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Assarel Mine (Asarel Mine), Panagyurishte, Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina, Pazardzhik Province, Bulgariai
Regional Level Types
Assarel Mine (Asarel Mine)Mine
Panagyurishte- not defined -
Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina- not defined -
Pazardzhik ProvinceOblast
BulgariaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 32' 48'' North , 24° 8' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Panagyurishte19,389 (2017)7.3km
Chavdar1,398 (2012)13.4km
Strelcha4,545 (2012)15.7km
Pirdop8,136 (2012)17.4km
Chelopech1,760 (2012)17.5km


Porphyry copper deposit.
Mined since 1989.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


70 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.; Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.; Popov, P., Strashimirov, S., Popov, K., Kanazirski, M., Bogdanov, K., Radichev, R., Dimovski, S., Stoykov, S. (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp. 192-227.; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.; Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu102)Te4S12S
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002) Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.; Popov, P., Strashimirov, S., Popov, K., Kanazirski, M., Bogdanov, K., Radichev, R., Dimovski, S., Stoykov, S. (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227. ; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.; Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Sorosite
Formula: Cu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.; Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.
Woodhouseite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.; Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Petko Popov, Strashimir Strashimirov, Kamen Popov, Milko Kanazirski, Kamen Bogdanov, Radi Radichev, Stefan Dimovski, Stanislav Stoykov (2012) Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagurishte Ore Region. pp192-227
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sorosite1.AC.15Cu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aguilarite2.BA.55Ag4SeS
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Goldfieldite2.GB.05(Cu102)Te4S12S
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Woodhouseite8.BL.05CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Aguilarite2.4.1.3Ag4SeS
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Empressite2.8.25.AgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Nagyágite2.11.10.1[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Sulvanite3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
3 <ø < 4
Goldfieldite3.3.6.6(Cu102)Te4S12S
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Woodhouseite43.4.1.8CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Sorosite-Cu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
PPhosphorus
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S SulvaniteCu3VS4
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AguilariteAg4SeS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
S GreenockiteCdS
ClChlorine
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
V SulvaniteCu3VS4
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
CoCobalt
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
NiNickel
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
CuCopper
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu SulvaniteCu3VS4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu SorositeCu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
SeSelenium
Se AguilariteAg4SeS
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
Se ClausthalitePbSe
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag AguilariteAg4SeS
Ag EmpressiteAgTe
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SnTin
Sn SorositeCu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Sb SorositeCu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
TeTellurium
Te Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Te EmpressiteAgTe
Te Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
BiBismuth
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Cretaceous : 91.92 Ma to 90.95 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)90.95 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)91.92 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Angelkov, K. and Parvanov, B. (1980) The Assarel porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. Pp. 59-62 in Janković, S. & Sillitoe, R. H. (Eds.) (1980) European copper deposits. Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits (SGA) - Special publication no. 1, Department of Economic Geology, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade, 303 pp.
Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002) Porphyry-copper mineralisation in the central Srednogorie zone, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.
Peytcheva, I., Von Quadt, A., Heinrich, C.A., Nedialkov, R., Neubauer, F. & Moritz, R. (2007) The Medet and Assarel Cu-porphyry deposits in Central Srednogorie, SE Europe: were they a common magmatic and hydrothermal system? In: Andrews, C. et al.: Proceedings of the Ninth Biennal Meeting of the Society for Geology applied to Mineral Deposits Dublin, Ireland 20th-23rd August 2007, 881-884.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Hikov, A., Lerouge, C., Velinova, N. (2010): Geochemistry of alunite group minerals in advanced argillic altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Sredno¬gorie. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 71, 133-148.
Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Hikov, A. (2013): Geochemistry of hydrothermally altered rocks from the Asarel porphyry copper deposit, Central Srednogorie. Geologica Balcanica 42, 3-28.
Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.

External Links



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