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Kazakh Steppes (Kirghiz Steppes; Great Dala), Kazakhstan/Russiai
Regional Level Types
Kazakh Steppes (Kirghiz Steppes; Great Dala)- not defined -
Kazakhstan/Russia- not defined -

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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Omsk1,129,281 (2013)
Karagandy451,800 (2018)
Astana345,604 (2011)
Pavlodar329,002 (2018)
Semey292,780 (2017)
Kostanay210,000 (2016)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Qazaq dalasy; Қазақ даласы; Uly dala, Ұлы дала


A vast region of open grassland in northern Kazakhstan and extending into Russia.

Prior to the mid 19th century it was known as the Kirghiz Steppe, from the old name for the Kazakhs.

The region has a semi-arid, continental climate.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

321 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Попов В.А., Епанчинцев С.Г. (2010) Двойники прорастания магнетита в рудах Куржункульского месторождения (Казахстан), - Новые данные о минералах, Вып.45, с. 149.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Albite var. Anorthoclase
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Bespaev H.A., Uzhkenov B.S., Aliaskarov S.A., Egembaev K.M. (Almaty, 1999) Gemstones of Kazakhstan, Reference book. Volume 1. Deposits and occurrences of precious and semiprecious stones.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Ancylite'
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1019
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Filimonov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp96-104
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Yaiba Sakaguchi
Andradite var. Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Yaiba Sakaguchi
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Anthophyllite
Formula: ◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1019
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Apatite var. Collophane'
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: 9th International Eclogite Conference 2011, Mariánské Lázně, Czech Republic
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Argentotennantite-(Zn) (TL)
Formula: Ag6(Cu4Zn2)As4S12S
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Arsenohauchecornite
Formula: Ni18Bi3AsS16
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
'Arsenpolybasite'
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
Aschamalmite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Seltmann, R., & Porter, T. M. (2005). The porphyry Cu–Au/Mo deposits of Central Eurasia: 1. Tectonic, geologic and metallogenic setting and significant deposits. Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective, 2, 467-512.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var. Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI; Casanova, I., & Grossman, L. (1993, March). Distribution of vanadium and melting of opaque assemblages in Efremovka CAI's. In Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts (Vol. 24, pp. 257-258).
Aurichalcite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 250.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Boettger T (1839) Chemische untersuchung des aurichalcits, eines neuen kupfererzes vom Altai, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 48, 495-500
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
'Bastnäsite'
Formula: (Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bill Shelton (2009) Mineral News, 25, #8, 15.
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Filimonov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp96-104
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Beryl var. Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 84
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
Bilibinskite
Formula: PbCu2Au3Te2
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Golubovskaya, E.V. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(3), 275-281.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
Bogdanovite
Formula: (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: A. Kasatkin data
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
'Cerite'
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Journal of the Chemical Society (1874) - Volume 27 - Page 664
'Chabazite'
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Попов В.А., Епанчинцев С.Г. (2010) Двойники прорастания магнетита в рудах Куржункульского месторождения (Казахстан), - Новые данные о минералах, Вып.45, с. 149.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Seltmann, R., & Porter, T. M. (2005). The porphyry Cu–Au/Mo deposits of Central Eurasia: 1. Tectonic, geologic and metallogenic setting and significant deposits. Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective, 2, 467-512.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Filimonov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp96-104
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: various added photos
Chekhovichite (TL)
Formula: Bi2Te4+4O11
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chlorargyrite var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Levine, R. M., & Wallace, G. J. (2006). The mineral industries of the commonwealth of independent states. 2005 Minerals Yearbook, 1-7.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Clays'
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Попов В.А., Епанчинцев С.Г. (2010) Двойники прорастания магнетита в рудах Куржункульского месторождения (Казахстан), - Новые данные о минералах, Вып.45, с. 149.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Description: Chondrules are rich in polysynthetically twinned clinopyroxene.
Reference: Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Hill, T. R., Konishi, H. and Xu, H. (2013): Natural occurrence of keatite precipitates in UHP clinopyroxene from the Kokchetav Massif: A TEM investigation. American Mineralogist, 98, 187-196. ; S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.; Mikhno, A. O., Xiao-Ying Gao, Andrey V. Korsakov (2014) Sulfide associations in diamond-grade dolomitic marble from the Kokchetav massif (Northern Kazakhstan): Evidence for the sulfide melt presence at the UHPconditions. in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.96–98
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mikhno, A. O., Xiao-Ying Gao, Andrey V. Korsakov (2014) Sulfide associations in diamond-grade dolomitic marble from the Kokchetav massif (Northern Kazakhstan): Evidence for the sulfide melt presence at the UHPconditions. in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.96–98
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1019
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: 9th International Eclogite Conference 2011, Mariánské Lázně, Czech Republic ; Mikhno, A. O., & Korsakov, A. V. (2015). Carbonate, silicate, and sulfide melts: heterogeneity of the UHP mineral-forming media in calc-silicate rocks from the Kokchetav massif. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(1), 81-99.; Mikhno A, Korsakov A (2014) Immiscible sulfide and silicate melts in UHP gneisses from the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 246
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1019
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1003.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.; Mikhno, A. O., & Korsakov, A. V. (2015). Carbonate, silicate, and sulfide melts: heterogeneity of the UHP mineral-forming media in calc-silicate rocks from the Kokchetav massif. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(1), 81-99.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Jolyon Ralph
Cupropearceite (TL)
Formula: [Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., M. Evain, P.G. Spry, K.T. Tait, & S. Menchetti (2007): Structural role of copper in the minerals of the pearceite-polybasite group: the case of the new minerals cupropearceite and cupropolybasite. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 641-650.; Bindi, L. & Pekov, I.V. (2009): Crystal chemistry of extremely Cu-rich cupropearceite from the Sarbay mine, Northern Kazakhstan. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 5, 44-50.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Попов В.А., Епанчинцев С.Г. (2010) Двойники прорастания магнетита в рудах Куржункульского месторождения (Казахстан), - Новые данные о минералах, Вып.45, с. 149.
