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Lucca Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Lucca ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
02913170015535196802987.jpg
View of the Apuan-Versilia marble quarrying, ca. 1900.

Lucca Province, Tuscany, Italy
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Lucca81,748 (2016)
Viareggio49,099 (2018)
Capannori41,116 (2015)
Camaiore26,746 (2015)
Pietrasanta18,897 (2015)
Torre del Lago Puccini11,230 (2014)
Other Languages:
French:
Province de Lucques, Toscane, Italie
German:
Provinz Lucca, Toskana, Italien
Italian:
Provincia di Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Russian:
Провинция Лукка, Тоскана, Италия
Simplified Chinese:
盧卡省, 托斯卡纳, 意大利
Spanish:
Provincia de Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Arabic:
مقاطعة لوكا, توسكانا, إيطاليا
Armenian:
Լուկա, Տոսկանա, Իտալիա
Asturian:
Provincia de Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Azeri:
Lukka əyaləti, Toskana, İtaliya
Basque:
Luccako probintzia, Toskana, Italia
Bavarian:
Provinz Lucca, Toskana, Italien (Walsch; Belischelant; Balschlònt)
Belarusian:
правінцыя Лука, Таскана, Італія
Bengali:
লুক্কা-র প্রদেশ, টাস্কানি, ইতালি
Breton:
Proviñs Lucca, Toskana, Italia
Bulgarian:
Лука, Тоскана, Италия
Catalan:
província de Lucca, Toscana, Itàlia
Cebuano:
Provincia di Lucca, Toscana, Italya
Central Bikol:
Provincia nin Lucca, Tuscany, Italya
Corsican:
Pruvincia di Lucca, Tuscana, Italia
Czech:
Provincie Lucca, Toskánsko, Itálie
Danish:
Lucca, Toscana, Italien
Dutch:
Lucca, Toscane, Italië
Emilian-Romagnol:
Pruvèinsa ed Lócca (Pruvîncia ed Lóca), Tuschèna (Tuscana; Tuscâna; Toscäna), Itâlia
Esperanto:
Provinco Luko, Toskanio, Italio
Estonian:
Lucca provints, Toscana, Itaalia
Farsi/Persian:
استان لوکا, توسکانی, ایتالیا
Finnish:
Luccan maakunta, Toscana, Italia
Galician:
Provincia de Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Georgian:
ლუკას პროვინცია, ტოსკანა, იტალია
Greek:
Λούκα, Τοσκάνη, Ιταλία
Gujarati:
લુકા પ્રાંત, ઈટલી
Hebrew:
לוקה, טוסקנה, איטליה
Hindi:
लूका प्रांत, टस्कनी, इटली
Hungarian:
Lucca megye, Toszkána, Olaszország
Indonesian:
Provinsi Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Interlingua:
provincia Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Japanese:
ルッカ県, トスカーナ州, イタリア
Javanese:
Provinsi Lucca, Toscana, Itali
Judaeo-Spanish:
Provinsia de Luka, Toskana, Italia
Kannada:
ಲೂಕ ಪ್ರಾಂತ್ಯ, ಇಟಲಿ
Korean:
루카현, 토스카나주, 이탈리아
Latin:
Provincia Lucensis (Provincia Lucae), Tuscia, Italia
Latvian:
Lukas province, Toskāna, Itālija
Lithuanian:
Lukos provincija, Toskana, Italija
Lombard:
Pruvincia de Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Malay:
Wilayah Lucca, Tuscany, Itali
Marathi:
लुका प्रांत, तोस्काना, इटली
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Lucca Séng, Toscana, Italia
Norwegian:
Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Provinsen Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Occitan:
Província de Luca, Toscana, Itàlia
Piedmontese:
Provincia ëd Luca, Toscan-a, Italia
Polish:
Lukka , Toskania, Włochy
Portuguese:
Lucca, Toscana, Itália
Romanian:
Provincia Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Scots:
Province o Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
Serbian:
Лука, Тоскана, Италија
Serbo-Croatian:
Lucca, Toskana, Italija
Sicilian:
Pruvincia di Lucca, Tuscana, Italia
Sinhalese:
ලුකා පළාත, සිංහල
Slovak:
Lucca , Toskánsko, Taliansko
Slovenian:
Lucca, Toskana, Italija
Swedish:
Lucca, Toscana, Italien
Tagalog:
Lucca, Tuscany, Italya
Tamil:
லூக்கா மாகாணம், டசுக்கனி, இத்தாலி
Tarantino:
Provinge de Lucca, Toscana, Itaglie
Telugu:
లూకా ప్రావిన్స్, ఇటలీ
Thai:
จังหวัดลุกกา, แคว้นตอสคานา, อิตาลี
Turkish:
Lucca ili, Toskana, İtalya
Ukrainian:
Лукка , Тоскана, Італія
Urdu:
صوبہ لوکا, تسکانہ, اطالیہ
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Lucca, Italiya
Venetian:
Provincia de Łuca, Toscana, Itałia
Vietnamese:
Lucca, Toscana, Ý
Waray:
Lucca, Toscana, Italya
