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Socavón Mine (La Salvadora mine), Oruro city, Cercado Province, Oruro, Boliviai
Regional Level Types
Socavón Mine (La Salvadora mine)Mine
Oruro cityCity
Cercado ProvinceProvince
OruroDepartment
BoliviaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
17° 58' 3'' South , 67° 7' 17'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Oruro208,684 (2012)3.5km
Machacamarca2,044 (2013)25.1km
Huanuni15,492 (2013)46.8km
Poopó1,720 (2013)48.7km


Ref.: Dana 7:I:275. An ancient slver mine, now only worked for residual cassiterite in the oxide zone.

(Note that the miners here also highgrade minerals from the neighboring San Jose mine, so not all specimens from ore piles or waste piles at the Socavon mine are necessarily from here.)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz) (limited to country rock, not from the orebodies)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz) (limited to country rock, not from the orebodies)
'Alunite Supergroup'
Formula: AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz) (limited to country rock, not from the orebodies)
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Baryte ?
Formula: BaSO4
Description: (possibly from the neighbouring Tetilla mine or from a different Salvadora mine outside Oruro city?)
Reference: Van King
'Bindheimite' ?
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz) (limited to country rock, not from the orebodies)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Description: Main ore mineral here.
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Several small prospect pits for "kaolin" dug by the Universidad Tecnologico de Oruro in the altered country rock.
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection.
'Melnikovite' ?
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Dana 7:I:275.; American Mineralogist (1970), 55:2104-2106
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Most abundant metallic mineral here by far.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
'Quartz-beta'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz) (limited to country rock, not from the orebodies)
Stibnite ?
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: (Numerous photographed specimens in foreign collections, but it is uncertain whether these really came from the Socavon/Salvadora mine; possibly from a different Salvadora mine by Yarvicoya.)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Plagionite2.HC.10bPb5Sb8S17
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Stibnite ?2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite' ?4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte ?7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alunite Supergroup'-AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Melnikovite' ?-
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Metastibnite2.11.3.1Sb2S3
Stibnite ?2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2 < ø < 2.49
Plagionite3.6.20.2Pb5Sb8S17
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte ?28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite' ?44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Alunite Supergroup'-AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Melnikovite' ?-
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Alunite SupergroupAD3(XO4)2(OH)6
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
OOxygen
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz-betaSiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Alunite SupergroupAD3(XO4)2(OH)6
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BaryteBaSO4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz-betaSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
SSulfur
S MetastibniteSb2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
S GalenaPbS
S StibniteSb2S3
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb MetastibniteSb2S3
Sb PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Altiplano PlateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent

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