SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置The Mineral Quiz
照片搜索Photo GalleriesSearch by Color今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Atlas Mountains, North Africai
Regional Level Types
Atlas MountainsMountain Range
North Africa- not defined -

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Constantine450,097 (2018)
Tétouan326,261 (2016)
Batna280,798 (2013)
Blida182,447 (2018)
Chlef178,616 (2018)
Ech Chettia167,955 (2012)
Other Languages:
Arabic:
جبال الأطلس
French:
Atlas
German:
Atlas
Italian:
Atlante
Russian:
Атлас
Simplified Chinese:
阿特拉斯山脈
Spanish:
Atlas
Afrikaans:
Atlasgebergte
Albanian:
Malet Atllas
Armenian:
Ատլասի լեռներ
Azeri:
Atlas dağları
Bashkir:
Атлас тауҙары
Basque:
Atlasa
Belarusian:
Атлас
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Атляс
Bengali:
এটলাস পর্বতমালা
Breton:
Menezioù Atlas
Bulgarian:
Атласки планини
Catalan:
serralada de l'Atles
Cebuano:
Atlas Mountains
Croatian:
Atlas
Czech:
Atlas
Danish:
Atlasbjergene
Dutch:
Atlasgebergte
Esperanto:
Atlasa Montaro
Estonian:
Atlase mäed
Farsi/Persian:
کوه‌های اطلس
Finnish:
Atlasvuoret
Galician:
Cordal do Atlas
Georgian:
ატლასის მთები
Greek:
Άτλας
Guarani:
Yvytyrysýi Atlas
Hebrew:
הרי האטלס
Hindi:
अतलास पर्वत
Hungarian:
Atlasz
Icelandic:
Atlasfjöll
Indonesian:
Pegunungan Atlas
Irish Gaelic:
Sléibhte Atlais
Japanese:
アトラス山脈
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Атлас таулары
Korean:
아틀라스산맥
Kyrgyz:
Атлас тоолору
Latin:
Atlas
Latvian:
Atlass
Lithuanian:
Atlaso kalnai
Luxembourgish:
Atlas
Macedonian:
Атлас
Malay:
Gunung Atlas
Malayalam:
അറ്റ്‌ലസ് പർവ്വതനിര
Marathi:
ॲटलास पर्वतरांग
Mongolian:
Атласын нуруу
Norwegian:
Atlasfjellene
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Atlasfjella
Occitan:
Atlàs
Polish:
Atlas
Portuguese:
Cordilheira do Atlas
Punjabi:
ਅਤਲਸ ਪਹਾੜ
Romanian:
Munții Atlas
Serbian:
Атлас
Serbo-Croatian:
Atlas
Slovak:
Atlas
Slovenian:
Atlas
Swahili:
Atlas
Swedish:
Atlasbergen
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Кӯҳҳои Атлас
Tamil:
அட்லசு மலைத்தொடர்
Thai:
เทือกเขาแอตลาส
Traditional Chinese:
阿特拉斯山脈
Turkish:
Atlas Dağları
Ukrainian:
Атлаські гори
Urdu:
کوہ اطلس
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Atlas
Vietnamese:
Dãy núi Atlas
Waray:
Kabubkiran Atlas
Welsh:
Mynyddoedd yr Atlas
West Frisian:
Atlasberchtme
Western Punjabi:
کوہ اطلس


Large mountain range extending about 2400 km through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia.

Subdivided into:
- Middle Atlas, High Atlas, and Anti-Atlas (Morocco)
- Saharan Atlas (Algeria)
- Tell Atlas (Algeria, Tunisia)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

368 valid minerals. 11 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Marcoux, E. & Wadjinny, A. (2005): The Ag-Hg Zgounder ore deposit (Jebel Siroua, Anti-Atlas, Morocco): A Neoproterozoic epithermal ore mineralization of the Imiter type. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 337, 1439-1446.; Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Adamite var. Aluminium-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Colour: sky-blue
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Adamite var. Copper-bearing Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Adelite ?
