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Wycheproof granite quarry, Wycheproof, Buloke Shire, Victoria, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Wycheproof granite quarryQuarry
Wycheproof- not defined -
Buloke ShireShire
VictoriaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 4' 35'' South , 143° 14' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


Mt Wycheproof is a low (43m) knoll about 500 metres east of Wycheproof township in north-western Victoria. Quarrying on the site of the main eastern quarry began in the late 1930s. The maximum depth reached was around 12 metres. The quarry closed in 1965 due to impact of dust and flying rock from blasting on the Wycheproof township.
In 1990 mineral collectors discovered several pegmatite veins up to 12 cm wide in large boulders at the foot of the 9 metre high southern wall of the quarry. These boulders were the source of the minerals recorded from Wycheproof quarry.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


15 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Description: Small flakes of autunite were originally recorded from Wycherproof in 1976. Ten years later it had been found as pale to bright yellow platy crystals up to 2mm on edge in a pegmatite matrix. Some of the more translucent crystals may be meta-autunite, and it is also difficult to distinguish between autunite and saleeite at this locality without chemical tests.
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Description: "In the Wycherproof pegmatite veins, cyrilovite forms very thin brownish yellow coatings and drusy crusts on wardite and eosphorite crystals. It also occurs as spongy aggregates with quartz and other phosphate minerals."
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Description: "Attractive honey-brown to pinkish brown, tapering prismatic crystals of eosphorite occur in cavities in the Wycherproof pegmatite veins. Drusy crusts of eosphorite crystals up to 0.2mm have been found in a vertical seam in the adjacent granite. In the pegmatites, the larger crystals often form sheaf-like aggregates, with individual crystals up to 1cm long. The eosphorite crystals often appear dull due to a thin coating of cyrilovite."
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Description: "Primary fluorapatite occurs as pale blue, glassy, interstitial patches and rare crystals a few mm across and as ragged etched fragments less than 1mm across in some cavities in the Wycheproof pegmatites. The etched fluorapatite occurs with powdery and spongy aggregates of cyrilovite, quartz and muscovite. In a few cavities, secondary hydrothermal apatite occurs as spherical aggregates, up to 1mm across, consisting of radiating colourless fibrous crystals."
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Description: "A mineral resembling kidwellite has been found in cavities with leucophosphite, eosphorite and rockbridgite. It forms lemon-yellow, hemispherical aggregates and fan shaped clusters up to 0.2mm across." Now confirmed as Meurigite-K
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32 W.D.Birch 1996.Portlandite and other recent mineral discoveries in the granite at Lake Boga, Wycheproof and Pyramid Hill, Victoria.Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.2 No.2, Dec.1996
Kosnarite
Formula: KZr2(PO4)3
Description: "Rhombohedral, vitreous, grey blue crystals up to 0.5mm acros occurring with eosphorite and cyrilovite in a 1cm wide miarolic cavity have been identified as kosnarite."
Reference: Birch,W.D.;et al., "Wycheproofite; a new hydrated sodium aluminium zirconium phosphate from Wycheproof, Victoria, Australia, and a new occurrence of kosnarite" ,Mineralogical Magazine. 58, 635-639(1994); R&M. 71:160-161 (1996); W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Description: "Sparkling spherical and hemispherical clusters of transparent pale brown, pale yellow or brownish pink leucophosphite occur in some of the etched cavities in the pegmatite veins. The clusters are up to 1mm across, and may be seen with rockbridgite, eosphorite, kidwellite and quartz."
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: "A few opaque dull-green microcrystals of metatorbernite have been found in small etch cavities."
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Meurigite-K
Formula: KFe3+8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
Description: Originally thought to be a mineral resembling potassian kidwellite (Birch 1994) has now been confirmed as meurigite-K. "At Wycheproof, meurigite occurs as yellow spheres and hemispheres up to about 0.2 mm across, with a silky white to cream fibrous internal structure. It is accompanied by rockbridgeite, cyrilovite and leucophosphite in small etch cavities in the granite pegmatite veins."
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 787-793 W.D.Birch 1996. Portlandite and other recent mineral discoveries in the granites at Lake Boga, Wycheproof and Pyramid Hill, Victoria. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.2, No.2, Dec. 1996
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Description: "A dark green to bluish green iron phosphate (rockbridgite) forms fibrous spherical intergrowths, globular crusts and rare sheaf-like tufts in cavities in the Wycheproof pegmatite veins. Individual spheres rarely exceed 0.5mm in diameter. The mineral is usually associated with cyrilovite, eosphorite, leucophosphite and rarely with kidwellite."
