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Lechuguilla Cave, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Eddy Co., New Mexico, USAi
Regional Level Types
Lechuguilla CaveCave
Carlsbad Caverns National ParkNational Park
Eddy Co.County
New MexicoState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 11' 26'' North , 104° 30' 11'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 32.19066,-104.50329
GeoHash:G#: 9ttxjuph0
Locality type:Cave
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Livingston Wheeler609 (2017)35.9km
Carlsbad28,957 (2017)36.3km
La Huerta1,246 (2011)38.6km
Loving1,409 (2017)39.8km
Malaga147 (2011)40.7km


This site is located within the boundaries of Carlsbad Caverns National Park. Mineral collecting is not allowed, under penalty of federal law. The inclusion of this site is for its scientific reference value only.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


32 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Metatyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Metatyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatyuyamunite40.2a.26.2Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
H MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O WitheriteBaCO3
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O CelestineSrSO4
O TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
O MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CelestineSrSO4
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ca MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
VVanadium
V TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
V MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O
MnManganese
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr CelestineSrSO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
UUranium
U TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
U MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3187209
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Carbonate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Guadalupian
259.1 - 272.95 Ma



ID: 2722930
Yates and Tansill Formations

Age: Permian (259.1 - 272.95 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Yates Formation; Tansill Formation

Description: Sandstone, siltstone, limestone, dolomite, and anhydrite.

Comments: Original map source: Green, G.N., Jones, G.E., and Anderson, O.J., 1997, The Digital Geologic Map of New Mexico in ARC/INFO Format: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-0052, 9 p., scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,carbonate,siltstone}, Minor:{anhydrite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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