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Christopher O'Neill specimen
Agardite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: needles
Colour: yellowish green, green, blue-green
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; American Mineralogist 55:1448
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Bouabdellah, Mohammed & Chekroun, F & Alansari, Abdelkhalek & Margoum, Daoud. (2016) The Granitoid-Related Tiouit Gold Deposit, Saghro Inlier, Eastern Anti-Atlas (Morocco): Neoproterozoic Mineralization by a Polyphase Late-Magmatic to Hydrothermal System. 10.1007/978-3-319-31733-5_16.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Description: Late phase.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.185-6)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: José Zendrera inspection
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: CR Acad. Sci. Paris, 1973, 277, Série D, pp. 1969-1972.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Mineralogische Bonanzas - die Funde der letzten beiden Jahre in Bou Azzer, Marokko. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 68-77; Praszkier, T. (2010): Dyskrasit, Allargentum und Safflorit: Neufunde aus der Bouismas Mine, Bou Azzer, Marokko. Lapis, 35 (11), 32-34.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Habit: elongated prisms
Colour: gray
Description: EDX analysis Vincent Bourgoin & Jean-Claude Boulliard, Association Jean wyart - Paris
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Zone between granite and metapelites.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: With 3.5 wt% SnO2.
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Andradite var. Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Several analyzed "schorlomite" specimens from here all turned out to be Ti-rich andradites - pers. comm. Jordi Fabre and Georges Favtreau, 2020.
Andradite var. Stanniferous Andradite
Formula: Ca3(Fe3+,Sn)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Andradite var. Titanoan Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Cheilletz, A. et al. (2010): Mineralium Deposita 45, 323-329.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Annabergite-Erythrite Series'
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: El Adnani, M., Plante, B., Benzaazoua, M., Hakkou, R., & Bouzahzah, H. (2016). Tailings weathering and arsenic mobility at the abandoned Zgounder Silver Mine, Morocco. Mine Water and the Environment, 35(4), 508-524.
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: El Adnani, M., Plante, B., Benzaazoua, M., Hakkou, R., & Bouzahzah, H. (2016). Tailings weathering and arsenic mobility at the abandoned Zgounder Silver Mine, Morocco. Mine Water and the Environment, 35(4), 508-524.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Description: In pegmatitic/hydrothermal veins. In pelitic wallrocks.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Aragonite var. Lead-bearing Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Van King
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Antonio Borrelli.
Argentopyrite ?
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Arhbarite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
Type Locality:
Description: only three specimens are known
Reference: Schmetzer, K., Tremmel, G. and Medenbach, O. (1982): Arhbarit, Cu2[OH|AsO4]•6H2O, ein neues Mineral von Bou-Azzer, Marokko. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1982, 529-533; Krause, W., H.-J. Bernhardt, H. Effenberger, U. Kolitsch and C. Lengauer (2003): Redefinition of arhbarite, Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3. Mineralogical Magazine: 67, 1099-1107.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71; Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Castorina, F. & Masi, U. (2008): Ore Geol. Reviews 34, 337-342.
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 74, 223-233
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Austinite var. Cobalt-bearing Austinite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Co)AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Austinite var. Copper-bearing Austinite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Cu)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Habit: small, very shiny elongated prisms
Colour: dark blue
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. & Barral, J.-P. (2019): Bou Azzer 2007-2019 - Mineas et minéraux du district de Bou Azzer. Cahier des Micromonteurs, 145, 3-129.; Analyses for Jordi Fabre
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Yves Masson
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Decrée, S., Marignac, C., De Putter, T., Yans, J., Clauer, N., Dermech, M., ... & Baele, J. M. (2013). The Oued Belif Hematite-Rich Breccia: A Miocene Iron Oxide Cu-Au-(U-REE) Deposit in the Nefza Mining District, Tunisia. Economic Geology, 108(6), 1425-1457.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Habit: small crude crystals and balls
Colour: green
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia & J. Chervet (1960): "Les minéraux uranifères français et leurs gisements" p231
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Habit: Earthy
Colour: Yellow
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals.com (07/2015)
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch, D. Atencio, N. V. Chukanov, N. V. Zubkova, L. A. D. Menezes Filho, J. M. V. Coutinho, W. D. Birch, J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele, G. Favreau, L. Nasdala, S. Möckel, G. Giester and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky (2010): Bendadaite, a new iron arsenate mineral of the arthurite group. Mineralogical Magazine 74, 469-486.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Description: In pegmatitic/hydrothermal veins.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Beudantite var. Copper-bearing Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Van King
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: In pelitic wallrocks.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
'Biotite var. Titanian Biotite'
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Habit: distinct crystals in quartz cavities
Reference: Dietrich, J.E. & Favreau, G. (2005) Bou Skour (Maroc) : au pays des wulfenites bleues, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 89, pp 106-114
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Bowieite ?
