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Hunedoara, Romaniai
Regional Level Types
HunedoaraCounty
RomaniaCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Hunedoara69,136 (2016)
Deva67,802 (2012)
Petroşani44,187 (2013)
Lupeni30,488 (2016)
Vulcan28,869 (2016)
Petrila25,234 (2012)
Other Languages:
French:
Hunedoara, Roumanie
German:
Hunedoara, Rumänien
Italian:
distretto di Hunedoara, Romania
Romanian:
Hunedoara, România
Russian:
Хунедоара, Румыния
Simplified Chinese:
胡內多阿拉縣, 羅馬尼亞
Spanish:
Hunedoara, Rumania
Ukrainian:
Хунедоара, Румунія
Achinese:
Propinsi Hunedoara, Rumania
Albanian:
Qarku Hunedoara, Rumania
Arabic:
مقاطعة هوندوارا, رومانيا
Aragonese:
Provincia de Hunedoara, Rumanía
Bavarian:
Kroas Hunedoara, Rumänien
Belarusian:
жудзец Хунедаара, Румынія
Bengali:
হুনেদোয়ারা কাউন্টি, রোমানিয়া
Bosnian:
Hunedoara , Rumunija
Bulgarian:
Хунедоара, Румъния
Catalan:
Província de Hunedoara, Romania
Cebuano:
Hunedoara , Rumanya
Croatian:
Hunedoara, Rumunjska
Czech:
Hunedoara, Rumunsko
Danish:
Hunedoara, Rumænien
Dutch:
District Hunedoara, Roemenië
Esperanto:
Distrikto Hunedoara, Rumanio
Estonian:
Hunedoara maakond, Rumeenia
Farsi/Persian:
شهرستان هوندوارا, رومانی
Finnish:
Hunedoara, Romania
Galician:
Condado de Hunedoara, Romanía
Georgian:
ჰუნედოარის ჟუდეცი, რუმინეთი
Greek:
Χουνεντοάρα, Ρουμανία
Gujarati:
હુનેડોઆરા કાઉન્ટી, રોમાનિયા
Hindi:
हूनेदोआरा काउंटी, रोमानिया
Hungarian:
Hunyad megye, Románia
Indonesian:
Provinsi Hunedoara, Rumania
Japanese:
フネドアラ県, ルーマニア
Judaeo-Spanish:
Hunedoara, Rumania
Kannada:
ಹುನೆಡೊರಾ ಕೌಂಟಿ, ರೊಮಾನಿಯ
Korean:
후네도아라주, 루마니아
Latin:
Hunedoara, Romania
Latvian:
Hunedoaras žudecs, Rumānija
Lithuanian:
Hunedoaros apskritis, Rumunija
Malay:
Wilayah Hunedoara, Romania
Marathi:
हुनदओरा काउंटी, रोमेनिया
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Hunedoara Koān, Romania
Mongolian:
Хунедоара аймаг, Румын
Northern Sami:
Hunedoara guovlu, Románia
Norwegian:
Hunedoara, Romania
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Hunedoara fylke, Romania
Polish:
Okręg Hunedoara, Rumunia
Portuguese:
Hunedoara, Romênia
Serbian:
Хунедоара, Румунија
Serbo-Croatian:
Hunedoara, Rumunija
Sinhalese:
හුනේඩොආරා ප්‍රාන්තය, රුමේනියාව
Slovak:
Hunedoara, Rumunsko
Swedish:
Hunedoara, Rumänien
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Вилояти Ҳунадуара, Руминия
Tamil:
ஹுநேடோரா கவுண்டி, உருமேனியா
Telugu:
హునెండోవరా కౌంటీ, రొమేనియా
Thai:
เทศมณฑลฮูเนดออารา, ประเทศโรมาเนีย
Traditional Chinese:
胡內多阿拉縣, 羅馬尼亞
Turkish:
Hunedoara ili, Romanya
Urdu:
ہونےدوارا کاؤنٹی, رومانیہ
Vietnamese:
Hạt Hunedoara, România
Waray:
Kondado han Hunedoara, Rumania
Western Punjabi:
ہنیدوارا کاؤنٹی, رومانیہ


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

223 valid minerals. 11 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
Alabandite (TL)
Formula: MnS
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63; Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Antonela NEACŞU, Mihaela CIOACĂ, D. FILIPESCU (2010): The selenium and Se-minerals in the Săcărâmb ore deposits – Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 84, 127-130.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Miron, D. (2006) Preliminary Mineralogical Aspects Of Some Zeolites From The Mureş Valley, Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p 78.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Hotz, W. (1909): Die Magnetiterzlagerstätten von Vaspatak im Komitat Hunyad, Ungarn. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 2, 25-80.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Szakall, S. (editor)(2002): Minerals of the Carpathians. Granit, Prague 2002, 450p. (p.52)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Ardealite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Reference: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig (1931) 80, 349-352; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1010.; D. Dumitras , Si. Marincea (2000) Phosphates In The Bat Guano Deposit From The "Dry" Cioclovina Cave, Sureanu Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Devosits Vol 79 Suppl pp 43-45; Dumitraş, D.-G. (2017): A re-investigation of ardealite from the type locality, the "dry" Cioclovina Cave (Şureanu Mountains, Romania). European Journal of Mineralogy 29, 1055-1066.
