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Catorce (Real de Catorce), Catorce Municipality, San Luis Potosí, Mexicoi
Regional Level Types
Catorce (Real de Catorce)- not defined -
Catorce MunicipalityMunicipality
San Luis PotosíState
MexicoCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
23° 42' North , 100° 54' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Los Catorce187 (2018)1.4km
Real de Catorce1,392 (2018)1.7km
Santa Cruz de Carretas236 (2013)4.2km
El Refugio144 (2018)4.4km
El Potrero340 (2018)4.7km


Real de Catorce is a very old silver-lead-zinc mining district that lies in a hidden valley at the north end of the Sierra de Catorce. Famous for Bonanza grade discoveries in the early Spanish Colonial period it is today a tourist mecca, especially for those interested in the cultural/religious practices of the Huichol Indians who make an annual pilgrimage into the area to harvest certain cactii.

Not that many good specimens have come from Real de Catorce proper and none of the "stibiconite", Romeite etc. pseudomorphs after stibnite come from Real de Catorce itself.

These mostly come from the San Jose Mine that lies 10 km south of Real de Catorce on the west flank of the Sierra de Catorce at Estacion Wadley (Wadley Station)...and is still in Catorce Municipality. For many years the extensive workings of the San Jose Mine provided much of the world's antimony ore. The plant was designed to treat only oxidized ores, so romeite group species were selectively sought and mined...and fresh stibnite was avoided. The stibnite formed as replacement bodies and open space fillings in 5 specific limestone beds, each of which was followed by extensive workings throughout the oxide zone.

Some romeite specimens also come from the Santa Emilia mine and other small antimony occurrences throughout the region whose production was brought to Wadley for beneficiation.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Panczner(1987):82-389.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Panczner (1987): 100.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Panczner(1987):82-389.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dr. Walter S. Bowser collection
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Panczner(1987):82-389.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Panczner(1987):82-389.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Panczner(1987):82-389.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Panczner (1987): 253.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Panczner(1987):82-389.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Panczner (1987): 317.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dr. Walter S. Bowser collection
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Panczner (1987): 329.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Panczner (1987): 331.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Biver, M., & Shotyk, W. (2013). Stibiconite (Sb 3 O 6 OH), senarmontite (Sb 2 O 3) and valentinite (Sb 2 O 3): Dissolution rates at pH 2–11 and isoelectric points. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 109, 268-279.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Pancnzer(1987): 387.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Panczner(1987):82-389.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CerussitePbCO3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O MassicotPbO
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O HematiteFe2O3
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O LithargePbO
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
SSulfur
S StibniteSb2S3
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AcanthiteAg2S
S CinnabarHgS
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
CuCopper
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
BrBromine
Br BromargyriteAgBr
AgSilver
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb LithargePbO

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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