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Bancroft area, Ontario, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Bancroft areaMineral Occurrence Area
OntarioProvince
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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Bancroft3,838 (2008)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Bancroft district


There is no official designation of a “Bancroft area”, or district, that has any relevance. It has different definitions, and highly variable boundaries, depending on whom you ask. This page is intended only as a repository for photos of specimens for which there is no more detailed locality info available than “Bancroft” or something of the like. If you have any more specific information about a specimen, or a location (such as a mine name), please add it under the appropriate township or regional municipality, and not here.

There are a limited number of occurrences which could rightly be considered to be within the limits of the Town of Bancroft [for which there are separate locality pages under http://www.mindat.org/loc-530.html], but the name has long been erroneously applied to occurrences within a large geographical area including parts of at least three different counties. This has lead to much confusion (and perhaps a certain amount of laziness) when it comes to labeling specimens and recording locality data for the region.

Guidebooks for the region (many of which are self-published) can also vary greatly in the amount and quality of information they contain. The most complete and authoritative guide for the region is Sabina's "Rocks & Minerals for the Collector" (referenced below), which includes scientifically identified species or group names, although the on-going reorganization of regional municipalities has created an information gap regarding which former town or township belongs to newly created regional municipalities.

Mineralised deposits are found in a wide variety of environments including mafic rocks, contact metamorphic zones, marbles, calcite veins, syenites, granite pegmatites, nepheline syenites, etc.

For more information please see the article below.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

195 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 6 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: various added photos
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Van King
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Aeschynite-(Nd) ?
Formula: (Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI31E01NE00024; http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31E01NE00024.html
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Steacy, H.R., Rose, E. R., Moyd, L. & Hogarth, D.D. (1982): Some classic Mineral Localities of Southeastern Ontario. Mineralogical Record 13: 197-203; Ontario MDI Number: MDI31E01SE00054
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Tilley, Cecil E., 1957, Paragenesis of Anthophyllite and Hornblende from the Bancroft Area, Ontario, American Mineralogist, v 42, p. 412-416.
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For The Collector: Ottawa to Northbay, Ontario; Hull to Waltham; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450; Sangster, P.J., McGuinty, W.J., Papertzian, V.C., Steele, K.G., Lee, C.R., Barua, M., Laidlaw, D.A. and Carter, T.R. 2003. Report of Activities 2002, Resident Geologist Program, Southern Ontario Regional Resident Geologist Southeastern and Southwestern Districts, Mines and Minerals Information Centre, and Petroleum Resources Centre; Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report 6115, 118p.; T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Ann P. Sabina (1986) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI31E08SE00004
Albite var. Peristerite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Sabina, Ann P., Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39, Madawaska Faraday Mine, page 42.; Hewitt, D. F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada Industrial Mineral Report 21
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Van King; G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: No reference listed
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: www.ontariominerals.com/berylpit.htm
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: Emproto, C.; Alvarez, A.; Anderkin, C.; Rakovan, J. (2020) The Crystallinity of Apatite in Contact with Metamict Pyrochlore from the Silver Crater Mine, ON, Canada. Minerals 10, 244.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ontariominerals.com
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: Anatase and Umangite occur strictly as grains. Garnet, Sillimanite, Scapolite, Tourmaline, and Graphite occur in gniess wall-rock. The rest of the minerals occur in pegmatite.
Reference: GSC Report 39
'Ancylite'
Colour: light yellow
Description: Associated with stillwellite and hydroxylbastnaesite.
Reference: GSC misc report 39; Christopher Fouts (1999) Report of Assessment Work Physical Assessment Geotechnical Assessment Mining claim: S.O. 1195060 SI/3, lot 31, con. XVII, Monmouth Township, Haliburton County
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: according to ontariominerals.com a resource by H.V Ellsworth says the andradite is radioactive and has a 1.14% REE content.
Reference: http://www.ontariominerals.com
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Description: Occurs in pegmatite. Masson and Gordon say: Coarse crystalline anhydrite locally indicates uranium mineralization.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For the Collector (Geological Survey of Canada Misc Report 39); Hewitt, D. F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada Industrial Mineral Report 21; Masson, S. L., & Gordon, J. B. (1981). Radioactive mineral deposits of the Pembroke-Renfrew area. Ministry of Natural Resources.Survey, Mineral Deposits Circular 23, 155
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: (biotite)
Reference: Bermanec V, Tomašić N, Kniewald G, Back M E, Zagler G (2008) Nioboaeschynite-(Y), a new member of the aeschynite group from the Bear Lake diggings, Haliburton County, Ontario, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist 46, 395-402
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var. Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anorthite var. Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndmf.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31D16NW00208.html
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Tilley, Cecil E., 1957, Paragenesis of Anthophyllite and Hornblende from the Bancroft Area, Ontario, American Mineralogist, v 42, p. 412-416.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Habit: Crystals, large typical Hexagonal xls
Colour: Reddish opaque
Description: Very nice crystals. The Resident Geologist called it a unique occurence.
Reference: Matthew Neuzil Collection
'Apatite var. Trillium'
Reference: Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
'Apatite Group'
Reference: Lentz, D. (1992) Petrogenesis of U-, Mo, and REE-bearing pegmatites, skarns, and veins in the Central Metasedimentary Belt of the southwestern Grenville Province, Ontario and Quebec. PhD thesis, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario.
