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Mandalay Region, Myanmari
Regional Level Types
Mandalay RegionRegion
MyanmarCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Mandalay1,208,099 (2016)
Meiktila177,442 (2016)
Myingyan141,713 (2016)
Pyin Oo Lwin117,303 (2016)
Mogok90,843 (2016)
Yamethin59,867 (2016)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Mandalay Division
Other Languages:
French:
Région de Mandalay, Birmanie
German:
Mandalay-Region, Myanmar
Italian:
Regione di Mandalay, Birmania
Russian:
Мандалай, Мьянма
Simplified Chinese:
曼德勒省, 缅甸
Achinese:
Divisi Mandalay
Arabic:
منطقة ماندالاي, بورما
Burmese:
မန္တလေးတိုင်းဒေသကြီး, မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ
Catalan:
Divisió de Mandalay, Myanmar
Cebuano:
Mandalay Region
Dutch:
Mandalay, Myanmar
Estonian:
Mandalay piirkond, Birma
Farsi/Persian:
ناحیه ماندالی, میانمار
Finnish:
Mandalay, Myanmar
Greek:
Περιφέρεια Μανταλέι, Μιανμάρ
Hindi:
माण्डले मण्डल, म्यान्मार
Indonesian:
Wilayah Mandalay, Myanmar
Japanese:
マンダレー地方域, ミャンマー
Korean:
만달레이 관구, 미얀마
Lithuanian:
Mandalajaus regionas, Mianmaras
Macedonian:
Мандалеј, Мјанмар
Mazanderani:
ماندالای
Norwegian:
Mandalay, Myanmar
Polish:
Mandalaj, Mjanma
Portuguese:
Mandalay, Myanmar
Scots:
Mandalay Region
Swedish:
Mandalayregionen, Burma
Tamil:
மண்தாலே பிரதேசம்
Thai:
เขตมัณฑะเลย์, พม่า
Turkish:
Mandalay bölgesi, Myanmar
Ukrainian:
Мандалай, М’янма
Urdu:
ماندالے علاقہ
Venetian:
Rejon de Mandalé
Vietnamese:
Vùng Mandalay, Myanmar


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

147 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ma Kyu Kyu Aung (2004): Petrology and mineralogy of the Yetkansin area, Madaya Township. M.S. thesis, Yangon University, Department of Geology.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Aegirine var:
Formula: Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Ma Kyu Kyu Aung (2004): Petrology and mineralogy of the Yetkansin area, Madaya Township. M.S. thesis, Yangon University, Department of Geology.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Albite var:
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Chhibber, H. L., & Ramamirtham, R. (1934). The geology of Burma. Macmillan and Company, limited. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.175
Albite var:
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
Albite var:
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: AmMin 89:610–613 (2004)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Ma Kyu Kyu Aung (2004): Petrology and mineralogy of the Yetkansin area, Madaya Township. M.S. thesis, Yangon University, Department of Geology.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Maung Thein & Soe Win (1970): The metamorphic petrology, structures and mineral resources of the Shantaung-U - Thandawmywet Range, Kyaukse District. Union of Burma Journ. Sci. Techn. 3(3): pp. 487-514.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Chhibber, H. L., & Ramamirtham, R. (1934). The geology of Burma. Macmillan and Company, limited. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.175
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Andalusite var:
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Kyaw Kaing Win and Sieghart Ellenberger data.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Anorthite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Malsy, A.-K., Klemm, L. (2010): Distinction of gem spinels from the Himalayan Mountain Belt. Chimia 64, 741-746. ; Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Harald Schillhammer and Kyaw Khaing Win collections
Augite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: Iyer, L. A. N. (1953). The geology and gem-stones of the Mogok Stone Tract, Burma. Geological Survey of India Memoir, 82, 100. Chhibber, H. L., & Ramamirtham, R. (1934). The geology of Burma. Macmillan and Company, limited.
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, material of Sieghard Ellenberger; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok; Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Beryl var:
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
Beryl var:
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: in Coll. M. Slama
Beryl var:
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Beryl var:
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Ma Kyu Kyu Aung (2004): Petrology and mineralogy of the Yetkansin area, Madaya Township. M.S. thesis, Yangon University, Department of Geology.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: American Mineralogist (2008) 93:1545-1549
'Chabazite'
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Sieghard Ellenberger data; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Chrysoberyl var:
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems and Mines of Mogok
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Cordierite var:
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 129 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).