Davisite
Formula: CaScAlSiO6
Reference: Ivanova, M. A., Krot, A. N., Nagashima, K. & MacPherson, G. J. (2012). Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (12): 2107-2127. (Dec 2012)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 591.
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.; 9th International Eclogite Conference 2011, Mariánské Lázně, Czech Republic ; Mikhno, A. O., & Korsakov, A. V. (2015). Carbonate, silicate, and sulfide melts: heterogeneity of the UHP mineral-forming media in calc-silicate rocks from the Kokchetav massif. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(1), 81-99.; Mikhno, A. O., Xiao-Ying Gao, Andrey V. Korsakov (2014) Sulfide associations in diamond-grade dolomitic marble from the Kokchetav massif (Northern Kazakhstan): Evidence for the sulfide melt presence at the UHPconditions. in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.96–98; Mikhno A, Korsakov A (2014) Immiscible sulfide and silicate melts in UHP gneisses from the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 246
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Palache et al (1944), Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th. ed., vol. 1: 680.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Ogasawara, Y., Fukasawa, K., & Maruyama, S. (2002). Coesite exsolution from supersilicic titanite in UHP marble from the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan. American Mineralogist, 87(4), 454-461.
Dioptase (TL)
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: [MinRec 23:495]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.; Mikhno, A. O., & Korsakov, A. V. (2015). Carbonate, silicate, and sulfide melts: heterogeneity of the UHP mineral-forming media in calc-silicate rocks from the Kokchetav massif. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(1), 81-99.; Mikhno, A. O., Xiao-Ying Gao, Andrey V. Korsakov (2014) Sulfide associations in diamond-grade dolomitic marble from the Kokchetav massif (Northern Kazakhstan): Evidence for the sulfide melt presence at the UHPconditions. in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.96–98
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Andrey V. Korsakov, Olga V. Rezvukhina, Dmitriy I. Rezvukhin, Evgeny D. Greshnyakov, Vladimir Ya. Shur (2019xx): Dumortierite and tourmaline from the Barchi‐Kol diamond‐bearing kyanite gneisses (Kokchetav massif): A Raman spectroscopic study and petrological implications. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, xx, xx-xx. First published: 22 August 2019, https://doi.org/10.1002/jrs.5699
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Jolyon Ralph
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI; Komatsu, M., Krot, A. N., Petaev, M. I., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., & Miyamoto, M. (2001). Mineralogy and petrography of amoeboid olivine aggregates from the reduced CV3 chondrites Efremovka, Leoville and Vigarano: Products of nebular condensation, accretion and annealing. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(5), 629-641.
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data; Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Hill, T. R., Konishi, H. and Xu, H. (2013): Natural occurrence of keatite precipitates in UHP clinopyroxene from the Kokchetav Massif: A TEM investigation. American Mineralogist, 98, 187-196. ; S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.; Mikhno, A. O., Xiao-Ying Gao, Andrey V. Korsakov (2014) Sulfide associations in diamond-grade dolomitic marble from the Kokchetav massif (Northern Kazakhstan): Evidence for the sulfide melt presence at the UHPconditions. in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.96–98; Mikhno A, Korsakov A (2014) Immiscible sulfide and silicate melts in UHP gneisses from the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 246
'Garnierite'
Reference: Bespaev H.A., Uzhkenov B.S., Aliaskarov S.A., Egembaev K.M. (Almaty, 1999) Gemstones of Kazakhstan, Reference book. Volume 1. Deposits and occurrences of precious and semiprecious stones.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Ivanova, M. A., Krot, A. N., Nagashima, K. & MacPherson, G. J. (2012). Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (12): 2107-2127. (Dec 2012)
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Germanocolusite (TL)
Formula: Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Gladite
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
'Glass'
Reference: Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
'Gmelinite'
Reference: [MinRec 23:433]
Gmelinite-Ca
Formula: Ca2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Grossite ?
Formula: CaAl4O7
Reference: Weber, D. & Bischoff, A. (1994). The occurrence of grossite (CaAl4O7) in chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58 (18): 3855-3877. (Sept 1994)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ogasawara, Y., Fukasawa, K., & Maruyama, S. (2002). Coesite exsolution from supersilicic titanite in UHP marble from the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan. American Mineralogist, 87(4), 454-461.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 5.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gorbachev, B.F., Sharapov, A.F., Lyadskii, P.V., and Shmel'kov, N.T. (2004): The South Ushkoty Eluvial Kaolin Deposit in the Southeastern Orenburg Region. Lithology and Mineral Resources 39(5), 412-424.
Halurgite
Formula: Mg4[B8O13(OH)2]2 · 7H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer (Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy), vol. 1, Dordrecht, 1726 pp.
