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Pretoria District (Tshwane District), Gauteng, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Pretoria District (Tshwane District)District
GautengProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Pretoria1,619,438 (2016)
Centurion233,386 (2012)
Mabopane97,417 (2012)
Ga-Rankuwa68,767 (2012)
Ekangala37,650 (2018)
Bronkhorstspruit27,343 (2012)


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

118 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Colour: green
Description: Found as radiating crystal to 10cm in calcite.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2104, South Africa
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral. 18 (2006) 124.; Birtel, S., Kern, M., Höfig, T. W., Krause, J., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Geometallurgical Assessment: Beneficiation of Rare Earth Minerals as a Possible By-Product from the Vergenoeg Fluorite Mine, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 13th Biennial SGA Meeting (mineral resources in a sustainable world), Nancy, France (pp. 1383-1386).
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Description: Slag
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Reference: Horst Windisch (2007) South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Reeks, G. (2012) A History of Silver Mining in the greater Pretoria region, 1885-1999.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).; Seidler, Ned (1964) Gems and jewelry. The Odyssey Press, New York, 44 pages.; Gübelin, E., Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).; Mining Annual Review (1985) 147.; Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2104, South Africa.; Durnez, E. (2008) Antwerpen, zuivere diamant. Het dagelijkse leven in de "Diamond Square Mile". Book&Media Publishing, 156 pp. (in Dutch).; Viljoen, K.S., Harris, J.W., Ivanic, T., Richardson, S.H., Gray, K. (2014) Trace element chemistry of peridotitic garnets in diamonds from the Premier (Cullinan) and Finsch kimberlites, South Africa: Contrasting styles of mantle metasomatism. Lithos, 208, 1-15.; Nestola, Fabrizio, Korolev, Nester, Kopylova, Maya, Rotiroti, Nicola, Pearson, Graham, Pamato, Martha, Alvaro, Matteo, Peruzzo, Luca (2018) First natural CaSiO3 perovskite inclusion within a diamond from Cullinan kimberlite. Abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting, Melbourne, p. 379.; Dana 7: I: 150.; Rocks & Minerals (xxxx) 21, 199; 23, 608.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: - Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.; Viljoen, K. S., Harris, J. W., Ivanic, T., Richardson, S. H., & Gray, K. (2014). Trace element chemistry of peridotitic garnets in diamonds from the Premier (Cullinan) and Finsch kimberlites, South Africa: Contrasting styles of mantle metasomatism. Lithos, 208, 1-15.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Doyleite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Viljoen, K. S., Harris, J. W., Ivanic, T., Richardson, S. H., & Gray, K. (2014). Trace element chemistry of peridotitic garnets in diamonds from the Premier (Cullinan) and Finsch kimberlites, South Africa: Contrasting styles of mantle metasomatism. Lithos, 208, 1-15.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Company web site; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Olivine composition (Fa24) characteristic of L-group ordinary chondrites.
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1923) The Meteoric Iron of Karee Kloof, and the Meteoric Stones of Leeuwfontein and Sinai Peninsula: Mineralogical Magazine 20 (103): 134-139. (Dec 1923).; Mason, B. (1963) Olivine in ordinary chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27(9): 1011-1023. (Sept 1963).; Graham, A. L., Bevan, A. W. R. & Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites (4/e). University of Arizona Press: Tucson.
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Florencite'
Reference: Birtel, S., Kern, M., Höfig, T. W., Krause, J., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Geometallurgical Assessment: Beneficiation of Rare Earth Minerals as a Possible By-Product from the Vergenoeg Fluorite Mine, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 13th Biennial SGA Meeting (mineral resources in a sustainable world), Nancy, France (pp. 1383-1386).
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421; Birtel, S., Kern, M., Höfig, T. W., Krause, J., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Geometallurgical Assessment: Beneficiation of Rare Earth Minerals as a Possible By-Product from the Vergenoeg Fluorite Mine, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 13th Biennial SGA Meeting (mineral resources in a sustainable world), Nancy, France (pp. 1383-1386).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2104, South Africa
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.; Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421; Birtel, S., Kern, M., Höfig, T. W., Krause, J., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Geometallurgical Assessment: Beneficiation of Rare Earth Minerals as a Possible By-Product from the Vergenoeg Fluorite Mine, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 13th Biennial SGA Meeting (mineral resources in a sustainable world), Nancy, France (pp. 1383-1386).
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: D. Canil et al. , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 123 (1994) 205-220; Viljoen, K. S., Harris, J. W., Ivanic, T., Richardson, S. H., & Gray, K. (2014). Trace element chemistry of peridotitic garnets in diamonds from the Premier (Cullinan) and Finsch kimberlites, South Africa: Contrasting styles of mantle metasomatism. Lithos, 208, 1-15.
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: D. Canil et al. , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 123 (1994) 205-220; Viljoen, K. S., Harris, J. W., Ivanic, T., Richardson, S. H., & Gray, K. (2014). Trace element chemistry of peridotitic garnets in diamonds from the Premier (Cullinan) and Finsch kimberlites, South Africa: Contrasting styles of mantle metasomatism. Lithos, 208, 1-15.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: D. Canil et al. , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 123 (1994) 205-220
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Weinert, S. (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society).
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Koechlinite
Formula: Bi2MoO6
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421; Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1923) The Meteoric Iron of Karee Kloof, and the Meteoric Stones of Leeuwfontein and Sinai Peninsula: Mineralogical Magazine 20 (103): 134-139. (Dec 1923).
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Description: Found as small, clear, yellow to colourless prismatic crystals.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 224. ; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Monazite'
Reference: Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral. 18 (2006) 124.; Birtel, S., Kern, M., Höfig, T. W., Krause, J., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Geometallurgical Assessment: Beneficiation of Rare Earth Minerals as a Possible By-Product from the Vergenoeg Fluorite Mine, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 13th Biennial SGA Meeting (mineral resources in a sustainable world), Nancy, France (pp. 1383-1386).
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nitrocalcite
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Abundant Ca-poor orthopyroxene ('hypersthene') a defining characteristic of well-equilibrated ordinary chondrites.
Reference: Graham, A. L., Bevan, A. W. R. & Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites (4/e). University of Arizona Press: Tucson.
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
Description: Slag
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Fabrizio Nestola, Nester Korolev, Maya Kopylova, Nicola Rotiroti, Graham Pearson, Martha Pamato, Matteo Alvaro, Luca Peruzzo (2018) First natural CaSiO3 perovskite inclusion within a diamond from Cullinan kimberlite. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 379
Petersite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2104, South Africa
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Description: Chromian variety.
Reference: D. Canil et al. , Earth and Planetary Science Letters 123 (1994) 205-220
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society)
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Titanomaghemite (TL)
Formula: (Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
Type Locality:
Description: Studied specimen is from this locality.
Reference: American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 153-160; Mineralogical Magazine 53 (1989), 299
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1923) The Meteoric Iron of Karee Kloof, and the Meteoric Stones of Leeuwfontein and Sinai Peninsula: Mineralogical Magazine 20 (103): 134-139. (Dec 1923).; Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral. 18 (2006) 124.; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421; Birtel, S., Kern, M., Höfig, T. W., Krause, J., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Geometallurgical Assessment: Beneficiation of Rare Earth Minerals as a Possible By-Product from the Vergenoeg Fluorite Mine, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 13th Biennial SGA Meeting (mineral resources in a sustainable world), Nancy, France (pp. 1383-1386).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Doyleite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Koechlinite4.DE.15Bi2MoO6
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Titanomaghemite (TL)4.BB.15(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nitrocalcite5.NC.10Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Paracoquimbite7.CB.55Fe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Petersite-(Y)8.DL.15(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Cebollite9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Florencite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Maskelynite'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Doyleite6.3.4.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitrocalcite18.2.2.1Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Petersite-(Y)42.5.2.1(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
A2XO4
Koechlinite48.2.2.1Bi2MoO6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)72.4.1a.1Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cebollite78.1.1.1Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Brianyoungite-Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Florencite'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Maskelynite'-
'Monazite'-
Opal
var: Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
Titanomaghemite (TL)-(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H DoyleiteAl(OH)3
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DiamondC
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C GraphiteC
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
NNitrogen
N NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O Titanomaghemite(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O CoesiteSiO2
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MiniumPb3O4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CupriteCu2O
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KoechliniteBi2MoO6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O DoyleiteAl(OH)3
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al DoyleiteAl(OH)3
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
S BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
TiTitanium
Ti Titanomaghemite(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe Titanomaghemite(Ti4+0.50.5)Fe2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12· 6H2O
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe IronFe
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Zn BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo KoechliniteBi2MoO6
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
CeCerium
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
NdNeodymium
Nd Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi KoechliniteBi2MoO6
Bi MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