Western Punjabi:
ضلع لچا, صوبہ ٹسکنی, اٹلی


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

258 valid minerals. 36 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: globular aggregates
Colour: apple-green
Description: It was found at the Costa quarry.
Reference: Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2014): Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). II. Aktashite, Cu6Hg3As4S12, and laffittite, AgHgAsS3, from the Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. Periodico di Mineralogia, 83, 1-18.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 5 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Benvenuti M., Costagliola P., Tanelli G., Cortecci G., Lattanzi P. - Geology, Mineralogy and Chemistry of the Baryte-Pyrite(Pb-Ag) deposit at Pollone, Apuane Alps. Boll. Soc. Geol. It., 109, fasc. III, pp. 735-741.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Barsanti M., 1989. "I granati di Villa Collemandina". Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Andradite var: Topazolite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Barsanti M., 1989. "I granati di Villa Collemandina". Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Andreadiniite (TL)
Formula: CuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. and Paar, W.H. (2014) Andreadiniite, IMA 2014-049. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1244; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248; Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Paar, W.H. (2018) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XXIII. Andreadiniite, CuAg7HgPb7Sb24S48, a new oversubstituted (Cu,Hg)-rich member of the andorite homeotypic series from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 1021-1035.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Collection Lechner Alois
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Apuanite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: In the past, it was rather common in the Sala del Castello. Today, it is very difficult to find samples of this phase. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Mellini M., Merlino S., Orlandi P. (1979) Versiliaite and apuanite, two new minerals from the Apuane Alps, Italy. American Mineralogist, 64, 1230-1234.; Orlandi P., Dini A. (2004) Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1, 11-24.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Description: Micrograins included in chalcopyrite
Reference: Benvenuti M., 1991. Ni-sulphides from Bottino mine (Tuscany, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy, 3: 79-84.
Arsenmarcobaldiite (TL)
Formula: Pb12(As3.2Sb2.8)Σ6S21
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Moëlo, Y., Pasero, M., Paar, W.H., Vezzoni, S., Zaccarini, F. (2016): Arsenmarcobaldiite, IMA 2016-045. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1138; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Arsiccioite (TL)
Formula: AgHg2Tl(As,Sb)2S6
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Bindi, L., D’Orazio, M. and Vezzoni, S. (2013) Arsiccioite, IMA 2013-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3003; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Bindi, L., D’Orazio, M., Vezzoni, S. (2014): Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). II. Arsiccioite, AgHg2TlAs2S6, a new mineral from the Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence, crystal structure and crystal chemistry of the routhierite isotypic series. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 101-117.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Habit: Cubic crystals
Colour: orange
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Habit: acicular
Colour: black
Description: The analyses published in Orlandi et al. (1996), with Sb~As, clearly do not agree with those of baumhauerite; the sample might be either twinnite or guettardite (comment Uwe Kolitsch & Dan Topa). The sample was found at the Pitone quarry.
