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Barreiro, Araxá, Minas Gerais, Brazili
Regional Level Types
Barreiro- not defined -
AraxáMunicipality
Minas GeraisState
BrazilCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
19° 37' 59'' South , 46° 55' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Araxá82,595 (2017)4.5km
Ibiá18,428 (2012)44.8km


Weathered, circular carbonatite complex, consisting of three separate deposits hosted in beforsite, glimmerite, sövite, and some pyroxenite. With a diameter of 4.5 km, the Barreiro complex is the world's largest niobium deposit. Ore reserves were estimated in the early 1980s at more than 450 million tonnes of Nb ore (2.5% Nb2O5, 4.4% REO), and about 0.8 million tonnes of laterite ore (13.5% REO, 2% Nb2O5, 0.05% U3O8).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

58 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
'Ancylite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Gomide, C. S. (2015). Geoquímica e química mineral de carbonatitos e isótopos estáveis em carbonatitos da província ígnea do alto Paranaíba. PhD thesis University of Brasilia
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Nascimento, M., Lemos, F., Guimarães, R., Sousa, C., & Soares, P. (2019). Modeling of REE and Fe Extraction from a Concentrate from Araxá (Brazil). Minerals, 9(7), 451.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Cobaltite ?
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Need to be checked if it can be assigned to eckermannite according to the redefinition by IMA (IMA2013-136).
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Nascimento, M., Lemos, F., Guimarães, R., Sousa, C., & Soares, P. (2019). Modeling of REE and Fe Extraction from a Concentrate from Araxá (Brazil). Minerals, 9(7), 451.
Huanghoite-(Ce)
Formula: BaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Hydroxykenopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
Type Locality:
Reference: Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Matsubara, S., Sano, T., Shigeoka, M. and Horiuchi, H. (2017) Hydroxykenopyrochlore, IMA 2017-030a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1285; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Isokite
Formula: CaMg(PO4)F
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Nascimento, M., Lemos, F., Guimarães, R., Sousa, C., & Soares, P. (2019). Modeling of REE and Fe Extraction from a Concentrate from Araxá (Brazil). Minerals, 9(7), 451.
Kimzeyite
Formula: Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
'Monazite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Gomide, C. S. (2015). Geoquímica e química mineral de carbonatitos e isótopos estáveis em carbonatitos da província ígnea do alto Paranaíba. PhD thesis University of Brasilia
'Parisite'
Reference: Gomide, C. S. (2015). Geoquímica e química mineral de carbonatitos e isótopos estáveis em carbonatitos da província ígnea do alto Paranaíba. PhD thesis University of Brasilia
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite ?2.EB.25CoAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Calzirtite4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Huanghoite-(Ce)5.BD.35BaCe(CO3)2F
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Olekminskite5.AB.40Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Isokite8.BH.10CaMg(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Eckermannite ?9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kimzeyite9.AD.25Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Nenadkevichite9.CE.30a(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tainiolite9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hydroxykenopyrochlore (TL)-(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Parisite'-
'Pyrochlore'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite ?2.12.3.1CoAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.5A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Miscellaneous
Calzirtite8.7.4.1CaZr3TiO9
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Norsethite14.2.2.1BaMg(CO3)2
Olekminskite14.2.2.3Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Huanghoite-(Ce)16a.1.4.1BaCe(CO3)2F
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Isokite41.5.6.2CaMg(PO4)F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Kimzeyite51.4.3c.2Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Nenadkevichite60.1.3.1(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Eckermannite ?66.1.3c.6NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tainiolite71.2.2b.9KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hydroxykenopyrochlore (TL)-(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
var: Breunnerite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
'Monazite'-
'Parisite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Tetraferriphlogopite-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hydroxykenopyrochlore(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
LiLithium
Li TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
C OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Hydroxykenopyrochlore(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O RutileTiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
O NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
O TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
O Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BismiteBi2O3
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
O OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
FFluorine
F Hydroxykenopyrochlore(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
F TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
F TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
F Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Na EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Mg NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Mg TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Si TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Si KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S MilleriteNiS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CobaltiteCoAsS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
K TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ca OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti Hydroxykenopyrochlore(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
FeIron
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
SrStrontium
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Zr KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
NbNiobium
Nb Hydroxykenopyrochlore(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
BaBarium
Ba Hydroxykenopyrochlore(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ba NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
Ba OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
CeCerium
Ce Hydroxykenopyrochlore(□,Ce,Ba)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ce Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismiteBi2O3
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Cretaceous : 91.6 Ma to 82.8 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Biotite (youngest age)82.8 Ma
ⓘ Biotite (oldest age)91.6 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
Nasraoui, M. and Waerenborgh, J.C. (2001): Fe speciation in weathered pyrochlore-group minerals from the Lueshe and Araxá (Barreiro) carbonatites by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. Canadian Mineralogist 39, 1073-1080.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences. USGS Open-File Report 02-189.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

South AmericaContinent
South America PlateTectonic Plate

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