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Mogok Township, Pyin-Oo-Lwin District, Mandalay Region, Myanmari
Regional Level Types
Mogok TownshipTownship
Pyin-Oo-Lwin DistrictDistrict
Mandalay RegionRegion
MyanmarCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Mogok90,843 (2016)
Other Languages:
Burmese:
မိုးကုတ် မြို့နယ်, ပြင်‌ဦးလွင်‌ခရိုင်, မန္တလေးတိုင်းဒေသကြီး, မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ


Mogok (city at 1170 m a.s.l.) - and other villages nearby - has been famous for its gemstones since ancient times. The gems (ruby, sapphire, spinel, and many others) are found in alluvial marble gravels which derive from weathering of the metamorphosed limestones (marbles) of the Mogok metamorphic belt. In underground mines, ruby and sapphire are also extracted mechanically from their marble host rock.

Apart from gem-bearing gravel deposits, the Mogok area is also famous for pegmatites containing topaz, tourmaline, and rare boron minerals.

NOTE: Many specimens (e.g., mushroom tourmalines) labeled "Mogok" actually come from Momeik Township in adjacent Shan State.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

121 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Aegirine var: Titanian Aegirine
Formula: Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: AmMin 89:610–613 (2004)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Malsy, A.-K., Klemm, L. (2010): Distinction of gem spinels from the Himalayan Mountain Belt. Chimia 64, 741-746. ; Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Soonthorntantikul, W., Vertriest, W., Raynaud-Flattot, V.L., Sangsawong, S., Atikarnsakul, U., Khowpong, Ch., Weeramonkhonlert, V. and Pardieu, V. (2017) An in-depth gemological study of blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine (Mogok, Myanmar). Gemmological Institute of America Report, 87 pp. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/Gemological-Study-Blue-Sapphires-Baw-Mar-Mine-Mogok-Myanmar-GIA.pdf]
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Malsy, A.-K., Klemm, L. (2010): Distinction of gem spinels from the Himalayan Mountain Belt. Chimia 64, 741-746. ; Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
'Chabazite'
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Chlorite Group'
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl var: Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
'Chrysoprase'
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cordierite var: Iolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 125 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 111 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 104 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Star Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Star Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Darrellhenryite ?
Formula: Na(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
Description: Possibly from Momeik, but no further locality info given in paper.
Reference: Sugiyama, K., Arima H., Konno, H., Kawamata, T. (2016): Distribution of Mn in pink elbaitic tourmaline from Mogok, Myanmar. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 111, 1-8.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Soonthorntantikul, W., Vertriest, W., Raynaud-Flattot, V.L., Sangsawong, S., Atikarnsakul, U., Khowpong, Ch., Weeramonkhonlert, V. and Pardieu, V. (2017) An in-depth gemological study of blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine (Mogok, Myanmar). Gemmological Institute of America Report, 87 pp. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/Gemological-Study-Blue-Sapphires-Baw-Mar-Mine-Mogok-Myanmar-GIA.pdf]
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Elbaite var: Chromian Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: No reference listed
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
'Feldspar Group'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger material
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: various added photos
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Franz Neuhold & Gerald Giester (SXRD- and EDS-analysis); Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Soonthorntantikul, W., Vertriest, W., Raynaud-Flattot, V.L., Sangsawong, S., Atikarnsakul, U., Khowpong, Ch., Weeramonkhonlert, V. and Pardieu, V. (2017) An in-depth gemological study of blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine (Mogok, Myanmar). Gemmological Institute of America Report, 87 pp. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/Gemological-Study-Blue-Sapphires-Baw-Mar-Mine-Mogok-Myanmar-GIA.pdf]
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Kyaw Khaing Win data
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Reference: Peretti, A., Peretti, F., Tun, N.L., Günther, D., Hametner. K., Bieri, W., Reusser, E., Kadiyski, M., Armbruster, T. (2007): Gem quality johachidolite: occurrence, chemical composition and crystal structure. Contrib. Gemol., 2007 (5), 1-53.
