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Mauna Kea summit region, Hawaii Co., Hawaii, USAi
Regional Level Types
Mauna Kea summit regionRegion
Hawaii Co.County
HawaiiState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
19° 49' 14'' North , 155° 28' 5'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


Leucocratic diorite xenoliths, which are the plutonic equivalent of hawaiite and mugearite lavas.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Golden, D.C., Ming, D.W., Morris, R.V., and Graff, T.G. (2008) Synthetic (Hydrothermal) Hematite-Rich Mars-Analog Spherules from Acid-Sulfate Brines: Implications for Formation and Diagenesis of Hematite Spherules in Outcrops at Meridiani Planum, Mars. 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; 10-14 Mar. 2008; League City, TX.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: https://www.geochemsoc.org/files/8014/1270/1045/SP-5_327-336_Morris.pdf
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Golden, D.C., Ming, D.W., Morris, R.V., and Graff, T.G. (2008) Synthetic (Hydrothermal) Hematite-Rich Mars-Analog Spherules from Acid-Sulfate Brines: Implications for Formation and Diagenesis of Hematite Spherules in Outcrops at Meridiani Planum, Mars. 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; 10-14 Mar. 2008; League City, TX.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Golden, D.C., Ming, D.W., Morris, R.V., and Graff, T.G. (2008) Synthetic (Hydrothermal) Hematite-Rich Mars-Analog Spherules from Acid-Sulfate Brines: Implications for Formation and Diagenesis of Hematite Spherules in Outcrops at Meridiani Planum, Mars. 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; 10-14 Mar. 2008; League City, TX.; https://www.geochemsoc.org/files/8014/1270/1045/SP-5_327-336_Morris.pdf
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: https://www.geochemsoc.org/files/8014/1270/1045/SP-5_327-336_Morris.pdf
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: https://www.geochemsoc.org/files/8014/1270/1045/SP-5_327-336_Morris.pdf
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.; https://www.geochemsoc.org/files/8014/1270/1045/SP-5_327-336_Morris.pdf
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: https://www.geochemsoc.org/files/8014/1270/1045/SP-5_327-336_Morris.pdf
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: R. V. Fodor (2009) THE ROLE OF TONALITE AND DIORITE IN MAUNA KEA VOLCANO, HAWAII, MAGMATISM: PETROLOGY OF SUMMIT-REGION LEUCOCRATIC XENOLITHS, Journal of Petrology.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Andesine-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Golden, D.C., Ming, D.W., Morris, R.V., and Graff, T.G. (2008) Synthetic (Hydrothermal) Hematite-Rich Mars-Analog Spherules from Acid-Sulfate Brines: Implications for Formation and Diagenesis of Hematite Spherules in Outcrops at Meridiani Planum, Mars. 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference; 10-14 Mar. 2008; League City, TX. (referring to hematite-rich spherules associated with jarosite and alunite from Mauna Kea.)
Fodor, R. V. (2009) The Role of Tonalite and Diorite in Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii, Magmatism: Petrology of Summit-Region Leucocratic Xenoliths, Journal of Petrology.

External Links


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