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Lucerne Valley Limestone District, San Bernardino Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Lucerne Valley Limestone DistrictMining District
San Bernardino Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
34° North , 116° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~14km
Locality type:


A limestone deposit area located around the city of Hesperia, Limerock to its W and Lucerne Valley to its E.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Fluorescence: lime green
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Description: Occurs in marbles altered to Hydromagnesite.
Reference: Campbell, Ian (1950), Magnesium metasomatism I dolomite from Lucerne Valley, California: Int’l. Geol. Cong. Report, 18th. sess., Great Britain, 1948, part III: 3; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 115, 222; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 146, 201.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Fluorescence: orange
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen; Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: MarekC collection 2019
'Clays'
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10188551.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Fluorescence: blue
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen; Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Gold
Formula: Au
Description: Placer material.
Reference: USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10188800.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs in marbles as an alteration product of Brucite.
Reference: Campbell, Ian (1950), Magnesium metasomatism I dolomite from Lucerne Valley, California: Int’l. Geol. Cong. Report, 18th. sess., Great Britain, 1948, part III: 3; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 115, 222; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 146, 201.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Description: Occurs as relatively high quality material.
Reference: Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1943b), Mineral resources of San Bernardino County: California Division Mines Report 39: 532-534; Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 49(1-2): tabulated list No. 445: 155, 159-160; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 204.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: microscopic blobs in marble
Colour: dark green
Reference: MarekC collection 2019
Manganvesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Habit: balls and layers on marble
Colour: sparkly bright yellow
Reference: MarekC collection 2019
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Fluorescence: lime green
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Fluorescence: lime green
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Hartman, Ronald M. & Ronald A. Oriti (1964), A preliminary report on the Lucerne Valley, San Bernardino County, California, aerolites (CN 1169, 345): Meteorites: 2(2): 177-178; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 61.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Brown, Howard J., (2019) Geology of White Knob Quarry, Southern California Friends of Mineralogy 2019 Spring Symposium presentation.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Fluorescence: yellow
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen; Howard H. J. (2011) Geology and fluorescent minerals in the White Knob Quarry Lucerne Valley, California. in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p10

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Manganvesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
Manganvesuvianite-Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Opal
var: Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS

Localities in this Region


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