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003). Cervelleite, Ag4TeS, from three localities in Romania, substitution of Cu, and the occurrence of the associated phase, Ag2Cu2TeS. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(7), 321-336.; Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Ghegari, L. et al (1994), Studia Univ. Babes-Bolyai 39(1),127-140
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
'Asbestos'
Reference: Hotz, W. (1909): Die Magnetiterzlagerstätten von Vaspatak im Komitat Hunyad, Ungarn. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 2, 25-80.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Onac, BP; Effenberger, HS; Collins, NC; Kearns, JB; Breban, RC (2011): Revisiting three minerals from Cioclovina Cave (Romania). International Journal of Speleology 40, 21-30.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Reference: Dumitras, D.-G., Constantinescu, E., Marincea, S., and Bourgier, V. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 31-36.
Benleonardite
Formula: [Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Reference: George DINCĂ, Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Oana-Claudia CIOBOTEA-BARBU, Daniel BÎRGĂOANU (2018): Silver sulfotellurides and other Te-sulfosalts in alabandite-bearing veins from Săcărâmb Au-Ag-Te ore deposit, Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Rom. J. Mineral Deposits, 91, 19-24.
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Description: First reported occurrence of berlinite formed entirely under sedimentary conditions. Disputed in 2005 reference. Confirmed in 2007 reference. Spontaneous combustion of bat guanno is likely cause for creation of high temperature phase.
Reference: Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Am. Min., 88, 1395–1397 (2003) ; Am. Min. 90,1203-1208 (2005); Am. Min. 92,1998-2001(2007)
'Bielzite'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p72]
Billingsleyite
Formula: Ag7AsS6
Description: Mark Feinglos specimen
Reference: Andy Roberts
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Dumitras, D.-G., Constantinescu, E., Marincea, S., and Bourgier, V. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 31-36.; D. Dumitras , Si. Marincea (2000) Phosphates In The Bat Guano Deposit From The "Dry" Cioclovina Cave, Sureanu Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Devosits Vol 79 Suppl pp 43-45
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Primics, G. (1886): Das Vorkommen der derben Quarzvarietäten bei Tekerő. Földtani Közlöny, 16, 347-353.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Buckhornite
Formula: AuPb2BiTe2S3
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Onac, B.P.; Bernhardt, H.-J.; Effenberger, H. (2009): Authigenic burbankite in the Cioclovina Cave sediments (Romania). European Journal of Mineralogy 21, 507-514.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Reference: [Specimen in the collection of The Natural History Museum, London]
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003). Cervelleite, Ag4TeS, from three localities in Romania, substitution of Cu, and the occurrence of the associated phase, Ag2Cu2TeS. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(7), 321-336.; Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
'Chabazite'
Reference: Szakall, S. (editor)(2002): Minerals of the Carpathians. Granit, Prague 2002, 450p. (p.315)
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: collector: Gábor Koller, EDS: Sándor Szakáll
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Chlorellestadite ?