Reference: Orlandi P., Del Chiaro L., Pagano R. (1996): Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record 27, 47-58.; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2010). Cymrite and benstonite from the Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): first Italian occurrence. Plinius, 36, 365.
Bernarlottiite (TL)
Formula: Pb6(As5Sb3)S18
Type Locality:
Reference: Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y. and Paar, W.H. (2014) Bernarlottiite, IMA 2013-133. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 553; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558; Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y. and Paar, W.H. (2017): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XXI. Bernarlottiite, Pb12(As10Sb6)Σ16S36, a new N = 3.5 member of the sartorite homologous series from the Ceragiola marble quarry: occurrence and crystal structure. Eur. J. Mineral 29, 713-726.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Habit: globular aggregates
Colour: white, white-yellowish
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Bianchiniite (TL)
Formula: Ba2(TiV)(As2O5)2OF
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni C., Pasero M., Hålenius U., Bosi F. (2019): Bianchiniite, IMA 2019-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 50; Mineralogical Magazine: 31, doi: 10.1180/mgm.2019.46; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15578&sid=813c77a70706fa166a7b80754bd6a1e5 (visited 23.07.2019)
Billingsleyite
Formula: Ag7AsS6
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bindi, L., Orlandi, P., Michelucci, E., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M. & Mangoni, G. (2014): Billingsleyite e fettelite. Nuovi ritrovamenti toscani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 38(1), 26-31.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Reference: http://www.mindat.org/picshow.php?id=8515
Bohuslavite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)·nH2O (15 <= n <= 24)
Type Locality:
Description: Type locality
Reference: Mauro, D., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Skogby, H., Zaccarini, F., Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Filip, J., Novotný, P. and Škoda, R. (2019) Bohuslavite, IMA 2018-074a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 48, April 2019: xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 83: xxx-xxx Mauro, D., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M., Skogby, H., Zaccarini, F., Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Filip, J., Novotný, P., Škoda, R., Witzke, T. (2019) Fe3+4(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)(H2O)10·nH2O, a new hydrated iron phosphate-sulfate. European Journal of Mineralogy 31, 1033-1046.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boscardinite (TL)
Formula: TlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
Type Locality:
Description: TL added
Reference: Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Paar, W.H. (2012): Lead-antomony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XII. Boscardinite, TlPb4(Sb7As2){sum}9S18, a new species from Monte Arsiccio mine: Occurrence and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist , 50 , 235-251; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170; Biagioni, C. & Moëlo, Y. (2017): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVIII. New data on the crystal-chemistry of boscardinite. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 47-60.
Bottinoite (TL)
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Habit: bladed xls
Colour: blue-green
Description: It was identified by Bonazzi et al. (1992) on specimens from a secondary level between Redola and Paoli.
Reference: Bonazzi P., Menchetti S., Caneschi A., Magnanelli S., 1992. Bottinoite, Ni(H2O)[Sb(OH)6]2, a new mineral from the Bottino mine, Alpi Apuane, Italy. Am. Miner., 77: 1301-1304.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Brandholzite
Formula: MgSb2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Reference: - Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010: parte seconda. Micro, 3/2011, 98-100. - Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C. & Michelucci, E. (2013). Brandholzite. Primo ritrovamento italiano nella miniera del Bottino, Alpi Apuane. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2013, 130-134.
Brannerite ?
Formula: UTi2O6
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: black
Description: XRD show that this mineral is amorphous, even after heating up to 900°C. EDS analysis show only the presence of U and Ti. It can be brannerite or orthobrannerite.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Habit: tabular xls
Colour: colorless
Fluorescence: red
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Carducciite (TL)
Formula: (Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Description: Only identified in thin section
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Habit: prismatic xls or sprays of xls
Colour: colorless, white
Description: xls up to 1 mm.