Corundum var:
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 115 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok Sutherland, F.L., Khin Zaw, Meffre, S., Thompson, J., Goemann, K., Kyaw Thu, Than Than Nu, Zin, M.M. and Harris, S.J. (2019): Diversity in ruby geochemistry and its inclusions: Intra- and inter-continental comparisons from Myanmar and eastern Australia. Minerals 9, 28.
Corundum var:
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum var:
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Corundum var:
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Darrellhenryite ?
Formula: Na(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O
Description: Possibly from Momeik, but no further locality info given in paper.
Reference: Sugiyama, K., Arima H., Konno, H., Kawamata, T. (2016): Distribution of Mn in pink elbaitic tourmaline from Mogok, Myanmar. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 111, 1-8.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Soonthorntantikul, W., Vertriest, W., Raynaud-Flattot, V.L., Sangsawong, S., Atikarnsakul, U., Khowpong, Ch., Weeramonkhonlert, V. and Pardieu, V. (2017) An in-depth gemological study of blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine (Mogok, Myanmar). Gemmological Institute of America Report, 87 pp. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/Gemological-Study-Blue-Sapphires-Baw-Mar-Mine-Mogok-Myanmar-GIA.pdf]
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Mountain Minerals International specimen
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger material
'Edenite-Pargasite Root Name series'
Formula:
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A. E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., ... & Bakhsh, K. A. (2008). Marble-hosted ruby deposits from Central and Southeast Asia: Towards a new genetic model. Ore Geology Reviews, 34(1-2), 169-191.
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Rob Lavinsky.
Elbaite var:
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: No reference listed
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Chhibber, H. L., & Ramamirtham, R. (1934). The geology of Burma. Macmillan and Company, limited. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.175
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: No reference listed
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: No reference listed
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger material
'Fluor-uvite-Uvite Series'
Reference: [MinRec 25:61, 25:301]
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Reference: various added photos
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Habit: peridots may be formed as individual euhedral to subhedral crystals with pinacoid, prism and pyramid faces, as well as in multiple clusters pointing towards the center of the pocket.
Colour: yellowish green to green
Reference: Kyaw Thu (2007): The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Geology, University of Yangon, Myanmar. (Reprinted by palaminerals.com) ; Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
Forsterite var:
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: peridots may be formed as individual euhedral to subhedral crystals with pinacoid, prism and pyramid faces, as well as in multiple clusters pointing towards the center of the pocket.
Colour: yellowish green to green
Reference: Kyaw Thu (2007): The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Geology, University of Yangon, Myanmar. (Reprinted by palaminerals.com) ; Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
Friedrichite
Formula: Pb5Cu5Bi7S18
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Franz Neuhold & Gerald Giester (SXRD- and EDS-analysis); Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Soonthorntantikul, W., Vertriest, W., Raynaud-Flattot, V.L., Sangsawong, S., Atikarnsakul, U., Khowpong, Ch., Weeramonkhonlert, V. and Pardieu, V. (2017) An in-depth gemological study of blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine (Mogok, Myanmar). Gemmological Institute of America Report, 87 pp. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/Gemological-Study-Blue-Sapphires-Baw-Mar-Mine-Mogok-Myanmar-GIA.pdf]
'Glass'
Reference: Chhibber, H. L., & Ramamirtham, R. (1934). The geology of Burma. Macmillan and Company, limited. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.175
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Roger Lang collection
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: A.H.G. Mitchell, C.A. Ausa, L. Deiparine, T. Hlaing, N. Htay, A. Khine (2004): The Modi Taung–Nankwe gold district, Slate belt, central Myanmar: mesothermal veins in a Mesozoic orogen. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 23, 321-341.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Grossular var:
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Praszkier, T. and Sacchi, M. (2012) Huge pocket from Sakangyi, Myamnar. Minerals, the collector's newspaper, #4, 1-7.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Knut Eldjarn specimen; Peretti, A., Peretti, F., Tun, N.L., Günther, D., Hametner. K., Bieri, W., Reusser, E., Kadiyski, M., Armbruster, T. (2007): Gem quality johachidolite: occurrence, chemical composition and crystal structure. Contrib. Gemol., 2007 (5), 1-53.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Reference: Peretti, A., Peretti, F., Tun, N.L., Günther, D., Hametner. K., Bieri, W., Reusser, E., Kadiyski, M., Armbruster, T. (2007): Gem quality johachidolite: occurrence, chemical composition and crystal structure. Contrib. Gemol., 2007 (5), 1-53.