'Apophyllite'
Habit: blades, patches
Colour: celadon, light greens
Reference: Personal Collection of Matthew Neuzil
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: nodules
Colour: white
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Thompson J.E.(1943) Mineral Occurrences in the North Hastings Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Annual Report ARV52, Pt.3, p.16.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: ref.: Geology of Cardiff and Faraday Townships; Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Autunite ?
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Description: Although this mineral is listed on the informational panel at the NC Rock Dump location (for which this quarry is the source if its material), there has been much discussion on the likelihood of its existence here, and there have been no confirmed analyses found yet. See: http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-210788.html
Reference: CN Dump Informative Board
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: barite occurs as tiny cockscomb? or rosettes associated with quartz and calcite xls, calcite are transparent-translucent and have a reddish tinge likely due to hematite. quart occurs as xls and vien quartz, the vien quartz is often vuggy and contain calit
Reference: me, i was taking a look at road cuts and it turned out to be a surprise
'Bastnäsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Sabina A. P,(1977)New Occurrences of Minerals in Parts of Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada, Report of Activities, Paper 77-1A, Part A, P. 335
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: S. Mounce, C. Emproto, M. Murchland, M. Rutherford, and J. Rakovan. “Melt and Micromineral Inclusions in Fluorapatite, Calcite, Fluorite, Albite, and Augite from The Schickler Occurrence, ON, Canada.” 47th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, 2020. Online.
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Reference: ROM and T. Steede specimens
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Collection of Barry Murphy, Micromount specimen catalogue number 01149
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: Occurs as hexagonal prisms
Colour: blue, teal, brown, brown/black
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For The Collector: Ottawa to Northbay, Ontario; Hull to Waltham; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450; Sangster, P.J., McGuinty, W.J., Papertzian, V.C., Steele, K.G., Lee, C.R., Barua, M., Laidlaw, D.A. and Carter, T.R. 2003. Report of Activities 2002, Resident Geologist Program, Southern Ontario Regional Resident Geologist Southeastern and Southwestern Districts, Mines and Minerals Information Centre, and Petroleum Resources Centre; Ontario Geological Survey, Open File Report 6115, 118p.; T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Habit: Occurs as small hexagonal crystals in quartz & as fragments in the dumps.
Colour: sky blue
Fluorescence: none
Description: Most Aquamarine is found in the dumps but some can be found with quartz in the rock floor area. Usually aquamarine crystal are small, in the range of a few centimeters long.
Reference: Schroetter, Ralph. The Bancroft & Area Mineral collecting guidebook, page 210, Beryl Pit, full edition.; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Reference: Van King; D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18 ; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: ontariominerals.com; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18 ; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Ref: Sabina (1986) Geol. Survey of Canada, Misc. Report 39, 11-14.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31F04SE00151.html
Calciosamarskite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Fe3+,Y)2(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: ELLSWORTH, H.V. (1928a): A mineral related to samarskite from the Woodcox mine, Hybla Ontario. American Mineralogist 13, 63-65. ELLSWORTH, H.V. (1928b): A mineral related to samarskite from Parry Sound, Ontario. American Mineralogist 13, 66-68. HANSON, S.L., SIMMONS, W.B., FALSTER, A.U., FOORD, E.E. & LICHTE, F.E. (1999): Proposed nomenclature for samarskite-group minerals: new data on ishikawaite and calciosamarskite. Mineralogical Magazine 63, 27-36.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
Description: calcite as hexagonal prisms
Reference: No reference listed
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2011, WDS by Pavel W. Kartachov
'Chabazite'
Reference: catalogue of canadian minerals by r. j. traill
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Van Velthuizen et al. (2006) Mineralogical Record 37, 287-289.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: GSC misc report 39
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: catalogue of canadian minerals by r. j. traill; G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Description: Radioactive minerals have been reported
Reference: Gsc paper 70-50 ann p sabina
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Colour: orange
Fluorescence: yellow/orange
Description: CHONDRODITE (Mg,Fe) 3 (Si04 )(OH,F)2 HALIBURTON COUNTY CARDIFF TOWNSHIP Concession XVII, Lot A Cardiff Uranium Mine, Lot A, Con. XVII, Cardiff Tp. NTS: 31E/01E MAP: ODM 1957-1, Cardiff and Faraday Tps. ODM 1957b, Haliburton- Bancroft Area REF: ODM 1956, Vol.65, pt.6, p.46-50 ODM 1957, Vol.66, pt.3, p.63-66 OCC: Grenville marble ROM: M28674
Reference: Schroetter, Ralph. The Bancroft & Area Mineral Collectors Guide. Cradiff Uranium Mine, mineral list. ODM 1956, Vol.65, pt.6,p.46-50 ODM 1957, Vol.66, pt.3,p.63-66 ROM: M28674
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Sabina A. P,(1977)New Occurrences of Minerals in Parts of Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada, Report of Activities, Paper 77-1A, Part A, P. 335
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Colour: colorless to light green
Reference: Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Colour: black
Reference: Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Pit owers (pers. comm.); T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: GSC misc. report 39; Dana 7:I: 772, 785.; American Mineralogist 13:63-65; T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Can Mineral December 1966 v. 8 no. 5 p. 593-609
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Habit: cigar-shaped prismatic xls
Colour: brownish
Reference: Ontario MDI Number: MDI31F05SE00021
Corundum var. Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Geology Ontario MNDMF MDI File MDI31F04SE00083
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,100,124
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2013
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Am Min 89:5-6 pp 767-776
Datolite var. Bakerite
Formula: Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Reference: Am Min 89:5-6 pp 767-776
'Davidite'
Reference: Masson, S. L., & Gordon, J. B. (1981). Radioactive mineral deposits of the Pembroke-Renfrew area. Ministry of Natural Resources.Survey, Mineral Deposits Circular 23, 155
Davidite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Description: Found at the 270 m level. Occurs in pegmatite.