Reference: Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chabournéite
Formula: Tl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Benvenuti M., Costagliola P., Tanelli G., Cortecci G., Lattanzi P. - Geology, Mineralogy and Chemistry of the Baryte-Pyrite(Pb-Ag) deposit at Pollone, Apuane Alps. Boll. Soc. Geol. It., 109, fasc. III, pp. 735-741.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite
Formula: (Cu,Au)FeS2
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Habit: tabular, acicular
Colour: brown-blackish
Description: Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Habit: earthy masses; powdery aggregates
Colour: dark-green
Description: Often coatinng other minerals or included in quartz xls.
Reference: Benvenuti, M., Brizzi, G., Dini, A. (1993): La miniera piombo-argentifera del Bottino (LU). (2a parte). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1993, 1-22.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Colour: green
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: D’Achiardi A., 1872/73. Mineralogia della Toscana. Ed. A. Forni.
Chovanite
Formula: Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Barsanti M., 1989. "I granati di Villa Collemandina". Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clino-suenoite ?
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Dini, A. & Orlandi, P. (1995) Coloradoite (HgTe), from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 102, 47-50.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: AlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12·6H2O
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Description: Only observed as bladed bronze-yellow inclusions in galena, with chalcopyrite
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2010). Cymrite and benstonite from the Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): first Italian occurrence. Plinius, 36, 365. ; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
Dadsonite
Formula: Pb23Sb25S60Cl
Derbylite
Formula: Fe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)
Dessauite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Type Locality:
Habit: pseudo-hexagonal
Colour: black
Description: Type V-1 veins. Only one sample found.
Reference: Orlandi P., Pasero M., Duchi G., Olmi F., 1997. Dessauite, (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20 O38, a new mineral of the crichtonite group from Buca della Vena mine, Tuscany, Italy. Amer. Miner., 82: 807-811; Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 63-68.
Destinezite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Frizzo P., Simone S., 1995. Diaphorite in the Pollone ore deposit (Apuan Alps-Tuscany, Italy). Europ. J. Miner., 7: 705-708.; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Description: It is an alteration product of chalcopyrite and it was observed in its fractures.
Reference: Nannucci M. S., 1989. Le mineralizzazioni a Pb-Ag-(Zn) di S. Barbara (Alpi Apuane): studio giacimentologico e ipotesi minerogenetica. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Firenze.
Dinite (TL)
Formula: C20H36
Type Locality:
Colour: transparent, vitreous
Description: Dinite was studied for the first time by G. Petri in 1852 (Gazz. Medic. Italiana, Firenze, Luglio 1852).
Reference: Franzini M., Pasero M., Perchiazzi N. (1991) - Re-discovery and re-definition of Dinite, a forgotten organic mineral from Garfagnana, northern Tuscany, Italy - Europ. Jour. of Min., 3: pp. 855-861
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Barsanti M., 1989. "I granati di Villa Collemandina". Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa
Disulfodadsonite (TL)
Formula: Pb11Sb13S30(S2)0.5
Type Locality:
Reference: Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Biagioni, C. and Bonaccorsi, E. (2012) Disulfodadsonite, IMA 2011-076. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 152; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151–155. ; boulangerite, calcite, and sphalerite
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Amodio Morelli L., Menchetti S., 1969. Su alcuni minerali della zona del Bottino e del Canale dell'Angina-Zulfello (Alpi Apuane). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A: 417-445.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: prismatic
Colour: brown-red
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Description: Schorl-dravites to proton and alkali-deficient end-member.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 537-548.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Colour: apple-green
Description: It was found at Tognetti quarry. It is the alteration pseudomorph of a sulfosalt in acicular xls.