Fossils

There are 1 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences21
Youngest Fossil Listed272 Ma (Permian)
Oldest Fossil Listed279 Ma (Permian)
Stratigraphic Units
UnitNo. OccurrencesAge
Middle Ecca - Vryheid21279.3 - 272.3 Ma (Permian)
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Asterotheca
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Marattiales : Asterothecaceae : Asterotheca279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Sphenopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Lyginopteridaceae : Sphenopteris279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Glossopteris
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Rigbyaceae : Glossopteris279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Arberia
genus
Arberia279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Arberiales
order
Plantae : Peltaspermophyta : Arberiopsida : Arberiales279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Protopsyllidiidae
family
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Hemiptera : Protopsyllidiidae279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Thaumatophora pronotalis
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Plecoptera : Thaumatophora : Thaumatophora pronotalis279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Sysciophlebia kovacsae
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Blattodea : Spiloblattinidae : Sysciophlebia : Sysciophlebia kovacsae279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Sphenophyllum
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Sphenophyllaceae : Sphenophyllum279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Annularia
genus
Plantae : Tracheophyta : Polypodiopsida : Equisetales : Calamitaceae : Annularia279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Permobrya mirabilis
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Collembola : Entomobryomorpha : Entomobryidae : Permobrya : Permobrya mirabilis279.3 - 272.3 Ma
Permian
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 1 fossil locality

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Somali PlateTectonic Plate
South Africa

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