Hammarite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Guo, S., Chen, Y., Liu, C.-Z., Wang, J.-G., Su, B., Gao, Y.-J., Wu, F.-Y., Kyaing Sein, Yang, Y.-H., Mao, Q. (2016): Scheelite and coexisting F-rich zoned garnet, vesuvianite, fluorite, and apatite in calc-silicate rocks from the Mogok metamorphic belt, Myanmar: Implications for metasomatism in marble and the role of halogens in W mobilization and mineralization. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 117, 82-106.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, material of Sieghard Ellenberger
Herderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)F
Reference: Harlow, G.E. & Hawthorne, F.C. (2008): Herderite from Mogok, Myanmar, and comparison with hydroxyl-herderite from Ehrenfriedersdorf, Germany. American Mineralogist, 93, 1545-1549.
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Reference: Wild, M. & Milisenda, C.C. (2013): Hibonit aus Myanmar (Burma). Z. Dt. Gemmolog. Ges. 62/1-2, 25-30 (in German).; Sieghard Ellenberger data
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Colour: Greenish
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
'Humite Group'
Reference: Dan Weinrich photo
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, material of Sieghard Ellenberger
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Iron var:
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Reference: Harlow, G.E. & Hawthorne, F.C. (2008): Herderite from Mogok, Myanmar, and comparison with hydroxyl-herderite from Ehrenfriedersdorf, Germany. American Mineralogist, 93, 1545-1549; Niedermayr, G. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralientage München 2010. Mineralien Welt, 21: 19; De Ascenção Guedes, R., Lebocey, J. & Bayle (2010): Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines 24-27 juin 2010. Le Règne Minéral. 94, 41-58 [p. 54]
Johachidolite
Formula: CaAlB3O7
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Nobuaki Fukuchi and Hiroharu Mastueda (2009): Johachidolite from Mogok, Myanmar. 2009 Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, Abstracts Volume, Abs. R4-P10, p. 118.
Johnkoivulaite (TL)
Formula: Cs[Be2B]Mg2Si6O18
Reference: Palke, A.C., Henling, L.M., Ma, C., Rossman, G.R., Sun, Z., Renfro, N., Thu, K., Myo, N., Wongrawang, P. Weeramonkhonlert, V. (2019) Johnkoivulaite, IMA 2019-046. CNMNC Newsletter No. 51; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31(4). https://doi.org/10.1127/ejm/2019/0031-2894
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimen
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Soonthorntantikul, W., Vertriest, W., Raynaud-Flattot, V.L., Sangsawong, S., Atikarnsakul, U., Khowpong, Ch., Weeramonkhonlert, V. and Pardieu, V. (2017) An in-depth gemological study of blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine (Mogok, Myanmar). Gemmological Institute of America Report, 87 pp. [https://www.gia.edu/doc/Gemological-Study-Blue-Sapphires-Baw-Mar-Mine-Mogok-Myanmar-GIA.pdf]
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Kan-Nyunt, H.-P., Karampelas, S., Link, K., Thu, K., Kiefert, L. and Hardy, P. (2013): Blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine in Mogok. Gems & Gemology 49, 223-232.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Maung Thein & Soe Win (1970): The metamorphic petrology, structures and mineral resources of the Shantaung-U - Thandawmywet Range, Kyaukse District. Union of Burma Journ. Sci. Techn. 3(3): pp. 487-514.
Kyawthuite (TL)
Formula: Bi3+Sb5+O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Rosman, G.R., Ma, C. (2016): Kyawthuite, Bi3+Sb5+O4, a new gem mineral from Mogok, Burma (Myanmar). Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 477-484
Lazurite
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Guo, S., Chen, Y., Liu, C.-Z., Wang, J.-G., Su, B., Gao, Y.-J., Wu, F.-Y., Kyaing Sein, Yang, Y.-H., Mao, Q. (2016): Scheelite and coexisting F-rich zoned garnet, vesuvianite, fluorite, and apatite in calc-silicate rocks from the Mogok metamorphic belt, Myanmar: Implications for metasomatism in marble and the role of halogens in W mobilization and mineralization. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 117, 82-106.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
'Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S2'
Formula: Mg3BeAl8O16
Reference: Malcherek, T. & Schlüter, J. (2016): Crystal structure of Cr-bearing Mg3BeAl8O16, a new polytype of magnesiotaaffeite-2N′2S. Acta Crystallographica, E72, 1060-1063.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
Magnetite var:
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Maung Thein & Soe Win (1970): The metamorphic petrology, structures and mineral resources of the Shantaung-U - Thandawmywet Range, Kyaukse District. Union of Burma Journ. Sci. Techn. 3(3): pp. 487-514.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Microcline var:
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: American Mineralogist (2008) 93:1545-1549; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
'Moonstone'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 89:610–613 (2004)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Description: Specimens labelled "Norbergite" coming from Oakssaung Hill has showed by analysis to be chondrodite or clinohumite. See messageboard at http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-227088.html
Reference: Moore, T. (2004): What's New in Minerals. Denver Show 2003. Mineralogical Record. 35 (2), 151-156
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Oxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: Ca2Nb2O6O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
Oxycalciopyrochlore var:
Formula: (Ca,U,Na)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(O,OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
Painite (TL)
Formula: CaZrAl9(BO3)O15
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1957) 31, 420-425; Amer.Min.(1976) 61, 88-94
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm; Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Myint Myat Phyo, Bieler, E., Franz, L., Balmer, W., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2019): Spinel from Mogok, Myanmar—A detailed inclusion study by Raman microspectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The Journal of Gemmology 36, 418-435. (as inclusions in spinel)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: No reference listed
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Gemwow specimen; Peretti, A., Peretti, F., Tun, N.L., Günther, D., Hametner. K., Bieri, W., Reusser, E., Kadiyski, M., Armbruster, T. (2007): Gem quality johachidolite: occurrence, chemical composition and crystal structure. Contrib. Gemol., 2007 (5), 1-53.