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Hematite var. Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Seltmann, R., & Porter, T. M. (2005). The porphyry Cu–Au/Mo deposits of Central Eurasia: 1. Tectonic, geologic and metallogenic setting and significant deposits. Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective, 2, 467-512.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Economic Geology; June 2003; v. 98; no. 4; p. 787-795
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
'Heulandite'
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI
'Hornblende'
Reference: Dolgopolova, A., Seltmann, R., Miroshnikova, A., & Mizernaya, M. (2015). Mineralogical and Geochemical Characteristics of the Vasilkovskoye Gold Deposit (North Kazakhstan). Mineral Resources in a Sustainable World • 13th SGA Biennial Meeting 2015. Proceedings, Volume 1 pp 77-80
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3 · 4H2O
Reference: Golubovskaya, E.V. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(3), 275-281.; Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Minerals offered by Excalibur minerals, July 2009; Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: http://geosci.uchicago.edu/~campbell/Abstracts/Fremdlinge_preprint.pdf.; Komatsu, M., Krot, A. N., Petaev, M. I., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., & Miyamoto, M. (2001). Mineralogy and petrography of amoeboid olivine aggregates from the reduced CV3 chondrites Efremovka, Leoville and Vigarano: Products of nebular condensation, accretion and annealing. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(5), 629-641.; Casanova, I., & Grossman, L. (1993, March). Distribution of vanadium and melting of opaque assemblages in Efremovka CAI's. In Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts (Vol. 24, pp. 257-258).; Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Jonassonite ?
Formula: AuBi5S4
Reference: Pavlova, Z.N., Levin, V.L., Tasov, B.M. (1991): New forms of occurrence of gold and bismuth in a copper-gold ore deposit of Kazakhstan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kazakhskoy SSR: l991(3), 63-68 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1212
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Gorbachev, B.F., Sharapov, A.F., Lyadskii, P.V., and Shmel'kov, N.T. (2004): The South Ushkoty Eluvial Kaolin Deposit in the Southeastern Orenburg Region. Lithology and Mineral Resources 39(5), 412-424.
'K-cymrite'
Formula: KAlSi3O8 · H2O
Reference: Mikhno, A.O., Schmidt, U., Korsakov, A.V. (2013): Origin of K-cymrite and kokchetavite in the polyphase mineral inclusions from Kokchetav UHP calc-silicate rocks: evidence from confocal Raman imaging. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25: 807-816
'Keatite'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hill, T. R., Konishi, H. and Xu, H. (2013): Natural occurrence of keatite precipitates in UHP clinopyroxene from the Kokchetav Massif: A TEM investigation. American Mineralogist, 98, 187-196.
'Kerolite'
Formula: (Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Reference: ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: Krot, A. N., Brearley, A. J., Biryukov, V. V., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., Swindle, T. D. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1997). Dark inclusions in the reduced CV3 chondrite Efremovka - Evidence for various degrees of aqueous alteration and thermal metamorphism. Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII, pdf#1346, 769-770. (March 1997)
Kokchetavite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data; Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: A. Kasatkin data
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Mikhno A, Korsakov A (2014) Immiscible sulfide and silicate melts in UHP gneisses from the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 246
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
'Leucoxene'
Reference: Gorbachev, B.F., Sharapov, A.F., Lyadskii, P.V., and Shmel'kov, N.T. (2004): The South Ushkoty Eluvial Kaolin Deposit in the Southeastern Orenburg Region. Lithology and Mineral Resources 39(5), 412-424.
'Limonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1019
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.; Mikhno, A. O., & Korsakov, A. V. (2015). Carbonate, silicate, and sulfide melts: heterogeneity of the UHP mineral-forming media in calc-silicate rocks from the Kokchetav massif. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(1), 81-99.
Lonsdaleite
Formula: C
Reference: Dubinchuk, V. T., Simakov, S. K., & Pechnikov, V. A. (2010, January). Lonsdaleite in diamond-bearing metamorphic rocks of the Kokchetav Massif. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 430, No. 1, pp. 40-42). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Magnetite var. Mushketovite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Seltmann, R., & Porter, T. M. (2005). The porphyry Cu–Au/Mo deposits of Central Eurasia: 1. Tectonic, geologic and metallogenic setting and significant deposits. Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective, 2, 467-512.
Maikainite (TL)
Formula: Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Type Locality:
Reference: E.M. Spiridonov (2003) Maikainite Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Reference: Minerals offered by Excalibur minerals, July 2009; Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.
Maruyamaite (TL)
Formula: K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O
Type Locality:
Reference: Lussier, A., Ball, N.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Henry, D.J., Shimizu, R., Ogasawara, Y. and Ota, T. (2014) Maruyamaite, IMA 2013- 123. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 550; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Mattagamite
Formula: CoTe2
Reference: Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Reference: Pekov, I.V. and Karpenko, V.Yu. (1996) Unusual stromeyerite-mckinstryite pseudomorphs after dyscrasite in the Sarbai deposit of northern Kazakhstan. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya, (6), 45-50 (in Russian).; [World of Stones 12:13]
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI; Casanova, I., & Grossman, L. (1993, March). Distribution of vanadium and melting of opaque assemblages in Efremovka CAI's. In Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts (Vol. 24, pp. 257-258).
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
'Meteoritic Iron'
Description: Fe-Ni metal is mostly kamacite.
