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Bulla Island (Bulli Island; Ostrov Bulla; Khara-Zire), Caspian Sea, Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan), Azerbaijani
Regional Level Types
Bulla Island (Bulli Island; Ostrov Bulla; Khara-Zire)Island
Caspian SeaSea
Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)District
AzerbaijanCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
39° 59' 23'' North , 49° 38' 36'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
остров Булла


Mud volcano on the same name island (4x5 km size) in the Baku archipelago some km SE of Baku city.
Main volcanic activity episodes were observed in 1857, 1859, 1940, 1947, 1959, 1960 and 1963. The strongest eruptions occurred in 1857 and 1940, when volumes of erupted breccias attained some millions of cubic meters and flame pillars were up to a kilometer high.
The most interesting mineralization (native metals, akdalaite) is connected with ejecta of 1947 eruption.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Akdalaite
Formula: 5Al2O3 · H2O
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., MamedovYu.G. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 1996,N4, p.339-349
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Nekoite
Formula: Ca3Si6O15·7H2O
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Sinjarite
Formula: CaCl2 · 2H2O
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Aluminium1.AA.05Al
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sinjarite3.BB.25CaCl2 · 2H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akdalaite4.FL.705Al2O3 · H2O
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hydroboracite6.CB.15CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nekoite9.EA.45Ca3Si6O15·7H2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Aluminium1.1.1.5Al
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Akdalaite4.3.2.15Al2O3 · H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Sinjarite9.2.5.1CaCl2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Hydroboracite26.3.6.1CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Nekoite72.3.2.7Ca3Si6O15·7H2O
Okenite72.3.2.5Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SinjariteCaCl2 · 2H2O
H Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SinjariteCaCl2 · 2H2O
O Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O WüstiteFeO
O HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CristobaliteSiO2
O OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al AluminiumAl
Al Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SinjariteCaCl2 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca SinjariteCaCl2 · 2H2O
Ca HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IronFe
Fe WüstiteFeO
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G. (1996) Native aluminium from mud volcano of Bulla island (Caspian sea). - Litologiya i poleznye iskopaemye, N4, 339-349 (in Russ.)

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