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Boukhari, A. E., Maacha, L., Maddi, A., & Mhaili, M. (2008). Platinum group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Bou Azzer ophiolite, Anti Atlas, Central Morocco. Mineralogy and Petrology, 92(1-2), 59-80.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Burtite (TL)
Formula: Ca[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Cabalzarite
Formula: CaMg2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
'Calamine'
Reference: Flavien Choulet, Nicolas Charles, Luc Barbanson, Yannick Branquet, Stanislas Sizaret, Aomar Ennaciri, Lakhlifi Badra, Yan Chen (2014): Non-sulfide zinc deposits of the Moroccan High Atlas: Multi-scale characterization and origin. Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 115-140.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Calcite var. Cobalt-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite var. Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony Geneyton Collection
Calcite var. Iron-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: Decrée, S., Marignac, C., De Putter, T., Deloule, E., Liégeois, J.P., and Demaiffe, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 285-303.
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Jasun McAvoy specimen
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: A Gangloff (ex Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique CEA prospector)
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Asladay, Barodi, Cha, L. M., & Zinbi, Y. (2012) Les minéralisations cuprifères. Chron Rech min 531-532:29-44
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Description: In pegmatitic/hydrothermal veins.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pršek, J., Dumańska-Słowik, M., Powolny, T., Natkaniec-Nowak, L., Toboła, T., Zych, D., & Skrepnicka, D. (2020) Agates from Western Atlas (Morocco)—Constraints from Mineralogical and Microtextural Characteristics. Minerals, 10(2), 198.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Bouabdellah, M., Beaudoin, G., Leach, D.L., Grandia, F., and Cardellach, E. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 689-704.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 18:42.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.186)
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Jordi Fabre specimens
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Habit: small shiny striated prisms in dolomite
Colour: steel gray
Reference: Dietrich, J.E. & Favreau, G. (2005) Bou Skour (Maroc) : au pays des wulfenites bleues, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 89, pp 106-114
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Decrée et al. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 397-410.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Reference: Jordi Fabre photo
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: BARRAL, J.P. (2013): Nador n'Bails - Djebel Hammimat. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 102, 5-22.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Castorina, F. & Masi, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 337-342.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Chudobaite
Formula: (Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: "Le Cahier des Micromounteurs, AFM No. 145, Bou Azzer 2007, G. Favreau, J.P. Barral.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
'Clays'
Reference: Flavien Choulet, Nicolas Charles, Luc Barbanson, Yannick Branquet, Stanislas Sizaret, Aomar Ennaciri, Lakhlifi Badra, Yan Chen (2014): Non-sulfide zinc deposits of the Moroccan High Atlas: Multi-scale characterization and origin. Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 115-140.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Michael K. Weisberg & 7 others (2009). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 95. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44(3): 429-462. (March 2009).
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Reference: RocK Currier collectin, spec. number 3576
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Cobaltarthurite
Formula: (Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: A.R. Kampf : "Cobaltarthurite from the Bou Azzer district, Morocco", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
Cobaltaustinite
Formula: CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Cobaltaustinite var. Copper-bearing Cobaltaustinite
Formula: Ca(Co,Cu)AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Cobalt-bearing Calcite-Spherocobaltite'
Reference: Van King
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Cobaltlotharmeyerite
Formula: CaCo2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Cobaltlotharmeyerite var. Manganese-bearing Cobaltlotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Co,Mn2+)2[AsO4]2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Habit: elongated tetragonal prisms with flat termination
Colour: bright blue
Description: EDS Association Jean Wyart, Paris
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Habit: scales, platy crystals
Colour: dark blue
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:296-300
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Reference: Gaudefroy, C., Dietrich, J., Permingeat, F., and Picot, P. (1966): Bull. Soc. Franc Mineral. 89, 80-88
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Jordi Fabre (referring to the cronstedtite specimens attributed to the Hammam mines, 2017); PXRD by Alfredo Petrov, July 2016.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Gary Moss collection
Cuprite var. Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Habit: needles, elongated rectangular section "prisms"
Colour: dark red
Reference: Dietrich J.E., Gaudefroy C., Kosakevitch A. (1966) Description provisoire ou sommaire des espèces minérales du Maroc - 14 : Barytine du gîte de pyrophyllite d'AzrouMelloul; Vanadinite fibreuse de Mibladen ; Chalcotrichite de Bou-Skour ; Hausmannite de Tachgagalt ; Vésuvianite (idocrase) de Tachgagalt ; Anatase de Tachgagalt. Série «Notes du Service Géologique du Maroc» -TOME 26, N°°188 pp. 145-148
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Description: Occurs in an argillaceous sandstone.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 277.