Reference: Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Filimonov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp96-104
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gorbachev, B.F., Sharapov, A.F., Lyadskii, P.V., and Shmel'kov, N.T. (2004): The South Ushkoty Eluvial Kaolin Deposit in the Southeastern Orenburg Region. Lithology and Mineral Resources 39(5), 412-424.
Miersite
Formula: (Ag,Cu)I
Reference: Minerals offered by Excalibur minerals, July 2009; Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.; Gunnar Färber
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Molybdenite var. Femolite
Formula: (Mo,Fe)S2
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
'Monazite'
Formula: REE(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Monimolite'
Formula: Pb2Sb5+2O7
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Reference: Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Moolooite
Formula: Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Reference: Leon Hupperichs collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Palache et al (1944), Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th. ed., vol. 1: 680.
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Muscovite var. Liebenerite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Muscovite var. Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.; Mikhno, A. O., & Korsakov, A. V. (2015). Carbonate, silicate, and sulfide melts: heterogeneity of the UHP mineral-forming media in calc-silicate rocks from the Kokchetav massif. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(1), 81-99.; Mikhno, A. O., Xiao-Ying Gao, Andrey V. Korsakov (2014) Sulfide associations in diamond-grade dolomitic marble from the Kokchetav massif (Northern Kazakhstan): Evidence for the sulfide melt presence at the UHPconditions. in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.96–98; Mikhno A, Korsakov A (2014) Immiscible sulfide and silicate melts in UHP gneisses from the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 246
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 564.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Nimite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Ningyoite
Formula: (U,Ca,Ce)2(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
Reference: Doinikova, O.A. (2007):Geology of Ore Deposits 49(1), 80-86.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Nuffieldite
Formula: Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Opal var. Prase Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Bryzgalov, I.A., Ksenofontov, D.A., Zyryanova, L.A. & Litvinov, N.D. (2010): Extremely rich iodide mineralization at the Rubtsovskoe base metal deposit (North West Altay, Russia) and its genesis. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 416.
Pearceite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
'Pearceite-T2ac'
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
Pentlandite
Formula: (NixFey)Σ9S8
Reference: Mikhno A, Korsakov A (2014) Immiscible sulfide and silicate melts in UHP gneisses from the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 246
Perite
Formula: PbBiClO2
Reference: Zyryanova, L.A., Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N. (2015): PbBiO2Cl Perite from the Zakharovskoe deposit (NW Altai): first find in Russia. Vestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta: 395: 241–243; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13114 (2016)
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI; Casanova, I., & Grossman, L. (1993, March). Distribution of vanadium and melting of opaque assemblages in Efremovka CAI's. In Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts (Vol. 24, pp. 257-258).
Petrovskaite (TL)
Formula: AuAgS
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data; Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.; Mikhno A, Korsakov A (2014) Immiscible sulfide and silicate melts in UHP gneisses from the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 246
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Krot, A. N., Hutcheon, I. D. & Keil, K. (2002). Plagioclase-rich chondrules in the reduced CV chondrites: Evidence for complex formation history and genetic links between calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions and ferromagnesian chondrules. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37, #2, 155-182. (Feb 2002)
'Plessite'
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Plumbotellurite (TL)
Formula: Pb(TeO3)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pokrovskite (TL)
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
Posnjakite (TL)
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Roslyakov, N. A., Belevantsev, V. I., & Kalinin, Y. A. (2005). Supergene gold in manganese-bearing weathered rocks. Geochemistry International, 43(9), 928-931.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Pyrite var. Bravoite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
'Pyroaurite-2H'
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Pyrobitumen'
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Filimonov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp96-104
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Reference: Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Quartz var. Agate
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Andrey S. Gorshkov specimen
Quartz var. Jasper
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Quartz var. Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bespaev H.A., Uzhkenov B.S., Aliaskarov S.A., Egembaev K.M. (Almaty, 1999) Gemstones of Kazakhstan, Reference book. Volume 1. Deposits and occurrences of precious and semiprecious stones.
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Renierite
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
'Revdanskite'
Formula: near (Ni,Mg,Fe3+)3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Bespaev H.A., Uzhkenov B.S., Aliaskarov S.A., Egembaev K.M. (Almaty, 1999) Gemstones of Kazakhstan, Reference book. Volume 1. Deposits and occurrences of precious and semiprecious stones.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Rhönite
Formula: Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Reference: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Roshchinite (TL)
Formula: Ag19Pb10Sb51S96
Type Locality:
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1990) 312, 197-200; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Filimonov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp96-104
Roxbyite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov XRD diagnostic
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Saddlebackite
Formula: Pb2Bi2Te2S3
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Elena V. Belogub data
'Scapolite'
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Schapbachite
Formula: Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Reference: Kalinin, Y. A., Palyanova, G. A., Bortnikov, N. S., Naumov, E. A., & Kovalev, K. R. (2018) Aggregation and Differentiation of Gold and Silver during the Formation of the Gold-Bearing Weathering Crusts (on the Example of Kazakhstan Deposits). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 482, No. 1, pp. 1193-1198). Pleiades Publishing.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Andrey V. Korsakov, Olga V. Rezvukhina, Dmitriy I. Rezvukhin, Evgeny D. Greshnyakov, Vladimir Ya. Shur (2019xx): Dumortierite and tourmaline from the Barchi‐Kol diamond‐bearing kyanite gneisses (Kokchetav massif): A Raman spectroscopic study and petrological implications. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, xx, xx-xx. First published: 22 August 2019, https://doi.org/10.1002/jrs.5699
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Ermekov, T. M., Abuov, M. G., Shashkin, V. N., Freidin, A. M., & Uskov, V. A. (1995). Providing of Stability of Horizontal Mine Workings In Soft Rocks. In 8th ISRM Congress.