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5Cl
Description: Disputed in 2005
Reference: Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34; American Mineralogist: 90:1203-1208 (2005)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Bojar, H.-P. & Walter, F. (2006): Fluoro-magnesiohastingsite from Dealul Uroi (Hunedoara county, Romania): Mineral data and crystal structrure of a new amphibole end-member. European Journal of Mineralogy 18, 503-508
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Description: Disputed in 2005
Reference: Onac, B.P., Ettinger, K., Kearns, J., Balasz, I.I. (2005): A modern, guano-related occurrence of foggite, CaAl(PO4)(OH)2·H2O and churchite-(Y), YPO4·2H2O in Cioclovina Cave, Romania. Mineralogy and Petrology, 85, 291-302.; European Journal of Mineralogy; April 2009; v. 21; no. 2; p. 507-514
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
'Clinochlore-1MIa'
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
'Clinochlore-1MIb'
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Miron, D. (2006) Preliminary Mineralogical Aspects Of Some Zeolites From The Mureş Valley, Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p 78.
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Onac, BP; Effenberger, HS; Collins, NC; Kearns, JB; Breban, RC (2011): Revisiting three minerals from Cioclovina Cave (Romania). International Journal of Speleology 40, 21-30.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: D. Dumitras , Si. Marincea (2000) Phosphates In The Bat Guano Deposit From The "Dry" Cioclovina Cave, Sureanu Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Devosits Vol 79 Suppl pp 43-45
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Darapskite
Formula: Na3(SO4)(NO3) · H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Andrei Ionuț Apopei, Gheorghe Damian, Nicolae Buzgar, Andrei Buzatu (2016): Mineralogy and geochemistry of Pb–Sb/As-sulfosalts from Coranda-Hondol ore deposit (Romania) — Conditions of telluride deposition. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 857-873.
'Ellestadite'
Reference: Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: König, U., Benea, M., Göske, J., Pöllmann, H. (2001): Der Berg Magura Uroiului in Rumänien – Locus Typicus des Pseudobrookits. Der Aufschluss, 53, 271-281.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Eucairite
Formula: AgCuSe
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009; Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Antonela NEACŞU, Mihaela CIOACĂ, D. FILIPESCU (2010): The selenium and Se-minerals in the Săcărâmb ore deposits – Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 84, 127-130.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Popa T., Popa S. (2004) Hydrothermal alterations and their geochemical implications revealed by multivariate techniques (factor analysis) in Almaş-Stănija ore field (Southern Apuseni Mts., Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:159-164
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe3+0.67Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Bojar, H.-P. & Walter, F. (2006): Fluoro-magnesiohastingsite from Dealul Uroi (Hunedoara county, Romania): Mineral data and crystal structrure of a new amphibole end-member. European Journal of Mineralogy 18, 503-508
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Description: Phlogopite with: F/[F+OH] = 0,79
Reference: Bojar, H.-P. & Walter, F. (2006): Fluoro-magnesiohastingsite from Dealul Uroi (Hunedoara county, Romania): Mineral data and crystal structrure of a new amphibole end-member. European Journal of Mineralogy 18, 503-508
Foggite
Formula: CaAl(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Onac, B.P., Ettinger, K., Kearns, J., Balasz, I.I. (2005): A modern, guano-related occurrence of foggite, CaAl(PO4)(OH)2·H2O and churchite-(Y), YPO4·2H2O in Cioclovina Cave, Romania. Mineralogy and Petrology, 85, 291-302.; European Journal of Mineralogy; April 2009; v. 21; no. 2; p. 507-514
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Fukalite
Formula: Ca4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - \
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnet Supergroup'
Formula: X3Z2(TO4)3
Reference: Hotz, W. (1909): Die Magnetiterzlagerstätten von Vaspatak im Komitat Hunyad, Ungarn. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 2, 25-80.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Geigerite
Formula: Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Collected by Gábor Koller, XRD and EDS: Sándor Szakáll and Béla Fehér
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Andrei Ionuț Apopei, Gheorghe Damian, Nicolae Buzgar, Andrei Buzatu (2016): Mineralogy and geochemistry of Pb–Sb/As-sulfosalts from Coranda-Hondol ore deposit (Romania) — Conditions of telluride deposition. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 857-873.