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Sabina (1986) Geol. Survey of Canada, Misc. Report 39, 11-14.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31E01SE00054.html
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: Van King
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31F04SW00008.html
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:232-233
Edenite
Formula: NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Reference: Harvard Museum specimen no. 119146
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Description: Radioactive minerals have been reported
Reference: Gsc paper 70-50 ann p sabina
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,149
Eudialyte
Formula: (Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
Description: Lated found to be zircon (Milton, 1965).
Reference: Milton, C. (1965): Note on the occurrence of eudialyte in Canada. Can. Mineral. 8, 382-383.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Habit: located in rotten looking feldspar
Description: originally described as lyndochite (Miller 1898, Ellsworth 1927) Euxenite crystals of about 3 to 5 cm can be found but they are found infrequently & they occur within a close proximity to each other, so if you locate one other are probably present nearby.
Reference: Ellsworth, H. V., (1927): Lyndochite - a New Mineral of the Euxenite-Polycrase Group from Lyndoch Township, Renfrew County, Ontario. American Mineralogist. 12, 212-218.; Steacy, H.R., Rose, E. R., Moyd, L. & Hogarth, D.D. (1982): Some classic Mineral Localities of Southeastern Ontario. Mineralogical Record 13: 197-203; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450; T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
'Faujasite'
Formula: (Na2/Ca/Mg)3 · 5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,170
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Reference: Satterly J. (1943) Mineral Occurrences in the Haliburton Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Annual Report ARV52, Pt.2, p.94-95.
'Feldspar Group var. Antiperthite'
Reference: David Joyce; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Hewitt, D. F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada Industrial Mineral Report 21
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Reference: GSC paper 70-50
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: No reference listed
Ferriallanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ercit, T.Scott 2002. in "The Mess That Is Allanite” Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40,pp 1411-1419
Ferri-fluoro-katophorite (TL)
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2
Type Locality:
Habit: Large well formed crystals
Colour: dark brown to black
Description: Data from Hawthorne et al. (2006) give the following composition: (Na0.507K0.315)0.822(Ca1.177Na0.823)2.000(Li0.023Zn0.003Mg3.276Mn0.049Fe2+1.007Fe3+0.486Ti0.081Al0.053)4.970(Si7.326Al0.638)8.000(F1.277OH0.723)2.000
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Martin, R.F. (2006): Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake Diggings, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1171-1179. ; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Martin, R.F. (2016) Ferrifluoro-katophorite, IMA 2015-096. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 203. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 199–205
'Ferro-ferri-taramite'
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne,F.C.& Grundy H.D., 1978, Canadian Mineralogist V16, p.53
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Frank Craig 2015
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Colour: black
Description: No data supports the presence of Fe2+ dominant amphiboles at this locality
Reference: Positively identified by a geologist at the Bancroft Rockhound Gamboreen, in the collection of M. Adamowicz
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Habit: hexagonal prsims to 2mm in diameter & irregular masses
Colour: colorless to light pink
Reference: Sabina, A. P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13, 223-228
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Habit: Stubby to elongated hexagonal prisms with rounded terminations.
Colour: Green
Reference: Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Habit: grains up to 4mm
Colour: colorless, white, purple
Description: Occurs as small grains in waves in white calcite.
Reference: Sabina, A. P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13, 223-228; D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71; Can Mineral December 1960 v. 6 no. 4 p. 513-521
Fluorite var. Stink-Fluss
Formula: CaF2
Reference: International Geological Congress Guidebook for Field Excursion A47 -C47.
'Fluoro-katophorite'
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2
Colour: n/a
Description: The katophorite amphiboles was redefined in the Hawthorne et al. (2012) amphibole nomenclature report and the mineral originally reported as fluoro-katophorite is now considered to be ferri-fluoro-katophorite.
Reference: F.C. Hawthorne, R. Oberti and R.F. Martin (2006) Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake diggings, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1171-1179.; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Habit: Doubly-terminated crystals.
Colour: Black
Description: Crystals in calcite up to 10-15cm in size.
Reference: Bancroft and District Mineral Collecting Guidebook, Bancroft Chamber of Commerce, 1998
Fluoro-tremolite ?
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Description: Data from Hawthorne et al.(2006) show the presence tremolites with a high F content, but with (OH)>F, please see the tremolite data for more information
Reference: F.C. Hawthorne, R. Oberti and R.F. Martin (2006) Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake diggings, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1171-1179.
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'
Colour: Dark brown to black
Fluorescence: None Noted
Description: Dark brown to black prismatic crystals of Uvite Tourmaline are noted where orange calcite pockets are found. Crystals over 25 mm have been collected.
Reference: Andrew Haighton Collection
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Storey C.C. and Vos M.A. (1981) Industrial minerals of the Pembroke-Renfrew area, Ontario Geological Survey, Mineral Deposit Circular 22, pt.2, p.32.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Chris Emproto Collection Emproto, C.; Alvarez, A.; Anderkin, C.; Rakovan, J. The Crystallinity of Apatite in Contact with Metamict Pyrochlore from the Silver Crater Mine, ON, Canada. Minerals 2020, 10, 244.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For The Collector: Ottawa to North Bay, Ontario; Hull to Waltham, Quebec
Garronite-Ca
Formula: Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Reference: Van Velthuizen, J.J., Gault, R.A., Robinson, G.W. & Scovil, J.(2006), Zeolite occurrences in the Central Metasedimentary Belt of the Grenville Province, Ontario, Quebec and New York State. Mineralogical Record: 37: 283-296 [locality #83].