Descloizite ?
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Collection Elmar Lackner
'Descloizite-Mottramite Series'
Reference: Van King
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: scales as post-mining product in the dumps
Colour: pale blue
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Grossman, J. N. & Zipfel, J. (2001). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 85, 2001 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36 (9,Suppl.): A293-A322. (Sept 2001).
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Lecolle, Michel; Derre, Colette; Rjimati, Ech Cherki; Fonteilles, Michel; Azza, Addi; Benanni, Abdelhak (1993): A silicated and phosphated peraluminous hydrothermal alteration with associated rutile in the Upper Proterozoic of the Saghro (Anti-​Atlas, Morocco)​. Genesis and metallogenic consequences. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Mecanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers 316, 123-130.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series' ?
Description: Pyroxene crystals labelled as such in mineral shows, but probably without any analysis
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.186)
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Dolomite var. Cobalt-bearing Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Reference: Van King
Dolomite var. Iron-bearing Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
Dolomite var. Manganese-bearing Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Dussertite (TL)
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1925): 180, 299; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 840.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Mineralogische Bonanzas - die Funde der letzten beiden Jahre in Bou Azzer, Marokko. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 68-77; Praszkier, T. (2010): Dyskrasit, Allargentum und Safflorit: Neufunde aus der Bouismas Mine, Bou Azzer, Marokko. Lapis, 35 (11), 32-34.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Benchekroun, F., & Jettane, A. (2004). Fluid inclusions and quantitative model for gold precipitation in the Tiouit deposit (Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 39(3), 295-300.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: Olivine cores Fo76-77
Reference: Grossman, J. N. & Zipfel, J. (2001). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 85, 2001 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36 (9,Suppl.): A293-A322. (Sept 2001).; Bell, D. R., Buseck, P. R., Channon, M. D., Hervig, R., Rieck, K. D. & Singletary, S. J. (2008) SIMS Analysis of the Isotopic Composition of Lithium in Meteorites: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, LPI Contribution #1391: pdf#2276. (March 2008).
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Bouabsa, L., Marignac, C., Chabbi, R., & Cuney, M. (2010). The Filfila (NE Algeria) topaz-bearing granites and their rare metal minerals: Petrologic and metallogenic implications. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(2), 107-113.
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: CaZnFe3+(AsO4)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Ferrilotharmeyerite var. Cobalt-bearing Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Co)2[AsO4]2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Fettelite ?
Formula: [Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Description: PXRD inconclusive (similar to polybasite, see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-93085.html) Considered polybasite in Barral et al. (2009).
Reference: Marcus Origlieri (PXRD analysis) (see also http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-93085.html)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorescence: Glows under 405nm laser pointer.
Description: Apatite is listed from this locality, but not Fluorapatite. James Stroud determined which species of Apatite is found there by using a Fluorescent laser with a wavelength of 405nm. As neither Hydroxylapatite nor Chlorapatite are fluorescent, and the material from here is, he determined that the material must be Fluorapatite.
Reference: James Stroud's Collection
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: Forsterite found in reduced olivine rims.
Reference: Bell, D. R., Buseck, P. R., Channon, M. D., Hervig, R., Rieck, K. D. & Singletary, S. J. (2008) SIMS Analysis of the Isotopic Composition of Lithium in Meteorites: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, LPI Contribution #1391: pdf#2276. (March 2008).
'Freibergite Subgroup'
Formula: ([Ag6]4+,(Ag,Cu)6)((Cu,Ag)4C2+2)Sb4S12S0-1
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: Castorina, F. & Masi, U. (2008): Ore Geol. Reviews 34, 337-342.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1080.
'Garnierite'
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68; Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Gerhardtite ?
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Gersdorffite-P213
Reference: Bayliss, P. (1982) A further crystal structure refinement of gersdorffite, American Mineralogist. 67: 1058-106
'Glass'
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: No reference listed
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Decrée, S., Marignac, C., De Putter, T., Deloule, E., Liégeois, J.P., and Demaiffe, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 285-303.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Joan Rosell - RosellMinerals.com
Gold var. Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016); van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
Gypsum var. Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: [www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
Halilsarpite (TL)
Formula: [Mg(H2O)6][CaAs3+2(Fe3+2.67Mo6+0.33)(AsO4)2O7]
Type Locality:
Reference: Grey I.E., Husdal T., Friis H., Dal Bo F., Kampf A.R., MacRae C.M., Mumme W.G., Ljøstad O.-T., Shanks F. (2019): Halilsarpite, IMA 2019-023. CNMNC Newsletter No. 50; Mineralogical Magazine: 31, doi: 10.1180/mgm.2019.46; Husdal, T., Grey, I.E., Friis, H., Bo, F.D., Kampf, A.R., MacRae, C.M., Mumme, W.G., Ljøstad, O.-T., Shanks, F. (2020) Halilsarpite, a new arsenate analogue of walentaite, from the Oumlil mine, Bou Azzer district, Morocco. European Journal of Mineralogy: 32: 89-98.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Description: Microinclusions in fluorite and calcite (H2O-NaCl-CaCl2 brines).