Reference: Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Ferdowsiite
Formula: Ag8(Sb5As3)S16
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Ferrihollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16
Reference: Biagioni, C., Capalbo, C., Lezzerini, M., Pasero, M. (2014): Ferrihollandite, BaMn4+6Fe3+2O16, from Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy 26, 171-178.; Cristian Biagioni
Fettelite
Formula: [Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bindi, L., Orlandi, P., Michelucci, E., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M. & Mangoni, G. (2014): Billingsleyite e fettelite. Nuovi ritrovamenti toscani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 38(1), 26-31.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Freibergite ?
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Habit: tetrahedral
Colour: steel gray
Description: xls up to 10 mm.
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Giacovazzoite (TL)
Formula: K5Fe3+3O(SO4)6·10H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, B., Bindi, L., Mauro, D. and Pasero, M. (2019) Giacovazzoite, IMA 2018-165. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328. ; Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Giessenite
Formula: Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2007). Seit uber 2000 Jahren: Marmorabbau in der Toskana. Geologie und Mineralien der Apuaner Alpen. Die Mineralien der Marmor-gebiete rund um Carrara, bei Massa und der Versilia. Lapis, 7/8, 15-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Graeserite
Formula: (Fe3+ ,Ti)4Ti3AsO13(OH)
Reference: Collection Lechner Alois
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rau, A., & Tongiorgi, M. (1974). Geologia dei M. Pisani a Sud-Est della Valle del Guappero. Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana, 13, 227-408.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Grumiplucite (TL)
Formula: HgBi2S4
Type Locality:
Habit: very slender prismatic crystals
Colour: grey-black
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A. , Olmi F., 1998. Grumiplucite, a new mercury-bismuth sulfosalt species from the Levigliani mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Canad. Miner., 36: 1321-1326.
Guettardite
Formula: PbAsSbS4
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Orlandi P., 1997. Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana. Riv. Miner. Ital., 2: 182.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Carcangiu et al., 1992. Stratigrafia, mineralogia e metamorfismo di un orizzonte residuale triassico nelle Alpi Apuane: "Formazione delle Brecce di Seravezza". Plinius, 8: 140-141.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Izoklakeite
Formula: Pb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Reference: Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y. & Biagioni, C. (2010). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). X. Dadsonite from the Buca della Vena mine and Bi-rich izoklakeite from the Seravezza marble quarries. Periodico di Mineralogia, 79, 113-121.
Jamborite ?
Formula: Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Habit: crusts
Colour: green
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jaskólskiite
Formula: CuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy, 12 (2)
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Habit: tabular, pseudohexagonal
Colour: black
Description: xls size < 1 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Habit: acicular
Colour: red
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Khademite
Formula: Al(SO4)F · 5H2O
Reference: Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Koninckite
Formula: Fe3+PO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laffittite
Formula: AgHgAsS3
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2014): Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). II. Aktashite, Cu6Hg3As4S12, and laffittite, AgHgAsS3, from the Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. Periodico di Mineralogia, 83, 1-18.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C. (2009). Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 352 pp.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Habit: pseudo-pyramidal with rombic section
Colour: light blue, blue
Description: Nice xls up to 15 mm of a very deep color and transparent.
Reference: Dini, A. et al. (1997) - La lazulite du mont Folgorito (Alpes Apuanes), Pietrasanta, Lucca, Toscane, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 171-178.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Linnaeite-Polydymite Series'
Reference: Biagioni, C., & Barsanti, M. (2008). Primo ritrovamento di millerite nella Valle del Serchio (Lucca). MICRO (notizie mineralogiche), 2008, 111-116.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Habit: bisphenoidal xls
Colour: bronze
Description: No precise chemical data are available, so it is not possible the attribution to luzonite or famatinite. It was found in the Ceragiola and Pitone areas.
Reference: Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Magnanelliite (TL)
Formula: K3Fe3+2(SO4)4(OH)(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bindi, L. and Kampf, A.R. (2019) Magnanelliite, IMA 2019-006. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328. ; Biagioni C, Bindi L, Mauro D, Hålenius U. (2019) Crystal Chemistry of Sulfates from the Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). V. Scordariite, K8(Fe3+0.67□0.33)[Fe3+3O(SO4)6(H2O)3]2(H2O)11: A New Metavoltine-Related Mineral. Minerals. 9(11):702.
