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Enderby Land, Eastern Antarctica, Antarcticai
Regional Level Types
Enderby Land- not defined -
Eastern AntarcticaRegion
AntarcticaContinent

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
67° 30' South , 53° 0' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:


Enderby Land is a projecting landmass of Antarctica. Its shore extends from Shinnan Glacier at about 67°55′S 44°38′E to William Scoresby Bay at 67°24′S 59°34′E, approximately ​1/24 of the earth's longitude. It was first documented in western and eastern literature in February 1831 by John Biscoe aboard the whaling brig Tula, and named after the Enderby Brothers of London, the ship's owners who encouraged their captains to combine exploration with sealing. [Wikipedia]

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

47 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Baba, S., Grew, E. S., Shearer, C. K., & Sheraton, J. W. (2000). Surinamite: A high-temperature metamorphic beryllosilicate from Lewisian sapphirine-bearing kyanite-orthopyroxene-quartz-potassium feldspar gneiss at South Harris, NW Scotland. American Mineralogist, 85(10), 1474-1484.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2003AM/finalprogram/abstract_60995.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Grew, E.S.; Manton, W.I. (1981) Geochronologic studies in East Antarctica: ages of rocks at Reinbolt Hills and Molodezhnaya Station. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 5-6.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Eastonite
Formula: KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
'Ferropseudobrookite'
Formula: Fe2+Ti2O5
Description: Fe(II)0.8 Fe(II)0.4 Ti1.8 O5 inclusions in quartz in gneiss
Reference: Akira MIYAKE, Youhei TORIGOE, and Tomokazu HOKADA (2007) Ferropseudobrookite exsolution in quartz from Napier Complex, East Antarctica. 2007 Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, G4-P02.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2003AM/finalprogram/abstract_60995.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 367-386.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 367-386.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Grew, E.S.; Manton, W.I. (1981) Geochronologic studies in East Antarctica: ages of rocks at Reinbolt Hills and Molodezhnaya Station. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 5-6.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Ellis, D.J., Sheraton, J.W., England, R.N., Dallwitz, W.B. (1980) Osumilite-Sapphirine-Quartz Granulites from Enderby Land Antarctica — Mineral Assemblages and Reactions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 72:2, 122-143.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'K Feldspar'
Khmaralite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Description: See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-45471.html for comment on type locality.
Reference: Grew, E. S. (1981). Surinamite, taafeite and beryllian saphirine from pegmatites in graulite-facies rocks of Casey Bay, Enderby Land, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 66, 1022-1033;Barbier, J., Grew, E.S., Moore, P.B., and Su, S.-C. (1999): Khmaralite, a new beryllium-bearing mineral related to sapphirine: A superstructure resulting from partial ordering of Be, Al and Si on tetrahedral sites. American Mineralogist: 84: 1650-1660.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S
Formula: Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Edward S. Grew Surinamite, taafeite and beryllian saphirine from pegmatites in graulite-facies rocks of Casey Bay, Enderby Land, Antarctica, - Am. Miner., 1981,v.66, p.1022-1033.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Grew, E. S. (1981). Surinamite, taafeite and beryllian saphirine from pegmatites in graulite-facies rocks of Casey Bay, Enderby Land, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 66, 1022-1033
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Reference: Ellis, D.J., Sheraton, J.W., England, R.N., Dallwitz, W.B. (1980) Osumilite-Sapphirine-Quartz Granulites from Enderby Land Antarctica — Mineral Assemblages and Reactions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 72:2, 122-143. Grew, E.S. (1982) Osumilite in the sapphirine-quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica: implications for osumilite petrogenesis in the granulite facies. American Mineralogist, 67 (7-8), 762-787.
'Osumilite Group'
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Grew, E. (1982): Osumilite in the Sapphirine-Quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica:…., American Mineralogist, Vol. 67, pp. 762-787
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Surinamite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Sheraton, J. W., & England, R. N. (1980). Highly potassic mafic dykes from Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 27(1-2), 129-135.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Grew, E. S. (2000). Beryllium in Granulite-Facies Pegmatites in Archean Napier Complex, Antarctica.
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
'Xenotime'
Reference: e, including sapphirine-bearing metapelites, quartzofeldspathic gneisses and ultramafic rocks. In addition, I collected samples of intrusive rocks, including lamproite, late Archean pegmatites containing orthopyroxene, sillimanite, wagnerite, (Mg,Fe)2PO4(F,OH), and a distinctive suite of beryllium minerals, and of Early Paleozoic pegmatites containing beryl, tourmaline, dumortierite, kyanite and muscovite.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S4.FC.25Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Eastonite9.EC.20KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Khmaralite (TL)9.DH.50(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Osumilite9.CM.05(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Surinamite9.DH.55(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferropseudobrookite'-Fe2+Ti2O5
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Osumilite Group'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S7.2.12.1Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Osumilite63.2.1a.6(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Surinamite69.2.1b.2(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Eastonite-KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferropseudobrookite'-Fe2+Ti2O5
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
Khmaralite (TL)-(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Osumilite Group'-
Osumilite-(Mg)-KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
'Pyroxene Group'-
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
BeBeryllium
Be Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Be Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
O Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
O Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O RutileTiO2
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O FerropseudobrookiteFe2+Ti2O5
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FFluorine
F Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Mg Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Mg Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Al Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Al Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si Khmaralite(Mg,Al,Fe)16[(Al,Si,Be)12O36]O4
Si Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
K Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti FerropseudobrookiteFe2+Ti2O5
Ti Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
FeIron
Fe Surinamite(Mg,Fe)3Al4BeSi3O16
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe FerropseudobrookiteFe2+Ti2O5
Fe Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Early Ordovician : 482 ± 3 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Ordovician
   Early Ordovician
ⓘ K Feldspar482 ± 3 MaPriestley Peak, Amundsen Bay, Tula Mts, Napier Complex, Enderby Land, Eastern Antarctica, Antarctica

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ellis, D.J., Sheraton, J.W., England, R.N., Dallwitz, W.B. (1980) Osumilite-Sapphirine-Quartz Granulites from Enderby Land Antarctica — Mineral Assemblages and Reactions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 72(2), 122-143.
Grew, E.S. (1982) Osumilite in the sapphirine-quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica: implications for osumilite petrogenesis in the granulite facies. American Mineralogist, 67(7-8), 762-787.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enderby_Land
Wikidata ID:Q1340442

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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