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La Caridad Mine, La Caridad, Nacozari de García Municipality, Sonora, Mexicoi
Regional Level Types
La Caridad MineMine
La Caridad- not defined -
Nacozari de García MunicipalityMunicipality
SonoraState
MexicoCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
30° 19' 4'' North , 109° 33' 23'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
El Abanico380 (2014)5.1km
La Caridad357 (2018)7.9km
Nacozari Viejo11,872 (2015)12.8km
Nacozari de García11,489 (2018)14.2km
San Juan del Río361 (2013)19.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina la Caridad, La Caridad, Mun. de Nacozari Garcia, Sonora, Mexico


A copper and molybdenum mine (porphyry copper deposit), currently (2010) the largest mine in Mexico. An open pit extracts 90,000 tons/day ore with 0.4% Cu and 0.03% Mo.

Located 200 km NE of the state capital Hermosillo, E of Nacozari, S of Agua Prieta.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


33 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Dana 7:I:381.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: E. Perez-Segura, et al (2009) Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, 61, #3, 499-503.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Dana 7:I:381.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Communication of mine geologist to Jean Sendero
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Dana 7:I:381.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Panczner(1987):146.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Panczner(1987):149.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Panczner(1987):154.; Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Panczner(1987).
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Panczner(1987).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Dana 7:I:381.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Valencia, V. A. et al. (2008): Economic Geology 103, 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Valencia, V. A. et al. (2008): Economic Geology 103, 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Panczner(1987).; Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Observed at the mine geology office by Jean des Rivieres
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Valencia, V. A. et al. (2008): Economic Geology 103, 473-491.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Dana 7:I:381.; Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Sillitoe, R.H. (1985) Ore-related breccias in volcanoplutonic arcs. Economic Geology, 80:6, 1467-1514. Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Panczner(1987).
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: E. Perez-Segura, et al (2009) Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, 61, #3, 499-503.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Observed at the mine geology office by Jean des Rivieres

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Neotocite71.1.5.4(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnhydriteCaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
MnManganese
Mn Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Eocene : 54 ± 0.2 Ma to 53.6 ± 0.2 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Eocene
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)53.6 ± 0.2 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)54 ± 0.2 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Dana 7:I:381.
- Panczner (1987): 146,149,154,383.
Valencia, V. A., Ruiz, J., Barra, F., Ochoa-Landín, L., Pérez-Segura, E., & Espinoza, E. (2003). La Caridad porphyry Cu-Mo deposit: a porphyry-epithermal transition in the southwest North America Porphyry Copper Province. In Actas 10º Congreso Geológico Chileno: Concepción, Chile, Universidad de Concepción.
Valencia, V. A., Eastoe, C., Ruiz, J., Ochoa-Landin, L., Gehrels, G., González-Leon, C., ... & Espinoza, E. (2008). Hydrothermal evolution of the porphyry copper deposit at La Caridad, Sonora, Mexico, and the relationship with a neighboring high-sulfidation epithermal deposit. Economic Geology, 103(3), 473-491.
- Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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