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Gloucester, Essex Co., Massachusetts, USAi
Regional Level Types
Gloucester- not defined -
Essex Co.County
MassachusettsState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 36' 57'' North , 70° 39' 43'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Gloucester29,781 (2017)0.0km
Rockport4,966 (2017)5.6km
Manchester-by-the-Sea5,366 (2017)9.7km
Essex1,471 (2017)10.0km
Ipswich4,222 (2017)16.3km


A populated place (city) on Cape Ann.

Area granite quarries and other bedrock exposures. Plutonic rocks of Cape Ann include gabbro, foidal syenite, alkali-feldspar syenite and alkali-feldspar granite. Pegmatites and miarolitic cavities are associated with the granite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

48 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Ankerite ?
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Sears, John Henry (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County, Massachusetts; Gleba, Peter (1978): Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Sears, John Henry (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County, Massachusetts
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: S. Pavadore collection
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
'Cryophyllite'
Reference: P. Cristofono collection 2011
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Palache, C. (1907): Phenakite as an Alteration Product of Danalite From Gloucester, Mass. (American Journal of Science 24:252-255); Yale Peabody Museum no. 3290.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Sears, JH, 1905, Geology of Essex County, Mass
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Ferro-anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Fluorite var: Yttrocerite
Formula: (Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: P Cristofono collection , 2007
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: AmMin 57:1404-1412 (1972)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hornblende'
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Sears, JH, 1905, Geology of Essex County, Mass
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
'Monazite'
Reference: Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Sears, John Henry (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County, Massachusetts
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Palache, C. (1907): Phenakite as an Alteration Product of Danalite From Gloucester, Mass. (American Journal of Science 24:252-255)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Dennen, W. H. 1992, Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Quartz var: Blue Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gleba, 1978: MA Mineral and Fossil Localities
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: P Cristofono collection , 2009
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: P Cristofono collection , 2009
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: P. Cristofono collection
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Palache, C. (1907): Phenakite as an Alteration Product of Danalite From Gloucester, Mass. (American Journal of Science 24:252-255)
Siderite var: Manganoan Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Palache, Charles (1907): Phenakite as an Alteration Product of Danalite From Gloucester, Mass. (American Journal of Science 24:252-255).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Palache, C. (1907): Phenakite as an Alteration Product of Danalite From Gloucester, Mass. (American Journal of Science 24:252-255)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Colour: yellow
Description: Native sulfur occurs as a rare alteration product of a preexisting mineral, probably sphalerite. Confirmed by SEM-EDS.
Reference: P Cristofono collection 2010
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrocerite3.AB.25(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite ?5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Manganoan Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Danalite9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Orangite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Cryophyllite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite ?14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Danalite76.2.4.2Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Cryophyllite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Ferro-anthophyllite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluorite
var: Yttrocerite
-(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
'Gadolinite'-
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Quartz
var: Blue Quartz
-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Siderite
var: Manganoan Siderite
-(Fe,Mn)CO3
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorite
var: Orangite
-Th(SiO4)
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-anthophyllite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
BeBeryllium
Be DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
CCarbon
C Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O SideriteFeCO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
O CalciteCaCO3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Ferro-anthophyllite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O RutileTiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Quartz (var: Blue Quartz)SiO2
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
F Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
F Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si Gedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Ferro-anthophyllite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Quartz (var: Blue Quartz)SiO2
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
MnManganese
Mn Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe Ferro-anthophyllite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
YYttrium
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Fluorite (var: Yttrocerite)(Ca,Y,Ce)F2+x
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th Thorite (var: Orangite)Th(SiO4)
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cooke, Josiah P., Jr. (1866): On Danalite, a new Mineral Species from the Granite of Rockport, Mass. (American Journal of Science and Arts 47:73-78).
Shaler, N. S. (1888): The Geology of Cape Ann, Massachusetts. (U. S. Geological Survey Ninth Annual Report)
Sears, John Henry (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County.
Palache, Charles (1907): Phenacite as an Alteration Product of Danalite from Gloucester, Mass. (American Journal of Science 24:252-255).
Dennen, W. H. (1992): Bedrock geologic map of the Gloucester and Rockport Quadrangles, Essex County, Massachusetts.

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