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Brandsnuten manganese deposit, Botnedal, Tokke, Telemark, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Brandsnuten manganese depositDeposit
Botnedal- not defined -
TokkeMunicipality
TelemarkCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 59° 30' 1'' North , 7° 39' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 59.50028,7.65139
GeoHash:G#: u4t6qpew4
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hovden265 (2017)17.9km
Dalen801 (2014)20.9km
Bykle223 (2016)23.2km
Fyresdal359 (2014)43.2km


A synsedimentary deposit related to volcanic exhalations. It is embedded in a metasandstone (arkosic) belonging to the Telemark suite.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: Occure in solid-solution series with either spessartine (spandite) or grossular.
Reference: Wel,D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo (pp. 101-104)
'Apatite'
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Bannisterite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Description: Brown, flaky aggregates up to a few cm across = a mixture of bannisterite and caryopilite
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
'Biotite'
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite'
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Description: The main ore at Brandsnuten deposit.
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Habit: aggregates with cleavage
Colour: greyish
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Description: Brown, flaky aggregates up to a few cm across = a mixture of bannisterite and caryopilite
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86; Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Copper
Formula: Cu
Habit: grain
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: Occure as a manganese-rich variety, in solid-solution with andradite.
Reference: Wel,D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo( pp. 101-104)
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Description: Only found in a part of the ore without quartz and feldspar, often intimately intergrown with jacobsite as fine lamellaes.
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Occure in small amounts in massive Mn-ore (dominated by braunite). In rare cases it's the dominant ore.
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Colour: pale brown
Description: alteration of rhodonite
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Långbanite
Formula: Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Habit: Strongly shiny black grains
Description: included in rhodonite
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
'Manganepidote'
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. & Van der Wel, D. (1981): Mineral-, stein-, og ertsforekomster innen kartblad Sauda (1:250 000). Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 366, 58p
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Colour: brownish black to yellow green
Description: alteration product of garnet
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Westerveld (1961, p. 218); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 74
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Wel,D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo. (p. 86)
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Description: Found in mineral separation fraction from the rhodonite-spessartine-braunite zone
Reference: Wel,D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo.( p. 85)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Wel,D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo.(p. 86)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Habit: up to 3mm euhedral crystals
Colour: yellow to deep brownish-orange
Description: Spessartine is the most common garnet. A variety "spandite" (spessartine-andradite with nearly 50% of each) do also occure.
Reference: Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Description: Van Der Wel (1974) reported only a few grains in the ore, later A.O. Larsen found masses to 2kg. It's a quite pure tephroite (Tph96Fa3Fo1).
Reference: Wel,D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo. ( p. 123)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Bannisterite9.EG.75(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Långbanite9.AG.10Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'var: Manganophyllite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Manganepidote'-
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
Miscellaneous
Långbanite44.3.4.1Mn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Bannisterite74.1.1.4(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'var: Manganophyllite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Manganepidote'-
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O LångbaniteMn42+Mn93+Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si LångbaniteMn42+Mn93+Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn LångbaniteMn42+Mn93+Sb5+O16(SiO4)2
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
FeIron
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
SbAntimony
Sb LångbaniteMn42+Mn93+Sb5+O16(SiO4)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3146472
Proterozoic III granite

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3186372
Proterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
Wel, D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo.
Nordrum, F.S. & Van der Wel, D. (1981): Mineral-, stein-, og ertsforekomster innen kartblad Sauda (1:250 000). Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 366, 58p
Wel, D. van der (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganese Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 15, 74-86.

External Links



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