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La Bismutina Mine, Minas Department, Córdoba Province, Argentinai
Regional Level Types
La Bismutina MineMine
Minas DepartmentDepartment
Córdoba ProvinceProvince
ArgentinaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 9' 1'' South , 65° 15' 57'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
San Carlos1,215 (2015)15.8km
Salsacate1,205 (2016)25.2km
Villa de Soto7,303 (2016)41.5km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina La Bismutina, Departamento Minas, Provincia de Córdoba, Argentina.


La Bismutina Mine. Elevation: 1,014 m. above sea level.

Introduction:
In the Sierras Pampeanas Eastern the Famatinian orogen is a Crystal belt of 350 km long and 175 km from half-width. This strip attributed to the Middle Cambrian period - Carboniferous early sobre imposes on the metamorphic basement - igneous pampas of Córdoba and San Luis, to the West of 64 ° 45' West longitude, numerous polymetallic deposits (W, Ag, Pb, Zn, Au ± Cu, Bi, Mo, Ag, Pb, Be, Sb, U, Ta, As), mostly related to post colisionales granitoids.
The Devonian mineralising episode medium - late Carboniferous, shows a linear domain in the distribution of their mineral concentrations, with pronounced absence of isometric morphologies. Mineral deposition took place after the tectonmetamorfic orogen peak (~ 465 Ma), the stage of evolution in late Famatiniana, or at the beginning of the Achaliana orogeny. Mesotermales polymetallic deposits exist or stylish veins in areas of shear, concerning the stage of noble metals, sulfides and Sulfosalts mineralization. These concentrations, selected by its representation space and paragenetic, are in San Luis districts San Martín (W), Los Cóndores (W) , Las Aguadas (Ag, Pb, Zn) and San Bernardo (Ag, Pb, Zn) and Córdoba districts Candelaria - San Ignacio (Au), Agua de Ramón (W), La Bismutina (W), Ambul (W), Cerro Áspero (W) and El Guaico - La Argentina (Ag, Pb, Zn).

Polimetallic (W, Ag-Pb - Zn and Au) deposits:
Sierras Pampeanas of San Luis and Córdoba present numerous anomalous concentrations of W, Ag, Pb, Zn and Au, constituting a linear domain of deposits and manifestations of disseminated between 64 ° 45' and 65 ° 45' West longitude. The domain continues within the Argentinean territory to the North, in the provinces of La Rioja, Catamarca and Jujuy. These metal concentrations have a complex geochemistry characteristic in common, given by varying proportions though subordinate in: Cu, Bi, Mo, Sn, Sb, As, V, Sb, Cd, Be, U, Ta, and Mn, highlighting a persistent presence of gold with values greater than 100 ppb. Au values between 0.2 and 26 are cited in this regard, constant, WO3 between 0.1 and 5%; Pb between 0.24 and 16%, between 0.2% and 11% Zn and Ag between 5 and 326 constant for the samples districts.
Researched polymetallic mineralization is hosted in Pampa metamorfites medium-to-high grade: paragneises, paraschists, migmatization and conditionally, ortoamphibolites, marbles and rocks calcosilicates, retrogradados during the late orogen to green shale facies. In the Agua de Ramón, Cerro Áspero districts San Martín y Las Aguadas, located also in granitoids assigned to the Orogen or Achaliano, as the Agua de Ramón, Rodeo Viejo tonalitas or the Cerro Áspero monzogranites.
The tanks have a complex metalliferous paragenesis, systematically in ganga majority of quartz and multiple episodes of deposition-related at the level of district, Lode or vein. This paragenesis is represented by oxides, sulfides and Sulfosalts, along with native gold, although the proportion of sulfides and Sulfosalts base metals is low and is estimated < 10% in number of mineralized in the basement rock.

Morphology:
Found morphology of the mineralized bodies is swarm of veins, veins and veins, veins as a decametrics and sashes of the order of km of extension. Predominate sub-vertical bodies intertwined with stepped structure games at echelon, although occasionally are bodies mantiformes to submatching with the rock box for example: La Bismutina, Ambul and Cerro Áspero. Veins rarely exceed the power meter and 100 meters of extension.

La Bismutina Mine, Córdoba: mineralization in veins set and inclined with Ferberite, Scheelite, Chalcopyrite, Bismuthinite, Molybdenite and Pyrite as primary minerals; children include Malachite, Bismutite, Ferritungstite and Jarosite; the main ganga is Quartz.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: D. Mutti, A. Di Marco y S. Geuna (ene./mar. 2007). Depósitos polimetálicos en el orógeno famatiniano de las Sierras Pampeanas de San Luis y Córdoba: fluidos, fuentes y modelos de emplazamiento. Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: D. Mutti, A. Di Marco y S. Geuna (ene./mar. 2007). Depósitos polimetálicos en el orógeno famatiniano de las Sierras Pampeanas de San Luis y Córdoba: fluidos, fuentes y modelos de emplazamiento. Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Reference: Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
Hydrokenoelsmoreite var: Ferritungstite
Reference: Fernández, R.R. (1999) El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35: 443-448.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: D. Mutti, A. Di Marco y S. Geuna (ene./mar. 2007). Depósitos polimetálicos en el orógeno famatiniano de las Sierras Pampeanas de San Luis y Córdoba: fluidos, fuentes y modelos de emplazamiento. Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Fernández, R.R., 1999. El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: D. Mutti, A. Di Marco y S. Geuna (ene./mar. 2007). Depósitos polimetálicos en el orógeno famatiniano de las Sierras Pampeanas de San Luis y Córdoba: fluidos, fuentes y modelos de emplazamiento. Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Hydrokenoelsmoreite4.DH.152W2O6(H2O)
var: Ferritungstite4.DH.152W2O6(H2O)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Hydrokenoelsmoreite-2W2O6(H2O)
var: Ferritungstite-2W2O6(H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CelestineSrSO4
O Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CelestineSrSO4
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W FerberiteFeWO4
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
D. Mutti, A. Di Marco y S. Geuna (ene./mar. 2007). Depósitos polimetálicos en el orógeno famatiniano de las Sierras Pampeanas de San Luis y Córdoba: fluidos, fuentes y modelos de emplazamiento. Departamento de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires. e-mail: muttix@gl.fcen.uba.ar. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina versión On-line ISSN 1851-8249. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. v.62 n.1 Buenos Aires.
R. R. Fernández (1992). Composición de la wolframita y paragénesis del distrito La Bismutina, provincia de Córdoba. 1era Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales, 2:99-106.
R. R. Fernández (1999). El distrito minero La Bismutina, Córdoba. En Recursos Minerales de la República Argentina (Ed. E.O. Zappettini), Instituto de Geología y Recursos Minerales SEGEMAR, Anales 35:443-448.

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