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
'Gismondine'
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Goldfieldite
Formula: (Cu102)Te4S12S
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians, 2009; George DINCĂ, Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Oana-Claudia CIOBOTEA-BARBU, Daniel BÎRGĂOANU (2018): Silver sulfotellurides and other Te-sulfosalts in alabandite-bearing veins from Săcărâmb Au-Ag-Te ore deposit, Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Rom. J. Mineral Deposits, 91, 19-24.
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Apopei, A.I., Buzgar, N., Damian, G., Buzatu, A. (2005): The Raman study of weathering minerals from the Coranda-Hondol open pit (Certej gold-silver deposit) and their photochemical degradation products under laser irradiation. Canadian MIneralogist, 52, 1027-1038.
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755.
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Dumitras, D.-G., Constantinescu, E., Marincea, S., and Bourgier, V. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 31-36.; D. Dumitras , Si. Marincea (2000) Phosphates In The Bat Guano Deposit From The "Dry" Cioclovina Cave, Sureanu Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Devosits Vol 79 Suppl pp 43-45
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral.2006, 18, 503-508
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Kamaishilite
Formula: Ca2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Antonela NEACŞU, Mihaela CIOACĂ, D. FILIPESCU (2010): The selenium and Se-minerals in the Săcărâmb ore deposits – Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 84, 127-130.
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
Krautite (TL)
Formula: Mn(HAsO4) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 503 (1976)
Krennerite (TL)
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Term.Füz.(1877) 1, 33-35; Wagner F E, Sawicki J A, Friedl J, Mandarino J A, Harris D C, Cabri L J (1994) 197Au Mössbauer study of the gold–silver ditellurides sylvanite, krennerite and calaverite, The Canadian Mineralogist 32, 189-201
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Onac, BP; Effenberger, HS; Collins, NC; Kearns, JB; Breban, RC (2011): Revisiting three minerals from Cioclovina Cave (Romania). International Journal of Speleology 40, 21-30.
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Eur.Journ.Min. 14:157-164
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Bojar, H.-P. & Walter, F. (2006): Fluoro-magnesiohastingsite from Dealul Uroi (Hunedoara county, Romania): mineral structure of a new amphibole end-member. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18, 503-508.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Hotz, W. (1909): Die Magnetiterzlagerstätten von Vaspatak im Komitat Hunyad, Ungarn. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 2, 25-80.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
'Mica Group'
Reference: Popa T., Popa S. (2004) Hydrothermal alterations and their geochemical implications revealed by multivariate techniques (factor analysis) in Almaş-Stănija ore field (Southern Apuseni Mts., Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:159-164
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Reference: Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.
Monohydrocalcite
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Popa T., Popa S. (2004) Hydrothermal alterations and their geochemical implications revealed by multivariate techniques (factor analysis) in Almaş-Stănija ore field (Southern Apuseni Mts., Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:159-164
Mountainite
Formula: KNa2Ca2[Si8O19(OH)] · 6H2O
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Museumite (TL)
Formula: [Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]
Type Locality:
Reference: L. Bindi & C. Cipriani (2004) Eur. J. Mineral. 16, 835-838
Muthmannite (TL)
Formula: AuAgTe2
Type Locality:
Reference: Transactions of the USSR Academy of Sc., volume 280, pp. 159 (1985); Bindi, L. & Cipriani, C. (2004): Ordered distribution of Au and Ag in the crystal structure of muthmannite, AuAgTe2, a rare telluride fom Sacarîmb, western Romania. Am. Mineral., 89, 1505-1509.