'Serpentine Subgroup var. Bastite'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
'Silica'
Reference: Krot, A. N., Hutcheon, I. D. & Keil, K. (2002). Plagioclase-rich chondrules in the reduced CV chondrites: Evidence for complex formation history and genetic links between calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions and ferromagnesian chondrules. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37, #2, 155-182. (Feb 2002)
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Silver var. Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Gorbachev, B.F., Sharapov, A.F., Lyadskii, P.V., and Shmel'kov, N.T. (2004): The South Ushkoty Eluvial Kaolin Deposit in the Southeastern Orenburg Region. Lithology and Mineral Resources 39(5), 412-424.
Smirnite
Formula: Bi2Te4+O5
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Economic Geology; June 2003; v. 98; no. 4; p. 787-795
Smithsonite var. Monheimite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)CO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Reference: Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Sphalerite var. Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Mikhno, A. O., Xiao-Ying Gao, Andrey V. Korsakov (2014) Sulfide associations in diamond-grade dolomitic marble from the Kokchetav massif (Northern Kazakhstan): Evidence for the sulfide melt presence at the UHPconditions. in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.96–98
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Pekov, I.V. and Karpenko, V.Yu. (1996) Unusual stromeyerite-mckinstryite pseudomorphs after dyscrasite in the Sarbai deposit of northern Kazakhstan. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya, (6), 45-50 (in Russian).; [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: P.M. Kartashov analytical data; Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
'Sylvinite'
Reference: ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Buchwald, V.F. (1975): Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press; 2: 322-324; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Bischt%C3%BCbe&sfor=names&ants=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=5057 (2016) - Meteoritical Bulletin: Entry for Bischtübe
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 84
Tazheranite
Formula: (Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Reference: Ivanova, M. A., Krot, A. N., Nagashima, K. & MacPherson, G. J. (2012). Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (12): 2107-2127. (Dec 2012)
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Tennantite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Rubtsovskoe deposit, - Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 16, 96 pp (in Rus).
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: http://geosci.uchicago.edu/~campbell/Abstracts/Fremdlinge_preprint.pdf.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Thénardite
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Ovdina, E.; Strakhovenko, V.; Solotchina, E. (2020) Authigenic Carbonates in the Water–Biota–Bottom Sediments’ System of Small Lakes (South of Western Siberia). Minerals 10, 552.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Thorite var. Ferrithorite
Formula: (Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Seltmann, R., & Porter, T. M. (2005). The porphyry Cu–Au/Mo deposits of Central Eurasia: 1. Tectonic, geologic and metallogenic setting and significant deposits. Super porphyry copper and gold deposits: a global perspective, 2, 467-512.
'Tourmaline var. Chrome-Tourmaline'
Reference: Palache et al (1944), Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th. ed., vol. 1: 680.
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: S.L. Hwang, T.F. Yui, H.T. Chu, P. Shen, J.G. Liou, N.V. Sobolev (2013): Oriented kokchetavite compound rods in clinopyroxene of Kokchetav ultrahigh-pressure rocks. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 56-69.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Triplite
Formula: Mn2+2(PO4)F
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Ovdina, E.; Strakhovenko, V.; Solotchina, E. (2020) Authigenic Carbonates in the Water–Biota–Bottom Sediments’ System of Small Lakes (South of Western Siberia). Minerals 10, 552.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Turquoise
Formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: J.Ralph collection
'UM1966-02-E:FeNi'
Formula: Fe0.94Ni0.06
Reference: Ramsden, A.R., Cameron, E.N. (1966): Kamacite and taenite superstructures and a metastable tetragonal phase in iron meteorites. The American Mineralogist: 51: 37-55
'UM1991-12-S:AuBi'
Formula: (Bi,Au)4S5 (?)
Reference: Pavlova, Z.N., Levin, V.L., Tasov, B.M. (1991): New forms of occurrence of gold and bismuth in a copper-gold ore deposit of Kazakhstan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kazakhskoy SSR: l991(3), 63-68 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1212
'UM1991-13-S:AuBiPb'
Formula: (Bi,Pb)5AuS3
Reference: Pavlova, Z.N., Levin, V.L., Tasov, B.M. (1991): New forms of occurrence of gold and bismuth in a copper-gold ore deposit of Kazakhstan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kazakhskoy SSR: l991(3), 63-68 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1212
'UM1991-14-S:AuBiPb'
Formula: (Bi,Pb)6AuS3
Reference: Pavlova, Z.N., Levin, V.L., Tasov, B.M. (1991): New forms of occurrence of gold and bismuth in a copper-gold ore deposit of Kazakhstan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kazakhskoy SSR: l991(3), 63-68 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1212
'UM1991-15-S:AuBiPb'
Formula: (Bi,Pb)6AuS4
Reference: Pavlova, Z.N., Levin, V.L., Tasov, B.M. (1991): New forms of occurrence of gold and bismuth in a copper-gold ore deposit of Kazakhstan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kazakhskoy SSR: l991(3), 63-68 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1212
'UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMg'
Formula: (K,Na)Fe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
Reference: Shimizu, R. & Ogasawara, Y. (2013): Diversity of potassium-bearing tourmalines in diamondiferous Kokchetav UHP metamorphic rocks: A geochemical recorder from peak to retrograde metamorphic stages. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 63, 39-55.