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp.
Magnesiovoltaite ?
Formula: K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp. (EDS identification].
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy, 12 (2)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: C. Biagioni
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: C. Biagioni
Mannardite
Formula: Ba(Ti4+6V3+2)O16
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Pasero, M. (2008). Ankangite from Monte Arsiccio mine. (Apuan Alps, Tuscany): third world occurrence. Plinius, 34, 212; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Pasero, M. (2009). Ankangite from the Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence, crystal structure, and classification problems in cryptomelane group minerals. Periodico di Mineralogia, 78, 3-11.
Mannardite var: Ankangite
Formula: Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Pasero, M. (2008). Ankangite from Monte Arsiccio mine. (Apuan Alps, Tuscany): third world occurrence. Plinius, 34, 212; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Pasero, M. (2009). Ankangite from the Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence, crystal structure, and classification problems in cryptomelane group minerals. Periodico di Mineralogia, 78, 3-11.
Mapiquiroite (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+,Cr3+)18O38
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F. and Bindi, L. (2013) Mapiquiroite, IMA 2013-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2703;Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Nestola, F., Bindi, L. (2014): Mapiquiroite, (Sr,Pb)(U,Y)Fe2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from the Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 427-437. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Marcobaldiite (TL)
Formula: Pb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Pasero, M., Moëlo, Y., Zaccarini, F., Paar, W.H. and Merlino, S. (2016) Marcobaldiite, IMA 2015-109. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 410; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413.; Biagioni, C., Pasero, M., Moëlo, Y., Zaccarini, F., Paar, W.H. (2018) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XXII. Marcobaldiite, ∼Pb12(Sb3As2Bi)Σ6S21, a new member of the jordanite homologous series from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30: 581-592.
Marrucciite (TL)
Formula: Hg3Pb16Sb18S46
Type Locality:
Reference: Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Campostrini, I., Meerschaut, A. (2007): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). IX. Marrucciite, Hg3Pb16Sb18S46, a new sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps: Definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 267-279.
Meerschautite (TL)
Formula: (Ag,Cu)6Pb43-2xSb44+2xS112Ox (x ~0.5)
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Stanley, C.J. and Evain, M. (2013) Meerschautite, IMA 2013-061. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3004; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005. ; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meneghinite (TL)
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Habit: prismatic
Colour: lead to steel grey
Description: xls up to 5 cm. Also as curved hairs and needles similar to boulangerite; pseudos after galena have been reported
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22; Canadian Mineralogist 16, pp. 393-395 (1978); Lapis 3 (1990), 7
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Habit: drops
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Metacinnabar var: Leviglianite
Formula: HgS
Reference: Manasse, E. (1920): Sulla leviglianite. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 33, 156-163; Dini, A. (1995): Metacinabro zincifero (leviglianite) e sfalerite mercurifera della miniera di Levigliani (Alpi Apuane, Toscana). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 102: 67-72.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Moëloite (TL)
Formula: Pb6Sb6S14(S3)
Reference: P. Orlandi et al.: Eur. J. Mineral., 14: 599-606 (2002); Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: Biagioni C. (2016): "Monazite". Miniera del Pollone, Valdicastello Carducci, Pietrasanta (LU). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 123.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Colour: honey yellow to pink
Description: Type V-3 veins.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy, 12 (2)
Montroseite
Formula: (V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)
Habit: prismatic xls
Colour: black
Description: xls size < 1 mm. Type V-1 veins. It is associated with an unidentified mineral.
Reference: Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [MinRec 27:47-58 - "Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy"]
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
Oxycalcioroméite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Sb2O6O
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C. and Orlandi, P. (2012): Oxycalcioroméite, IMA 2012-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1283; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Nestola, F., Bianchin, S. (2013): Oxycalcioroméite, Ca2Sb2O6O, from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy: a new member of the pyrochlore supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3027-3037.