Nagyágite (TL)
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755; Lapis (1989): 9: 8; American Mineralogist (1995): 80: 188.; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Marcoux, E., Grancea, L., Lupulescu, M., & Milési, J. (2002). Lead isotope signatures of epithermal and porphyry-type ore deposits from the Romanian Carpathian Mountains. Mineralium Deposita, 37(2), 173-184.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.; Simon, G., Alderton, D. H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Bleser, T. (1995). Tellurantimony in Romania: first occurrences in Europe. Mineralogy and Petrology, 53(1-3), 115-124.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Gheorghe C. POPESCU, Antonela NEACŞU, Mihaela CIOACĂ, D. FILIPESCU (2010): The selenium and Se-minerals in the Săcărâmb ore deposits – Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 84, 127-130.
Nitratine
Formula: NaNO3
Reference: Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
Nukundamite
Formula: Cu3.33Fe0.66S4
Reference: M. Lupulescu, E. B. Watson, D.Wark (1993) Unusual nukundamite occurrence in an iron deposit from Romania and its metallogenetic implications -"Current Research in Geology Applied to Ore Deposits", Eds.Fenoll Hach-Ali, Torres-Ruiz & Gervilla, Granada, Spain. p. 155-158.
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Milk Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Primics, G. (1886): Das Vorkommen der derben Quarzvarietäten bei Tekerő. Földtani Közlöny, 16, 347-353.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Randall K. RUFF, Barbara STEFANINI, Sorin HALGA (2012) Geology and Petrography of the Gold-rich Cireşata Porphyry Deposit, Metaliferi Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 85(1), 19-24.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.
Pavonite
Formula: AgBi3S5
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, October 2010, Vol. 5, No. 2, p. 89 - 99
Petzite (TL)
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Mineralogical Abstracts,79-3411; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
Plombièrite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pseudobrookite (TL)
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Type Locality:
Reference: Koch, 1878; König et al., 2001; Bojar, H.-P. & Walter, F. (2006): Fluoro-magnesiohastingsite from Dealul Uroi (Hunedoara county, Romania): mineral structure of a new amphibole end-member. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18, 503-508.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Hotz, W. (1909): Die Magnetiterzlagerstätten von Vaspatak im Komitat Hunyad, Ungarn. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 2, 25-80.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: W. Stöhr (2001): Porkura - ein klassischer Amethystfundort in Rumänien Lapis 26 (9), 13-xx; Rob Lavinsky
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Primics, G. (1886): Das Vorkommen der derben Quarzvarietäten bei Tekerő. Földtani Közlöny, 16, 347-353.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Rankinite
Formula: Ca3Si2O7
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 174.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.; Simon, G., Alderton, D. H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Bleser, T. (1995). Tellurantimony in Romania: first occurrences in Europe. Mineralogy and Petrology, 53(1-3), 115-124.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Riversideite
Formula: Ca5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Saddlebackite
Formula: Pb2Bi2Te2S3
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.
Scawtite
Formula: Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Hotz, W. (1909): Die Magnetiterzlagerstätten von Vaspatak im Komitat Hunyad, Ungarn. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 2, 25-80.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skinnerite
Formula: Cu3SbS3
Reference: Săbău, G., Berbeleac, I., & Negulescu, E. (2013) The Coloradoite Occurrence of the Musariu (Metaliferi Mountains) Tellurium and Telluride Vein Mineralization and Its Position in the Depositional Sequence. Rev. Roum. Géologie, Tome 57, nos 1–2, p. 57–65, Bucureşti
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Comptes Rendus Geosciences Volume 335, Issue 8, August 2003, Pages 671-680
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
Spurrite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2004). Bismuth tellurides and sulphosalts from the Larga hydrothermal system, Metaliferi Mts, Romania: Paragenesis and genetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 68:301–321
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: (Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Stützite (TL)
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
Sulphur
Formula: S8