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride I)' ?
Formula: Bi3Te2
Reference: Pavlova, Z.N., Levin, V.L., Tasov, B.M. (1991): New forms of occurrence of gold and bismuth in a copper-gold ore deposit of Kazakhstan. Izvest. Akad. Nauk Kazakhskoy SSR: l991(3), 63-68 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1212
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Uraninite var. Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Ustarasite
Formula: Pb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Palache et al (1944), Dana's System of Mineralogy, 7th. ed., vol. 1: 680.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Mikhno A, Korsakov A (2014) Immiscible sulfide and silicate melts in UHP gneisses from the Kokchetav Massif (Northern Kazakhstan). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 246
Vikingite
Formula: Ag5Pb8Bi13S30
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
'Wad'
Reference: Kalinin, Y. A., Palyanova, G. A., Bortnikov, N. S., Naumov, E. A., & Kovalev, K. R. (2018) Aggregation and Differentiation of Gold and Silver during the Formation of the Gold-Bearing Weathering Crusts (on the Example of Kazakhstan Deposits). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 482, No. 1, pp. 1193-1198). Pleiades Publishing.
Wairauite
Formula: CoFe
Reference: Krot, A. N., Brearley, A. J., Biryukov, V. V., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., Swindle, T. D. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1997). Dark inclusions in the reduced CV3 chondrite Efremovka - Evidence for various degrees of aqueous alteration and thermal metamorphism. Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII, pdf#1346, 769-770. (March 1997)
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
Wittite
Formula: Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 84
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Chunyong Liu (2006): Central Asian Information 2006(6), 23-27
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Zhanghengite
Formula: CuZn
Reference: Kovalev, K. R., Syzdykov, S. O., Kalinin, Y. A., Naumov, E. A., Baranov, V. V., Sukhorukov, V. P., ... & Zhimulev, F. I. (2018). The Raigorodok stockwork gold-sulfide-quartz deposit in the North Kazakhstan gold ore province. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(11), 1482-1496.
Zinc
Formula: Zn
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Filimonov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp96-104
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Zircon var. Arshinovite
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Zircon var. Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Ogasawara, Y., Fukasawa, K., & Maruyama, S. (2002). Coesite exsolution from supersilicic titanite in UHP marble from the Kokchetav Massif, northern Kazakhstan. American Mineralogist, 87(4), 454-461.; Dubinchuk, V. T., Simakov, S. K., & Pechnikov, V. A. (2010, January). Lonsdaleite in diamond-bearing metamorphic rocks of the Kokchetav Massif. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 430, No. 1, pp. 40-42). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
var. Electrum1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var. Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Lonsdaleite1.CB.10bC
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var. Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Wairauite1.AE.15CoFe
Zhanghengite1.AB.10aCuZn
Zinc1.AB.05Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Argentotennantite-(Zn) (TL)2.GB.05Ag6(Cu4Zn2)As4S12S
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenohauchecornite2.BB.10Ni18Bi3AsS16
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aschamalmite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Benjaminite2.JA.05eAg3Bi7S12
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Betekhtinite2.BE.05(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Bilibinskite2.BA.80PbCu2Au3Te2
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bogdanovite2.BA.80(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Cannizzarite2.JB.20Pb48Bi56S132
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cupropearceite (TL)2.GB.15[Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Frohbergite2.EB.10aFeTe2
Fülöppite2.HC.10aPb3Sb8S15
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Germanocolusite (TL)2.CB.30Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Gladite2.HB.05aPbCuBi5S9
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hammarite2.HB.05aPb2Cu2Bi4S9
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jonassonite ?2.LA.65AuBi5S4
Jordisite2.EA.30MoS2
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maikainite (TL)2.CB.30Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Mattagamite2.EB.10aCoTe2
Mawsonite2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
var. Femolite2.EA.30(Mo,Fe)S2
Montbrayite2.DB.20(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nuffieldite2.JB.25gCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Pearceite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(NixFey)Σ9S8
Petrovskaite (TL)2.BA.75AuAgS
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var. Bravoite2.EB.05a(Fe,Ni)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Renierite2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Roshchinite (TL)2.JB.40aAg19Pb10Sb51S96
Roxbyite2.BA.05Cu9S5
Saddlebackite2.GC.40dPb2Bi2Te2S3
Schapbachite2.JA.15Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var. Cleiophane2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
'Tennantite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Ustarasite2.JB.40ePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vikingite2.JB.40aAg5Pb8Bi13S30
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wittite2.JB.20Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Xanthoconite2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var. Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Marshite3.AA.05CuI
Miersite3.AA.05(Ag,Cu)I
Perite3.DC.30PbBiClO2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Chekhovichite (TL)4.JK.35Bi2Te4+4O11
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Coulsonite4.BB.05Fe2+V3+2O4
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossite ?4.CC.15CaAl4O7
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var. Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Keatite'4.DA.45SiO2
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Mushketovite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Monimolite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb5+2O7
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var. Prase Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Plumbotellurite (TL)4.JK.55Pb(TeO3)
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var. Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var. Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Smirnite4.JK.40Bi2Te4+O5
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tazheranite4.DL.10(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var. Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite (TL)5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Pokrovskite (TL)5.BA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2
'Pyroaurite-2H'5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
var. Monheimite5.AB.05(Zn,Fe)CO3
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Halurgite6.H0.35Mg4[B8O13(OH)2]2 · 7H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kainite7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Posnjakite (TL)7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Thénardite7.AC.25Na2SO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Ningyoite8.CJ.85(U,Ca,Ce)2(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triplite8.BB.10Mn2+2(PO4)F
Turquoise8.DD.15CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Anorthoclase9.FA.35(Na,K)AlSi3O8
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var. Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthophyllite9.DD.05◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Davisite9.DA.15CaScAlSiO6
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase (TL)9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gmelinite-Ca9.GD.05Ca2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hastingsite9.DE.15NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Kokchetavite9.FA.75K(AlSi3O8)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var. Liebenerite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nimite9.EC.55(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var. Ferrithorite9.AD.30(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var. Arshinovite9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var. Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Moolooite10.AB.15Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var. Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Arsenpolybasite'-
'Bastnäsite'-(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Cerite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Chrysoprase'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Gmelinite'-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3 · 4H2O
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
'K-cymrite'-KAlSi3O8 · H2O
'Kerolite'-(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-
Maruyamaite (TL)-K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Melnikovite'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Monazite'-REE(PO4)
'Pearceite-T2ac'-
'Plessite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Revdanskite'-near (Ni,Mg,Fe3+)3Si2O5(OH)4
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var. Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Sylvinite'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var. Chrome-Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1966-02-E:FeNi'-Fe0.94Ni0.06
'UM1991-12-S:AuBi'-(Bi,Au)4S5 (?)
