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Parker Shaft (Parker Mine), Franklin Mine, Franklin, Franklin Mining District, Sussex County, New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Parker Shaft (Parker Mine)Group of Shafts
Franklin MineMine
Franklin- not defined -
Franklin Mining DistrictMining District
Sussex CountyCounty
New JerseyState
USACountry

This page kindly sponsored in memory of Charles Hyde Warren
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 7' 13'' North , 74° 34' 58'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Shafts
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Franklin4,855 (2017)0.3km
Hamburg3,155 (2017)3.7km
Ogdensburg2,286 (2017)4.4km
Vernon Center1,713 (2017)10.1km
Sussex2,043 (2017)10.2km


This locality file is a work in progress.

The Parker shaft workings were the first major improvements to the mining operations at Franklin after the consolidation of all holdings under the New Jersey Zinc Co. about 1898. The shaft was to the full depth of the orebody, to its East, and on its northern end. This shaft was a vertical opening, thus, as it went deeper it came closer to the orebody, which dipped easterly. The Parker shaft workings on the lower levels entered the ore body in a mineralogically restricted area not previously worked by the many prior openings, resulting in the discovery of remarkable mineralization in the new stopes.

The Parker shaft is famous for that suite of exotic mineral species encountered for the first time, including a suite of lead silicates. These same species were encountered again when the pillars were later taken under the operation of the Franklin Mine ("great" Franklin mine). The Parker shaft output also included many of the already well-known species and common ore minerals obtained for decades from pre-existing openings into the ore body, all of which are listed under their respective workings and the "great" Franklin Mine. Many of the new Pb-bearing species were first encountered about 1897 and began receiving attention in 1899 by Penfield and Warren at Yale University. Hancockite was among the first of the new Pb species named. The type locality for larsenite is the Franklin MIne, not the Parker Shaft. Palache (1935) makes it clear: "Larsenite was first found in 1928 and, with the closely related, was described in papers by Palache, Bauer, and Berman (256, 259). The first specimens were found on the picking table at Franklin, and the mineral was afterwards located in the mine at the north end, 20 feet above the 400-foot level in top slice 1080."

The Parker shaft complex soon became inadequate to handle the mine's output and the construction of a new mill and shaft complex was started to the West, on Main Street, Franklin proper. The new larger mill was fed with ore from the Parker shaft by means of a rail haulage link until the new larger Palmer shaft was completed. Once that occurred, the Parker workings were abandoned.

The rail haulage link approached the new mill on a wooden trestle which was filled in with waste rock from the various operations of the New Jersey Zinc Co. in Franklin. This site was later "discovered" in the early 1980's and was termed the "Franklin millsite" dump. The site was excavated by collectors and Parker shaft material, and material from throughout the mine workings was again entering collectors' hands.

The Parker shaft itself was capped and the dump was leveled for the construction of the Franklin firehouse on Buckwheat Road, long after the Franklin Mine ceased operation. Material from the Parker shaft was also used as fill in nearby swampy areas, along the current state route 23 highway, under nearby structures, and in Schuster Park.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Palache (1935)
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Richard Gunter
Barysilite
Formula: Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Reference: Palache(1935):92; Dunn(1995):Pt3:409.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Van King
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Van King
Charlesite
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Richard Gunter
Clinohedrite
Formula: CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: Weissman purchased specimen
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Van King
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, Charles (1935) USGS Professional Paper 180
Datolite var: Botryolite
Reference: Palache, Charles (1935) USGS Professional Paper 180
Esperite (TL)
Formula: PbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Type Locality:
Habit: massive
Colour: white to creamy, dingy
Fluorescence: bright yellow-green
Description: Massive, in nodules up to 15 cm, associated with hardystonite, willemite, franklinite, less commonly calcite, clinohedrite, and axinite-(Mn).
Reference: Palache (1935): 81; Dunn(1995): Pt3: 368.
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Van King
Ganophyllite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Reference: part of the Charlesite paragenesis
Hancockite (TL)
Formula: {CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Penfield, Samuel Lewis and Warren Charles Hyde (1899) Some New Minerals from the Zinc Mines at Franklin, N. J., and Note Concerning the Chemical Composition of Ganomalite, American Journal of Science, third series, v. 8, p. 339-353.; palache (1935)
Hardystonite
Formula: Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Reference: Weissman purchased specimen
Hendricksite
Formula: KZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
Reference: Weissman field collected, 1985
Larsenite
Formula: PbZnSiO4
Reference: Palache, C. (1935), USGS Prof. Paper 180: 81; Dunn, P.J. (1995): Pt3: 381-382.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Palache(1935):26; Dunn(1995):Pt4:522.
Margarosanite (TL)
Formula: Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache(1935):70; Dunn(1995):Pt4:499-500.
Nasonite (TL)
Formula: Pb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache(1935):93; Dunn(1995):Pt3:419.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Weissman field collected 1985;
Roeblingite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache(1935):113; Dunn(1995):Pt4:503.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Van King
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Reference: Beth Schaefer

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Charlesite7.DG.15Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Barysilite9.BC.20Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Clinohedrite9.AE.30CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
var: Botryolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Esperite (TL)9.AB.15PbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Ganophyllite9.EG.30(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Hancockite (TL)9.BG.05a{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hardystonite9.BB.10Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Hendricksite9.EC.20KZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
Larsenite9.AB.10PbZnSiO4
Margarosanite (TL)9.CA.25Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Nasonite (TL)9.BE.77Pb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Roeblingite (TL)9.CB.05Pb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Charlesite32.4.4.1Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] as well as >[4]
Esperite (TL)51.2.1.3PbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Larsenite51.2.1.2PbZnSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Clinohedrite52.2.1.2CaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Barysilite55.2.3.1Pb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Hardystonite55.4.2.2Ca2Zn(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Nasonite (TL)56.2.11.1Pb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Hancockite (TL)58.2.1a.8{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Margarosanite (TL)59.1.2.2Pb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups: 3-membered rings with other anion groups
Roeblingite (TL)64.2.2.1Pb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Hendricksite71.2.2b.6KZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Ganophyllite74.1.2.1(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Datolite
var: Botryolite
-CaB(SiO4)(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
H ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
BBoron
B CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
O MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
O NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
O RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BarysilitePb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
O LarsenitePbZnSiO4
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
O ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
O HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
Al CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Al Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Si MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Si NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Si RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BarysilitePb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Si LarsenitePbZnSiO4
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
Si ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Si HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
S CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
ClChlorine
Cl NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
KPotassium
K HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
K Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
CaCalcium
Ca EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Ca MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Ca NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Ca RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Ca HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
MnManganese
Mn MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Mn RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn BarysilitePb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Mn Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
FeIron
Fe Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Zn LarsenitePbZnSiO4
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Zn HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
Zn ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
Zn HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)
BaBarium
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
PbLead
Pb EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Pb MargarosanitePb(Ca,Mn2+)2(Si3O9)
Pb NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
Pb RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Pb Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pb BarysilitePb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
Pb LarsenitePbZnSiO4
Pb LeadPb

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C. (1935) The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 180, 135pp., with map (reprinted in 1937, 1961 and 1974) (out of print): 26, 70, 81, 93, 113.
Dunn, P.J. (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 3: 368, 381-382, 419.
Dunn, P.J. (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 4: 499-500, 503, 522.

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