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Reference: Harlow, G.E. & Hawthorne, F.C. (2008): Herderite from Mogok, Myanmar, and comparison with hydroxyl-herderite from Ehrenfriedersdorf, Germany. American Mineralogist, 93, 1545-1549.
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Humite Group'
Reference: Dan Weinrich photo
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Johachidolite
Formula: CaAlB3O7
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Nobuaki Fukuchi and Hiroharu Mastueda (2009): Johachidolite from Mogok, Myanmar. 2009 Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, Abstracts Volume, Abs. R4-P10, p. 118.
Johnkoivulaite (TL)
Formula: Cs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
Reference: Palke, A.C., Henling, L.M., Ma, C., Rossman, G.R., Sun, Z., Renfro, N., Thu, K., Myo, N., Wongrawang, P. Weeramonkhonlert, V. (2019) Johnkoivulaite, IMA 2019-046. CNMNC Newsletter No. 51; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31(4). https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2894
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimen
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Soonthorntantikul, W., Vertriest, W., Raynaud-Flattot, V.L., Sangsawong, S., Atikarnsakul, U., Khowpong, Ch., Weeramonkhonlert, V. and Pardieu, V. (2017) An in-depth gemological study of blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine (Mogok, Myanmar). Gemmological Institute of America Report, 87 pp. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/Gemological-Study-Blue-Sapphires-Baw-Mar-Mine-Mogok-Myanmar-GIA.pdf]
'K Feldspar'
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyawthuite (TL)
Formula: Bi3+Sb5+O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Rosman, G.R., Ma, C. (2016): Kyawthuite, Bi3+Sb5+O4, a new gem mineral from Mogok, Burma (Myanmar). Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 477-484
Lazurite
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
'Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S2'
Formula: Mg3BeAl8O16
Reference: Malcherek, T. & Schlüter, J. (2016): Crystal structure of Cr-bearing Mg3BeAl8O16, a new polytype of magnesiotaaffeite-2N′2S. Acta Crystallographica, E72, 1060-1063.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
'Moonstone'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Description: Specimens labelled "Norbergite" coming from Oakssaung Hill has showed by analysis to be chondrodite or clinohumite. See messageboard at http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-227088.html
Reference: Moore, T. (2004): What's New in Minerals. Denver Show 2003. Mineralogical Record. 35 (2), 151-156
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Oxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: Ca2Nb2O6O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
Oxycalciopyrochlore var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
Painite (TL)
Formula: CaZrAl9(BO3)O15
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1957) 31, 420-425; Amer.Min.(1976) 61, 88-94
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: No reference listed
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Poudretteite
Formula: KNa2B3Si12O30
Colour: colourless, light pink
Fluorescence: no
Description: Gem quality cut stone, allegedly from Mogok, featured in travel article, but there is no firm evidence it really originated there. 10/2009: According to information of different gem dealers the material was initially analysed by the AIGS- and GIT-labs in Bangkok on RI and SG. Fragments were now investigated in Vienna with EDS and by single crystal diffractometry and found to be Poudretteite.
Reference: Gems & Gemology, Spring 2003: 24-31.; SXRD and EDS-analysed, Franz Neuhold, Vienna
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: The internet reference has no data and appears to be referencing a small percentage of "pyrope" in a chemical analyses in light of the other garnets also reported.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: various added photos
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sadanagaite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Description: Chemical composition: (Na0.82 K0.17) (Ca1.95 Na0.05) (Mg3.36 Fe2+0.23 Al1.20 Cr3+0.07 Ti4+0.16) (Si5.47 Al2.53) O22 [(OH)1.58 F0.42] Analysed specimen originates from Dattaw mine.