'UM1991-13-S:AuBiPb'-(Bi,Pb)5AuS3
'UM1991-14-S:AuBiPb'-(Bi,Pb)6AuS3
'UM1991-15-S:AuBiPb'-(Bi,Pb)6AuS4
'UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMg'-(K,Na)Fe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride I)' ?-Bi3Te2
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var. Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Wairauite1.1.11.6CoFe
Zhanghengite1.1.6.2CuZn
Zinc1.1.5.1Zn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Lonsdaleite1.3.6.3C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Bilibinskite2.1.6.1PbCu2Au3Te2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Allargentum2.2.1.2(Ag1-xSbx)
Bogdanovite2.2.3.1(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
Saddlebackite2.2.7.Pb2Bi2Te2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Jalpaite2.4.4.1Ag3CuS2
Mckinstryite2.4.5.1Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Petrovskaite (TL)2.4.17.1AuAgS
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
Roxbyite2.4.7.4Cu9S5
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Argyrodite2.5.6.1Ag8GeS6
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(NixFey)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Argentopyrite2.9.13.2AgFe2S3
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Germanite2.9.4.2Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Mawsonite2.9.3.1Cu6Fe2SnS8
Renierite2.9.4.1(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Roquesite2.9.1.4CuInS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Montbrayite2.11.8.1(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Frohbergite2.12.2.3FeTe2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Jordisite2.12.11.1MoS2
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Mattagamite2.12.2.5CoTe2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Betekhtinite2.16.8.1(Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Aschamalmite3.1.11.1Pb6Bi2S9
Germanocolusite (TL)3.1.1.2Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Pearceite3.1.8.1[(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Arsenohauchecornite3.2.5.4Ni18Bi3AsS16
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Argentotennantite-(Zn) (TL)3.3.6.7Ag6(Cu4Zn2)As4S12S
Nuffieldite3.3.4.1Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
'Tennantite Subgroup'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4 C2+2)Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Gladite3.4.5.3PbCuBi5S9
Hammarite3.4.5.4Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Krupkaite3.4.5.2PbCuBi3S6
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Roshchinite (TL)3.4.15.7Ag19Pb10Sb51S96
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Xanthoconite3.4.2.1Ag3AsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Cannizzarite3.6.5.1Pb48Bi56S132
Fülöppite3.6.20.1Pb3Sb8S15
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Vikingite3.6.11.1Ag5Pb8Bi13S30
Wittite3.6.5.2Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
1 < ø < 2
Benjaminite3.8.10.3Ag3Bi7S12
Ustarasite3.8.11.1Pb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Tazheranite4.4.13.1(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
X(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coulsonite7.2.4.2Fe2+V3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)10X14
Grossite ?7.3.2.1CaAl4O7
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Marshite9.1.7.3CuI
Miersite9.1.7.2(Ag,Cu)I
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Perite10.2.5.1PbBiClO2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Pokrovskite (TL)16a.3.1.5Mg2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite (TL)16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
'Pyroaurite-2H'16b.6.1.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Tetraborates
Halurgite26.4.4.1Mg4[B8O13(OH)2]2 · 7H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Thénardite28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Osarizawaite30.2.4.4Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite (TL)31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Plumbotellurite (TL)34.1.4.1Pb(TeO3)
Smirnite34.1.8.1Bi2Te4+O5
Anhydrous Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chekhovichite (TL)34.6.4.1Bi2Te4+4O11
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Ningyoite40.4.8.1(U,Ca,Ce)2(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2Mn2+2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Monimolite'44.1.1.4Pb2Sb5+2O7
'Roméite Group'44.1.1.3A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Moolooite50.1.6.1Cu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase (TL)61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Davisite65.1.3.7CaScAlSiO6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Berthierine71.1.2c.2(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Nimite71.4.1.5(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Anorthoclase76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var. Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
var. Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var. Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Arsenpolybasite'-
Augite
var. Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Bastnäsite'-(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
Beryl
var. Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Calcite
var. Manganese-bearing Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Cerite'-
'Chabazite'-
Chlorargyrite
var. Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Chrysoprase'-
'Clays'-
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Cupropearceite (TL)-[Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Perthite'-
Ferro-hornblende-◻Ca2(Fe2+4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Glass'-
'Gmelinite'-
Gmelinite-Ca-Ca2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gold
var. Electrum
-(Au,Ag)
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Halloysite-7Å-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hastingsite-NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Hematite
var. Martite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3 · 4H2O
Iron-Fe
Jonassonite ?-AuBi5S4
'K Feldspar'-
'K-cymrite'-KAlSi3O8 · H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Keatite'-SiO2
'Kerolite'-(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Kokchetavite-K(AlSi3O8)
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-
Magnetite
var. Mushketovite
-Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Maikainite (TL)-Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
Maruyamaite (TL)-K(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Melnikovite'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
Molybdenite
var. Femolite
-(Mo,Fe)S2