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Analysis by Tony Steede at the ROM
'Gismondine'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,192
'Gmelinite' ?
Description: compiled at ontariominerals.com: "Faraday Mine, Kennedy MRV10#3p158; Leach, 200 Mineral Localities in Southern Ontario, p.37 "
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Ann P. Sabina (1986) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI31E08SE00004
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines,MDI Number: MDI31F04SW00244
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Van Velthuizen, J.J., Gault, R.A., Robinson, G.W. & Scovil, J.(2006), Zeolite occurrences in the Central Metasedimentary Belt of the Grenville Province, Ontario, Quebec and New York State. Mineralogical Record: 37: 283-296 [locality #83].
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Grossular var. Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Maggie Wilson
'Gummite'
Reference: Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Gypsum var. Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Sabina, Ann P., Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39, Madawaska Faraday Mine, page 42.; Hewitt, D. F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada Industrial Mineral Report 21
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Hafnon ?
Formula: HfSiO4
Reference: Verified Scott Ercit, National Museums of Canada
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,239
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Reference: Richard Gunter specimen and photo;
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Identified by Mineral Associates Inc. See message thread in external links for this locality.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For The Collector: Ottawa to North Bay, Ontario; Hull to Waltham, Quebec
'Heulandite'
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Hollandite ?
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Description: Hollandite was closest PXRD diffraction pattern match, but other closely related Mn oxides possible. Mn also confirmed by wet chemistry. In a fine-grained mixture with hematite and quartz, possibly representing pseudomorph after garnet.
Reference: PXRD by John Attard, 6-2012.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Reference: Satterly J. (1943) Mineral Occurrences in the Haliburton Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Annual Report ARV52, Pt.2, p.94-95.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Habit: irregular masses
Colour: brown
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Sabina A. P,(1977)New Occurrences of Minerals in Parts of Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada, Report of Activities, Paper 77-1A, Part A, P. 335
'Hydronephelite'
Reference: Van King
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Habit: nodules
Colour: white
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Description: Masson and Gordon say: Associated with cyrtolite is the radioactive mineral ellsworthite. This mineral is waxy yellow-brown to shiny black in colour and commonly occurs in calcite or feldspar.
Reference: Bideaux, R. (1997), v. 3, p. 457.; Hogarth, D. (1961) A Study of Pyrochlore and Betafite, Canadian Mineralogist: 6 : 610-633. Masson, S.L. and Gordon J.B. (1981) Radioactive Mineral Deposits of the Pembroke-Renfrew Area; Ontario Geological Survey Mineral Deposit Circular 23.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: C. Emproto, J. Fink, S. Mounce, and J. Rakovan. “Halogen and trace element chemistry of carbonate hosted apatite in the Grenville Province” 47th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, 2020. Online.
'Hydroxylbastnäsite'
Habit: fine-grained
Colour: brown, green, resinous
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)(OH)
Colour: Pale green
Description: Occurs sparsely as inclusions of well-formed hexagonal bipyramidal crystals to 100 microns included within calcite in the core of the carbonatite.
Reference: S. Mounce, C. Emproto, M. Murchland, M. Rutherford, and J. Rakovan. “Melt and Micromineral Inclusions in Fluorapatite, Calcite, Fluorite, Albite, and Augite from The Schickler Occurrence, ON, Canada.” 47th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, 2020. Online.
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Reference: Pavel Kartashov analytical data 2011, Reiner Mielke specimens
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: P Haas collection; Robinson & Chamberlain (1982) - Mineralogical Record v14 n2; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Description: No data supports the presence of amphiboles at this locality with Ʃ(AlFe3+)>0.5 apfu and Al>Fe3+
Reference: David K. Joyce specimen
'K Feldspar'
Reference: T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
Kobeite-(Y)
Formula: (REE,Fe,U)3 Zr(Ti,Nb)3 O12
Reference: T.S. Ercit - 2002 Rochester Min. Symposium presentation.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: up to 6mm in zones up to 3m wide with sillimanite, garnet, biotite, & muscovite, in gniess.
Reference: R.J. Traill (1980), personal collection
Lanthanite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: Pavel Kartashov analytical data 2011, Reiner Mielke specimens
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,282
Lazurite
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Reference: Identified by Mineral Associates Inc. See message thread in external links for this locality.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Habit: thin scales
Colour: brown
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
'Lepidomelane'
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31E01SE00054.html
Lokkaite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2011
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 226-228
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg #368; Ontario MDI Number: MDI31E01SE00054
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Habit: large sharp octahedral crystals
Colour: dark metalic gray
Reference: Robinson & Chamberlain (1982) - Mineralogical Record v14 n2; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines,MDI Number: MDI31F04SW00297
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Ann P. Sabina, Rocks & Minerals for the Collector: Geoligical Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39. Page 46.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: www.ontariominerals.com/berylpit.htm
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: element51.com. Fouts, C. (1998) Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook. Bancroft & District Chamber of Commerce, 50pp.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Van King
Melanocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
Reference: Royal Ontario Museum specimen M22568
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Description: Occurs in pegmatite.