Reference: Frank C. Hawthorne, George E. Harlow (2008): THE CRYSTAL CHEMISTRY OF Al-RICH AMPHIBOLES: SADANAGAITE AND POTASSIC-FERRISADANAGAITE, The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 46, pp. 151-162
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Reference: Rob Lavinsky collection; Greg Dainty collection
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sillimanite var: Fibrolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
'Sodalite Group'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 99 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Srilankite
Formula: ZrTi2O6
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Sulphur
Formula: S8
'Taaffeite Group'
Reference: Nina Daneu, Aleksander Rečnik, Takashi Yamazaki, Tadej Dolenec (2007) Structure and chemistry of (111) twin boundaries in MgAl2O4 spinel crystals from Mogok. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34: 233-247
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Tellurite
Formula: TeO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
'Thorianite-Uraninite Series'
Formula: ThO2 - UO2
Reference: Peretti, A., Peretti, F., Tun, N.L., Günther, D., Hametner. K., Bieri, W., Reusser, E., Kadiyski, M., Armbruster, T. (2007): Gem quality johachidolite: occurrence, chemical composition and crystal structure. Contrib. Gemol., 2007 (5), 1-53.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Sieghard Ellenberger data
'Unnamed (Al-Th Oxide)'
Formula: Al2Th3O9
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
'Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)'
Formula: (Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: [MinRec 25:61, 25:301]
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: No reference listed
Wadeite
Formula: K2Zr(Si3O9)
Description: Yellow-green centimetric grains from alluvial ruby occurrence.
Reference: Lapis 42 (3) (2017) p. 10 ['Steckbrief Wadeit']
'White mica'
Reference: Peretti, A., Peretti, F., Tun, N.L., Günther, D., Hametner. K., Bieri, W., Reusser, E., Kadiyski, M., Armbruster, T. (2007): Gem quality johachidolite: occurrence, chemical composition and crystal structure. Contrib. Gemol., 2007 (5), 1-53.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Guillong, M., Franz, L., Berger, A., Wang, H.A.O., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2018): A geochronological study of zircon and zirconolite observed in ruby and spinel gemstones and in marble host rock from Mogok, Myanmar. 16th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, Bern, Switzerland. SGM 2018 Abstract Book, 122-123. [https://geoscience-meeting.ch/sgm2018/wp-content/uploads/SGM_2018_Symposium_02.pdf]
'Zirconolite-3T'
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Alexandrite4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S4.00.[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S4.FC.25Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Ishkulite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Srilankite4.DB.25ZrTi2O6
Tellurite4.DE.20TeO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Jeremejevite6.AB.15Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Johachidolite6.CC.05CaAlB3O7
Painite (TL)6.AB.85CaZrAl9(BO3)O15
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Herderite8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
var: Titanian Aegirine9.DA.25Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
var: Iolite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Darrellhenryite ?9.CK.Na(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ekanite9.EA.10Ca2ThSi8O20
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Chromian Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Fluoro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Foitite9.CK.05(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
var: Peridot9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Lazurite9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Norbergite ?9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Poudretteite9.CM.05KNa2B3Si12O30
Pyrope ?9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Sadanagaite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Serendibite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
var: Fibrolite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wadeite9.CA.10K2Zr(Si3O9)
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysoprase'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
Johnkoivulaite (TL)-Cs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
Kyawthuite (TL)-Bi3+Sb5+O4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S2'-Mg3BeAl8O16
'Mica Group'-
'Moonstone'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Oxycalciopyrochlore-Ca2Nb2O6O
var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
'Scapolite'-
'Sodalite Group'-
'Taaffeite Group'-
'Thorianite-Uraninite Series'-ThO2 - UO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Al-Th Oxide)'-Al2Th3O9
'Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)'-(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
'White mica'-
'Zirconolite-3T'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Srilankite4.4.13.2ZrTi2O6
Tellurite4.4.6.1TeO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S7.2.11.1Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
(AB)2X3
Painite (TL)7.5.2.1CaZrAl9(BO3)O15
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Pyroaurite16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
Miscellaneous
Johachidolite24.5.3.1CaAlB3O7
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Miscellaneous
Jeremejevite25.8.1.1Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Herderite41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope ?51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Norbergite ?52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Wadeite59.1.1.4K2Zr(Si3O9)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Foitite61.3.1.1(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Poudretteite63.2.1a.8KNa2B3Si12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Serendibite69.2.1a.6Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Ekanite72.1.1.1Ca2ThSi8O20