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 233-240.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Decrée et al. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 397-410.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Habit: Several remarkable forms: - pseudo-rhombohedral xls - scalenohedral xls (in nearby outcrop) - star-shaped twins
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Hematite var. Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Hiortdahlite
Formula: Na2Ca4(Ca0.5Zr0.5)Zr(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
'Hornblende'
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Flavien Choulet, Nicolas Charles, Luc Barbanson, Yannick Branquet, Stanislas Sizaret, Aomar Ennaciri, Lakhlifi Badra, Yan Chen (2014): Non-sulfide zinc deposits of the Moroccan High Atlas: Multi-scale characterization and origin. Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 115-140.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: In pelitic wallrocks.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Tomasz Praszkier information 2012
Imiterite (TL)
Formula: Ag2HgS2
Reference: Bull.Min.(1985) 108, 457-464; Anthony, et al. Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol 1, pg. 230; Uwe Kolitsch collection (analysed by single-crystal XRD); Burniaux, P. and Williams-Jones, A.E., (2006) Controls Of Silver-Mercury Mineralization At Imiter, Morocco. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 3; Levresse, Gilles & Bouabdellah, Mohammed & Cheilletz, Alain & Gasquet, Dominique & Maacha, L & Tritlla, Jordi & Banks, D & Rachid Azizi-Samir, Moulay. (2016). Degassing as the main ore-forming process at the giant Imiter Ag-Hg vein deposit in the Anti-Atlas system, Morocco..
Irhtemite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist: 59: 209
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: USGS MRDS W019015; Rouvier, H. (1971). Minéralisations plombo-zincifères et phénomène karstique Exemple tunisien: Le gisement du Djebel Hallouf. Mineralium Deposita, 6(3), 196-208.; Chakroun, H. K., Souissi, F., Souissi, R., Bouchardon, J. L., Moutte, J., & Abdeljaoued, S. (2013). Heavy metals distribution and mobility in flotation tailings and agricultural soils near the abandoned Pb-Zn district oF Jebel Hallouf-Sidi Bouaouane (NW Tunisia). Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 8(3), 249-263.
Kaersutite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Castorina, F. & Masi, U. (2008): Ore Geol. Reviews 34, 337-342.
Karibibite
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Description: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956)publish the following normalized amphibole composition: (Na0.394K0.243)0.637(Na1.242Ca0.758)2.00(Mg4.139Mn0.311Fe0.068Al0.471Ti0.010)5.00(Si7.894Al0.106)O22((OH)2. Their data does not give a Fe3+/(Fe3+ + Fe2+) ratio, but charge balance calculations give sufficient Fe3+ for the amphibole to fall within the katophorite range as defined by Hawthorne et al. (2012)
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
'K Feldspar'
Description: Zone between granite and metapelites.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Kieftite
Formula: CoSb3
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Dyskrasit, Allargentum und Safflorit: Neufunde aus der Bouismas Mine, Bou Azzer, Marokko. Lapis, 35 (11), 32-34.
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Ktenasite
Formula: ZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Habit: small blocky crystals
Colour: grayish green, green
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Kulkeite (TL)
Formula: Mg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10
Type Locality:
Reference: Abraham, K., Schreyer, W., Medenbach, O., Gebert, W. (1980) Kulkeit, ein geordnetes 1:1 mixed-layer-mineral zwischen klinochlor und talk. Fortschritte der Mineralogie: 5: 4-5.; Schreyer, W., Medenbach, O., Abraham, K., Gebert, W., Müller, W.F. (1982) Kulkeite, a new metamorphic phyllosilicate mineral: Ordered 1:1 chlorite/talc mixed-layer. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 80: 103-109.