'Monazite'-REE(PO4)
Muscovite
var. Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Liebenerite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Phengite-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
var. Prase Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pearceite-T2ac'-
'Plessite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pumpellyite'-
Pyrite
var. Bravoite
-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Agate
-SiO2
var. Amethyst-SiO2
var. Chalcedony-SiO2
var. Jasper-SiO2
var. Rock Crystal-SiO2
Redgillite-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
'Revdanskite'-near (Ni,Mg,Fe3+)3Si2O5(OH)4
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
Schapbachite-Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'var. Bastite'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
Silver
var. Küstelite
-Ag
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
var. Monheimite
-(Zn,Fe)CO3
Sphalerite
var. Cleiophane
-ZnS
'Stilbite subgroup'-M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Sylvinite'-
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
Thorite
var. Ferrithorite
-(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var. Chrome-Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1966-02-E:FeNi'-Fe0.94Ni0.06
'UM1991-12-S:AuBi'-(Bi,Au)4S5 (?)
'UM1991-13-S:AuBiPb'-(Bi,Pb)5AuS3
'UM1991-14-S:AuBiPb'-(Bi,Pb)6AuS3
'UM1991-15-S:AuBiPb'-(Bi,Pb)6AuS4
'UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMg'-(K,Na)Fe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride I)' ?-Bi3Te2
Uraninite
var. Pitchblende
-UO2
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Zeolite Group'-
Zircon
var. Arshinovite
-Zr(SiO4)
var. Cyrtolite-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H PokrovskiteMg2(CO3)(OH)2
H MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMg(K,Na)Fe33+(Mg2Fe43+)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
H Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H K-cymriteKAlSi3O8 · H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3 · 4H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H HalurgiteMg4[B8O13(OH)2]2 · 7H2O
H Anthophyllite◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Muscovite var. LiebeneriteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Opal var. Prase OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Serpentine Subgroup var. BastiteD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
H Ningyoite(U,Ca,Ce)2(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
H Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Zircon var. CyrtoliteZr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H Thorite var. Ferrithorite(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H Revdanskitenear (Ni,Mg,Fe3+)3Si2O5(OH)4
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O
B UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMg(K,Na)Fe33+(Mg2Fe43+)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B HalurgiteMg4[B8O13(OH)2]2 · 7H2O
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C PokrovskiteMg2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CoheniteFe3C
C GraphiteC
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
C DiamondC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Smithsonite var. Monheimite(Zn,Fe)CO3
C Bastnäsite(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C LonsdaleiteC
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O ChekhovichiteBi2Te44+O11
O PlumbotelluritePb(TeO3)
O PokrovskiteMg2(CO3)(OH)2
O MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MonaziteREE(PO4)
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O SmirniteBi2Te4+O5
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Zircon var. ArshinoviteZr(SiO4)
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O Uraninite var. PitchblendeUO2
O UraniniteUO2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O KeatiteSiO2
O UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMg(K,Na)Fe33+(Mg2Fe43+)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
O KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Muscovite var. PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O CoesiteSiO2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O K-cymriteKAlSi3O8 · H2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2O
O Andradite var. MelaniteCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O CelestineSrSO4
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3 · 4H2O
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Calcite var. Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Smithsonite var. Monheimite(Zn,Fe)CO3
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O HalurgiteMg4[B8O13(OH)2]2 · 7H2O
O Anthophyllite◻{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Bastnäsite(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Muscovite var. LiebeneriteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Opal var. Prase OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Serpentine Subgroup var. BastiteD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O TridymiteSiO2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10-12H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Ferro-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe42+Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O MonimolitePb2Sb25+O7
O Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z
O Ningyoite(U,Ca,Ce)2(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
O Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Zircon var. CyrtoliteZr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O Thorite var. Ferrithorite(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O CorundumAl2O3
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Magnetite var. MushketoviteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Hematite var. MartiteFe2O3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Albite var. Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
O Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O CoulsoniteFe2+V23+O4
O KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DavisiteCaScAlSiO6
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O PeritePbBiClO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Quartz var. Rock CrystalSiO2
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O Revdanskitenear (Ni,Mg,Fe3+)3Si2O5(OH)4
O GrossiteCaAl4O7
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F TripliteMn22+(PO4)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Bastnäsite(Ce/Nd/Y/REE)(CO3)F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMg(K,Na)Fe33+(Mg2Fe43+)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Albite var. Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O