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Lazurite76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aegirine
var: Titanian Aegirine
-Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Chrysoberyl
var: Alexandrite
-BeAl2O4
'Chrysoprase'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
Cordierite
var: Iolite
-(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
var: Star Ruby-Al2O3
var: Star Sapphire-Al2O3
Darrellhenryite ?-Na(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
Elbaite
var: Chromian Elbaite
-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S-[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Fluoro-edenite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite
var: Peridot
-Mg2SiO4
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
Johnkoivulaite (TL)-Cs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyawthuite (TL)-Bi3+Sb5+O4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S2'-Mg3BeAl8O16
Magnetite
var: Ishkulite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Moonstone'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Oxycalciopyrochlore-Ca2Nb2O6O
var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Sadanagaite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
Sillimanite
var: Fibrolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
'Sodalite Group'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Taaffeite Group'-
'Thorianite-Uraninite Series'-ThO2 - UO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Al-Th Oxide)'-Al2Th3O9
'Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)'-(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
'White mica'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Hafnian Zircon
-(Zr,Hf)SiO4
'Zirconolite-3T'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
H Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
H Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Oxycalciopyrochlore (var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore)(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
H JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
H Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
H NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
BeBeryllium
Be JohnkoivulaiteCs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S2Mg3BeAl8O16
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
BBoron
B PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15
B JohnkoivulaiteCs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
B PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B JohachidoliteCaAlB3O7
B SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15
O KyawthuiteBi3+Sb5+O4
O JohnkoivulaiteCs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
O Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O JohachidoliteCaAlB3O7
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
O Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
O HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Unnamed (Al-Th Oxide)Al2Th3O9
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
O BismiteBi2O3
O TelluriteTeO2
O Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Aegirine (var: Titanian Aegirine)Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
O Oxycalciopyrochlore (var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore)(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
O LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O Corundum (var: Star Ruby)Al2O3
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Corundum (var: Star Sapphire)Al2O3
O Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Sillimanite (var: Fibrolite)Al2(SiO4)O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O AnataseTiO2
O SrilankiteZrTi2O6
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O UraniniteUO2
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S2Mg3BeAl8O16
O WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O Magnetite (var: Ishkulite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O PericlaseMgO
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
FFluorine
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
F Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
Na JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Na HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Na Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Aegirine (var: Titanian Aegirine)Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Na Oxycalciopyrochlore (var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore)(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
Na LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Na Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
MgMagnesium
Mg JohnkoivulaiteCs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
Mg Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Mg Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Mg Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S2Mg3BeAl8O16
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al JohachidoliteCaAlB3O7
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Al Unnamed (Al-Th Oxide)Al2Th3O9
Al Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Al Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Al LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Al HiboniteCaAl12O19
Al Corundum (var: Star Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Star Sapphire)Al2O3
Al Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Sillimanite (var: Fibrolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S2Mg3BeAl8O16
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al BöhmiteAlO(OH)
Al DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si JohnkoivulaiteCs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