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Boukhari, A. E., Maacha, L., Maddi, A., & Mhaili, M. (2008). Platinum group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Bou Azzer ophiolite, Anti Atlas, Central Morocco. Mineralogy and Petrology, 92(1-2), 59-80.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Lecolle, Michel; Derre, Colette; Rjimati, Ech Cherki; Fonteilles, Michel; Azza, Addi; Benanni, Abdelhak (1993): A silicated and phosphated peraluminous hydrothermal alteration with associated rutile in the Upper Proterozoic of the Saghro (Anti-​Atlas, Morocco)​. Genesis and metallogenic consequences. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Mecanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers 316, 123-130.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Pršek, J., Dumańska-Słowik, M., Powolny, T., Natkaniec-Nowak, L., Toboła, T., Zych, D., & Skrepnicka, D. (2020) Agates from Western Atlas (Morocco)—Constraints from Mineralogical and Microtextural Characteristics. Minerals, 10(2), 198.
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: needles, flat crystals
Colour: bright blue
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Habit: crusts showing crystal end faces
Colour: pale yellow
Description: EDS analysis Association Jean Wyart, Paris
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Luanheite
Formula: Ag3Hg
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Benchekroun, F., & Jettane, A. (2004). Fluid inclusions and quantitative model for gold precipitation in the Tiouit deposit (Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 39(3), 295-300.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Maghrebite (TL)
Formula: MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: gypsum-like xls (same shape as mangangordonite)
Colour: colorless
Description: Maghrebite was first found (together with cabalzarite) in the open pit at Aghbar (not in the mine)
Reference: N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71; Meisser, N.; Brugger, J.; Krivovichev, S.; Armbruster, T.; Favreau, G. (2012): Description and crystal structure of maghrebite, MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2•8H2O, from Aghbar, Anti-Atlas, Morocco: first arsenate in the laueite mineral group. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 717-726.
Magnesiozippeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Habit: balls of short needles
Colour: bright yellow
Description: SEM-EDS analysis Association Jean Wyart, Paris. The first uranium mineral described in the district. Associated with ktenasite and serpierite.
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Magnetite var. Nickel-bearing Magnetite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 03-107
Malayaite
Formula: CaSn(SiO4)O
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Manganoneptunite
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Dodd, R.T. & Jarosewich, E. (1979) Incipient melting in and shock classification of L-Group chondrites: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 44(2): 335-340. (Aug 1979).
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Merenskyite
Formula: PdTe2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Merrill, G.P. (1915). On the Monticellite-like Mineral in Meteorites, and on Oldhamite as a meteoritic Constituent. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 1: 302-308.
Mertieite-I
Formula: Pd11(Sb,As)4
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.321
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Metanováčekite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: J. Gattacceca, et al. (2014) Metal phases in ordinary chondrites: Magnetic hysteresis properties and implications for thermal history: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(4): 652–676. (April 2014).
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Monazite'
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Notes Serv. Géol. Maroc, Rabat, 1954, pp. 97-126.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Castorina, F. & Masi, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 337-342.
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Muscovite var. Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Description: In pegmatitic/hydrothermal veins. In pelitic wallrocks.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Nadorite (TL)
Formula: PbSbClO2
Reference: Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th edn., p. 863 fig. 1.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1024, 1040.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1957) A new occurrence of nadorite in Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 499 (referring to Dana, 1892).
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.357
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Nickelaustinite
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: CaNi2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Nickeltalmessite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: ZRMO 138(4),32-39 (2009); N. V. Chukanov, A. A. Mukhanova, S. Möckel, D. I. Belakovsky und L. A. Levitskaya (2010): Nickeltalmessite, Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 • 2H2O, a new mineral species of the fairfieldite group, Bou Azzer, Morocco. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 606-611.
Normandite
Formula: NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
'Nováčekite'
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Nováčekite-I
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Olivenite var. Cobalt-bearing Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Co)2AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Olivenite var. Zinc-bearing Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: El Adnani, M., Plante, B., Benzaazoua, M., Hakkou, R., & Bouzahzah, H. (2016). Tailings weathering and arsenic mobility at the abandoned Zgounder Silver Mine, Morocco. Mine Water and the Environment, 35(4), 508-524.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Nikita V. Chukanov. Infrared spectra of mineral species. Extended library. P.327
Palladseite
Formula: Pd17Se15
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Van King
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Parasymplesite var. Cobalt-bearing Parasymplesite
Formula: (Fe,Co)3[AsO4]2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Parisite'
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens (with nickeltalmessite)
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68; Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Van King
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Heflik W., 1989: Symplectic intergrowths in vulcanites from the Djebel Guettara manganese deposit (Northern Algeria). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20(2), 11-28
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Bell, D. R., Buseck, P. R., Channon, M. D., Hervig, R., Rieck, K. D. & Singletary, S. J. (2008) SIMS Analysis of the Isotopic Composition of Lithium in Meteorites: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, LPI Contribution #1391: pdf#2276. (March 2008).