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Metaschoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke and Travis Olds
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 992.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Colour: black/brown
Fluorescence: none
Description: Large samples of about 10 & above cm can still be found, but smaller samples around 5 cm are more common. They are usually fragments not entire crystal books, which are rare.
Reference: Sabina, Anne P. Rocks & Minerals for the Collector. page 70, Cardiff Uranium Mine, mineral list.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Microcline var. Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: John Sinkankas (1959) Gemstones of North America, Volume 1
'Microperthite'
Reference: ref.: D.F. Hewitt (1954)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Colour: metalic
Fluorescence: none
Reference: J. A. Mandarino and R. I. Gait (1970) Molybdenite polytypes in the Royal Ontario Museum. The Canadian Mineralogist 10:723-729
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndmf.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31D16NW00208.html
'Monazite'
Colour: yellow to orange
Description: Associated with stillwellite and hydroxylbastnaesite.
Reference: GSC misc report 39; Christopher Fouts (1999) Report of Assessment Work Physical Assessment Geotechnical Assessment Mining claim: S.O. 1195060 SI/3, lot 31, con. XVII, Monmouth Township, Haliburton County
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: David Joyce; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42; Bermanec V, Tomašić N, Kniewald G, Back M E, Zagler G (2008) Nioboaeschynite-(Y), a new member of the aeschynite group from the Bear Lake diggings, Haliburton County, Ontario, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist 46, 395-402
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 226-228
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For The Collector: Ottawa to North Bay, Ontario; Hull to Waltham, Quebec
Muscovite var. Gieseckite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31F04SW00012.html
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Storey C.C. and Vos M.A. (1981) Industrial minerals of the Pembroke-Renfrew area, Ontario Geological Survey, Mineral Deposit Circular 22, pt.2, p.32.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Habit: radial
Colour: reddish
Reference: Steacy, H.R., Rose, E. R., Moyd, L. & Hogarth, D.D. (1982): Some classic Mineral Localities of Southeastern Ontario. Mineralogical Record 13: 197-203; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Habit: Equidimensional to prismatic crystals to 67cm.
Colour: Colorless, pink, gray, white
Description: Inclusions of magnetite. Some alteration to sodalite and cancrinite.
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Mineralogical Record (1990) 21:235-248; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
Nioboaeschynite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca,Th,Fe)(Nb,Ti,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Bermanec V, Tomašić N, Kniewald G, Back M E, Zagler G (2008) Nioboaeschynite-(Y), a new member of the aeschynite group from the Bear Lake diggings, Haliburton County, Ontario, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist 46, 395-402
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Fluorescence: The norbergite fluoresces yellow under SW as opposed to the chondrodite which looks the same but does not fluoresce.
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Bancroft-Parry Sound Area and Southern Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 39.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 226-228
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: www.ontariominerals.com/berylpit.htm
Opal var. Hyalite ?
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Colour: white
Fluorescence: Green
Description: In the acompanying photo the green fluorescence is due to the Uranyl ion and it is not clear what mineral contains it. Often at some localities it is hyalite. Please see: http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-342372.html
Reference: Michael Adamowicz Collection
Opal var. Opal-AN ?
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines,MDI Number: MDI31F04SW00244
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Habit: acicular
Colour: white
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Habit: grains
Colour: amber
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
'Perrierite'
Habit: platy, irregular masses
Colour: reddish-brown, resinous
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Habit: plates and irregular masses up to 2 mm
Colour: reddish brown to dark brown
Reference: GSC misc report 39; Christopher Fouts (1999) Report of Assessment Work Physical Assessment Geotechnical Assessment Mining claim: S.O. 1195060 SI/3, lot 31, con. XVII, Monmouth Township, Haliburton County
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:232-233
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51, 414
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Can Mineral December 1960 v. 6 no. 4 p. 513-521
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Powellite ?
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: http://www.ontariominerals.com
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Emproto, C.; Alvarez, A.; Anderkin, C.; Rakovan, J. (2020) The Crystallinity of Apatite in Contact with Metamict Pyrochlore from the Silver Crater Mine, ON, Canada. Minerals 10, 244.
'Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Description: described as ellsworthite
Reference: American Mineralogist 27:226; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450; Hewitt, D. F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada Industrial Mineral Report 21; http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31F04NW00023.html
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Habit: Cubo-octahedral
Colour: Brown
Fluorescence: none
Reference: [MinRec 10:153-155, 13:73, 13:76, 13:201]; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42; Ontario MDI Number: MDI31E01SE00054
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Habit: Cubo-octahedral
Colour: Brown
Fluorescence: none
Reference: [MinRec 10:153-155, 13:73, 13:76, 13:201]; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42; Ontario MDI Number: MDI31E01SE00054; Emproto, C.; Alvarez, A.; Anderkin, C.; Rakovan, J. (2020) The Crystallinity of Apatite in Contact with Metamict Pyrochlore from the Silver Crater Mine, ON, Canada. Minerals 10, 244.
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Reference: Satterly J. (1943) Mineral Occurrences in the Haliburton Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Annual Report ARV52, Pt.2, p.94-95.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Crystaline, clear
Colour: Violet
Description: Only couple crystals found in vein under current road. Although part of the vein exists, amethyst will likely not be found.