Poudretteite
Formula: KNa2B3Si12O30
Colour: colourless, light pink
Fluorescence: no
Description: Gem quality cut stone, allegedly from Mogok, featured in travel article, but there is no firm evidence it really originated there. 10/2009: According to information of different gem dealers the material was initially analysed by the AIGS- and GIT-labs in Bangkok on RI and SG. Fragments were now investigated in Vienna with EDS and by single crystal diffractometry and found to be Poudretteite.
Reference: Gems & Gemology, Spring 2003: 24-31.; SXRD and EDS-analysed, Franz Neuhold, Vienna
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: AmMin 89:610–613 (2004)
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
'Pyrochlore Group var: '
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: The internet reference has no data and appears to be referencing a small percentage of "pyrope" in a chemical analyses in light of the other garnets also reported.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection; NHM Vienna collection
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: various added photos
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Sadanagaite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Description: Chemical composition: (Na0.82 K0.17) (Ca1.95 Na0.05) (Mg3.36 Fe2+0.23 Al1.20 Cr3+0.07 Ti4+0.16) (Si5.47 Al2.53) O22 [(OH)1.58 F0.42] Analysed specimen originates from Dattaw mine.
Reference: Frank C. Hawthorne, George E. Harlow (2008): THE CRYSTAL CHEMISTRY OF Al-RICH AMPHIBOLES: SADANAGAITE AND POTASSIC-FERRISADANAGAITE, The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 46, pp. 151-162
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: American Mineralogist (2008) 93:1545-1549
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Reference: Rob Lavinsky collection; Greg Dainty collection
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Sillimanite var:
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1958 31 : 978-979.; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
'Sodalite Group'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: http://www.ruby-sapphire.com/r-s-bk-burma2.htm
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 104 localities in this region.
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Spinel var:
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Srilankite
Formula: ZrTi2O6
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Maung Thein & Soe Win (1970): The metamorphic petrology, structures and mineral resources of the Shantaung-U - Thandawmywet Range, Kyaukse District. Union of Burma Journ. Sci. Techn. 3(3): pp. 487-514.
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Crystal-Treasure.com
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Taaffeite Group'
Reference: Nina Daneu, Aleksander Rečnik, Takashi Yamazaki, Tadej Dolenec (2007) Structure and chemistry of (111) twin boundaries in MgAl2O4 spinel crystals from Mogok. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 34: 233-247
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Harlow G1, Thu K (2014) Hydrothermal recrystallization of dunitic olivine: peridot from Pyaung-Gaung, Myanmar and other examples. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 198
Tellurite
Formula: TeO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Aung Myo, Thu, Piestrzyński, A., & Foltyn, K. (2019) Mineralogical Characteristics of Cu-Ag from Kyaukse Sabe Taung Copper Deposit, Shan Plateau, Myanmar. CAGG-AGH 2019
'Thorianite-Uraninite Series'
Formula: ThO2 - UO2
Reference: Peretti, A., Peretti, F., Tun, N.L., Günther, D., Hametner. K., Bieri, W., Reusser, E., Kadiyski, M., Armbruster, T. (2007): Gem quality johachidolite: occurrence, chemical composition and crystal structure. Contrib. Gemol., 2007 (5), 1-53.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Habit: prism and pyramid
Colour: yellow or pink often with characteristic black caps
Fluorescence: none
Description: As of 2014 no analytic work has been done to find the species found here.
Reference: Harald Schillhammer collection
'Tourmaline var: '
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Sieghard Ellenberger data