Si Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Si Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Si HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Aegirine (var: Titanian Aegirine)Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Si LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Sillimanite (var: Fibrolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
S Joséite-ABi4TeS2
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SulphurS8
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca JohachidoliteCaAlB3O7
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ca Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ca Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
Ca Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Ca EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca Oxycalciopyrochlore (var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore)(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
Ca LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Ca HiboniteCaAl12O19
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Ti Aegirine (var: Titanian Aegirine)Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Ti Oxycalciopyrochlore (var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore)(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti SrilankiteZrTi2O6
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
CrChromium
Cr Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Cr Magnetite (var: Ishkulite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe Foitite(□,Na)(Fe22+Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Aegirine (var: Titanian Aegirine)Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Fe Cordierite (var: Iolite)(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Magnetite (var: Ishkulite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Fe PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
ZnZinc
Zn Ferrohögbomite-2N2S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
YYttrium
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Zr Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr SrilankiteZrTi2O6
Zr WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Oxycalciopyrochlore (var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore)(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb KyawthuiteBi3+Sb5+O4
TeTellurium
Te Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Te TelluriteTeO2
CsCaesium
Cs JohnkoivulaiteCs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
CeCerium
Ce Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
NdNeodymium
Nd Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
SmSamarium
Sm Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
GdGadolinium
Gd Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
DyDysprosium
Dy Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
HfHafnium
Hf Zircon (var: Hafnian Zircon)(Zr,Hf)SiO4
TaTantalum
Ta Oxycalciopyrochlore (var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore)(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
BiBismuth
Bi KyawthuiteBi3+Sb5+O4
Bi Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Bi BismiteBi2O3
ThThorium
Th Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Unnamed (Al-Th Oxide)Al2Th3O9
Th Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)
Th EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
UUranium
U Oxycalciopyrochlore (var: Titan-uranoan Oxycalciopyrochlore)(Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
U UraniniteUO2
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2

Fossils

There are 2 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences4
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed461 Ma (Middle Ordovician)
Stratigraphic Units
UnitNo. OccurrencesAge
Li-Lu3460.9 - 449.5 Ma (Ordovician)
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Onniella
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Dalmanellidae : Onniella460.9 - 449.5 Ma
Ordovician
Ailuropoda baconi
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Ursidae : Ailuropoda : Ailuropoda baconi2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Leptellina (Leptellina) minor
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Leptellinidae : Leptellina : Leptellina (Leptellina) minor460.9 - 449.5 Ma
Ordovician
Nicolella sylvatica
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Productorthidae : Nicolella : Nicolella sylvatica460.9 - 449.5 Ma
Ordovician
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 2 fossil localities

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Adams, F.D. and Graham, R.P.D. (1926) On some minerals from the Ruby Mining District of Mogok, Upper Burma. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 22(4), 113-136. [The authors describe the minerals found in the Mogok gem deposits, including chrysoberyl, sillimanite, nepheline, sodalite, forsterite, lepidolite, muscovite, topaz, and cassiterite].
Iyer, L.A.N. (1953) The geology and gem-stones of the Mogok Stone Tract, Burma. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, 82. Government of India Press, Calcutta, India, 100 pp. [Reprinted in 2007 by White Lotus Co Ltd.].
Spaulding, D.L. (1956) The ruby mines of Mogok, Burma. Gems & Gemology 8 (11), 335-342. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/fall_1956.pdf]
Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).
Keller, P.C. (1983) The rubies of Burma: A review of the Mogok Stone Tract. Gems & Gemology, 19 (4), 209-219.
O'Neil, P. (1983) Gemstones (Planet Earth Series). Time Life Education, 176 pp.
Kane, R.E. and Kammerling, R.C. (1992) Status of ruby and sapphire mining in the Mogok Stone Tract. Gems & Gemology, 28, 152-174.
Kammerling, R.C., Scarratt, K., Bosshart, G., Jobbins, E.A., Kane, R.E., Gubelin, E.J., and Levinson, A.A. (1994) Myanmar and its gems — an update. Journal of Gemmology, 24, 3-40.
Waltham, T. (1999) The ruby mines of Mogok. Geology Today, 15(4), 143-149.
Themelis, T. (2000) Mogôk - Valley of Rubies & Sapphires. A&T Publishing, Los Angeles, USA, 272 pp.
Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., Zaw, K., Rak, P., and Doyle, M.G. (2003) Jurassic to Miocene magmatism and metamorphism in the Mogok metamorphic belt and the India-Eurasia collision in Myanmar. Tectonics, 22(3), 1-11.
Morris, N. (2005) Diamonds and other gems. Appleseed Editions, East Sussex.
Kyaw Thu (2007) The igneous rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: their distribution, petrography, petrochemistry, sequence, geochronology and economic geology. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Yangon, Myanmar, 218 pp. (+ Appendix) [http://www.palaminerals.com/mogok.php].
Virginie Garnier, Gaston Giuliani, Daniel Ohnenstetter, Anthony E. Fallick, Jean Dubessy, David Banks, Hoàng Quang Vinh, Thérèse Lhomme, Henri Maluski, Arnaud Pêcher, Kausar llah Bakhsh, Pham Van Long, Phan Trong Trinh, and Dietmar Schwarz (2008) Marble-hosted ruby deposits from Central and Southeast Asia: Towards a new genetic model. Ore Geology Reviews, 34, 169-191.
Yui, T.-F., Khin, Zaw, and Wu, C.-M. (2008) A preliminary stable isotope study on Mogok Ruby, Myanmar. Ore Geology Reviews, 34, 192-199.
Themelis, T. (2008) Gems and mines of Mogok. A&T Publishing, Los Angeles, USA, 352 pp. [Note: some coordinates were correct in the previous edition (Themelis, 2000), but are wrong in this edition.]
Kyaw Khaing Win (2008) Economic aspects of granitic pegmatite from Thabeikkyin, Mogok and Momeik Townships. Ph.D. thesis, University of Yangon, 181 pp.
Doppler, G. (2010) Petrogenese und Geochemie von ausgewählten Korund (Rubin)-lagerstätten. Master’s Thesis, University of Graz, Austria, 140 pp. (in German).
Malsy, A.-K. and Klemmb, L. (2010) Distinction of gem spinels from the Himalayan Mountain Belt. Chimia, 64(10), 741-746.
Harlow, G.E. and Bender, W. (2013) A study of ruby (corundum) compositions from the Mogok Belt, Myanmar: Searching for chemical fingerprints. American Mineralogist, 98, 1120-1132.
Giuliani, G., Dubessy, J., Banks, D.A., Lhomme, T., Ohnenstetter, D. (2015) Fluid inclusions in ruby from Asian marble deposits: genetic implications. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 393-404.
Khin Zaw, Lin Sutherland, Tzen-Fu Yui, Sebastien Meffre, and Kyaw Thu (2015) Vanadium-rich ruby and sapphire within Mogok Gemfield, Myanmar: implications for gem color and genesis. Mineralium Deposita, 50, 25-39.
Win, M.M., Enami, M., and Kato, T. (2016) Metamorphic conditions and CHIME monazite ages of Late Eocene to Late Oligocene high-temperature Mogok metamorphic rocks in central Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 117, 304-316.
Myint Myat Phyo, Guillong, M., Franz, L., Berger, A., Wang, H.A.O., and Krzemnicki, M.S. (2018) A geochronological study of zircon and zirconolite observed in ruby and spinel gemstones and in marble host rock from Mogok, Myanmar. 16th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, Bern, Switzerland. SGM 2018 Abstract Book, 122-123. [https://geoscience-meeting.ch/sgm2018/wp-content/uploads/SGM_2018_Symposium_02.pdf]
Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., and Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019) Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology, 36, 418-435.
Sutherland, F.L., Khin Zaw, Meffre, S., Thompson, J., Goemann, K., Kyaw Thu, Than Than Nu, Zin, M.M., and Harris, S.J. (2019) Diversity in ruby geochemistry and its inclusions: Intra- and inter-continental comparisons from Myanmar and eastern Australia. Minerals, 9, 28.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mogok_Township
Wikidata ID:Q6890668

External Links


Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Asia
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Myanmar
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District

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