Reference: Matthew Neuzil Collection
Quartz var. Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
Quartz var. Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For The Collector: Ottawa to North Bay, Ontario; Hull to Waltham, Quebec; T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
Quartz var. Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For The Collector: Ottawa to North Bay, Ontario; Hull to Waltham, Quebec; T. S. Ercit (1994) The geochemistry and crystal chemistry of columbite-group minerals from granitic pegmatites, southwestern Grenville Province, Canadian Shield. The Canadian Mineralogist 32:421-438
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18; Adam, F.D. & Barlow H.E., 1910, G.S.C., Mem.6, p205 Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18, pg.324
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Data from Hawthorne et al. (2006) give the following composition: (Na0.342K0.174)0.516(Ca1.466Na0.515)1.981(Zn0.006Mg4.700Mn0.013Fe2+0.215Fe3+0.061Ti0.004Al0.020)5.019(Si7.909Al0.091)8.000(F0.721OH1.279)2.000
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Martin, R.F. (2006): Short-range order in amphiboles from the Bear Lake Diggings, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1171-1179.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31E01SE00021.html
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: Radioactive minerals have been reported
Reference: Gsc paper 70-50 ann p sabina
Rutile var. Ilmenorutile ?
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Rutile var. Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Pit owers (pers. comm.)
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Reference: Satterly J. (1943) Mineral Occurrences in the Haliburton Area, Ontario Department of Mines, Annual Report ARV52, Pt.2, p.94-95.
'Scapolite var. Wernerite'
Reference: No reference listed
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31F04NW00017.html
Schoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Reference: Reiner Mielke and Travis Olds
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Grice, J. D., Ercit, T. S. (1993) Ordering of Fe and Mg in the tourmaline crystal structure: the correct formula. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 165(3), 245-266.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18; Adam, F.D. & Barlow H.E., 1910, G.S.C., Mem.6, p205 Trail,R.J. 1980, Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, GSC Paper 80-18, pg.324
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Sabina, A. P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13, 223-228
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Anatase and Umangite occur strictly as grains. Garnet, Sillimanite, Scapolite, Tourmaline, and Graphite occur in gniess wall-rock. The rest of the minerals occur in pegmatite.
Reference: GSC Report 39; Can Mineral December 1966 v. 8 no. 5 p. 593-609
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31E01SE00021.html
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Habit: irregular masses 2mm in diameter & microcrystalline crust around spinel
Colour: colorless to light yellow
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Bancroft-Parry Sound area and Southern Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 39, 1986, 182p. Sabina, A.P. (1982) Some rare minerals of the Bancroft [Ontario] area. Mineralogical Record Vol.13, No.(4) July - August, p.226.
'Soapstone'
Reference: Chris Rohricht;
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Stetindite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(SiO4)
Description: Occurs as small (<10 micron) inclusions within altered fluorapatite.
Reference: S. Mounce, C. Emproto, M. Murchland, M. Rutherford, and J. Rakovan. “Melt and Micromineral Inclusions in Fluorapatite, Calcite, Fluorite, Albite, and Augite from The Schickler Occurrence, ON, Canada.” 47th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, 2020. Online.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: ref.: D.F. Hewitt (1954)
Stillwellite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Habit: hexagonal tabular crystals (up to 4-5 mm) and lenticular or irregular masses
Colour: maroon-red, brownish red to brown, pink or grey; smooth to porcelain-like texture. Generally opaque with waxy to resinous lustre but also may almost be transparent and resemble titanite
Description: Generally as partial crusts on smoky quartz and clinopyroxene
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 225 ;Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39; Christopher Fouts (1999) Report of Assessment Work Physical Assessment Geotechnical Assessment Mining claim: S.O. 1195060 SI/3, lot 31, con. XVII, Monmouth Township, Haliburton County
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
'Sunstone'
Reference: Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: S. Mounce, C. Emproto, M. Murchland, M. Rutherford, and J. Rakovan. “Melt and Micromineral Inclusions in Fluorapatite, Calcite, Fluorite, Albite, and Augite from The Schickler Occurrence, ON, Canada.” 47th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, 2020. Online.
Szaibélyite
Formula: MgBO2(OH)
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Bancroft-Parry Sound area and Southern Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 39, 1986, 182p.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Habit: powdery
Colour: white
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Tengerite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Description: Tengerite-(Y) has been redefined. Miyawaki, Ritsuro, Kuriyama, Junko, and Naki, Izumi, 1993, The redefinition of tengerite- (Y) , Y2(CO3)3.2-3H2O, and its crystal structure, American Mineralogist, 78: 425-432.
Reference: D. D. Hogarth, H. R. Steacy, E. I. Semenov, E. G. Proshchenko, M. E. Kazakova and Z. T. Kataeva (1973) New occurrence and data for spencite. The Canadian Mineralogist 12:66-71
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51, 492
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Description: Twinned xls of thorite have been surfacing on the internet. The mine I believe is in Faraday twp.
Reference: GSC Report 39; Mineralogical Record, 10, 153-158; Mineralogical Record ,13, 79-80; Moore, T. (1999): Springfield Show 1999. Mineralogical Record, 30, 470-472
Thorite var. Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Description: Anatase and Umangite occur strictly as grains. Garnet, Sillimanite, Scapolite, Tourmaline, and Graphite occur in gniess wall-rock. The rest of the minerals occur in pegmatite.
