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Maricunga belt, Copiapó Province, Atacama, Chilei
Regional Level Types
Maricunga beltBelt
Copiapó ProvinceProvince
AtacamaRegion
ChileCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude: 27° South , 69° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~172km
Locality type:Belt


Gold-rich porphyry deposits occurring in the High Andes between latitudes 27° south and 28° south. The deposits are essentially low-grade large-tonnage deposits, except for Cerro Casale which contains a core of hydrothermal breccia with high gold and copper grades.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

41 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Vila, T., Sillitoe, R.H., Betzhold, J., and Viteri, E. (1991): Economic Geology 86(5), 1271-1286.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Reference: SEM-EDS by Joy Desor XRD by Joachim Lorenz
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Vila, T., Sillitoe, R.H., Betzhold, J., and Viteri, E. (1991): Economic Geology 86(5), 1271-1286.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Economic Geology 86(5), 1271-1286.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Sernageomin database 2005;Stgo de Chile
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Corderoite2.FC.15aHg2+3S2Cl2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Corderoite10.3.3.1Hg2+3S2Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Feldspar Group'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O RutileTiO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O CristobaliteSiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S GalenaPbS
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ChalcociteCu2S
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S CinnabarHgS
S SulphurS8
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
ClChlorine
Cl CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As RealgarAs4S4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
TeTellurium
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
Hg CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.

Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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