Parapierrotite
Formula: TlSb5S8
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., and Zaccarini, F. (2017) Ferdowsiite from the Monte Arsiccio mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 124, 5-11.
Parasterryite (TL)
Formula: Ag4Pb20Sb14As10S58
Type Locality:
Reference: Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P., Guillot-Deudon, C., Biagioni, C., Paar, W.H., Evain, M. (2011). Lead–antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XI. The new mineral parasterryite, Ag4Pb20(Sb14.5As9.5)S=24S58, and associated sterryite, Cu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb18-15As4-7)S=22(As–As)S56, from Pollone mine (Tuscany, Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 623-638. ; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
'Pearceite-T2ac'
Habit: tabular xls
Description: xls size < 1 mm.
Reference: Menchetti S., 1970. Sulla arsenpolibasite del Canale dell’Angina (Alpi Apuane). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 77: 111-122.
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Apple green acicular crystals pseudomorph after millerite (XRD-G).
Reference: Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
Pellouxite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
Type Locality:
Habit: strongly flattened, ribbon-like xls.
Colour: black
Description: IMA 2001-033
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 11-24 (2004); Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Meerschaut, A., Palvadeau, P., Leone, Ph., 2004: Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). VI. Pellouxite, ~ (Cu,Ag)2Pb21Sb23S55ClO, a new oxy-chloro-sulfosalt from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16: 839-844
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: Only identified as inclusions in pyrrhotite
Reference: Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Mauro D. (2016): Studio cristallochimico di alcuni solfati di ferro della mineralizzazione a pirite tallifera di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi magistrale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Unviersità di Pisa, 137 pp.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pillaite (TL)
Formula: Pb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
Type Locality:
Habit: very slight acicular xls; striated // to the elongation
Colour: lead-gray, sometimes coated by thin iridescent
Description: xls up to 1 cm.
Reference: Orlandi P., 2003. Buca della Vena: i solfosali aciculari di piombo e antimonio (Alpi Apuane, Toscana, Italia). Riv. Miner. Ital., 4: 224-229.
Polhemusite ?
Formula: (Zn,Hg)S
Description: Costagliola et al. (1990) wrote: "The presence of a Fe-Zn-Hg sulfide whose optical and compositional (semiquantitative SEM/EDS analysis) properties are like those of polhemusite (LEONARD et al., 1978) is especially noteworthy. Further studies are being carried out to completely describe this mineral; if confirmed, it would be the first finding of polhemusite in Italy."
Reference: Costagliola P., Benvenuti M., Tanelli G., Cortecci G.,Lattanzi P., 1990. The barite-pyrite-iron oxides deposit of Monte Arsiccio (Apuan Alps). Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 109: 267-277
Polloneite (TL)
Formula: AgPb46As26Sb23S120
Type Locality:
Reference: Topa, D., Keutsch, F.N., Makovicky, E., Kolitsch, U. and Paar, W. (2015) Polloneite, IMA 2014-093. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 249; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251; Topa, D., Keutsch, F.N., Makovicky, E., Kolitsch, U., Paar, W. (2017): Polloneite, a new complex Pb(-Ag)-As-Sb sulfosalt from the Pollone mine, Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1303-1322.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Protochabournéite (TL)
Formula: Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17
Reference: Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C.,Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y. and Paar, W.H.(2011): Protochabouréite, IMA 2011-054.CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Bonaccorsi, E., Paar, W.H. (2013): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XIII. Protochabournéite, ~ Tl2Pb(Sb9–8As1–2)∑10S17, from the Monte Arsiccio mine: Occurrence, crystal structure and relationship with chabournéite. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 475-494.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Brizzi G., Olmi F., 1989. La proustite della miniera del Pollone - Valdicastello (LU). Riv. Miner. Ital., 13: 157-162.; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91
'Pumpellyite'
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3