Reference: GSC Report 39; G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Habit: bladed xls to 8cm 20cm across, twinned
Colour: dark brown
Reference: G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42; Bermanec V, Tomašić N, Kniewald G, Back M E, Zagler G (2008) Nioboaeschynite-(Y), a new member of the aeschynite group from the Bear Lake diggings, Haliburton County, Ontario, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist 46, 395-402
Tochilinite
Formula: Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol15/AM15_474.pdf
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Habit: grains
Colour: peach-colored
Reference: Sabina, A. P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13, 223-228
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Sabina A. P,(1977)New Occurrences of Minerals in Parts of Ontario, Geological Survey of Canada, Report of Activities, Paper 77-1A, Part A, P. 337
Tritomite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
Reference: FRONDEL, C. (1961): Two yttrium minerals: spencite and rowlandite. Canadian Mineralogist 6, 576-581. JAFFE, H.W. & MOLINSKY, V.J. (1962): Spencite, the yttrium analogue of tritomite from Sussex Co., New Jersey. American Mineralogist 47, 9-25. JOENSUU, O.I. & INGAMELLS, C.O. (1966): Additional data on the composition of spencite. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 647-649.
Umangite
Formula: Cu3Se2
Description: Anatase and Umangite occur strictly as grains. Garnet, Sillimanite, Scapolite, Tourmaline, and Graphite occur in gniess wall-rock. The rest of the minerals occur in pegmatite.
Reference: GSC Report 39
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Colour: grey/metalic
Fluorescence: none
Description: Uraninite can be detected by using a geiger counter right above dump material.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42; Can Mineral December 1960 v. 6 no. 4 p. 513-521
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Habit: acicular yellow needles; often in radiating groups.
Description: Uranophane occurs as fine crystal clusters. Uranophane is a good collectors mineral and is quite profitable as a specimen. Masson and Gordon say: Some large pegmatites have vuggy cores containing excellent crystals of minerals such as calcite with gypsum, pyrite, goethite, limonite/hematite, uranophane, fluorite and chalcopyrite.
Reference: Hewitt, D.F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada Industrial Mineral Report 21.; Masson, S.L., Gordon, J.B. (1981) Radioactive mineral deposits of the Pembroke-Renfrew area. Ministry of Natural Resources Survey, Mineral Deposits Circular 23, 155.; Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & minerals for the collector: Bancroft – Parry Sound area and Southern Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 39, 182 pages.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 92-99.
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Description: Uranophane occurs as fine crystal clusters. Uranophane is a good collectors mineral and is quite profitable as a specimen.
Reference: Rocks and Minerals For the Collector (Geological Survey of Canada Misc Report 39); Hewitt, D. F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada Industrial Mineral Report 21
Uranopilite
Formula: (UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Habit: thin crusts
Colour: yellow
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Habit: micaceous alteration of biotite
Colour: bronzy yellow
Reference: Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Vigezzite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Description: minute brown simple tabular xls, <1mm, Beryl Pit, Quadeville, collected by the author, EDS confirmed by Tony Nikisher
Reference: ontariominerals.com
Warwickite
Formula: (Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Reference: Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Bancroft-Parry Sound area and Southern Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 39, 1986, 182p. Sabina, A.P. (1982) Some rare minerals of the Bancroft [Ontario] area. Mineralogical Record Vol.13, No.(4) July - August, p.226.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: [Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2013
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Habit: twinned xls to 3cm
Reference: Andrew Haighton; G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395
Yttriaite-(Y)
Formula: Y2O3
Habit: Anhedral equant blobs
Colour: Colorless
Description: Occurs as colorless anhedral crystals to 50 microns embedded within calcite (most abundant) and fluorite (least abundant) within the core of the carbonatite. Does not occur within fluorapatite or any other mineral phase.
Reference: S. Mounce, C. Emproto, M. Murchland, M. Rutherford, and J. Rakovan. “Melt and Micromineral Inclusions in Fluorapatite, Calcite, Fluorite, Albite, and Augite from The Schickler Occurrence, ON, Canada.” 47th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, 2020. Online.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Reference: Maggie Wilson
Zircon var. Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/MDI/data/records/MDI31F04SW00037.html
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tochilinite2.FD.35Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Umangite2.BA.25Cu3Se2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var. Stink-Fluss3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Nd) ?4.DF.05(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Calciosamarskite (TL)4.DB.25(Ca,Fe3+,Y)2(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O8
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var. Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Curite4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Davidite-(Ce)4.CC.40Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite ?4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kobeite-(Y)4.DG.05(REE,Fe,U)3 Zr(Ti,Nb)3 O12
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Metaschoepite4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Nioboaeschynite-(Y) (TL)4.DF.05(Y,REE,Ca,Th,Fe)(Nb,Ti,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Hyalite ?4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-AN ?4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var. Ilmenorutile ?4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var. Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Schoepite4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Vigezzite4.DF.05(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Yttriaite-(Y)4.CC.Y2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Brugnatellite5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)(OH)
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'5.BD.20a(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Lanthanite-(La)5.CC.25(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Lokkaite-(Y)5.CC.15Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Tengerite-(Y) ?5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Ludwigite6.AB.30Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Szaibélyite6.BA.15MgBO2(OH)
Warwickite6.AB.20(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var. Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite ?7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Uranopilite7.EA.05(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite ?8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Peristerite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)9.BG.05b{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bazzite9.CJ.05Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
var. Bakerite9.AJ.20Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite9.DE.15NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Eudialyte ?9.CO.10(Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
Ferri-fluoro-katophorite (TL)9.DE.20Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2
Ferriallanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Ferro-ferri-taramite'9.DE.20Na(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite ?9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
'Fluoro-katophorite' ?9.DE.20Na(CaNa)(Mg4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-tremolite ?9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Garronite-Ca9.GC.05Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'9..
