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Yanacocha District, Cajamarca, Perui
Regional Level Types
Yanacocha DistrictDistrict
CajamarcaRegion
PeruCountry

This page kindly sponsored by Stephen Turner
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
6° 59' 30'' South , 78° 30' 45'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Age:
13.56 to 8.22 Ma
Geologic Time:
Dating method:
K/Ar alunite
Reference for age:
Longo, A. A. (2006). Evolution of volcanism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha mining district, northern Peru.


High-sulfidation style epithermal gold deposits. First mined by pre-Incan natives.
Intense hydrothermal alteration 15 km long by up to 8 km wide and >100 km2 in area.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

29 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Gold
Formula: Au
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Reference: Deditius, A.P., Utsunomiya, S., Sanchez-Alfaro, P., Reich, M., Ewing, R.C., Kesler, S.E. (2015): Constraints on Hf and Zr mobility in high-sulfidation epithermal systems: formation of kosnarite, KZr2(PO4)3, in the Chaquicocha gold deposit, Yanacocha district, Peru. Mineralium Deposita, 50, 429-436.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Kosnarite
Formula: KZr2(PO4)3
Reference: Deditius, A.P., Utsunomiya, S., Sanchez-Alfaro, P., Reich, M., Ewing, R.C., Kesler, S.E. (2015): Constraints on Hf and Zr mobility in high-sulfidation epithermal systems: formation of kosnarite, KZr2(PO4)3, in the Chaquicocha gold deposit, Yanacocha district, Peru. Mineralium Deposita, 50, 429-436.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.; Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gratonite2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Kosnarite8.AC.60KZr2(PO4)3
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Gratonite3.3.2.1Pb9As4S15
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Kosnarite38.4.12.1KZr2(PO4)3
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BaryteBaSO4
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
O RutileTiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
SSulfur
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S PyriteFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S BaryteBaSO4
S GratonitePb9As4S15
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S AcanthiteAg2S
S OrpimentAs2S3
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
S SulphurS8
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As GratonitePb9As4S15
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As OrpimentAs2S3
ZrZirconium
Zr KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
PbLead
Pb GratonitePb9As4S15
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Longo, A. A. (2006). Evolution of volcanism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha mining district, northern Peru. PhD Dissertation, Oregon State University
Longo, A. A., & Teal, L. (2005). A summary of the volcanic stratigraphy and the geochronology of magmatism and hydrothermal activity in the Yanacocha gold district, northern Peru. In Symposium (pp. 797-808).

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

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South America PlateTectonic Plate

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