'Pimelite'
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1205-1215.
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
'Polybasite-Tac'
Reference: Burniaux, P. and Williams-Jones, A.E., (2006) Controls Of Silver-Mercury Mineralization At Imiter, Morocco. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 3
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Habit: balls, rounded platy crystals
Colour: dark blue
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Potarite ?
Formula: PdHg
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
'Protolithionite'
Reference: Bouabsa, L., Marignac, C., Chabbi, R., & Cuney, M. (2010). The Filfila (NE Algeria) topaz-bearing granites and their rare metal minerals: Petrologic and metallogenic implications. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(2), 107-113.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68; Praszkier, T. (2010): Mineralogische Bonanzas - die Funde der letzten beiden Jahre in Bou Azzer, Marokko. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 68-77.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Habit: thick hexagonal platy xls up to 3 mm
Colour: orange, yellow
Description: May also include the former sjögrenite (now pyroaurite-2H)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Joan Rosell - rosellminerals.com (06/2015)
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Pyrostilpnite ?
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Thomas Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Reference: Castorina, F. & Masi, U. (2008): Ore Geol. Reviews 34, 337-342.
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Takehiro Touge
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: https://sites.google.com/site/mineralienmuseumguntersblum/bildergalerien/achate/afrika/marokko/agouim
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Quartz var. Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Slender crystals, often with Dauphiné habit tips.
Colour: Dark yellow.
Reference: Amir Akhavan collection
Quartz var. Ferruginous Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
Quartz var. Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A.M.I. Martins collection
Quartz var. Quartzine
Formula: SiO2
Description: Unsuspiciously intergrown with length-fast chalcedony in agates. White bands in agates from this locality are potential candidates.
Reference: "Amir Akhavan" Collection;
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: https://sites.google.com/site/mineralienmuseumguntersblum/bildergalerien/achate/afrika/marokko/agouim
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: stout crystals
Colour: cherry red, purple, ....
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Roselite-Wendwilsonite Series'
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Schachnerite
Formula: Ag1.1Hg0.9
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
'Schirmerite'
Formula: PbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Schneiderhöhnite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: In pegmatitic/hydrothermal veins. In pelitic wallrocks.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Habit: hexagonal plates, balls
Colour: light greenish blue
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Sengierite
Formula: Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (1957) 42:408-410
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1205-1215.; El Ghorfi, M., Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Boukhari, A. E., Maacha, L., Maddi, A., & Mhaili, M. (2008). Platinum group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Bou Azzer ophiolite, Anti Atlas, Central Morocco. Mineralogy and Petrology, 92(1-2), 59-80.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Castorina, F. & Masi, U. (2008): Ore Geol. Reviews 34, 337-342.
Siderite var. Manganese-bearing Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Decrée, S., Marignac, C., De Putter, T., Deloule, E., Liégeois, J.P., and Demaiffe, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 285-303.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Zone between granite and metapelites.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Silver var. Arquerite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Silver var. Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Cheilletz, A., Levresse, G., Gasquet, D., Azizi-Samir, M., Zyadi, R., Archibald, D. A., & Farrar, E. (2002). The giant Imiter silver deposit: Neoproterozoic epithermal mineralization in the Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Mineralium Deposita, 37(8), 772-781.
Silver var. Native Amalgam
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Petruk, W. (1975): Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. Canadian Mineralogist 13, 43-54.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Castorina, F. & Masi, U. (2008): Ore Geol. Reviews 34, 337-342.