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var. Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hafnon ?9.AD.30HfSiO4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Haüyne ?9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Katophorite ?9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lazurite ?9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Melanocerite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var. Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Gieseckite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Stetindite-(Ce)9.AD.30Ce(SiO4)
Stillwellite-(Ce)9.AJ.25(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var. Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tritomite-(Y) (TL)9.AH.25Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Uranophane-β9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var. Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var. Trillium'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Davidite'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
'Faujasite'-(Na2/Ca/Mg)3 · 5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Antiperthite'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gmelinite' ?-
'Gummite'-
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydronephelite'-
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
'Hydroxylbastnäsite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidomelane'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
'Perrierite'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'var. Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Soapstone'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Sunstone'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Umangite2.5.1.1Cu3Se2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Tochilinite2.14.2.1Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var. Ilmenorutile ?4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var. Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AXO3·xH2O
Metaschoepite5.2.1.1(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
Schoepite5.2.1.3(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Miscellaneous
Curite5.9.3.1Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB8X16
Hollandite ?7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Nd) ?8.3.6.5(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Kobeite-(Y)8.3.12.1(REE,Fe,U)3 Zr(Ti,Nb)3 O12
Nioboaeschynite-(Y) (TL)8.3.6.7(Y,REE,Ca,Th,Fe)(Nb,Ti,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Vigezzite8.3.7.1(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
AB21O38
Davidite-(Ce)8.5.1.6Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(La)15.4.2.1(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Lokkaite-(Y)15.4.4.1Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Tengerite-(Y) ?15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.2.1Ce(CO3)(OH)
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'16a.1.2.2(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Brugnatellite16b.7.5.1Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
A2BO2[XO3]
Ludwigite24.2.1.1Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Warwickite24.2.2.1(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Diborates
Szaibélyite25.2.1.2MgBO2(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Uranopilite31.2.6.1(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite ?40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite ?48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Hafnon ?51.5.2.2HfSiO4
Stetindite-(Ce)51.5.2.6Ce(SiO4)
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Uranophane-β53.3.1.9Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
var. Bakerite54.2.1b.1Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Melanocerite-(Ce)54.2.5.3(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
Stillwellite-(Ce)54.2.3.2(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Tritomite-(Y) (TL)54.2.5.2Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)58.2.1a.3{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Bazzite61.1.1.2Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte ?64.1.1.1(Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Edenite66.1.3a.10NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Katophorite ?66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne ?76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Lazurite ?76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Garronite-Ca77.1.3.3Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
Albite
var. Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Cleavelandite-Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Peristerite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var. Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var. Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var. Trillium'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var. Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Calciosamarskite (TL)-(Ca,Fe3+,Y)2(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O8
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Corundum
var. Sapphire
-Al2O3
'Davidite'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
'Faujasite'-(Na2/Ca/Mg)3 · 5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Antiperthite'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Ferri-fluoro-katophorite (TL)-Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2
Ferriallanite-(Ce)-{CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Ferro-ferri-taramite'-Na(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite ?-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'-
Fluorite
var. Stink-Fluss
-CaF2
'Fluoro-katophorite' ?-Na(CaNa)(Mg4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-tremolite ?-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gmelinite' ?-
Grossular
var. Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
Gypsum
var. Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Hackmanite'-Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Hastingsite-NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydronephelite'-
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
'Hydroxylbastnäsite'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidomelane'-
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'-
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var. Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microperthite'-
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var. Gieseckite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var. Hyalite ?
-SiO2 · nH2O
var. Opal-AN ?-SiO2 · nH2O
'Perrierite'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Amethyst
-SiO2
var. Citrine-SiO2
var. Rose Quartz-SiO2
var. Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'var. Wernerite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Soapstone'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Sunstone'-
'Thomsonite'-
Thorite
var. Uranothorite
-(Th,U)SiO4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Yttriaite-(Y)-Y2O3
Zircon
var. Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Nioboaeschynite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca,Th,Fe)(Nb,Ti,Ta)2(O,OH)6
H Tritomite-(Y)Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
H Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
H Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Melanocerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
H Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H Datolite var. BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
H Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
H Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
H CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Muscovite var. GieseckiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Davidite-(Ce)Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
H Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Zircon var. CyrtoliteZr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
H Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
H Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Allanite-(Y){CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H Faujasite(Na2/Ca/Mg)3 · 5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H Opal var. Opal-ANSiO2 · nH2O
H Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
H Opal var. HyaliteSiO2 · nH2O
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Eudialyte(Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe32+)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Be BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B Tritomite-(Y)Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Melanocerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
B Datolite var. BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
B SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
B SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)
B Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
C Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
C Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2
O Nioboaeschynite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca,Th,Fe)(Nb,Ti,Ta)2(O,OH)6
O Tritomite-(Y)Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
O Calciosamarskite(Ca,Fe3+,Y)2(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O8
O Pyrochlore Supergroup var. Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
O Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O UraniniteUO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O CorundumAl2O3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O Melanocerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
O Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Quartz var. Rose QuartzSiO2
O Quartz var. Smoky QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Thorite var. Uranothorite(Th,U)SiO4
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O CelestineSrSO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Anorthite var. Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Grossular var. HessoniteCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ThorianiteThO2
O Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O Datolite var. BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
O Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
O Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2O
O CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Muscovite var. GieseckiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Davidite-(Ce)Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
O Albite var. PeristeriteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Gypsum var. SeleniteCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Ferriallanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Zircon var. CyrtoliteZr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O Pyrochlore Group var. Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)