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Description: "In the Wycheproof pegmatite, thick tabular to blocky transparent yellow saleeite crystals up to about 0.5mm across occur amongst the alteration products of original phosphate minerals in etch cavities. Pale yellow translucent to opaque crystal clusters also occur on limonite stained joint planes in the granite adjacent to the pegmatite veins."
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Selwynite (TL)
Formula: NaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Has not been found in crystals
Colour: pale purple to purplish blue
Description: "This extremely rare mineral, a sodium beryllium zirconium phoshate, has been found in one of the pegmatite veins in the Wycherproof granite. It infills irregular cavities up to 8mm across, as deep purplish blue vitreous to fibrous masses and as granular pale purle aggregates mixed with limonite and muscovite. It may be associated with wardite and eosphorite."
Reference: CM 1995, 55-8; W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Description: "It forms blocky crystals up to 2mm across showing pyramidal forms, occasionally etched, and with a frosting of cyrilovite. Broken crystals are vitreous, transparent and pale yellow. Eosphorite crystals are usually associated with the wardite."
Reference: W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Wycheproofite (TL)
Formula: NaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: "It forms compact, cream to pinkish orange, fibrous masses filling small cavities in one of the pegmatite veins at Wycheproof. It has a vitreous lustre and is softer than feldspar with witch it may be confused."
Reference: MinRec 27:204; MM 1995, 653-9; R&M. 71:160-161 (1996); W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Cyrilovite8.DL.10NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Kidwellite ?8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kosnarite8.AC.60KZr2(PO4)3
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Meurigite-K8.DJ.20KFe3+8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Saléeite8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Selwynite (TL)8.CA.20NaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Wycheproofite (TL)8.DJ.30NaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Kosnarite38.4.12.1KZr2(PO4)3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Saléeite40.2a.11.1Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Selwynite (TL)40.5.4.3NaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
Wycheproofite (TL)40.5.5.1NaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyrilovite42.7.8.1NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Wardite42.7.8.2NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite ?42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Meurigite-K42.13.14.1KFe3+8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SelwyniteNaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
H WycheproofiteNaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Meurigite-KKFe83+(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
BeBeryllium
Be SelwyniteNaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O SelwyniteNaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
O WycheproofiteNaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
O KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Meurigite-KKFe83+(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na SelwyniteNaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
Na WycheproofiteNaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
Na CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
MgMagnesium
Mg SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
AlAluminium
Al WycheproofiteNaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P SelwyniteNaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
P WycheproofiteNaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
P KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
P WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P Meurigite-KKFe83+(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
P KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
KPotassium
K SelwyniteNaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
K KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Meurigite-KKFe83+(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MnManganese
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
FeIron
Fe CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Meurigite-KKFe83+(PO4)6(OH)7 · 6.5H2O
Fe KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
CuCopper
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr SelwyniteNaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)4 · 2H2O
Zr WycheproofiteNaAlZr(PO4)2(OH) · H2O
Zr KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Birch, W. D. (1993): Phosphate minerals in granite rocks. In Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. (Birch, W.D. and Henry, D.E., Eds). Special Publication N°3, The Mineralogical Society of Victoria, 5-39.
Birch, W. D., Pring, A., Kharisun and Bevan, D. J. M. (1994): Wycheproofite: new hydrated sodium aluminium zirconium phosphate from Wycheproof, Victoria, Australia and a new occurrence of kosnarite. Mineralogical Magazine 58, 635-639.
Birch, W. D., Pring, A. & Foord, E. E. (1995): Selwynite, NaK(Be,Al)Zr2(PO4)42H2O, a new gainesite-like mineral from Wycheproof, Victoria, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist 33, 55-58.
Birch, W. D. (1996): Portlandite and other recent mineral discoveries in the granites at Lake Boga, Wycheproof and Pyramid Hill, Victoria. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (2), 47-50.
R. & M. 71: 160-161 (1996)

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