni Mountains, Romania - EPMA data. Rom. J. Mineral Deposits, 89, 7-12.

External Links


Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2019年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2019.12.6 11:27:10 Page generated: 2019.12.3 19:27:13
Go to top of page