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Camel Donga meteorite, Dundas Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 19' South , 126° 37' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -30.31667,126.61667
GeoHash:G#: qfd591p2w
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:Eucrite monomict breccia meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Eucrite-mmict
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Eucrite, monomict
1984 Find, ~25 kg

A two-day trip in July 1985 by Brian Mason and W. H. Cleverly to the site of a January 1984 find resulted in 11 additional stones within a kilometer of each other providing a total recovered mass of 2.92 kilograms. The stones were often covered by black fusion crusts, but weathering is quite evident in these and other subsequently recovered stones. The meteorite is composed almost entirely of pyroxene and plagioclase (~3:2 ratio) as angular grains and in matrix. The matrix which also contains quite minor amounts of iron, troilite, ilmenite, and various silica polymorphs. Gabbroic and doleritic clasts are present as well. Pyroxene is mildly Fe-rich; plagioclase is mostly bytownite; iron (Ni-free) accounts for ~2% of the stone. Small amounts of zircon and baddeleyite are also present. These refractory minerals have been especially helpful in leading to additional refinements in establishing a chronology for Camel Donga's journey from its formation on a large, differentiated meteorite (presumably Vesta) until its eventual landfall. Recent iterations of isotopic studies have suggested that almost all of Camel Donga's constituents were formed ~4.56 billion years ago — and that a particular violent impact event ~3.7 billion years ago may represent the ejection of Camel Donga (and its lithological neighbors…) from the original homeworld. After that event, chance, circumstance, more collisions, and gravity lead to its quite recent final collision with the earth [chronological references below].


Notes [Aug 2008)]: Cleverly et al., (1986) provide an excellent review of both the recovery and the overall mineralgy of Camel. Camel Donga is the 5th most massive of the 802 Eucrites listed on the Meteoritical Society's 'Meteoritical Bulletin Database.' All pieces of the original 1984 eucrite find are referred to simply as (pieces of) Camel Donga. A number of separate finds in the same area have been designated Camel Donga 002 thru Camel Donga 053.


Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 932237
residual sediments and calcrete 72999

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Residual (eluvial) loam, clay, silt, sand with sheet and nodular kankar

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Miocene - Oligocene
5.333 - 33.9 Ma



ID: 3187517
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (5.333 - 33.9 Ma)

Comments: Eucla Basin

Lithology: Sandstone,limestone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Graham, A. L. Editor (1986). Meteoritical Bulletin. Meteoritics 21 (3): 309-313 (Sept 1986).
Cleverly, W. H., Jarosewich, E. & Mason, B. (1986) Camel Donga meteorite - A new eucrite from the Nullarbor Plain, Western Australia: Meteoritics 21 (3); 263-269. ( Sept 1986)
Palme, H., Wlotzka, F. & Spettel, B. (1988) Camel Donga, a Eucrite with High Metal Content: Meteoritics 21(4): 481-482. (Dec 1988)
Michel, T. & Eugster, O. (1994) Primitive xenon in diogenites and plutonium-244-fission xenon ages of a diogenite, a howardite, and eucrites: Meteoritics 29 (5): 593-606. (Sept 1994)
Grady, M. M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Chennaoui Aoudjehane, H. & Jambon, A. (2007) Determination of Silica Polymorphs in Eucrites by Cathodoluminescence: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII. LPI Contribution No. 1338, pdf.#1714. (March 2007)
Zhou, Q. et al. (2013) SIMS Pb-Pb and U-Pb age determination of eucrite zircons at < 5 μm scale and the first 50 Ma of the thermal history of Vesta. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 110, p. 152-175. (June 2013)
Kennedy, T., Jourdan, F., Bevan, A. W. R., Mary Gee, M. A. & Frew, A. (2013) Impact history of the HED parent body(ies) clarified by new 40Ar/39Ar analyses of four HED meteorites and one anomalous basaltic achondrite: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 115: 162-182. (August 2013)
Hsu, W., Wang, L. & Zhang, A. (Sept 2013) SIMS Dating of Eucritic Zircons: 76th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. Published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5022. (Sept 2013)

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