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132 North Ni Mine (Mount Edwards Mine), Widgiemooltha, Coolgardie Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
132 North Ni Mine (Mount Edwards Mine)Mine
Widgiemooltha- not defined -
Coolgardie ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 27' 36'' South , 121° 32' 24'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


A nickel mine located 6 km north-north-west of Widgiemooltha and 80 km south of Kalgoorlie (the earlier reference to a site to the southeast was incorrect).

Note: at least some of the "Ni-bearing paratacamite" from this mine is in fact gillardite (and some is clinoatacamite).

The 132 North open pit nickel mine has produced the greatest variety of secondary nickel minerals found anywhere in the world to date, some being the best of their species. It is the only locality for widgiemoolthalite and gillardite, and the second known occurrence for kambaldaite and nullaginite. It is one of a number of small komatiite-hosted nickel sulfide deposits in the district. The mine is located approximately 6 kilometers north-northwest of Widgiemooltha in low hills. Widgiemooltha itself is between Kalgoorlie and Norseman, and the town consists of a roadhouse and a couple of houses.

The deposit was discovered in 1968 by International Nickel Australia Ltd. Western Mining Ltd then purchased the deposit, and further drilling identified a small sulfide nickel ore body economical to mine. The mine opened in 1980. When the writer visited in 2011, it had closed.

The deposit is located as part of a 20-kilometre ridge extending north-northwest from Widgiemooltha. On the surface is slightly weathered metabasalt, and strongly weathered ultramafic rock, dated at 2 700 Ma. The deposit consists of the lowermost basalt unit called the Mt Edwards Basalt Formation, overlain by the Widgiemooltha Komatiite Formation. The 132 deposit is within the ultramafic basalt lava flow of the latter. The nickel sulphides within the regolith have been oxidised into a complex series of weathering fronts, including a rare expression of a carbonate front, which has resulted in a host of unusual nickel carbonate minerals.

In 1994, Blair Gartrell recovered over one thousand specimens from the mine, and over one hundred of these were studied by the CSIRO. Widgiemoolthalite was discovered from this study. Blair sold specimens from 132 North and other Western Australian locations by mail order in the early 1990's. Specimens labeled Westaus Mineral Museum (Beverley Western Australia) come from this source. When Blair passed away (1950-1994) his collection, including many specimens from 132 North, may have also entered the market. It is known some specimens at this time ended up with the Western Australian Museum, as well-known local prospector Mark Creasy purchased and donated the 'Gartrell Collection'.

Specimens may have also come from a pile of ore set aside at the mine in the early 1990's. Interest in purchasing the pile for specimens came from America. Conflicting oral accounts given to the writer about how this came about means no more can be confirmed at present.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


47 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [MinRec 25:291]; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Carrboydite
Formula: (Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 25:287]; Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Alcock, R. (1979). The Composition of Ni. Sulfide Ores, with Particular Reference to Their Content of Pge and Au. Canadian Mineralogist 17:403-415; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Colchester et al., 2007
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Habit: Veins up to 50cm thick.
Colour: Apple green
Reference: Am.Min.: 78: 819-821.; Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Gillardite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1), 15-17(2007); Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Glaukosphaerite
Formula: (Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Hydrohonessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Kambaldaite
Formula: NaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: [MinRec 25:290]; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Motukoreaite
Formula: Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Judy Rowe Collection
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Nullaginite
Formula: Ni2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Otwayite
Formula: Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Colchester et al., 2007; Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Alcock, R. (1979). The Composition of Ni. Sulfide Ores, with Particular Reference to Their Content of Pge and Au. Canadian Mineralogist 17:403-415; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Alcock, R. (1979). The Composition of Ni. Sulfide Ores, with Particular Reference to Their Content of Pge and Au. Canadian Mineralogist 17:403-415; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Widgiemoolthalite (TL)
Formula: Ni5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 25:289,90]; Am.Min.: 78 (1993): 819-21.; Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Gillardite (TL)3.DA.10cCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
Paratacamite ?3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Glaukosphaerite5.BA.10(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Kambaldaite5.DA.20NaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Nullaginite5.BA.10Ni2(CO3)(OH)2
Otwayite5.DA.15Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reevesite5.DA.50Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Takovite5.DA.50Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Widgiemoolthalite (TL)5.DA.05Ni5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Carrboydite7.DD.35(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydrohonessite7.DD.35(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Motukoreaite7.DD.35Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Nickelhexahydrite7.CB.25(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Retgersite7.CB.30NiSO4 · 6H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Gillardite (TL)10.1.2.4Cu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
Paratacamite ?10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Gaspéite14.1.1.8Ni(CO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Glaukosphaerite16a.3.1.3(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Nullaginite16a.3.2.1Ni2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Otwayite16b.3.2.1Ni2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reevesite16b.6.3.1Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Takovite16b.6.3.2Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Kambaldaite16b.7.12.1NaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Widgiemoolthalite (TL)16b.7.1.2Ni5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Motukoreaite17.1.7.1Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Nickelhexahydrite29.6.8.4(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Retgersite29.6.9.1NiSO4 · 6H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Carrboydite31.10.1.1(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
Hydrohonessite31.10.7.1(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
H GillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NullaginiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
H TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
H MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
CCarbon
C WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
C GaspéiteNi(CO3)
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C NullaginiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2
C OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
C ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
OOxygen
O WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
O GillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
O GaspéiteNi(CO3)
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O NullaginiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
O MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
NaSodium
Na KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Mg MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
Al TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Al MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
S MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
ClChlorine
Cl GillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
NiNickel
Ni WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Ni GillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
Ni GaspéiteNi(CO3)
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Ni Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Ni KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
Ni Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni NullaginiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2
Ni OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Ni PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Ni RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
CuCopper
Cu GillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As NickelineNiAs
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nickel, E.H., Robinson, B.W. & Mumme, W.G. (1993): Widgiemoolthalite- the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist (1993):78: 819-821.
Nickel, E.H., Clout, J.F.M. & Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994): 25: 283-291 & 302.
Colchester, D.M., Leverett, P., Clissold, M.E., Williams, P.A., Hibbs, D.E., & Nickel, E.H.,(2007): Gillardite, Cu3NiCl2(OH)6, a new mineral from the 132 North Deposit, Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy (2007):13(1):15-18
Nickel, E.H. , Clout, J.F. and Gartrell, B.J. (1994): Secondary Nickel Minerals from Widgiemooltha, Western Australia. Mineralogical Record (1994):25(4): 283-291 & 302.
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.C.(2013): Gemstones of Western Australia-mineral resources bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia (2013): 199

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Australia
Australian PlateTectonic Plate

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