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch collection (analysed by single-crystal XRD); Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Leon Hupperichs Collection
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: PMB collection
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Jordi Fabre specimens
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.195)
Stokesite
Formula: CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Oummouch, A., Essaifi, A., Zayane, R., Maddi, O., Zouhair, M., & Maacha, L. (2017). Geology and metallogenesis of the sediment-hosted Cu-Ag deposit of Tizert (Igherm inlier, Anti-Atlas Copperbelt, Morocco). Geofluids, 2017.; Poot, J.; Verhaert, M.; Dekoninck, A.; Oummouch, A.; El Basbas, A.; Maacha, L.; Yans, J. Characterization of Weathering Processes of the Giant Copper Deposit of Tizert (Igherm Inlier, Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Minerals 2020, 10, 620.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Lecolle, Michel; Derre, Colette; Rjimati, Ech Cherki; Fonteilles, Michel; Azza, Addi; Benanni, Abdelhak (1993): A silicated and phosphated peraluminous hydrothermal alteration with associated rutile in the Upper Proterozoic of the Saghro (Anti-​Atlas, Morocco)​. Genesis and metallogenic consequences. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Mecanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers 316, 123-130.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Colour: light green
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Talmessite var. Cobalt-bearing Talmessite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Co)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Talmessite var. Nickel-bearing Talmessite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Ni)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Colour: light green
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Talmessite - β-Roselite Series'
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4C2+2)As4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Benchekroun, F., & Jettane, A. (2004). Fluid inclusions and quantitative model for gold precipitation in the Tiouit deposit (Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 39(3), 295-300.
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Theisite
Formula: Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
Habit: balls
Colour: pale green
Description: XRD analysis Nicolas Meisser. Was probably the first occurrence for the mineral in Morocco. Theisite was then found in the Patte d'Oie mine, Bou Skour.
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.490
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Reference: Heflik W., 1989: Symplectic intergrowths in vulcanites from the Djebel Guettara manganese deposit (Northern Algeria). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20(2), 11-28
Tin
Formula: Sn
Description: Thin plates on cassiterite in sheared zones.
Reference: G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Bouabsa, L., Marignac, C., Chabbi, R., & Cuney, M. (2010). The Filfila (NE Algeria) topaz-bearing granites and their rare metal minerals: Petrologic and metallogenic implications. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(2), 107-113.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Dodd, R.T. & Jarosewich, E. (1979) Incipient melting in and shock classification of L-Group chondrites: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 44(2): 335-340. (Aug 1979).; Dunn, T.L., Cressy, G., McSween Jr, H.Y. & McCoy, T.J. (2010) Analysis of ordinary chondrites using powder X-ray diffraction: 1. Modal mineral abundances. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45(1): 123-134. (Jan 2010).
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Decrée, S., Marignac, C., De Putter, T., Yans, J., Clauer, N., Dermech, M., ... & Baele, J. M. (2013). The Oued Belif Hematite-Rich Breccia: A Miocene Iron Oxide Cu-Au-(U-REE) Deposit in the Nefza Mining District, Tunisia. Economic Geology, 108(6), 1425-1457.
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Jean-Pierre Barral specimen
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: M. Kampf.
Vanadinite var. Arsenic-bearing Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Reference: Christian Bracke Collection
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Description: Alteration of burtite.
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.; Bernhard Pracejus (2015) The Ore Minerals Under the Microscope, Volume 3 2nd Edition. Elsevier 1118p
Walentaite
Formula: Fe3+3(P0.84As0.16O4)2(O,OH)6As3+2.56Ca0.42Na0.28Mn2+0.35Fe2+0.30O6.1(OH)0.9(H2O)0.9
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Wendwilsonite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Wickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Winchite ?
Formula: ◻{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: An analysis published by Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956) gives a composition near the richterite-winchite-katophorite join. The composition falls within a katophorite composition following the species definitions outlined in the amphibole nomenclature by Hawthorne et al.(2012). See the katophorite entry for more details.
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie, Heflik W., 1989: Symplectic intergrowths in vulcanites from the Djebel Guettara manganese deposit (Northern Algeria). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20(2), 11-28
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Bouabsa, L., Marignac, C., Chabbi, R., & Cuney, M. (2010). The Filfila (NE Algeria) topaz-bearing granites and their rare metal minerals: Petrologic and metallogenic implications. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(2), 107-113.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Ibouh, H., Hibti, M., Saidi, A., & Touil, A. (2011) Azegour, gîte métasomatique à Cu, Mo, W (Haut Atlas occidental) /Azegour Cu-Mo-W Metasomatic Deposit (Western High Atlas) pp 229-233
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection;
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: Bouabsa, L., Marignac, C., Chabbi, R., & Cuney, M. (2010). The Filfila (NE Algeria) topaz-bearing granites and their rare metal minerals: Petrologic and metallogenic implications. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(2), 107-113.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: In pelitic wallrocks.
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Turco, G. (1962). La zunyite: recherches expérimentales physico-chimiques en liaison avec l'étude du nouveau gisement de Beni-Embarek. Masson et Cie.

Gallery: